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The President of the United States nominates a new Chief Justice with the advice and consent of the Senate, following the same procedure as they would when filling any other S…upreme Court vacancy. The only difference is that sitting Associate Justices are eligible to be elevated to Chief Justice, if the President so desires and the Senate approves.
Justice Sandra Day O'Connor announced her retirement in 2005, but remained on the bench until the end of January 2006.
Justices who meet retirement qualifications receive the full pay and benefits they were entitled to while working. Congress began providing US Supreme Court justices retirem…ent benefits with the passage of the Judiciary Act of 1869 (the same Act that set of the number of justices on the Court at nine). Under the Judiciary Act, a justice who retires with the required number of years on the federal bench (including lower courts) receives his or her full salary and benefits after retirement. The calculation for qualifying for full retirement has been modified several times over the years (see bullet points below). In 2011, the annual salary of an Associate Justice is $213,900 and that of the Chief Justice is $223,500. In 1869, Congress allowed judges aged 70 or older with ten or more years on the bench (including lower court service) to continue receiving their existing salary on retirement. In 1954, Congress eased restrictions and granted retirement with full pension to judges and justices at age 65, if they had 15 years of service. In 1984, the retirement rules were again revised to provide full pension to any judge or justice who served a minimum of 10 years, and whose age and years of service, combined, totaled 80.
Associate Justice David H. Souter, who occupied the fifth seat on the bench, retired from the US Supreme Court in June 2009, after almost 19 years on the bench. Souter was nom…inated by President George W. Bush, and commissioned by Congress on October 2, 1990. President Barack Obama nominated Sonia Sotomayor, a female Hispanic federal court judge, on May 26, 2009. On August 6, 2009, the US Senate confirmed Sotomayor's nomination by a vote of 68-31, making her the 111th US Supreme Court Justice. The last Justice to retire before Souter was Associate Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, who left the bench in January 2006, and was replaced by Samuel Alito.
He can be addressed as Mister, Sir, or (as a matter of courtesy) Mister Justice.
Yes. There are rules related to the number of years' service a justice must have in the federal court system in order to receive his or her full pension; however, a Supreme Co…urt justice is free to resign or retire at any time. The lifetime appointment is not a mandatory sentence. For more information about US Supreme Court justices and retirement, see Related Questions, below.
There is no retirement age for US Supreme Court justices; they receive a lifetime commission, provided they don't commit impeachable offenses. There are currently no age req…uirements mandating retirement of Supreme Court justices, although Congress has entertained legislation hoping to encourage earlier retirement in the past. Their efforts are hampered by a constitutional provision of Article III that says justices shall "hold their offices during good behavior," (meaning "for life") which prevents Congress from mandating retirement unless the justice becomes mentally incapacitated. Both Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., and Justice John Paul Stevens served on the US Supreme Court until they were 90 years old. Some states require their supreme court justices retire at a certain age, which varies by state.
The President of the United States nominates a new Supreme Court justice with the advice and consent of the Senate, following the same procedure as they would when filling any… other Supreme Court vacancy. The only difference is that sitting Associate Justices are eligible to be elevated to Chief Justice, if the Chief Justice position is vacant and the Senate approves.
Yes, if they qualified for retirement benefits. As of 1984, retired US Supreme Court justices receive full benefits if they have served a minimum of 10 years as a federal cour…t judge, and their age and years of service, combined, total 80. In 2010, the annual salary of an Associate Justice was $213,900 and that of the Chief Justice was $223,500.
Justice John Paul Stevens retired from the US Supreme Court on June 29, 2010. President Gerald Ford appointed Stevens to the Court in 1975. For more information, see Related… Questions, below.
Technically, since this question is being answered on June 21, 2010, the most recent justice to retire was David Hackett Souter, in 2009. However, Justice Stevens' planned ret…irement is upcoming in little more than a week, so if you're reading this after June 29, 2010, the most recent retiree is Justice John Paul Stevens. Associate Justice John Paul Stevens, whom Republican President Gerald Ford appointed to the Supreme Court in 1975, announced his retirement on April 9, 2010, effective one day after the Court rises for summer recess (approximately July 1; exact date undetermined). Justice Stevens is considered by many the leader of the progressive bloc of justices, and is widely respected for his keen intellect. He has been a member of the Supreme Court for more than 34 years, making him one of the longest-serving justices in the Court's history.
At the age of 70.
Lewis F. Powell, Jr., (1972 - 1987)...............retired June 26, 1987 (deceased, 1998) Sandra Day O'Connor (1981 - 2006)............retired January 31, 2006 David H. Sou…ter (1990 - 2009)...................retired June 29, 2009 John Paul Stevens (1975 - 2010)................retirement planned: day after Court rises for 2009-2010 Term Chief Justice Rehnquist died in 2005, making him the first justice to die in office since Chief Justice Fred Vinson passed in 1953.
There is currently no age requirement mandating retirement of Supreme Court justices, including the Chief Justice, although Congress has entertained legislation hoping to enco…urage earlier retirement in the past. Their efforts are hampered by a constitutional provision of Article III that says justices shall "hold their offices during good behavior," which prevents Congress from mandating retirement unless the justice becomes mentally incapacitated. Some states require their supreme court justices retire at a certain age, which varies by state.
None of the justices has announced retirement plans for 2011, but the most likely justice to retire during President Obama's first (or only) term is Justice Ruth Bader Ginsber…g.