How did Romans dye their togas?
The Romans were well aware of various fabric dyes. But, they DID NOT dye their togas. The toga was an off white woolen garment. Children, senators and the emperor could have a purple stripe along the edges, but that was all. The only variation of the toga's color was when a man was running for public office. He would then lighten and whiten his toga with powdered chalk as a symbol of his purity of intentions.
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In Roman Empire
The Romans would normally wear a shoe for outdoor footwear. This could be a leather sole, with optional small wooden bars or nails on the underside, and either a bootie type a…rrangement tied at the ankle or a strappy type with the straps very close together and the toe covered. These styles protected the feet from any oozy stuff in the Roman streets. Do not be misled by Hollywood's Roman wardrobe. The Romans only wore sandals and slippers indoors never outside. (MORE)
In Roman Empire
A toga was usually white. The Ropmans also had coloured togas which were symbols of status. The toga preatexta, was white and had a purple border. It was worn by current off…icers of state, former officers of state in festivals and other ceremonial occasion and on burial, some priests and the male children of senators from the age of 12 to 17. It was also worn by the last three kings of Rome during the monarchy which preceded the republic. During the period of rule by emperors it could also be bestowed as a honour independently of rank. The toga picta was purple and embroidered with gold. During the republic it was worn by generals when they celebrated their triumphs and the preator urbanus when he rode the chariot of the gods into the circus (chariot racing track) to open a games festival which were called ludi Apollinares (the games of Apollo). During the period of rule by emperors it was worn by officers of state at the gladiatorial games, by the consuls, and by the emperor on special occasions. Just a small footnote to the toga's color. Although it was white, it was not the "white" that we think of. It was an off white (wool white). The only time it was our idea of white was when a man was running for a public office. Then he would have his togas made pure white with chalk to as to impart the impression that he was an honest, honorable candidate. (MORE)
By the late Republic, the Roman men stopped wearing togas except for very serious occasions. They had grown from the simple "bedsheet" type of garment worn in the early days o…f the city, to massive bulky wraps that one needed a servant to help put on and to keep it hanging correctly once a man tried to move in it. I won't even mention what would happen if a man had to use a latrine. When Augustus came into power he had to pass a law stating that on all state occasions a Roman citizen had to wear a toga. The emperor we know as Caracalla even banned the toga and by law replaced it with the caracalla, which was the garment he always wore and from which he got his nickname. (MORE)
Ancient Roman clothing was originally made from wool that was homespun. Over time, garments were made with linen, cotton, and even silk. Most Romans wore shoes, depending on t…he class they were a part of. Clothing often denoted social status. Accessories also played an important role in Roman clothing. Some accessories were thought to have magical powers, like the Roman amulet, while others were worn for decorative purposes.The Latin word for sandals is soleae. The upper class wore black leather shoes with four straps. They were worn by senators and were similar to the patrician's (a Roman aristocrat) red high-soled shoes that fastened with hooks and straps around the ankles. Women usually wore boots. The Romans also had house sandals to wear when dressed in just a tunica. The Roman sandals were made of leather soles attached to the foot with interlacing straps. Shoes were always removed before dining.The material of women's clothing depended on the wealth of the family. Fabrics were usually dyed and embroidered to represent individual style and taste. Clothing was usually draped according to the latest fashion. Jewelry often had a purpose, like brooches that would hold the drapes of clothing together. The basic clothing included three pieces: an interior tunica, stola, and palla. The stola was the same as a Roman man's tunica, while the palla was the equivalent of a man's toga. The stola was foot length and was attached at the shoulders to the interior tunica.The Romans spent most of their days outdoors, from working to shopping, to leisure activities. The toga was not suitable for active work. Those who labored for work often wore the tunica. The paenula was for cold or wet weather, and was a sleeveless cloak made from thick cloth. The sagum was a cloak worn by soldiers. The lacerna was an expensive sagum, with a hood, and was large enough to be worn over a toga. It was usually worn as a sign of status, as a decoration. The laena was made of heavy cloth, and was usually dyed purple, a color of the wealthy.The toga is the most famous form of Roman clothing. It was the standard item of of clothing, with its varying shapes and sizes that changed over time and with fashion changes. Both men and women wore togas. The palla was a woman's garment made of a woven rectangle of cloth that was worn over the stolla. A palla was worn like a modern scarf would be. The tunica was a basic garment, usually worn under more official articles of clothing, like the toga. The tunica was worn by the poor, who could not afford other garments. It was usually belted and extended to the feet.Roman boys wore a tunica that went down to the knees and was white with a crimson border. After a boy became a man, he would wear an all-white tunica or toga. A boy reached manhood at age 16 or 17. Roman girls wore simple tunicas that were often belted at the waist. When they left their houses, the tunica would reach the ground. Children also wore the bulla, an amulet that protected against evil and was worn on a chain around the neck. Girls would wear the bulla until their wedding day, while boys would wear it until they reached manhood.Ancient Roman clothing varied in its styles and fashions. From the toga, which could be draped in different ways, to the shoes, which distinguished social classes, clothing was an important tool in ancient Rome. The clothing also differed in material, ranging from wool to leather. There were many ways to distinguish wealth through clothing.Rings were the only jewelry that Roman men wore. Good manners indicated that men should only wear one ring, but some men were distasteful and would wear more than one ring at a time. Romans were known for loving colored stones, like topaz and sapphires. Pendants and brooches were also popular forms of jewelry. (MORE)
In Craft Tips
You may not have grown up using dye as a traditional craft supply, but today's dyes are fun and easy to use. Check out these tips for using dyes in your craft projects.… (MORE)
Roman culture from before the birth of Christ for many hundreds of years centered around the bath. These buildings, ranging in size from small buildings meant for just one fam…ily in remote locations, to baths big enough to hold 3,000 people, were the center of life for most Romans. By the fifth century, historians believe there were more than 900 public baths in Rome alone. Filled with water from the aqueducts or built on top of natural hot springs, these baths were the center of life for a Roman citizen, whether they were poor or had plenty of money. Most Romans only worked to noon and spent the afternoon at these public baths. Step back in time and see what your life would be like at a Roman bath.The first thing you need to do as you arrive at the public bath is to change clothes. Remove the clothes from your workday and put on a toga and wooden clogs or sandals.Now that you have changed your clothes and taken your work clothes with you, you will use the restroom. You will squat over a hole in the ground with your urine or bowel movement running directly into the aqueduct. After you have finished you will wipe with a sponge or a stick. You will then wash your hands.Now walk to the palaestra and look to see what is happening today. This large room is where people exercise after a hard day at work. If you are a man, then you will run, wrestle, fence, box, or participate in a ball game. If you are a female, then you will play trochus by rolling a metal hoop with a stick attached. The aim of the game is to keep the hoop up on its side for as long as possible.Now go to the apodyrerium room and take off your exercise clothes. This room is set aside specifically for you to change your clothes. You will be nude for the next few rooms before returning to the apodyreium to redress. The apodyreium is a room specifically set aside for changing. Leave your work clothes and your exercise clothes here. If you are a person of wealth, then leave your slaves here to guard your clothes. This area has lots of thieves so be extremely cautious. If you are a wealthy person then you will want to spend some time here parading your slaves to show how wealthy you are. If you are a common person, make sure to hire one of the slaves that works at the baths to guard your clothes.Next proceed to the tepidarium. In this room you will first have someone rub oil on your body. The tepidarium is a room similar in many ways to a massage spa, but those have not been invented yet. If you are wealthy, then order one of your slaves to rub oil on your body. If you do not own slaves, then pay one of the people who work here to rub the oil on your body. Here you would have a long metal tool, known as a strigil and resembles a curved straight edge razor, rubbed across your body to remove the oil. As the oil is removed from your body it will take the dirt with it.After you are done in the tepidarium, then enter the caldarium which is similar to a sauna. Make sure you are wearing your wooden clogs or wooden sandals as you enter the room, as the floor will be very hot. Sweat in the room that is about 100 degrees and has close to 100 percent humidity. If you become too hot have someone pour cool water from the large shallow pool in the center of the room over you. Appreciate the work of the slaves in the basement that keep the furnace, known as a hypocaust, going so that this room stays hot. The purpose of staying in this room is to open your skin's pores.After you have stayed in the tepidarium for as long as you can stand, then walk into the next room which is the frigidarium. The way the Roman bath was constructed, the frigidarium was much cooler than the tepidarium. The purpose of staying in this room is to close your opened pores.Romans believed that by opening and then closing the pores the dirt within their bodies was released. Lay in the cold water and enjoy the waves as they lap around your body.As you walk back through the bath to get your clothes, Roman culture dictates that you admire the art. The art is different in each public bath, but generally will be made up of brightly colored statues. The walls may also be made up of colorful tile mosaics. When you reach the apodyrerium change back into your street clothes.Walk around and notice all the entertainment that is happening in the building. Watch as people juggle and perform gymnastics. On the other hand, you may sit and listen to philosophers explain their ideas. Or you may opt to listen to poets reading their poetry. If you are a woman, then you can lay under the special glass windows and sunbathe.After you have finished watching the entertainers, now is the time to eat. You may eat little sausages that are made of minced pork belly mixed with spicy seasoning or eat boiled eggs with a special nutty sauce. You may also drink white wine mixed with honey.As a Roman in ancient times, your life centers around the baths. The first decision you had to make was which one of the public baths you want to go to since you would have a choice of over 900. Once there, you first exercise, then sit in a sauna, cool off with a swim, admire the art, eat the food, and watch the entertainment. By evening, you are ready to go back to your house. By following the steps in this article, you would have fit into ancient Roman culture.One of the best places to learn about Roman Baths today is at the Roman Baths Museum located in Bath, England. This was the furthest west the Roman baths were ever found. The museum has rebuilt parts of the bath, although visitors can also enjoy seeing part of the original bath located here. (MORE)
In Craft Tips
Tie dye is a great way to add color to plain fabric. Although traditional tie dye methods are fun, discover ways to use tie dyes out of the box to create nontraditional design…s. (MORE)
Art quilters, in particular, love to dye fabrics for use in specific areas of their quilts. This gives them complete control over color. For instance, a portrait quilt might r…equire a certain skin, eye or hair color that is more easily achieved by custom dyeing a fabric than using a commercially printed one. Dyeing fabric is a fairly easy process, if you are careful to use products specifically made for this purpose. This is a project best done outdoors in an area with good ventilation, and in an area that will not be damaged if the dye should be accidentally spilled.1.1. 100 percent white cotton fabric. For your first attempt, one yard should do.2.2. A bucket large enough to contain your fabric, plus four cups of water.3.3. Procion MX dye, or other fiber-reactive dye. Use just one dye color for your first try.4.4. Soda ash. This is a fixative that will help the dye adhere to the fibers in the fabric.5.5. A pair of rubber gloves to protect your hands.6.6. A large spoon and measuring cup that will be used exclusively for dyeing. Don't use these tools for cooking after they have come in contact with the dye. Although the dye is not toxic, it is a good idea to dedicate the spoon and measuring cup to dyeing.7.7. A dust mask to wear when you are handling the dye powder. The dye powder is very fine and can be easily inhaled, so don't skip this item.8.8. A mild detergent. Synthrapol is a detergent specifically designed for use with dye. It will help wash out excess dye so the fabric will not bleed color when washed later.Make sure to read the manufacturer's directions on the products you have purchased. Mix two teaspoons of the dye into two cups of warm water. Make sure the water is not hot, as the dye reacts differently in hot water. Using the large spoon, stir the dye in the water for the length of time recommended by the manufacturer. This may be as long as four or five minutes.Gently wad up the fabric and place it in the bottom of the bucket. Be careful not to tamp it down too tightly, or the dye will not be able to penetrate the folds of the fabric. Pour the dye solution over the fabric. Add another two cups of plain water. The dye solution should just cover the fabric. You may need to use the spoon to press down lightly on the fabric to remove air bubbles, but do not stir the fabric and dye solution. The uneven color penetration will add interest to the finished fabric. Let the fabric sit in the dye for at least 20 minutes. After 20 minutes, gently pull some of the fabric out of the dye solution to check for color. If you wish a deeper color, mix another teaspoon of the dye into a half-cup of water, stirring as you did before, and add the solution to the bucket. Let the fabric soak for another 20 minutes.You might want to cut the one yard of fabric into four pieces, and remove one piece each time you add more dye. You will then have four pieces of fabric in graduated shades of the color you are using.Soda Ash is a color fixative, which helps make the dye color permanent. When you have achieved the color you are pleased with, mix three teaspoons of soda ash to two cups of warm, not hot, water. Stir the soda ash with the large spoon, until it is completely dissolved in the water. Pour the soda ash solution over the fabric. Put your gloves on and very gently swish the fabric, circulating the soda ash in the dye solution. Do not stir the solution. The longer the fabric sits in the soda ash/dye solution, the more intense the color will become. Leave the fabric in the soda ash/dye solution for at least an hour.Carry the bucket to the sink you will use for rinsing and place it in the sink. Only use an aluminum sink for this process, as the dye will stain a plastic or ceramic sink. If no aluminum sink is available, rinse the fabric outside in an area that will not be damaged by the dye. Wearing your gloves, left the fabric out of the bucket and rinse in hot water to wash out any excess dye left in the fabric. Rinse until the water running off the fabric is clear. Place the fabric in your washing machine and wash it on the gentle cycle using a mild detergent, or Synthrapol. The fabric can safely be dried in your dryer.Fiber-reactive dyes seem to work more efficiently in warm temperatures. Work in a warm room, or outside in the sun, for the best results.Fabric dyeing is fun, and results in custom, one-of-a-kind fabrics. When you have practiced using one color, move on to pouring two or more dyes on your fabric (remember not to stir), for unusual and beautiful color effects. (MORE)
Making natural dyes is a great project you can do at home. These dyes can be used to add color to almost any white fabric. The chemicals in most dyes can be hazardous to the h…ealth and the environment. Natural dyes can create a variety of vibrant hues without any dangerous chemicals. If you follow these steps you can create your own natural dyes.Before you start making natural dye you need to decide what sort of plant material you want to use. The plant material will determine the color of your dye. For example, blackberries will make a dark purple dye, while raspberries will create a pinkish hue. Any fruits, vegetables, or flowers with strong colors can be used.In order to make natural dye you will need a few materials. First of all, you will need a large pot or pan that you do not use for cooking, because you will not be able to cook in it after making dye. You will also need a secondary pan. This pan will be safe to use for cooking afterward. You will also need water, salt, a strainer, and the plant material you picked. Finally, you will need fabric to dye.Chop up all the plant material that you intend to use. This should be at least two cups, but you can add more if you want to make more dye. Chop the material as finely as you can. Measure the plant material and add it to the pot you will not reuse for cooking.Once you have measured the plant material, you can add twice as much water as there is plant material to the pot. For example, add four cups of water for two cups of plant material. Bring it to a boil and allow it to simmer for at least an hour.Once the dye mixture has simmered for at least an hour, it's time to strain it. Use a fine strainer to strain out all of the plant material and leave only the dye bath. You can even strain it twice if you believe there is still plant material in the dye. After this is done set the dye bath aside.A fixative bath helps the color adhere to the fabric. Put the fabric in a mixture of one part salt to 16 parts water. Make sure the fabric is completely submerged. Simmer the fabric in this mixture for an hour.After an hour remove the fabric from the fixative bath. Wring it out thoroughly. You may need to wring it out more than once. Make sure that it is not dripping water before you move on to the next step.Place the fabric in the dye bath and simmer it. Continue simmering until the desired color is achieved. The color will look darker when it's wet. Therefore, go for a shade slightly darker than you want the finished product to be.Use rubber gloves when you remove the fabric from the dye bath. This will keep your hands from being dyed. You may want to lay down plastic bags in order to avoid staining any surfaces. Wring the fabric once more and hang it to dry.Once the fabric is completely dry you can wash it and use it. Make sure to wash all naturally-dyed fabrics in cold water, and separate from other clothes. Don't use bleach on naturally-dyed fabric. If you machine dry the fabric, use a low setting.Natural dyes are fun and easy to make. This is a project that you can do at home in order to make dyes in the color of your choice without any dangerous chemicals. Natural dyes usually impart vibrant but earthy colors that are hard to find in chemical dyes. If you have the time and materials, this is definitely worth trying.Using plant matter that is fully ripe or even slightly over ripe will create more vivid colors. (MORE)
In Hair Dye
A mix of animal fat and beechwood ash was used for red dye. Saffron was used for gold/blond dye. Leeches fermented in vinegar for 40 days were su…ggested for black dye. Henna was also used. Dyes were applied through powders, gels and bleach. Dyes were popular among women, but when applied frequently, they made the hair weaker. Christian writer Tertullian wrote about how dyes were harmful for the head and how they burnt the scalp. (MORE)
The Romans wore the toga because it was their national dress. It Indicated that the man wearing it was a Roman citizen and was entitled to all the courtesies due him. The tuni…c was the standard dress for men in the Mediterranean area. it also told weather or not they were trustworthy (MORE)