Greek and Roman Mythologies
Alexander the Great
History, Politics & Society
Drama and Acting
The ancient greek civilization starts around 3200 BC with the Cycladic civilization [followed by the Minoan (2700 BC) and the Mycenean civilization (1600 BC)] and flourished from the 7th century BC to the 2nd century AD, especially in the 5th century BC with the city-states of Athens and Sparta.
Asked in Greece, Ancient Greece
What are common facts about Argos?
Some common facts about Argos are... Argos had terrible soil because there is a legend that says Poseidon cursed their rivers. They could not grow crops well because in the summer it was hot and dry, and in the winter it was cold and wet. The Argocians had a king. ...
Which Greek god did the word 'hypnotize' come from?
There was a Greek god named Hypnos [sleep] and he was the twin brother of the god Thanatos [death]. See the related link(s) below for more info: ...
Asked in Greece, Ancient Greece
What was the purpose of a ancient Greek housemaid?
The maid was a slave who worked cleaning the house and surrounds, disposing of sewage, collecting water, helping with cooking, looking after children plus any other duties she could usefully carry out such as spinning yarn, weaving, and prostitution if the master of the house required it. ...
What do Greek heroes have in common?
If we were to look at the Greek heroes, there are some definite common links. One of these common threads is the lack of fear. Heroes like Achilles, Odysseus, and Hercules share a complete abandonment of fear. These heroes are willing to stare death in the face and not hesitate to confront such a grim adversary. Part of their heroic composition is their unwillingness to retreat in the face of death. Another one of their shared links is the reality of their...
What were ancient Athenian weapons made of?
The large majority of ancient weapons in Ancient Greece were made of wood and bronze. A spear or "Doru" would have a long, sometimes up to 12 Foot, wooden shaft with a bronze tip. The Greek sword or "Xiphos" was made of bronze around 60cm long although the Spartans were mentioned to have started constructing them as small as 30cm after the Greco-Persian wars. The Greek shield or "Aspis" (NOT Hoplon) was round and 1 meter in diameter in length with a...
Asked in Ancient Greece, Athens, Sparta
What did Ancient Athens think of Sparta?
Athens' feelings towards Sparta could differ from person to person and most important from time period to time period. For example, the story of the Battle of Thermopylae was considered very heroic but sometimes Spartan culture was made fun of in plays but in the same play Spartans could be seen as admirable (Aristophanes' Lysistrata, for example). Also, of course, if Athens was at war with Sparta, they would have a much different opinion of them. But one thing that they were very...
Asked in Ancient Religions, Ancient Greece
How did Ancient Greek religion change over time?
According to Robert Graves, the original worship of the indigenous people of the Greek penninsula was earth-Goddess-worship. Aboringinal goddesses include Gaia, Demeter, Artemis, Hestia, and Hera. The invading Achaeans, being nomads, brought male sky gods to the area including Zeus, Apollo, Ares, Poseidon, and Hades. The Dorian invasion added other sky-gods like Hercules, Persephone, and Athena. As the Greek speaking people added conquered people to their linguistic base, those native deities were often assimilated, too. Cybele and Attis, Dionysius, Adonis, the Roman versions of Olympians...
Asked in Ancient Wars, Ancient Greece
Who was the Persian king who vowed revenge against the Greeks?
Not against the Greeks, who were hundreds of independent city-states spread all around the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Darius I of Persia vowed to exact revenge against the cities of Athens and Eretria for supporting the city of Miletus in Asia Minor - his territory. They went too far and burnt his provincial capital Sardis, which is what really focussed his ire against them. He sent an expedition in 490 BCE against the two cities, Eretria was captured and enslaved, but it was...
Asked in Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome
What religion did Greece and Rome have in common?
Polytheism. This means many gods, one for each aspect of life. They both had a high god - Romans had Jupiter (a development from Janus - Janus-pater, ie Janus the Father, later corrupted to Jupiter). Greeks had Zeus. The two religions recognised that their gods, even though they had different names, were the same, and gave them due respect. It was not until the advent of Judaism and its offshoots Christianity and Islam that religious differences became significant, claiming supremacy, and war...
Asked in Ancient Greece
What do tyrants rule by?
According to the Wikipedia definition of tyrant: "Plato and Aristotle define a tyrant as, 'one who rules without law, looks to his own advantage rather than that of his subjects, and uses extreme and cruel tactics -- against his own people as well as others'." Another view: Tyrants were usually appointed by common assent to replace aristocrats who exploited the lower classes, and bring some equity and justice to the city-state.. The problem was that the displaced aristocrats sought to exterminate the tyrant, and...
Asked in Theater, Greece, Ancient Greece
What time of day were tragedies performed in ancient Greece?
Considering that there were no electric lights or other ways to light a large stage or auditorium, all plays performed in ancient Greece were done in an outside theater during the day. Scenes meant to be performed at night where shown by several characters holding torches. Addition: The tragedies were performed as a trilogy - three consecutive sequential plays, followed by a satyr play followed by a comedy, so it was an all-day event. ...
How long did the 400 rule for in Athens?
The Four Hundred ruled in Athens for four months in the summer of 411 BC. It was replaced by a moderate oligarchy until democracy was restored in spring 410 BC. This and other interruptions of the democracy were necessitated by the people being led astray by populist leaders and led into risky ventures which eventually brought their defeat during the Peloponnesian War The oligarchies stabilised the situation until the democracy took over again, and led to the next crisis. ...
Asked in Ancient Greece
Why is sappho famous?
Sappho is so powerful because she was one of the best lyric poets in ancient Greece. Instead of being a follower Sappho decided to be a powerful, influential, and strong woman. Some of her best accomplishments were the poems she wrote about how woman are so beautiful and wonderful. ...