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The amount of lighted side of the moon you can see is the same during?
new moon and full moon phase .
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Yes. The only people who have seen the other side *first hand* are the astronauts who went up there, and I'm glad they took pictures. The moon is rotating at the same rate it …is orbiting the earth, so the same side of the moon is always facing the Earth (or at least has been for several thousand years of recorded history). Yes, pretty much so. The Moon is "tidally locked" to the Earth, so that the Moon spins once in the same time as it takes to complete one orbit. Thus, the "near side" of the Moon is always visible from Earth, and we earthlings never saw the "far side" of the Moon until the first Soviet space probes sent back pictures of the other side. The Moon's rotation is constant, but its speed in its orbit is not. So we see a tiny sliver of the Moon more than the 50% that we might expect; we get little peeks just a little way around the Moon as it follows its elliptical orbit. When men settle the Moon, most of the settlements are likely to be on the near side, where we'll be able to see the Earth. But some adventurous souls, no doubt, will prefer to settle on the far side, where the Earth will never be visible. You can see the moon "wobble" in the link below which shows a full cycle; the moon is slightly closer to Earth at some times than at others, so its apparent size also changes.
first quarter and third quarter phase.
No. The amount of the Moon visible from the Earth varies, depending on the phase of the Moon. At Full Moon, you see nearly all of the Moon's illuminated side. At New Moon, y…ou see nearly none of it. At Quarter Moon, you see about half of it.
What is this called during these moon phases the amount of the lighted side that can be seen begins to decrease?
The phases where less of the moon is seen are called "waning", "waxing" refers to an increasing amount of visible moon.
Due to its tilted axis and its revolving around the earth, the sun light only hits certain portion of moon on different days of its revolvation. It is called: Waxing.
It is tidal locking that causes the synchronous rotation which causes the Moon to present "just one side" to the Earth all the time. The Moon rotates (spins) but very slowly, …making one turn on its axis in the same time it takes to revolve (orbit) around the Earth. So it maintains a "constant face" in our direction. We actually see slightly more than half of its surface as it turns. It is believed that the Moon originally had a faster rotation (spin), but the effect of the Earth's gravity was to reduce the spin. (The dwarf planet Pluto and its moon Charon are believed to be "dually locked", so that each shows the "same side" to the other as Charon orbits.)
What is this called during these moon phases the amount of the lighted side that can be seen begins to increase?
Yes. The moon is tidally locked in orbit around the earth, and the same side of the moon faces the earth all the time. The moon is actually rotating about its axis, but it per…iod of rotation is identical to the period of its orbit about the earth. Wikipedia has a nice article on tidal locking, and a link is provided.
That is a waxing moon. A waning moon appears to grow smaller.
Relative to the Earth, the Moon makes one rotation every 27.32 days. That happens to also be the time it takes for the Moon to complete one revolution around the Earth. Theref…ore the same side of the moon is more or less always pointed toward the Earth and we only see that same side. The moon orbits around the earth once every month. It happens that the rotation of the moon on its axis is tidally locked with the earth. This means that the moon's rotational period is equal to its orbital period around the earth. For every monthly revolution around the earth, the moon has one rotation on its axis. So wherever the moon happens to be in its orbit, the moon has rotated enough so that the same face (for the most part) is toward the earth. There is an interesting phenomenon called libration (an apparent motion, not a true motion) that makes the moon appear to swing a little back and forth, and up and down. But on average, there is one rotation for every revolution. If this were not true, every part of the moon's surface would face earth at one time or another.
A third quarter is when the moon phase halfway between full moon and new moon, when half of the side facing Earth is lighted.
Because the time the moon takes to swing around earth in its orbit one time, and the time the moon takes to spin around on its own axis one time, are exactly precisely the… same identical length of time. Another interesting way to think about this is to turn the situation inside out: -- Everybody anywhere on earth can see only half of the moon, all the time. -- Half of everybody, anywhere on the moon, can see the earth all the time, but the other half of everybody anywhere on the moon can never see the earth, at any time. The Moon is said to be tidally locked to the earth, meaning that the same side always faces the earth.
In The Moon
No, the amount seen varies with the phase of the moon.
The moon rotates and revolves at the same rate