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What does archaeological study?
Archaeologists study artifacts the past to develop a picture of how people lived in earlier cultures and societies.Also Old bones and rocks
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the earliest humans evolved in the rift valley in africa
Studying oral histories archaeological evidence and cultural histories are methods most often used by?
Archaeology is the study of material remains related to the human past. Such remains include monumental structures such as the pyramids of Egypt, to microscopic plant frag…ments retrieved from ancient soils. Archaeological research is undertaken on recent historical remains to supplement the written record, or on the prehistoric evidence of human culture where no other record exists. Archaeological methods are applied everywhere in the world where people have left remains behind, which for all practical purposes is anywhere on earth. From the buildings and other cultural artifacts left behind by the first Antarctic expeditions, to fossilized remains revealing the earliest human origins in Africa, archaeology provides a window into man's cultural past. Archaeology is also the study of past human populations, their lifestyle and their culture through material remains. The official definition for the word "archaeology" is "the study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains."
Artifacts (things made by human beings) are the major clues to the past studied in the science of archaeology.
Recently historians attach much importance to the coins as source materials for reconstruction of ancient Indian history. For, the study of coins reveals such information whic…h no other source does. For example, the metal or alloy of metals used in the coins give us an idea about the advancement made in metallurgy during the contemporary period. Coins also throw light on the economic history. Distribution of coins is an indication that the economic activities under a particular king or kings had been extended to these areas. Again the coins in which names of kings have been mentioned enable us to know about the chronology of a ruling dynasty. The Kushana kings had circulated different types of coins in which not only the name but also the year of accession has been mentioned. This has enabled us to fix the dates of various Kushana kings who ruled over India. The coins are a helpful in reconstruction the cultural history of a particular period.
Simplified into 5 stages these are the steps involved in any study of an archaeological site. 1. Survey: Identify where your site is. This might be done by "desktop su…rvey", which involves looking at maps, historical records, old reports and areal photographs for documentary evidence that a site is known or recorded in the area. Alternatively it may involve practical survey such as fieldwalking where evidence of archaeological activity is seen on the ground. 2. Research proposal: No excavation can go ahead without money. In order to secure funding it is necessary to state how your excavation will add to the understanding of that particular time period, geographic area and people. Although your research agenda may well change (you cant know what you are going to find exactly until you find it) it is a vital part of the study 3. Excavation: This is where you gather the majority of your data. The site, the archaeological features (ditches, house foundations, ramparts etc) and all the artifacts must be systematically excavated, planned and recorded. 4. Analysis and Report: All the records and artifacts are returned to an office. Here all the information is considered as a whole and interpretations of the site and the activities that took place there are made. This is then written up into a report for publication, so others know what you have found and your findings can add to the understanding of the archaeological record. 5. Preservation: The finds from the site, the excavation records and reports are sent to a museum or archive for preservation.
Archaeological are the main source for studying the harappan civilization because there were citadel and lowertown.
Archaeology involves a variety of activities and many of these do require maths although to varrying degrees. The most important area is probably statistics as this… is essential to interpreting and representing any form of data that you obtain as an archaeologist. There are also various specialized areas within archaeology that involve very complex mathematical calculations, such as in the area of dating.
That religious people don't interfere with the dating and explanation of archeological findings and archaeologists don't preach to religious people how they know better.… The two groups will never agree and it is pointless to try from either viewpoint.
The role of an archeologist is studying history and discovering the unknown.
The items people left behind =}
Colleges and Universities There are many good schools of archaeology, but be aware that very few schools in the states offer a degree in archaeology itself, with archaeology …mostly being taught under anthropology - the exception is Boston University, and a few others. Anthropology is certainly important for studying archaeology, but if you are in the states and want your degree in archaeology you will have to consider this or else study abroad in the UK (undergrad is also only 3 years in most of the UK). Your choice will depend on what field of study you are interested in (ie University of Arizona for southwestern indians, pottery, mammoths). Do research on the classes the school offers as well as the research backgrounds of the professors and graduate students. This will help you base your decision to attend a college which holds your interest. You may also choose to go to a local university for your undergraduate degree and to a specific university once you know your speciality. As always, the connections you make with the professors and other students will be important if you want to work in the field. Fieldschools There are many field schools that offer certificates in archaeology. A good field school will not have too many students on a project with lots of professional input. They are generally 6 weeks during the summer in various locations that change every season. Asking at a local college about which field schools they recommend is a good place to start. I went to the field school at Pima Community College in Tucson, AZ, USA which offers several different certificates. I feel this school was exceptional because the classes are offered as regular semester and are taught all year. (Because of the weather in the southwest we have a 12-month field season!) I gained extensive knowledge of all aspects from the instruments used during a survey and excavation, methods of excavation, and lab curation and analysis. Much more information that is received in a basic week field school. ---- An archaeologist falls under the umbrella of social scientist. Thus the following from the U.S. Department of Labour. The educational attainment of social scientists is among the highest of all occupations, with most positions requiring a master's or Ph.D. degree. Education and training. Graduates with master's degrees in applied specialties usually are qualified for positions outside of colleges and universities, although requirements vary by field. A Ph.D. degree may be required for higher-level positions. Bachelor's degree holders have limited opportunities and do not qualify for most of the occupations discussed above. A bachelor's degree does, however, provide a suitable background for many different kinds of entry-level jobs in related occupations, such as research assistant, writer, management trainee, or market analyst. Training in statistics and mathematics is essential for many social scientists Geographers, political scientists, and those in other fields increasingly use mathematical and quantitative research methods. The ability to use computers for research purposes is mandatory in most disciplines. Social scientists also must keep up-to date on the latest technological advances that affect their discipline and research. For example, most geographers use GIS technology extensively, and GIS is also becoming more commonly used by archaeologists, sociologists, and other workers. Many social science students also benefit from internships or field experience. Numerous local museums, historical societies, government agencies, non-profit and other organizations offer internships or volunteer research opportunities. Archaeological field schools instruct future anthropologists, archaeologists, and historians in how to excavate, record, and interpret historical sites. Other qualifications. Social scientists need excellent written and oral communication skills to report research findings and to collaborate on research. Successful social scientists also need intellectual curiosity and creativity because they constantly seek new information about people, things, and ideas. The ability to think logically and methodically is also essential to analyze complicated issues, such as the relative merits of various forms of government. Objectivity, an open mind, and systematic work habits are important in all kinds of social science research. Perseverance, too, is often necessary, as when an anthropologist spends years studying artifacts from an ancient civilization before making a final analysis and interpretation. Advancement. Some social scientists advance to top-level research and administrative positions. Advancement often depends on the number and quality of reports that social scientists publish or their ability to design studies. Many social scientists choose to teach in their field, often while pursuing their own research. These workers are usually classified as postsecondary teachers. The minimum requirement for most positions in colleges and universities is a Ph.D. degree. Graduates with a master's degree in a social science may qualify for teaching positions in community colleges. Social science graduates with sufficient education courses can qualify for teaching positions in secondary and elementary schools. For the source and more detailed information concerning your request, click on the related links section (U.S. Department of Labor) indicated below this answer box.
In The Bible
A: Archaeology provides an insight into the reality of ancient cultures and events. Archaeology in Palestine and other nearby regions can shed new light on biblical texts, and… even confirm or disprove information in the Old Testament. A startling achievement of archaeology in recent years has been to show that there was no military conquest of the land of the Canaanites in the late Bronze Age, as described in the Book of Joshua. Further discoveries and analysis have shown a continuity between Bronze Age Canaanite archaeological artefacts and Iron Age Israelite artefacts. Nearly all scholars now believe that the Hebrew people were Canaanite people who migrated from the area of the rich cities on the Canaanite coast and settled peacefully in the hitherto sparsely populated hinterland. Whereas earlier students had no choice but to accept the Book of Joshua as a literal history of Hebrew conquest, it can now be studied in the context of a much later tradition. In some cases, archaeology has served to provide evidence for the historicity of the Old Testament. A stele has been discovered that contains what is believed to be a reference to King David, demonstrating the likelihood that he really existed. Archaeologists have also uncovered hundreds of religious artefacts throughout Israel and Judah, providing evidence that the early Israelites were thoroughly polytheistic. This sheds new light on the Bibles claims to monotheism in this period. For serious students of the Old testament, archaeology means that they have a wealth of new information to help them understand the history and religion of the people of Israel and Judah.