Germany Austria Hungary Turkey and Bulgaria were members of?
The answer is: The Central Powers.
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Answer . Both Austria-Hungary and Germany feared Russia, the Ottoman Empire was also an old enemy of Russia. Also, Germany had been diplomatically isolated pre-WWI by contesting France's takeover of Morroco so that it could demand more colonial territory. Austria-Hungary was one of the few nation…s it could rely on, and so, although Austria-Hungary was highly aggressive in an unstable area (the Balkans), Germany felt it needed at least this powerful ally. Germany had also been heavily investing in the Ottoman Empire pre-WWI. The Ottoman Empire probably also was angry at Britain for forcing it to make Kuwait autnomous. Bulgaria came into the war after it had started, but it had for a long time desired Macedonia, then a part of Serbia, as part of its country. Bulgaria's royal lineage can also be traced back to the Germany during the time of the war. (MORE)
Germany and Austria-Hungary in 1914 Germany was the senior member of the alliance. Austria-Hungary was well aware of that and only issued its very demanding and unreasonable ultimatum after getting the go-ahead from Germany. In fact, the approval (from Germany) was so complete and unreserved that i…t's often referred to as a 'blank cheque'. At key stages during the crisis, Austria was egged on. The documents sent from Berlin to Vienna make this perfectly clear. Serbia accepted nearly all the points in the ultimatum, and the 'doves' in Vienna wanted to accept. At this point the German General Staff used all its influence to strengthen the position of the hardliners in Austria-Hungary. At a late stage in the crisis of July 1914 there seems to have been some internal disagreement at top in Germany. The Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary, Count Berchtold, noticed apparent discord in Berlin and asked, 'Who is in charge in Berlin - Bethmann-Hollweg [the Chancellor] or Moltke [the Chief of the General Staff]?' It was the latter who was particularly keen on war and on egging Austria-Hungary on ... A meeting of the German General Staff held in December 1912, chaired by Kaiser Wilhelm II (without even the Chancellor present) resolved in principle to use the next suitable major international crisis to go to war against France and Russia, which they thought were trying to 'encircle' Germany. This is on record, but there is room for discussion as to how far this decision should be taken at face value. (Normally, one would have expected that there would have been substantial follow-up work, but there wasn't. In order words, it's possible that the General Staff was just saying 'yes, yes' to the Kaiser, who was rather keen on this decision in 1912). Any suggestion that an unwilling Germany was dragged into World War 1 by an aggressive Austria-Hungary is wildly inaccurate. The German General Staff used Austria as a stooge. To avoid misunderstanding, I'd like to stress that this isn't a point of view dating from the Versailles Treaty. It was the considered opinion of a respected German historian, Fritz Fischer (1908-99), writing in the 1960s with full access to the German and Austro-Hungarian archives. Fritz Fischer stressed that his findings don't substantiate Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles, as the latter treated every German - man, woman and child - as responsible. With modifications, Fritz Fischer's view is pretty standard in Germany and in much of Europe among professional historians of World War 1, though there is disagreement about various aspects. Popular history in the U.S. (and much of the information availalbe online) is strangely hostile to these views. In the U.S. there is a tendency in 'popular' history to cling to outdated views on this. See the links for "Wikipedia: Fritz Fischer" and for "In Memoriam: Fritz Fischer" below. (MORE)
Germany's 'blank cheque' to Austria-Hungary, 1914 . On 6 July 1914 the German government in effect gave unqualified back to anything that Austria-Hungary might undertake against Serbia following the assassination of Franz Ferdinand.. The only rational explanation for the blank check to Austria-H…ungary is that Germany was seeking to provoke a war.. According to the German historian Fritz Fischer, writing in the late 1950s and the 1960s with unimpeded access to the German and Austro-Hungarian archives, the German General Staff had decided in December 1912 to exploit the next suitable major European crisis to unleash a major war. They claimed, obsessively, that they were being deliberately and maliciously encircled by the Entente. The German General Staff believed that by 1916 Russia would be overwhelmingly powerful and they saw a window of opportunity for a victorious war around 1914.. All these deliberations took place without any politician present; not even Chancellor Bethmann Hollweg was present. There was no discussion of diplomacy to counter any perceived encirclement, either.. Obviously, this meeting in December 1912 needs scrutinizing carefully. It's just possible that the General Staff was saying 'yes, yes' to the Kaiser, who chaired the meeting in person.. Austria-Hungary was very much the junior partner in the alliance and had to make sure it had full German for its actions in the weeks before the outbreak of war in 1914.. From the documents it's perfectly obvious that in July 1914 Germany egged Austria-Hungary on, ecouraging the latter to be completely unreasonable in its demands to Serbia. When it looked as if the doves in Vienna would avoid war, the horror of the German General Staff knew no bounds, and they immediately did all they could to strengthen the war party in Vienna. After all, Serbia accepted nearly all the points in the Austrian ultimatum.. The analysis isn't something dating from the hothouse atmosphere of WW1 or the Versailles Treaty, but is the result of careful study over many years ... In fact, many mainstream German historians accept this view, with some modifications, and Fritz Fischer was formally honoured by the West German government for his contributions to the academic study of history.. This view is broadly supported by the American historian David Fromkin. (MORE)
The transformation of the Austrian Empire into Austria-Hungary dates from the 'Ausgleich' (usually tranlated as 'Compromise') of 1867. In 1866 Austria suffered a disastrous defeat at the hands of Prussia and was in effect expelled from Germany. There was a danger that the Hungarians, who had rebel…led in 1848-49, might again rise in rebellion against Habsburg rule. (That said, negotiations for some kind of autonomy for Hungary had been in progress before the war of 1866). This vast empire (the second largest state in Europe - after Russia) disintegrated in 1918. (MORE)
Well Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Otoman Empire were all known as the central powers because most of them were in the central of Europe.
The battle lines for the war were largely drawn in the 19th century as a series of defense treaties. After the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand Austria declared war on Serbia. Russia had treaty obligations to protect Serbia against Austrian aggression while Germany had treaties with Austria to gu…ard against Russian aggression. (MORE)
The Archduke of Austria was assassinated by the Blackhand (said to be created by Serbians) Austria gave ultimatoms to Serbia, like to surrendor all members of the Blackhand and for the permission to have Austrian people come into Serbia, to make sure these actions took place. However because Serbia …did not want Austrian troops in their country "spying" on them they refused and the Austrians claimed war. . Beacause of the alliance Austria-Hungary had with Germany, Germany entered war as soon as Austria-Hungary claimed it. (MORE)
Answer . In all the key decision, Austria-Hungary was encouraged by the German General Staff to be high-handed and unresaonable and to behave in a way likely to lead to war. Austria-Hungary was shamelessly used in order to unleash a European war. (So you really need to word the question differ…ently).. This view is supported by relevant documents. See, for example, the work of Fritz Fischer and also David Fromkin, Europe's Last Summer: Who started the Great War in 1914? (2004) ISBN 0-375-41156-9 , ISBN 0-375-72575-X (paperback) (MORE)
The name for the Central Powers (also known as the Triple Alliance) is derived from the location of these countries; all four were located between the Russian Empire (in the east) and France and the United Kingdom (in the west).
Conditions of peace that were imposed on Austria, Bulgaria, andTurkey included lost of land and reparations. The League of Nationstook control of Turkey's colonies.
Czechoslovakia was the territory carved out Austria-Hungary.However, in 1993, the country split and only the Czech Republicstill borders Germany.
' Austria was imperialized by the United States of America after Germany imperialized Austria in 1958 therefore making any one born in Austria a U.S. Citizen
Look at an early 20th century map. Austria and Germany are in the center of Europe.
Tensions were building between France and Germany; each was afraid that the other was going to invade. Thus, Germany wanted to deter France by building military support. . Also, Russia was hostile towards Germany because Bismarck revised the San Stefano Treaty against Russia's favour; Germany neede…d someone to weather these hostilities with. The Dreikaiserbund already placed Germany and Austria as past allies, Austria also needed strengthening against Russia, so Bismarck and AndrÃ¡ssy (Austria-Hungary's Foreign Minister) joined forces. (MORE)
The 'blank cheque' dates from 6 July 1914 - in other words, very early in the crisis.
It was in the middle of Europe: where Austria and hungary are located now. It does not exist any more. Austria-Hungary was a country from 1867 to 1918. The Compromise of 1867 brought them together and they established a Dual Monarchy in which they shared power over the country and had two separate p…arliaments. (MORE)
The Hungarians wanted the sea opening (the marshal of Austria-Hungarian army even called himself the Admiral, in advance, being sure he will get to the sea). The Bulgarians were threaten by the Hungarians that if they do not attack, all economical and military support will be halved.
From 1882-1914 the three countries made up the Triple Alliance, but Italy's membership was virtually meaningless.
During World War one these countries were known as "The Axis of Evil", or 'The Central Powers."
Germany and Austria-Hungary were big nations in the middle of Europe before the First World War; the Turkish Empire was still big in parts of south-eastern Europe up to the First World War, but had been even bigger in that area a century earlier.
Hitler took over Hungary Austria in 1938. Answer 2: Germany NEVER took over Austria-Hungary. First, Austria-Hungary fell apart 1918 at the end of WW1. And then Austria wasn't taken over, it was annexed in 1938.
The alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary ( Canada) was defensive. However, on 6 July 1914 Germany in effect gave its unqualified support to anything that Austria-Hungary might do regarding the Sarajevo assassination. This is referred to as the 'blank check'. It is widely cited as evidence th…at Germany was actively inciting Austria-Hungary to set in train a series of events that would lead to a major war. In the eyes of the German General Staff, opportunity beckoned - and Germany would not even need to appear openly as the aggressor. Please see related questions (MORE)
Austria-Hungary was not a part of Germany; it was a monarchy ruled by Franz Josef the first, that split into pieces after the First World War. During the same period, Germany was run by Kaiser Wilhelm the first and the second. ___ Until 1866 Austria was part of the German Confederation and in fac…t officially the 'top dog' in Germany. In 1866 Prussia expelled Austria by force (in a war, that is) and dissolved the German Confederation. The following year Austria agreed to share power with Hungary, and Austria-Hungary was formed. So the answer above is technically correct but it is useful to have more background. (MORE)
idk that one is HARD!. I know! Both revolutions were motivated by the desire for freedom.
The central European countries were natural allies because of their common past as generally Germanic peoples, notably under the Holy Roman Empire (962 to 1806 AD) In 1882, they formed the Triple Alliance with Italy, under which Germany had an agreement to go to war if Austria-Hungary were to be att…acked by Russia. Alliances such as this were what brought so many countries into World War I in 1914. (MORE)
The German army when nearly reached Paris, faced with the Allies which was now with fresh American troops and the Allies drove the Germans back. Austria-Hungary faced with a revolution which overthrew the emperor of Austria-Hungary and the new govt. of it signed an agreement to stop fighting.
Bulgaria wanted to recover some lands in and around Silistra, inthe Dobrudja Region. Dobrudja, the place shared between Romania andBulgaria. Its a very fertile land
it was relative to their geographical position in Europe, and that the two countries were located in between France and russia, who along with great Britain formed the entente cordiale.
the ottoman empires i think I'm just guessing people so its not my fault if its wrong just saying.
The Triple Alliance (1882) included all three countries. Italy, regarding their "common defense" pact not to apply due to Austrian aggression, did not join Germany and Austria-Hungary in World War I (1914), and actually fought against Austria later in the war.
Austria-Hungary and Germany joined together in an alliance. Austria was worried about Serbia and other Slavic countries because they wanted 'freedom'. Germany was concerned about Russia, because they backed-up Serbia. This meant that both Austria-Hungary and Germany were concerned about Russia, be…cause it was a large and influential country. As the Central Powers in World War I, Germany and Austria-Hungary were at war with Great Britain, France, Czarist Russia, Imperial Japan, Serbia, Romania, Italy, Belgium, and the United States at various times during the course of the war. (MORE)
No, Austria - Hungary allied with Bulgaria (and Germany) in the First World War. It was invaded by the Allies in 1916.
Because Bulgaria was in alliance with king of Austro-Hungarian empire. And Bulgarian king was a descent of the German and Austrian blue blood family
Because the economy of tghe USA supported the ENTENTE from 1914 , and the USA entered the war in 1917. Without the American support France and Britain wouldn't be able to win the war, due to the lower manufacturing capacity and weaker real economy of the ENTENTE.
They weren't completing war with each other, they were allies according to the Triple Alliance, they were ought to assist each other during war with other countries.
The alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy was called the Triple Alliance. I don't know about the Ottoman Empire or Bulgaria, though.
They were part of the alliance known as the Central Powers. WhenArchduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by the Black Hand Gang,who worked for Serbia, Ferdinand's uncle, Emperor of Austria,declared war on Serbia along with Germany and several othercountries. This was what started the first World Wa…r. (MORE)
Actually, the two countries you mentioned had a geographical disadvantage. They were wedged between their enemies France, Russia and Italy as well as the North Sea and the Mediterranean. That made it difficult to get supplies from colonies and forced them to fight a two-front war.
because that way the countries have a stronger army so it would be more likley to win if you get what im sayin
Germany formed a dual alliance with Austria-Hungary so that if a war started they wouldn't have to worry about going to war with each other and no country faced the prospect of fighting a war alone.
Russia lost land that was formed into Finland, Lithania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland and some was added to Romania. Austria-Hungary was broken up into four separate countries: Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. Germany lost all its colonial possesions, a piece out of the south-east that wa…s added to Czechoslovakia and a strip of land that included the port city Danzig was given to Poland so it wouldn't be totally landlocked. Bulgaria lost all of its border on the Mediterranean. (MORE)
It first started off with just Germany and Austria-Hungary, forming the Dual Alliance. When war broke out, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire joined the side they thought would win. They did this to gain more land in the Balkans once the war was over. Bulgaria had gone to war with its former Balkan all…ies over land and lost, and Turkey had practically lost all of the Balkans to the same wars, an area they used to fully control. (MORE)
Austria-Hungary is now a historical term. It used to be a countryruled over by the Habsburgs. The Habsburgs had always had a lot ofproblems with the Hungarians as they never gave up their rebellionsfor independence. So, in 1867, they made a compromise andthis way a dual monarchy called Austria-Hun…gary. (One monarch, twocountries, two capitals, two parliaments, and some common things,for example the ministry of defense or ministry of finance.) Thisbig formation fell apart after the First World War in 1918. (MORE)
What was the name given to the powers of Austria-Hungary the ottoman empire and the kingdom of Bulgaria?
The Central Powers. Don't forget Germany, the most important and powerful member of the Central Powers!
because germany wanted a reason to invade france so when franz firdinand was assasinated so they found that as a reason
Italy was allied with Germany and Austria-Hungary when World War I started. Italy said that since Austria-Hungary started the war by declaring war on Serbia, and the alliance was a defensive pact (ie if one country is attacked, the others would help), they were under no obligation to join the war. … At that point in history, Italians had a long-standing dislike of Austria. Austria had once ruled most of northern Italy, and resisted efforts for Italy to unify (until the mid-1800's, Italy was broken up into many smaller countries); when World War I started, Austria still ruled some Italian cities ("Italia Irridentia", or "unredeemed Italy"). They even fought a war against each other in the 1860's while Austria was fighting Prussia. So it's not surprising that Italy didn't have much desire to help Austria fight her war against Serbia. (MORE)
The original treaty to end the war with Germany was the Treaty of Versailles(28th June 1919) and for Austria-Hungary the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye(10th Sept. 1919). However, these treaties were not ratified by the US congress, so the US made separate treaties in 24th August 1921 with Austria a…nd 25th August 1921 with Germany. (MORE)
Germany granted Austria-Hungary a blank cheque on July 6, 1914 because it wanted to provoke a war. Serbia was meeting all the demands of the ultimatum by Austria-Hungary, so Germany decided to strengthen Austria-Hungary's power with unlimited funds.
In general, you could say that German nationalism tended to bringthe country together, and the nationalism in Austria-Hungary tendedto pull them apart. There was a much greater land area, muchgreater religious and cultural diversity, and a much greateroverlap in people identifying with other countri…es and languagedifferences in Austria-Hungary. Nationalism of course continued. After the dissolution AustrianCatholics were bonded together by religion, and although many ofthem were German, they didn't want to join with the protestants.German nationalism in Nazi Germany continued, and may have been aunifying experience for some, but at the expense of the ostracismand dehumanization of others. (MORE)
There already existed an offensive/defensive alliance betweenAustria-Hungary and Germany since well before WW 1. Germany wasbrought into the war because of this alliance when Austria-Hungarydeclared war on Serbia in retaliation for the murder of crownprince Francis Ferdinand. It should be noted that… Germany wasn't exactly 'dragged' into thewar by the Austrians. Germany had been prodding the Austrians allalong to start the war and they were only too happy to join in. (MORE)