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How important were the Greek gods to the citizens and what role did religion play in ancient Greek civilization?
Greek life centered around religion, and every problem had a god or goddess to fix it. The great majority of the Greek oral tradition was about the gods. The intricate mytholo…gies of the Greeks were created by the human desire to better understand the surrounding world. Example: the idea that Zeus was responsible for lightning. The Greeks disn't have wikipedia so a lot of what they didn't understand became explainable by the gods. Addition: There were two aspects - the mystery cults and the general religion. The cults were generally carryovers of more primitive religious practices, associated with either an older earth-goddess (eg Demeter/Persephone) or a later sky-god (eg Appollo). The oracle of Delphi was a fusion of both earth and sky gods. These cults often offered the keys to an after-life, but were expensive and restricted to a comparatively few initiates. From these and others in the Middle East arose such later mystery cults as Mithraism, Isis and Christianity, which travelled from their original cult centres and so became widely accessible. The general religion was based on sky gods, which is natural as they came with the nomadic Greeks when they took over from the earlier agricultural peoples and their earth gods. As with the Roman official religion, it was seen as a compact between the state and the gods. The gods were given their due (respect, consultation and sacrifice) and it was hoped that in return they would influence events or give warnings to the benefit of the state and its people. However underlying this was a cynical use of religious practices by leaders to control the people: the priests were of the aristocracy. Nothing has changed today. In consequence, all significant acts and many personal acts were accompanied by getting oracles, sacrificing and invoking divine intervention or approval. Even the games and theatric performances were part of religious festivals dedicated to gods. While they had a somewhat ambivalent attitude which could almost be classed as doubt, it was in fact double-think. While they may have made jokes at the gods' expense (buzzing like blowfiles above a sacrifice), they also were meticulous in their practices, and assigned the death penalty for sacrilege (exit Socrates). In an uncertain world of which they knew relatively nothing of physical cause and effect, the gods and myths provided answers of the unknowable, non-understandable and unpredictable. The fact that so many today, in a world where scientific knowledge explains all this, still cling to extreme religious beliefs is an indication that superstition was and is hard-wired into our minds as an evolutionary advantage. The Greeks did what so many do today, just with differently-named gods and rituals.
Greece was a civilization by the ocean, so they relied on Poseidon for protection against enemies and fishing trading and all that
They provided them with a god to worship for hope they will answer their prayer.they also worked the land and punished the people who sinned against them they also received sa…crifices to keep them happy
they all are important but Zeus was the most powerful and the ruler Zeus, Poseidon and Hades were the most important The most important Greek gods were the twelve O…lympians: Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Aphrodite, Ares, Artemis, Hephaestus, Apollo, Hermes, Hestia, Demeter, and Athena.
He wrote The Iliad and The Odyssey. Not only did he write the Iliad and the Odyssey... He helped to organize the pantheon of Greek gods, he gave the Greeks role models to liv…e up to, and he wrote about a period of history that would have otherwise been forgotten. Homer wrote about the Trojan War and it's aftermath. The Trojan War happened during the Greek Dark Ages (c. 1100-800 BCE). The only written history that tells the story of the dark ages are Homer's epic poems. HE DIED ABOUT 800 BC
Zeus was the king of the gods so probably him. The most important three were the three brothers, Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades.
why were gods and goddess so important to the Greeks
They were everything to them. Like really.
There were goddesses, many very important, and priestesses.
All people have one god or many gods. They are important.
The Greek Gods were important to the greeks because they were they're gods. Just like God or Allah or Buddah is important to the modern society.
because the gods were their only chance of surviving. The gods help the peasants in any time of need, but only if the had anything to offer. Even their prayers.
Think about how important God is in our society. It was no different for the Ancient Greeks, they just had more gods to which to pray.
The Gods were so important to the Greeks because they relied on the Gods for their lifestyle. They gave them a reason to believe and have faith. A base of the beginning of m…an and to answer reasons of life and the objects around them. A group of people to talk to and as they believed to receive advice.
Zeus,he was the king of gods and god of the sky.