Ancient Greece

The ancient greek civilization starts around 3200 BC with the Cycladic civilization [followed by the Minoan (2700 BC) and the Mycenean civilization (1600 BC)] and flourished from the 7th century BC to the 2nd century AD, especially in the 5th century BC with the city-states of Athens and Sparta.

Ancient Greece

True or false in the 300s BC Macedonia easily defeated the Greek city-states?

True - the 330s.

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Greece
Ancient Greece

What are common facts about Argos?

Some common facts about Argos are...

Argos had terrible soil because there is a legend that says Poseidon cursed their rivers. They could not grow crops well because in the summer it was hot and dry, and in the winter it was cold and wet. The Argocians had a king.

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Word and Phrase Origins
Ancient Greece
Greek to English
Hypnosis

Which Greek god did the word 'hypnotize' come from?

There was a Greek god named Hypnos [sleep] and he was the twin brother of the god Thanatos [death].

See the related link(s) below for more info:

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Ancient Greece
Trojan War

Who came up with the idea of the Trojan Horse?

Odysseus, the King of Ithaka, an island at the Ionian Sea. He was supposed to be a very clever man, very cunning.

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Greece
Ancient Greece

What was the purpose of a ancient Greek housemaid?

The maid was a slave who worked cleaning the house and surrounds, disposing of sewage, collecting water, helping with cooking, looking after children plus any other duties she could usefully carry out such as spinning yarn, weaving, and prostitution if the master of the house required it.

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Planet Uranus
Ancient Greece

Were Uranus and Mother Earth husband and wife?

Yes - at one stage of her many phases and activities but Gaia (mother earth) became tired of Uranus attacking their children and got the youngest son Cronus to do him in and replace him.

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Ancient Religions
Ancient Greece

How did Ancient Greek religion change over time?

In 393 a Christian Emperor, Theodosis, took over Greece, forcing them to answer to the holy christ.

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Ancient Greece
English to Greek
Poseidon (Neptune)

How do you spell poseidon in ancient greek?

Its ฮ ฮŸฮฃฮ•ฮ™ฮ”ฮฉฮ (Poseidon). All the letters pronounced as their regular form.

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Ancient Greece
Ancient Olympics

Anaklusmos is ancient greek for Riptide?

Yes! Read the Percy Jackson books! Man! Our world is now a nation of sissies!

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Ancient Greece

Who was the Roman counterpart of Aristotle?

There is none! Aristotle wasn't a god, he was a philosopher!

Answer number two: Cicero might be close.

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History, Politics & Society
Ancient Greece

What were ancient Athenian weapons made of?

The large majority of ancient weapons in Ancient Greece were made of wood and bronze. A spear or "Doru" would have a long, sometimes up to 12 Foot, wooden shaft with a bronze tip.

The Greek sword or "Xiphos" was made of bronze around 60cm long although the Spartans were mentioned to have started constructing them as small as 30cm after the Greco-Persian wars.

The Greek shield or "Aspis" (NOT Hoplon) was round and 1 meter in diameter in length with a convex wooden frontage to mould around the body and easily deflect a blow. On rare occasions the rich would be able to afford a thin sheet of bronze to be applied to the frontage for extra protection.

It wan't uncommon for Hoplites to go to battle with sometimes merely a felt cap or leather armour and doru in the rear ranks. Armour and weapons were expensive and many greek states often freed slaves to bolster their ranks.

Iron was not used in Ancient Greece until much later into the classical period due the the fact the smelting temperature was much higher than that of bronze and the Greeks did not posses the technology to smelt it.

Despite what people tell you steel was NOT used at all in ancient Greece. Steel hadn't begun to be even commonly used until late 16'th century after Henry VIII attempted to arm his fleet with steel cannons until he finally resorted to iron which was more cost effective.

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Greek and Roman Mythologies
Ancient Greece

What do Greek heroes have in common?

If we were to look at the Greek heroes, there are some definite common links. One of these common threads is the lack of fear. Heroes like Achilles, Odysseus, and Hercules share a complete abandonment of fear. These heroes are willing to stare death in the face and not hesitate to confront such a grim adversary. Part of their heroic composition is their unwillingness to retreat in the face of death. Another one of their shared links is the reality of their strength. Heroes like the aforementioned Greek standard are not weak. They are strong in both physicality and in their mentality. In the end, this level of mental austerity and brawn allows them to achieve a level of arete to which all others aspire. These are but a few of the common threads that the Greek heroes share.

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Ancient Greece
Athens
Sparta

What did Ancient Athens think of Sparta?

Athens' feelings towards Sparta could differ from person to person and most important from time period to time period. For example, the story of the Battle of Thermopylae was considered very heroic but sometimes Spartan culture was made fun of in plays but in the same play Spartans could be seen as admirable (Aristophanes' Lysistrata, for example).

Also, of course, if Athens was at war with Sparta, they would have a much different opinion of them.

But one thing that they were very known for was the fact that they were supposed to be very brief with their words with a dry wit, the etymology for the word "laconic" is a reference to Sparta.

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Ancient Wars
Ancient Greece

Who was the Persian king who vowed revenge against the Greeks?

Not against the Greeks, who were hundreds of independent city-states spread all around the Mediterranean and Black Seas.

Darius I of Persia vowed to exact revenge against the cities of Athens and Eretria for supporting the city of Miletus in Asia Minor - his territory. They went too far and burnt his provincial capital Sardis, which is what really focussed his ire against them.

He sent an expedition in 490 BCE against the two cities, Eretria was captured and enslaved, but it was defeated by Athens at Marathon and in front of Athens. Darius then determined to incorporate mainland Greece in his empire to stop this cross-sea meddling. He died and his son Xerxes tried to finish it off in 480 but this too failed.

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Greek and Roman Mythologies
Ancient Greece

Why was the Titanomachy fought?

So the greek gods could rule. The greek gods fought the titans to gain control and won. The greek gods then ruled. The titans went to tarturas.

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Ancient Greece
English to Greek

How do you spell sister in ancient Greek?

แผ€ฮดฮตฮปฯ†ฮฎ [adel fEE]

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Ancient History
Ancient Greece

Did the Ancient Greeks use a strygil?

To remove dirt (to clean themselves).

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Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome

What religion did Greece and Rome have in common?

Polytheism. This means many gods, one for each aspect of life. They both had a high god - Romans had Jupiter (a development from Janus - Janus-pater, ie Janus the Father, later corrupted to Jupiter). Greeks had Zeus. The two religions recognised that their gods, even though they had different names, were the same, and gave them due respect. It was not until the advent of Judaism and its offshoots Christianity and Islam that religious differences became significant, claiming supremacy, and war and killings in the name of religion emerged.

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Ancient Greece

What do tyrants rule by?

According to the Wikipedia definition of tyrant:

"Plato and Aristotle define a tyrant as, 'one who rules without law, looks to his own advantage rather than that of his subjects, and uses extreme and cruel tactics -- against his own people as well as others'."

Another view: Tyrants were usually appointed by common assent to replace aristocrats who exploited the lower classes, and bring some equity and justice to the city-state.. The problem was that the displaced aristocrats sought to exterminate the tyrant, and he needed a bodyguard for protection. To get the money to pay them, he had to levy a tax which alienated the people they were protecting. This led to deposition of the tyrant, opening the way for return of the aristocrats. This was further complicated by the rise of democracy, which itself became degraded, and monarchs re-entred to scene. So there was a cycle of kings - aristocrats/oligarchs - tyrants - democracy and round again until the arrival of Macedonia brought kings again, then Roman emperors when Rome took over.

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Theater
Greece
Ancient Greece

What time of day were tragedies performed in ancient Greece?

Considering that there were no electric lights or other ways to light a large stage or auditorium, all plays performed in ancient Greece were done in an outside theater during the day. Scenes meant to be performed at night where shown by several characters holding torches.

Addition:

The tragedies were performed as a trilogy - three consecutive sequential plays, followed by a satyr play followed by a comedy, so it was an all-day event.

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Ancient History
Ancient Greece
Great Wall of China

How long ago is the fifth millennium bc?

5020

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History, Politics & Society
Ancient Greece
Athens

How long did the 400 rule for in Athens?

The Four Hundred ruled in Athens for four months in the summer of 411 BC. It was replaced by a moderate oligarchy until democracy was restored in spring 410 BC. This and other interruptions of the democracy were necessitated by the people being led astray by populist leaders and led into risky ventures which eventually brought their defeat during the Peloponnesian War The oligarchies stabilised the situation until the democracy took over again, and led to the next crisis.

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Ancient Greece
English to Greek

What is the ancient Greek word for fidelity?

ฯ€ฮฏฯƒฯ„ฮทฯ‚ [pistis] (feminine)

ฯ€ฮนฯƒฯ„ฯŒฯ„ฮทฯ‚ [pistotis] (feminine)

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Ancient Greece
English to Greek

Ancient greek word starting with x?

The letter X was the symbol of their letter called Chi. So one word would be Christos (Christ), which is the reason that Christmas (Christ's Mass) is often abbreviated to Xmas.

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Ancient Greece

Why is sappho famous?

Sappho is so powerful because she was one of the best lyric poets in ancient Greece. Instead of being a follower Sappho decided to be a powerful, influential, and strong woman. Some of her best accomplishments were the poems she wrote about how woman are so beautiful and wonderful.

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