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The fact that ionic substances tend to dissolve in water is a big clue. Another one which is also great fun is the 'bending water' trick. You need a polythene rod and a fuzzy charging cloth, and a tap with a thin trickle of water coming from it. Charge up the rod then bring it near to the water stream,but not touching it, a few inches below the spout. You should be able to deflect the water stream so that it is pulled over towards the rod.
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because there is an uneven distribution of electrons between the oxgen and hydrogen atoms
Since oxygen is more electronegative than hydrogen, you get something called a "dipole moment," making the oxygen slightly negative because of the unequal sharing of electrons…. This makes the hydrogen slightly positive since the oxygen atom is more electronegative (I like to think of it as being "hungry for electrons"); the electrons spend more time orbiting the oxygen than they do the hydrogens. Therefore the oxygen is slightly (or delta) negative and the hydrogen, since the electrons spend less time in orbit around the hydrogen, is delta (slightly) positive since an electron has a negative charge. O-H bonds are polar because O and H have different electronegativity values. The vector sum of the two bond dipoles is nonzero. (That is, they are not pointing in exact opposite directions.)
They are polar
Different elements have different electro-negativities. Electro-negativity is the ability of an atom to withdraw 'electron density' towards itself, i.e. it makes electrons com…e closer to it. Fluorine is the most electronegative of the elements. Oxygen is more electronegative than hydrogen and so in water (H2O) the oxygen 'pulls' the electrons closer to itself and become slightly negative, and the hydrogen's slightly positive, this is called a permanent dipole. Due to this effect water has many properties that make it unusual and important to living things.
It consists of a slightly negative oxygen atom and 2 slightly positive hydrogen atoms
A Water Molecule has molecular 4mula "H2O". H+ & OH- are the charges on water.because of these charges,water molecule is called a polar molecule.
Dissolving is just when water bonds and separates the cation and anion. Water's polarity is the reason why it surrounds each ion and separates it from the oppositely charged …ion thus dissolving it. The negative end of the water surround the positive ion and the positively charged end of water surround the negative ion. If there is a polar molecule it will bond in a network with the polar water molecules This is why water will not dissolve non-polar molecules because the polarity has no affect on a non-polar molecule.
The oxygen atom of a water molecule has a d- (delta negative) charge and the two hydrogens both have a d+ (delta positive) charge, a dipole exists. This allows for hydrogen bo…nding to occur between one or more water molecules where the d+ hydrogen atom of one water molecule is attracted to the d- charge of the oxygen on another
Its polar and bent. The two lone pairs of electrons push on the hydrogen bonds creating a bent shape. Btw this is common knowledge and could be found with a quick google searc…h.
The oxygen and hydrogen in water are bonded by a covalent bond. This means that the two lone lone electrons of hydrogen are shared with oxygen. Oxygen has a tendency to "hoard…" electrons. So when it bonds with the hydrogen the two shared electrons are closer to the oxygen than to the hydrogen. As a result one side of water(the one with the oxygen) becomes slightly negative due to the fact that the oxygen has the two electrons closer to it. The side of the hydrogen becomes slightly positive as a result. When two or more molecules of water are placed together the slightly negatively charged oxygen from one molecule attracts the slightly positively charged hydrogen from another molecule forming a weak hydrogen bond. this hydrogen bond is formed as a result of the polarity of water.
In a molecule of water, you have a bunch of unshared electrons on the oxygen side of the molecule (the negative end) and no electrons and two hydrogen nuclei on the hydrogen e…nd (the positive end.) This makes for very strong polarity, since a positive end and a negative end can be thought of as poles. Fluorine, on the other hand, is a diatomic element consisting of two fluorine atoms covalently bonded together. This means each of the two fluorine atoms contribute one electron to the bond. The remaining six from each atom are on the other side of the molecule from the bond. Six on one side and six on the other means no difference in charge across the length of the molecule, so there are no poles.
Nonpolar molecules, such as hydrocarbons or lipids.