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They devastated the Athenian navy, aided rebellion in the Athenian tributary cities, besieged the city and starved it into submission.
As a VERY brief answer which may very well be wrong: After the Persian wars, most Greek cities started the Delian League, which was a pool of resources and ships and men cont…ributed by the cities to keep the Persians under constant harassment from the sea. Athens eventually took control of the League and it became more of an Athenian empire than a League. Eventually all the other cities got cross and Sparta declared war on Athens. There was lots of fighting and the war was lost by Athens when the Athenians foolishly squandered a big army invading Sicily.
Each other. Athens and Sparta, with their respective Greek allies, fought each other. The Persian Empire later sided with Sparta against Athens, but mostly it was Greek agains…t Greek.
The military age in Greek cities was 18.
As he was born in 427 BCE, he was of military age before it ended in 404 BCE, so he was a member of the Athenian army. His mentor Socrates fought in the major battles also - t…here was no exemption for philosophers.
Athens had turned the league of Greek cities which was established to defend against Persia into an empire and when the Persian threat subsided, used the revenue for its own a…ggrandisement and to further its own interests. Other cities objected and turned to Sparta for leadership. There were several inter-city disputes bubbling and Corinth and other cities pressed Sparta to intervene. The final straw was Athens banning Megara from trade within the Athenian empire, which wpould have ruined it. Sparta asked Athens to relent, which was refused and war was declared.
5,000, with another 5,000 armoured infantry and 35,000 light infantry from their territory with them..
Their alliance gained the financial support of Persia, which was sick of the war spilling over ito its empire. This enabled the Spartan alliance to raise a navy able to compet…e with the hitherto dominant Athenian fleet, defeat it and invest Athens, which was starved into submission.
Notably , the city-state of Athens .
Sparta had a larger military, and their military was stronger.
Sparta was the leader of a confederation mainly in southern Greece (now called the Peloponnesian League) set up to oppose the empire set up by Athens, to protect its member ci…ties from encroachments by Athens. When Athens continued to intervene in these cities affairs, finally over Megara they demanded Athens cease, and as it refused, war broke out.
Athens lost its empire and became a second rate power. Sparta lost too many of its limited military mapower and after a short period was displaced by Thebes as the leading Gre…ek state.
They were part of the Peloponnesian League, which was stronger on land than the Athenian league/empire. Athens' real strengths were the money from its empire which bankrolle…d a superior fleet. Eventually Persia supplied the money to give the Peloponnesian League a matching fleet, while Athens' shrinking empire limited its own fleet, plus the Persian subsidy allowed the Peloponnesians to pay more to attract the best rowers and sailors away from the Athenians. When the Peloponnesians destroyed the Athenian fleet at Aigospotamai, they were able to beseige Athens as they pleased, and without sea resupply Athens was starved out and surrendered.
They fought in and led the coalition of Greek city-states at the battles of Artemesion, Salamis and Plataia. After the Persian invasion was repelled in 479 BCE they proposed… evacuating the Greek cities within the Persian Empire back to mainland Greece to remove the problem which caused the war. Athens saw an opportunity for itself and persuaded many of the Greek cities to continue the war. Sparta then withdrew form the fray against Persia and concentrated on solving problems within its own territory.
Athens started the Peloponnesian War by its interference in the affairs of other cities - at Corcyra, Potidaia and Megara. It set out to bankrupt Megara, a member of the S…partan-led Peloponnesian League. Sparta asked Athens to back off, Athens persisted, war ensued.