Rome's internal problems that were most serious were getting away from their moms. They didn't like their little mommies, so they had to leave,a dn go to the orphanage. hoep this helped! :D
The eastern and western parts of the Roman Empire were not separate. They were two units of the same empire. The terms Eastern Roman Empire and Western Roman Empire have been coined by historians. The Romans did not use them. The political difference between these parts of the empire occurred when there were co-emperorships with one emperor in charge of the east and one in charge of the west. Therefore, in such cases they were two jurisdictions, one under each emperor.
In the 280s Diocletian established Nicomedia (in north-western Turkey) as the imperial seat in the east and Milan (in northern Italy) as the imperial seat in the west. Constantine the Great designated Byzantium (in Greece, some 70 miles west of Nicomedia) as his imperial seat in 330 and renamed it Constantinople. He ruled from there as sole emperor. Twenty-seven year after the death of Constantine, two brothers, Valentinian and Valens established a co-emperorship, with the former in charge of the west and the latter in charge of the latter.
Historians argue that after the death of Theodosius the Great in 390 the empire became split. This was not due to a political decision. It was down to circumstances. Theodosius I was succeeded by his two sons (Arcadius in the east and Honorius in the west) who were young, inexperienced and incompetent. This resulted in politicians in the east and west conspiring against each other and a loss of unity. Moreover, soon after this the western part of the empire was invaded by Germanic peoples. Under the strain of this, the western part lost political cohesion. There was infighting and usurpations, resulting in the Romans being unable to deal with the invaders effectively. Eventually this part of the empire fell. At times the eastern part of the empire meddled in the affairs of the western part.
The eastern part of the Roman Empire was not affected by the mentioned invasions and continued to exit for nearly 1000 years. Historians have coined the term Byzantine Empire to indicate the eastern part of the empire after the fall of the western part.
Octavia took the title "first citizen" in order to give the impression that he was not a king or a dictator, but just another official.
Diocletian realized the Roman Empire was too large for one person to govern.
The Roman state provided free grain for the poor in the city of Rome. This was necessary because the poor would have starved as unemployment and underemployment were a big problems. Not doing so would probably have led to riots. The real drain on the resources of the empire were increasing expenditure of the an ever-growing army and a bureaucracy which was doubled in size by the emperor Diocletian.
The plebeian tribune was the representative of the plebeians (the commoners).
Communication was one big problem. Even though the Romans had good roads and a signal system, it still could take days or sometimes weeks for a message to get from a province to Rome. And more time for the reply to get back to the province. Another problem was the various conditions in different parts of the empire. A law, that worked in Rome, for example, might not be reasonable or even enforceable in a place like Thrace or Dacia.
The Romans has two types of army camps, the marching camp and the semi-permanent or siege camp. The latter was, as it's name implies, used during a siege of a town. Both types of camp had the identical interior, which basically consisted of two streets crossing each other, dividing the camp into four parts. They had an assembly area, legate's quarters and shrine. The marching camp was surrounded with a ditch(sometimes with spikes in it) and the soil from the ditch was banked up as a wall around the camp which was topped with a spiked stockade.
In antiquity it was common for punishments to be harsh.
If by writing you mean the alphabet, they were similar when the Greeks used their western alphabet (there was also an eastern one). The Latins, like the Etruscans and all other peoples of ancient Italy adopted and adapted the western Greek alphabet which was brought to Italy by Greeks who settled in southern Italy.
Praetors were magistrates in ancient Rome (below the consul), which were elected by the people. Their duties vary during the various points of Rome's history, acting as a judge or being a field commander, and later taking the role of provincial governor.
The list of Roman creations or inventions is simply too long to mention them all. Here are some: Concrete, taxi meter, central heating, indoor Plumbing, frescoes, early banking systems, the composite form of pillar, fire fighting system, elevators, fine wines and a shorthand system of writing.
The Mayans went away.
a big penguin
He ruled for 23 years from the death of Augustus in 14AD to his own death in 37AD.
(Copied from Wiki Answers)
There are several who contributed to the fall of Rome; mainly, Alaric's army, the Germanic slaves that revolted against their Roman leaders, and some can argue that the Romans themselves were the cause of their demise.
I would suggest that a "praetorian chort" would be a unit of 300 men.
Possibly, during the Dark Period of the Middle Ages, it actually determined
unitls made up of men (monks) possibley from religious institutions.
Certainly our history is littered with references to fighting groups of 300, and even 600, witness the famous "300 Spartans" and the also famous "300 group of
homosexual lovers" that were killed by Phillip and Alexander of Macedon,
(as only two representations.)
In the case of the later, I would also suggest the possible connection of
the word "co-heart" to describe this unit.
The word "hort" as in the Latin word "hortus", could mean people who
were basically employed in working the "earth" or possibly even involved
in the raising of animals, etc. Which is certainly something that someone
involved as a monk at a monastery could be expected to do.
Perhaps some others out there can expand on my answer or even
Ronald L. Hughes (Long Beach)
I don't think that there is any one speech that invented that saying. Nor is there any famous speeches that use it jumping to mind. I do know, though, that this was a famous saying in the Roman Empire. Rome had an amazing road system starting from all of its gates going to every city they ruled. So they said 'all roads lead to Rome', because anyone living in the Roman Empire could get there on a stone road.