Origin of the word kind?

already exists.

Would you like to merge this question into it?

already exists as an alternate of this question.

Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it?

exists and is an alternate of .

A Kind of History When someone uses the word "origin," "property," or "birth," they are referring to something specifically, but many years ago one word could have meant any or all of these things. With origins from the word "kin," initially spelled gecynde, or gakundi, the word "kind" has been used in written texts as a noun or adjective in some variation or spelling since around the end of the ninth century (Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed. 436). Over the last 1,200 years, the word "kind" has lost many of its meanings; though all of its meanings have had something to do with either the origins of a person or thing. For example, "kind" could have been used to mean the property belonging to someone by birth, a person's character, gender, family, or natural state (436). Most of these definitions have not been used for the last few hundred years, and only in the last two hundred years have the original meanings become the few we know today. The initial definitions have not been lost or erased, but only integrated with the contemporary usage of the word. A brief history of the word "kin" must be explained before the history of "kind" because "kind" originates from "kin." In Old English, the genitive form of "kin" could have been written cynnes, cynne, and cynna depending on number and gender, but later became kunne, kynne, kyn, and kin (OED 434). Whether or not the word was spelled starting with a "c" or a "k" seems to have been arbitrary because as early as 897 the word was spelled "kynn," but then in 1000 spelled "cyn" (434). It is also interesting to note that specifically in southern England, the word "kin" comes from the plural form of the word "cow," which in Old English was written "kýn" (1080). In a sense, this definition is retained when "kin" becomes "kind," except that instead of specifically meaning "cows," it means "property belonging to one by birth." "Kin" and "kind" were apparently interchangeable until the form of the word "kynne" was reduced with the help of the borrowed Old French word "manere," which meant "manner." Manere did not directly affect the word kin, but promoted the use of "kind" (435): "The reduction of kin to its simple uninflected form may have been assisted by the equivalent use of menere (manner) from OFr.. which is thus found, as threo maer men = men of three kinds or sorts. In this, at an early period, we find of inserted: an manere of fisce, al maner o suet spices, the syntactical relation between the words being thus reversed, and although this appears to have rarely extended to kin itself, it affected its later representative kind… so that we now say 'all kinds of things'" (OED, 435) After "kind" replaced "kin," it did not take long for people to use "kind" in any way they could. This is evident in the fact that by the end of the ninth century, when looking at five different texts, "kind" is used in five different ways. All five definitions, though sometimes abstractly, had to do with things acquired by birth. Depending on the context, the word "gecynd(e)" could be used to mean property belonging to one by birth, the quality of someone derived from birth, the established order of things, "a natural quality, property or characteristic," or race of an animal or plant (OED 436). The connection between these definitions and "kin" is apparent because family is something that "belongs" to one by birth. The quality of a person is derived from the influence of their family, and a family is an "established order" of people. The species to which someone, or thing belongs is in a sense their family, or kind. If one were to say in the twelfth century, "that is not my kind," depending on the context, it might be difficult to understand exactly what the speaker meant. Probably for this reason people started modifying the word "kind." "1200: Hie giuen here elmesse noht for godes luue, ac for neheboredon oðer for kinraden" (OED 441). Instead of saying, "the kind of man," or, "the family kind," "kind" was compounded as either a prefix or suffix to form words such as "kindness," "kindom," "kindred," and "mankind." Similar to the uses of "kin" and "kind," which both meant "family," before "mankind" was "mankin;" though "mankind" superseded "mankin" gradually in the fourteenth century (441). The use of the word "kind" as a prefix in "kindred" may have formed in parallel to the word "kynde," but "the modern kindred, which first became common in the 17th century, appears to have arisen through [the] phonetic development of d between n and r, as in thunder" (441). In roughly the next century, given the fluid nature of the word the word, "kind" gained many new meanings, though a few of them seem to be specifications of the old ones. For example, during the year 1000 the word "kind" was used to mean "the way natural or proper to anyone," which probably comes from the definition used in 888: "the character or quality derived from birth"[1] (OED, 436). It is also important to note that the words "birth, origin and descent" were meant by "kind" because this lead the way to many things having to do with birth. In 1000, "kind" was used to mean birth, natural form or condition, gender, manner, offspring or kindred, a class of people or objects, and rarely sexual organs (437). After "kind" was used for "family," more definitions concerning the family were made. In the 1400's, "kind" could be used to mean family, descent, ancestral race from which one descends, a generation (rarely), type, in order or good condition, and out of order, or bad condition. The definition concerning good, or bad follows a logical path because for one to be treated as though they are "in the family" is "in kind" and "outside of the family," or "out of kind."; as an example, from Lanfranc's Cirurg in 1400, "Of a wounde bollid and out of kynde" (436). By 1500, certain usages appear to have been condensed, or fell out of use altogether. In written texts at least, "kind" stopped being used to refer to someone's sexual organs, their generation, their natural state or quality, and their genealogy. From 1600 onward, "kind" has kept its current meaning, except for a strange usage in the mid 1800's until the very early 1900's, where it was used to mean "the worst kind, or very badly;" however, this usage is only limited colloquially to the United States (437). As an example from an 1877 text, "I licked him the worst kind" (437). As can be seen by the end of the nineteenth century, people are no longer spelling the word "gecynde." By looking at bits of text containing variations of the word "kind" over the last 1,200 years, it is clear that the changes in spelling took place gradually. The spellings "gecynde" and "gecynd" were consistently used in Old English until around the twelfth century when the "ge" was dropped and the word was spelled icunde, ikunde, cynd, cunde, suinde, kuinde, kynde, kunde, kende, kynd, kinde, and kind (OED, 436). The cy spelling is used less frequently from the eleventh century until the thirteenth century, where it is not used at all. Instead, "cy" was replaced with "cu", or "icu", as in the words "cund, cunde, or icunde." Any variation of the word with the first letter as "c" stops by the fourteenth century. The current spelling of the word "kind" appears as early as 1300, though it is not consistent because the "e," or "es" ending does not go away until the late sixteenth century. The "y" in "kynd" falls out of usage somewhere in the early 1600's and from that point on, the word has been spelled "kind." With a few exceptions, the word "kind" has generally meant the same thing for well over a thousand years, and the definitions which did not fit the trend fell out of use. When someone says, "that was very kind of you," what they mean is, "you are treating me like we were born of the same family." However, as in the 1800s where "kind" was used in a negative connotation, perhaps "kind" will undergo pejoration, which is a semantic change from a positive usage to a negative. In a thesaurus from the year 2080, "conniving" might be synonymous with "kind." Works Cited "Cow." The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. Page 1080. Print "Kin." The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. Pages 434-435. Print "Kind." The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. Pages 436-438. Print "Kindred." The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. Pages 441-442. Print "Mankind." The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. Page 321. Print
2 people found this useful

What is the origin of the word is?

Answer . Check any good dictionary (not a small paperback). The word has roots that include Old High German "ist", Old Norse "es", Gothic "ist", Latin "est, and the infinitive esse", Greek "esti", Sanskrit "asti", and Hittite "aszi". A wonderful lineage for such an unassuming [and powerful] word (MORE)

What is the word origin for the word influence?

"Influence" comes from the Latin, "influere" which means "to flow into". Post-Roman Era Latin introduced the term "influentia" which became "influence" in the French, which is where the English language took it..

What is the word origin of the word numismatist?

The word numismatist comes from numismatics, which originated in 1829. Meaning 'study of coins', it comes from numismatic (adj.) 'of coins,' which was borrowed in 1792 from the French word numismatique which comes from 1579, which comes from the Latin word numisma (gen. numismatis) meaning ' (MORE)

Word origin of the word water?

Water is one of the Old Words, from an Indo-European root that shows up in almost all of the daughter languages, from Greek hydor to Russian voda. It derives from * wed -, water, wet.

What is the word origin for the word reboot?

The person who edited the horse story is correct. The term comesfrom "boot," which is short for "bootstrap," an old term forstarting from little or nothing. The term "bootstrap" is derivedfrom the ancient phrase, "pulling [it, oneself, etc.] up by thebootstraps." In the early days of computer experi (MORE)

What kind of food originated in Canada?

Poutine . Nanaimo Bars . Maple Syrup . Butter Tarts . Back Bacon . Apple Pie . Tourtière . Persian (pastry) . Cereal . Poutine . Nanaimo Bars . Maple Syrup . Butter Tarts . Back Bacon . Apple Pie . Tourtière . Persian (pastry) . Cereal

What originated the word?

The African tribe anlo - ewe origanated the word around the 1800's, but the word didnt reach the U.S until 1819

In what kind of case does a federal district court have original jurisdiction?

Article III Section 2 establishes jurisdiction according to: 1) the subject matter of the case: a) the Constitution, b) Federal laws and treaties, and c) admiralty and maritime matters. 2) the character of the parties involved: a) ambassodors, foreign ministers, and consuls, b) the United States, (MORE)

What is the origin of the word you?

Origin: before 900; Middle English; Old English ēow (dative, accusative of gē ye 1 ); cognate with Old Frisian ju, Old Saxon iu, Dutch u, OldHigh German iu, eu

What kind of katanas does deadpool use in x-men origins?

he is known as barakapool so if you have mortal kombat you will know and it is reinfoced with adamantium and he looks gay because his mouth is sealed they should at least let him get 1 rip on wolverine and he does not die in blue ray his head gets chopped off and after the credits he picks up his he (MORE)

What are the origins of the word?

the earliest origins of it are believed to be human imitations of natural soundsbut there is also a belief that the word existed even before people & indeed from the very beginning itself

What Kind of country music originated in Kentucky US?

Whereas Nashville Tennessee, is the "Country Music Capitol of the World." Kentucky, is the "Home of Bluegrass." . Even before the United States became an independent nation, individuals who lived in what is now the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia developed the music that the world know (MORE)

What kind of origin stories did the Iroquios Indians tell?

They believed a goddess got pregnant with twins, but they weren't her husbands, so the husband pushed her down into the center of the earth but the animals felt sorry for her so the birds lifted her up. She gave birth to two twin boys. One was evil and the other was good. The good one created things (MORE)

What kind of cases does the court of original jurisdiction handle?

A court of original jurisdiction is simply a court authorized to hear and decide a particular case first , often as a trial court. A judge or jury acts as a "trier of fact," and reviews evidence, testimony and arguments in an effort to determine whether the prosecution or plaintiff has proven its (MORE)

What is the word origin of the word meter?

Metre is the British spelling of meter. A meter is equal to 39.37 (American) inches equaling 3 feet. It is part of the metric system. It originated from the French in the late 1700's It originates from Greek "metron" meaning to measure. The word "meter" is from Latin also meaning to measure. .

What kind of role dragons have in Dragon Age Origins?

SPOILER ** The Archdemon is a dragon, and you encounter a few in the game. Also, Dragon Age is the name of the 9th century in the Chantry's calendar, with it's name because Dragons have returned after being gone for centuries.

Word origin of the word family?

"Family" is from the Latin word familia , which means "family; household" and, originally, "slaves of the household". The word for an individual slave was famulus for a male, famula for a female.

Word origin of the word robot?

robot 1923, from Eng. translation of 1920 play "R.U.R." ("Rossum's Universal Robots"), by Karel Capek (1890-1938), from Czech robotnik "slave," from robota "forced labor, drudgery," from robotiti "to work, drudge," from an Old Czech source akin to Old Church Slavonic rabota "servitude," from rabu (MORE)

What is the original word for the word birth?

The word "birth" in various forms has been a part of the English language since the Middle English period. The OED lists uses back to about 1200. The word apparently does not come from Old English but rather from Old Norse. Still, 800 years of use is a long time. Of course, there are no "original" (MORE)

What is the word origin of the word tomato?

It is a plant from South America brought into Europe by the Spanish in the 1550's. The name comes from Nahuatl Tomatl meaning the 'swelling fruit. Tomana also means 'to swell'

What is the word origin for the word fluid?

fluid (adj.) early 15c., from M.Fr. fluide (14c.) and directly from L. fluidus "fluid, flowing, moist," from fluere "to flow" (see fluent). Figurative use from 1640s. The noun is 1660s, from the adjective. Related: Fluidly.

What is the origin of word has?

The modern English word has is the 3rd person singular present tense of the verb to have . It is a purely Germanic word with no connection to Latin or French. The verb comes from Middle English haven , to have; this derives from Old English habban , to have (compare Old Frisian habba , Goth (MORE)

What kind of car was Bumblebee in the original Transformers?

In the live action movies, Bumblebee was a 1976 Chevrolet Camaro. He then upgrades himself to a 2006 fifth generation Chevrolet Camaro concept. In the original Transformers (before the live action movies), Bumblebee was a Volkswagen Beetle.

What kind of desserts originated in America?

deep fried twinkie, chocolate bacon, deep fried kool-aid. im sure a lot more weird deep fried foods you can find at your local fair. How about Toll House cookies (chocolate chip) Key Lime pie and Pumpkin Pie? Among MANY others, those are definitely American.

What is the origin of the word it?

The word "it" comes from the Old English word "hit" which means the same thing as "it" (a neuter third person singular pronoun). The history of the word "hit" is too long and involved to get into now.

What kind of game is Original War?

The kind of game that Original War is called a Real Time Strategy Game or an RTS for short. This type of genre means that you are usually given an over the head view of the game and are in control of buildings or units, the real time part means that even if you yourself aren't doing anything things (MORE)

What kind of hair products are pure and original?

There are many additives in hair products which can leave ones hair heavy and sticky at times. Hairjamm, Purely ABBA, Purology, and Renpure all offer products with natural and pure ingredients.

What is the original origin of the word what?

Old English hwæt, from Proto-Germanic *khwat (cf. Old Saxon hwat, Old Norse hvat, Danish hvad, Old Frisian hwet, Dutch wat, Old High German hwaz, German was, Gothic hva "what"), from PIE *qwod , neuter singular of *qwos "who".

What is a origin of a word?

The origin of a word indicates the language the word originallycame from, or the languages certain parts (such as prefixes andsuffixes) come from.