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What does archaeological study?
Archaeologists study artifacts the past to develop a picture of how people lived in earlier cultures and societies.Also Old bones and rocks
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This is a good guide: http://pb-archaeology.blogspot.com/2008/04/how-did-archaeology-start-as-field-of.html However archaeology as a "profession" began much later after an i…ncreased interest in the Victorian times. It is only very recently that more and more rules are being put in place to protect artifacts of the past.
The role of an archeologist is studying history and discovering the unknown.
Colleges and Universities There are many good schools of archaeology, but be aware that very few schools in the states offer a degree in archaeology itself, with archaeology …mostly being taught under anthropology - the exception is Boston University, and a few others. Anthropology is certainly important for studying archaeology, but if you are in the states and want your degree in archaeology you will have to consider this or else study abroad in the UK (undergrad is also only 3 years in most of the UK). Your choice will depend on what field of study you are interested in (ie University of Arizona for southwestern indians, pottery, mammoths). Do research on the classes the school offers as well as the research backgrounds of the professors and graduate students. This will help you base your decision to attend a college which holds your interest. You may also choose to go to a local university for your undergraduate degree and to a specific university once you know your speciality. As always, the connections you make with the professors and other students will be important if you want to work in the field. Fieldschools There are many field schools that offer certificates in archaeology. A good field school will not have too many students on a project with lots of professional input. They are generally 6 weeks during the summer in various locations that change every season. Asking at a local college about which field schools they recommend is a good place to start. I went to the field school at Pima Community College in Tucson, AZ, USA which offers several different certificates. I feel this school was exceptional because the classes are offered as regular semester and are taught all year. (Because of the weather in the southwest we have a 12-month field season!) I gained extensive knowledge of all aspects from the instruments used during a survey and excavation, methods of excavation, and lab curation and analysis. Much more information that is received in a basic week field school. ---- An archaeologist falls under the umbrella of social scientist. Thus the following from the U.S. Department of Labour. The educational attainment of social scientists is among the highest of all occupations, with most positions requiring a master's or Ph.D. degree. Education and training. Graduates with master's degrees in applied specialties usually are qualified for positions outside of colleges and universities, although requirements vary by field. A Ph.D. degree may be required for higher-level positions. Bachelor's degree holders have limited opportunities and do not qualify for most of the occupations discussed above. A bachelor's degree does, however, provide a suitable background for many different kinds of entry-level jobs in related occupations, such as research assistant, writer, management trainee, or market analyst. Training in statistics and mathematics is essential for many social scientists Geographers, political scientists, and those in other fields increasingly use mathematical and quantitative research methods. The ability to use computers for research purposes is mandatory in most disciplines. Social scientists also must keep up-to date on the latest technological advances that affect their discipline and research. For example, most geographers use GIS technology extensively, and GIS is also becoming more commonly used by archaeologists, sociologists, and other workers. Many social science students also benefit from internships or field experience. Numerous local museums, historical societies, government agencies, non-profit and other organizations offer internships or volunteer research opportunities. Archaeological field schools instruct future anthropologists, archaeologists, and historians in how to excavate, record, and interpret historical sites. Other qualifications. Social scientists need excellent written and oral communication skills to report research findings and to collaborate on research. Successful social scientists also need intellectual curiosity and creativity because they constantly seek new information about people, things, and ideas. The ability to think logically and methodically is also essential to analyze complicated issues, such as the relative merits of various forms of government. Objectivity, an open mind, and systematic work habits are important in all kinds of social science research. Perseverance, too, is often necessary, as when an anthropologist spends years studying artifacts from an ancient civilization before making a final analysis and interpretation. Advancement. Some social scientists advance to top-level research and administrative positions. Advancement often depends on the number and quality of reports that social scientists publish or their ability to design studies. Many social scientists choose to teach in their field, often while pursuing their own research. These workers are usually classified as postsecondary teachers. The minimum requirement for most positions in colleges and universities is a Ph.D. degree. Graduates with a master's degree in a social science may qualify for teaching positions in community colleges. Social science graduates with sufficient education courses can qualify for teaching positions in secondary and elementary schools. For the source and more detailed information concerning your request, click on the related links section (U.S. Department of Labor) indicated below this answer box.
Simplified into 5 stages these are the steps involved in any study of an archaeological site. 1. Survey: Identify where your site is. This might be done by "desktop su…rvey", which involves looking at maps, historical records, old reports and areal photographs for documentary evidence that a site is known or recorded in the area. Alternatively it may involve practical survey such as fieldwalking where evidence of archaeological activity is seen on the ground. 2. Research proposal: No excavation can go ahead without money. In order to secure funding it is necessary to state how your excavation will add to the understanding of that particular time period, geographic area and people. Although your research agenda may well change (you cant know what you are going to find exactly until you find it) it is a vital part of the study 3. Excavation: This is where you gather the majority of your data. The site, the archaeological features (ditches, house foundations, ramparts etc) and all the artifacts must be systematically excavated, planned and recorded. 4. Analysis and Report: All the records and artifacts are returned to an office. Here all the information is considered as a whole and interpretations of the site and the activities that took place there are made. This is then written up into a report for publication, so others know what you have found and your findings can add to the understanding of the archaeological record. 5. Preservation: The finds from the site, the excavation records and reports are sent to a museum or archive for preservation.
Archaeologists study archaeology.
This is just my opinion but I think you have to start in the main things you can think of. One science,2math(to measure things out.), and geography are really important things…. If your in Mexico, it might be helpful to look at Spanish to.
Egypt. .................................................................... Iran In my opinion it would be Sumer (Mesopotamia) in modern day southern Iran, due to it bei…ng where modern civilization seemed to spring up from fully formed, and i would suggest the writings of Zacharia Sitchin as a great introduction, even if you cannot handle the possibility that humans were genetically modified adaptions made by aliens, he writes particularly well on the origins of ancient proportions via cosmic symbolic reference.
artifacts and fossils
A: Archaeology provides an insight into the reality of ancient cultures and events. Archaeology in Palestine and other nearby regions can shed new light on biblical texts, and… even confirm or disprove information in the Old Testament. A startling achievement of archaeology in recent years has been to show that there was no military conquest of the land of the Canaanites in the late Bronze Age, as described in the Book of Joshua. Further discoveries and analysis have shown a continuity between Bronze Age Canaanite archaeological artefacts and Iron Age Israelite artefacts. Nearly all scholars now believe that the Hebrew people were Canaanite people who migrated from the area of the rich cities on the Canaanite coast and settled peacefully in the hitherto sparsely populated hinterland. Whereas earlier students had no choice but to accept the Book of Joshua as a literal history of Hebrew conquest, it can now be studied in the context of a much later tradition. In some cases, archaeology has served to provide evidence for the historicity of the Old Testament. A stele has been discovered that contains what is believed to be a reference to King David, demonstrating the likelihood that he really existed. Archaeologists have also uncovered hundreds of religious artefacts throughout Israel and Judah, providing evidence that the early Israelites were thoroughly polytheistic. This sheds new light on the Bibles claims to monotheism in this period. For serious students of the Old testament, archaeology means that they have a wealth of new information to help them understand the history and religion of the people of Israel and Judah.
the earliest humans evolved in the rift valley in africa
William Foxwell Albright began excavating in Palestine in the 1920's with the stated expectation that archaeology would refute the critical claims against the historic…al veracity of the Bible stories. He was convinced that if the ancient remains of Palestine were uncovered, they would furnish unequivocal proof of the historical truth of the events relating to the Jewish people in its land. The biblical archaeology that developed following Albright and his pupils brought about a series of extensive digs at the important biblical tells: Megiddo, Lachish, Gezer, Shechem (Nablus), Jericho, Jerusalem, Ai, Giveon, Beit She'an, Beit Shemesh, Hazor, Ta'anach and others. While many of the earlier expectations of the biblical archaeologists have not been met, archaeology has provided a wealth of information that has enabled scholars to understand the Bible and its background. Extremely serious difficulties arose in the attempts to locate the archaeological evidence for the military conquest of Canaan. Various expeditions at Jericho and Ai, the two cities whose conquest is described in the greatest detail in the Book of Joshua, have proved that at the end of the Late Bronze Age, which is the agreed period for the conquest, there were no cities in either tell, and of course no walls that could have been toppled. Explanations offered for Jericho included that the walls around Jericho were washed away by rain, or that earlier walls had been used. It was claimed that the original story of Ai actually referred to the conquest of nearby Beit El and was transferred to Ai by later redactors. As more and more sites were uncovered and it emerged that the places in question died out or were simply abandoned at different times, the conclusion that there is no factual basis for the biblical story about the conquest by Israelite tribes in a military campaign led by Joshua was confirmed. Meanwhile, archaeologists in Egypt found that the many Egyptian documents that we have make no mention of the Israelites' presence in Egypt and are also silent about the events of the Exodus. Generations of researchers have tried to locate Mount Sinai and the encampments of the tribes in the desert but not even one site has been found that can match the biblical account. The name "Israel" is mentioned in a single Egyptian document from the period of Merneptah, king of Egypt, dating from 1208 BCE: "Plundered is Canaan with every evil, Ascalon is taken, Gezer is seized, Yenoam has become as though it never was, Israel is desolated, its seed is not." Merneptah refers to the country by its Canaanite name and mentions several cities of the kingdom, along with a non-urban ethnic group. According to this evidence, 'Israel' referred to one of the population groups that resided in Canaan toward the end of the Late Bronze Age, apparently in the mountainous hinterland where the Kingdom of Israel would later be established. When archaeologists realised that the Philistines had only arrived in Palestine during the thirteenth century BCE, they began to realise that the story of Abraham and the Patriarchs was not literally true. Excavations in Syria, Mesopotamia and elsewhere have provided an understanding of the religions and cultures of the forerunners and neighbours of the Hebrew people. They now realise that the Israelites spoke a closely related language to that of the Canaanites and must have worshipped the same gods. Some scholars began to believe that the stories of the Patriarchs were adaptations of older stories about the gods. For a long while, scholars noticed that there was nothing to be found that confirmed the existence even of King David. However, the Mesha Stele or "Moabite Stone", bearing an inscription by the ninth century BCE Moabite King Mesha and discovered in 1868, was re-examined recently and may refer to the "House of David". If this reading is correct, then it is circumstantial evidence that David had once existed, or at least that the Judahites thought he had. Archaeologists had expected to confirm that the empire of David and Solomon stretched from the Euphrates River to Gaza just as it was described in the Bible (1 Kings 5:4), but no such empire existed. Large sections of Jerusalem have been excavated over the past 150 years, and impressive remains have been found from centuries earlier than the Hebrew period, as well as from later periods, but not from the time attributed to the earliest Hebrew occupation and the United Monarchy.
Archaeology allows the past to be studied and so aid historical study.
1 Cambridge #2 Oxford #3 University College, London Source: The Complete University Guide (UK)
A few of the best colleges to study archaeology in India are; Karnataka University, Dharwad, Karnataka, MS University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, Banaras Hindu Universit…y, Varanasi, UP, and Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi.