What happens to the electrons of metal elements when forimg ionic compound with nonmetals?

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Generally the electrons are transfered from the metal elements to the nonmetalic elements so that both form stable electron configurations. For example, in sodium chloride one sodium atom loses an electron so that it has the stable electron configuration of Neon and chlorine gains one electron so that it has the stable electron configuration of Argon. This results in negativley charged chlorine atoms and positively charged sodium atoms which are then attracted to each other and form the ionic bond. Having a lot of those atoms and therefore a lot of those bonds gives an ionic compound. Generally no bonds are fully ionic or covalent; they have what is called percent ionic character that is a measurement of how much the bond resembles an ionic bond rather than a covalent bond (in covalent bonds electrons are shared between the atoms).
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Why do compounds of metal and nonmetal consist of ions?

All compounds are made of ions, no matter what.. All compounds are made of ions, no matter what.. All compounds are made of ions, no matter what.

Are most elements metals or nonmetals?

Actually in response to this answer, everything I have read clearlystates that metals far out number all nonmetals, just look at theperiodic table. that guy is so wrong you are right :) SO HELP FULLU JERK WE HATE U >:< Your answer is correct I have checked it this answer has been givena certified stamp by: Gabriel

What compound is composed of a metal and a nonmetal?

A salt is a compound of a metal and a nonmetal. It's a slam dunk to see how this works if you pull out a periodic table and look at it. Grab any element from Group 1 (the so-called alkali metals) or Group 2 (the so-called alkaline earth metals) with any element from Group 17 (the so-called halogens) and you have a salt. The Group 1 and Group 2 elements are metals, and the Group 17 elements are non-metals. Note also that the Group 1 elements and Group 17 elements combine in a one-to-one ratio (like table salt - NaCl), and the Group 2 elements and Group 17 elements combine in a one-to- two ratio (like magnesium fluoride - MgF 2 ). Certainly these aren't the only examples of the combination of a metal and nonmetal to form a compound, but they go a long way to answer the question. As to the chemistry of all of this, it's a piece of cake. And you can handle these ideas with just a bit of work. Wikipedia has a great periodic table posted, and it's interactive. Each of the elements listed on the chart is a link to the post on that element. Wow, what a time saver! Oh, and a link to that periodic table can be found below.

What happens when nonmetals react with metals?

According to my chem book, a transfer of one or more electrons from the metal to the nonmetal often occurs

Will the radioactive property remain in an ionic compound when a metal element is highly radioactive combined with a non-metal element which is non-radioactive?

A radioactive material is radioactive. Period. The atoms of radioactive material have unstable nuclei. If you combine them with other material, the radioactive material will remain unaffected as regards its radioactivity. Recall that radioactivity is related to the instability of atomic nuclei, and the atomic structure of atomic nuclei are (in general) not involved in chemical bonding.. Chemical bonding doesn't affect the stability of the nuclei of atoms. If they are unstable, they will remain so whether the atoms are alone or chemically combined with something else.

Why are elements that gain or lose 1 electron the most active metals or nonmetals?

Because it's "easier" for the elements to gain or loose just one electron, so they react more readily.

What happens to valence electrons in an ionic compound?

when forming ionic compound , they want to gain or lose the smallest number of valence electron.

What is ionic bonding a metal or nonmetal?

it is bonding that occurs between a metal and a nonmetal with a transfer of electrons

Does an ionic compound share electrons?

Someone please help us wif these... Ionic compounds do not share, they give out electrons.. its covalent compounds which share.. :D

What happens when a metal reacts with a nonmetal?

They usually bond ionically. All bonding between a metal and a non-metal is ionic bonding. If it was two non-metals, it would be covalent bonding.

What happens when a nonmetal and a metal combine?

When nonmetals and metals combine, metals lose their electrons and they transfer them to nonmetals.

Which compounds are typically made from metal and a nonmetal?

Ionic compounds are formed as the result of chemical bonding between a metal and a non-metal ion.

A compound made of a metal and a nonmetal is a?

A compound made of a metal is ionic and one that is made out of a non metal is a covalent compound.

Element 66 is it metal nonmetal?

Element 66 (Dysprosium) is NOT a non-metal it is a rare earth metal, it is a solid

Will metal and nonmetal share electron?

No. The nonmetal will take the electron from the metal, which makes this an ionic bond - not a "sharing" covalent bond.

An element that can ionic compound with oxygen is?

Nearly all metals will form ionic compounds with oxygen, or 'oxides', as they are called.

If an element has two electron in its outer shell is it a metal or a nonmetal?

Every row of the periodic table is the beginning of another shell. and as you go left to right on any row, every square adds an electron. 1 electron in the outer shell would be something like Hydrogen or lithium, or sodium. 2 electrons in the outer most shell would be Beryllium, Magnesium, or Calcium for example. And these are all metals . The exception to this is Helium, which has 2 electrons in its outer shell, but the first shell is an exception on this rule.

Why are ionic compounds formed when a metal from the left side of the periodic table reacts with a nonmetal from the right side?

One of the ideas regarding the manner in which atoms bond to other atoms is that atoms want to achieve an electron configuration like that of an inert or noble gas. That is, atoms will borrow or loan out electrons to attain a full outer electron shell. If an atom has just one or two electrons in its outer or valence shell, it will tend to loan them out. And if an atom is one or two electrons short of having a full outer or valence shell, it will tend to borrow electrons to emulate an inert gas, which is an element that has a full outer electron shell. That said, let's look at another idea. Atoms with just one or two electrons in their valence shells really want to get rid of them (loan them out), and atoms that are only one or two electrons away from having a full valence shell really want to borrow electrons to filll their outer shells. Sure, loaning out or borrowning electrons leaves the atom with an overall charge. You knew that. The overall charge is because of the imbalance that will result when the number of electrons in an atom does not equal the number of protons in its nucleus. And you already knew that an atom with an overall charge (because of the charge imbalance) is called an ion. But the atoms "don't care" about the charge imbalance as long as their valence shell is full. Those things said, let's look at the left and right sides of the periodic table and see what's going on. The left side of the periodic table is where we find the Group 1 and Group 2 metals. These are the Alkali and Alkaline earth metals, respectively. They have only one (in the case of Group 1 elements) or two (in the case of the Group 2 elements) electrons in their valence shells. And these elements really want to get rid of those electrons. On the other side of the periodic table we find the Group 17 elements, which are the halogens. These elements are only one electron short of having a full valence shell, and they really want to borrow one. When an element that really wants to loan out an electron or two meets an element that really wants to borrow an electron, an ionic bond will form. This is because the elements involved in bonding really want to loan or borrow electrons. These elements are said to be highly reactive. Reactivity is based on the "desire" of an atom to loan or borrow an electron or electrons. The more willing to loan or borrow electrons an element is, the more reactive it is. And when the elements that most want to loan electrons hook up with the elements that most want to borrow them, the strongest chemical bonds form, and these are the ionic bonds.

Is ionic a metal or nonmetal?

Metals form positive ions and nonmetals form negative ions. A metal ion will form an ionic bond with a nonmetal ion, forming an ionic compound.

Which element is formed from a metal and a nonmetal?

An element is a pure substance containing only one type of atoms so it can not be prepared by the combination of two metals or non metals.

What happens to electrons when ionic compounds are formed?

In ionic compounds, electrons are transferred from the metal to the non-metal. This gives each ion a full outer main energy level (or electron shell), thus making them stable particles. Take sodium chloride. Sodium needs to lose one electron, while chlorine needs to accept an electron, if they're to have full outer energy levels. The electron from sodium moves to the chlorine, forming ions in the process.

What is the electronic configuration for metals and nonmetals?

alkali metals are all s block atoms, transistion metals d block and non metals p block. Meaning that the outer orbitals in each case are s, d, p respectively

Expain why ionic compounds are formed when a metal atom bonds with a nonmetal but covalent compounds are formed when two nonmetals bond?

In order to stay stable, nonmetals must share electrons. A metal bonding with a nonmetal is able to stay stable without sharing.

Is germanium the element a metal or nonmetal?

Germanium is neither. It is a metalliod, because it has some properties of a metal and some properties of a nonmetal. However, the substance of germanium is a metal.

A compound made of a metal and a nonmetal?

No general name, each compound is named first by the metal, followed by a name ending in -ide, hypo--ite, -ite, ate, per--ate, depending of the oxydation value of the nonmetal. Example: potassium permanganate (per-mangan-ate)

Do the elements go from metals to nonmetals or nonmetals to metals?

Moving from left to right on the periodic table, the elements generall go from metal to nonmetals.

What elements are in ionic compounds?

Ionic compounds only occur between a nonmetal and metal, also Halogens and The Carbon Family do not form Ionic bonds.

Why are ionic compounds formed when a metal from the left side of the periodic table reacts with a nonmetal from the left side?

Because the left side only has one valence electron but the right side has 7 so they attract

When nonmetals react with metal does it make an ionic compound?

Generally so because the electronegativity of the nonmetal far exceeds the metal's electronegativity and thus the nonmetal will " pull " the electron(s) into it's valance shell.

Why do metal and non metal usually form ionic compounds whereas two bonded nonmetal never ionic?

It has to do with a property called electronegativity, which is how much a certain element will pull on an electron. Nonmetals have fairly high electronegative values. Because these values are high enough and close enough no nonmetal has the ability to completely pull electrons away from another. Metals, by contrast, have low electronegativity values and so do not expert a strong pull on electrons. Because of this many of the nonmetals can pull away electrons from the valence shell of a metal.

Who classified the elements into metals and nonmetals?

It was probably begun by some unknown person in the early copperage. But the formal scientific classification is of course much morerecent but probably can't be entirely attributed to any one person.

What happens to the valence electrons of the elements in Ionic compounds?

The electrons form an Ionic Bond, which is essentially an electrical attraction between opposite charges.

Are ionic compounds formed by metals?

Yes metals have the ability to form ionic bonds, but they can also for metallic bonds, too.

Why ionic compounds formed when metal from left side of periodic table reacts with nonmetal right side?

An ionic compound is formed if the electronegativity difference between the two atoms is above 1.7 and this is generally true in the case of metals and non-metals.

Which ionic compound contains only non metalic elements?

it must be a compound of a polyatomic cation (i think ammonium might be the only one) and any polyatomic anion that contains no metals (sulfate, chlorate, carbonate, etc). Some examples would be (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 , (NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 , etc.

What happens to valence electrons as an ionic bond is formed between a metal and a nonmetal?

At least one, and usually all, of the valence electrons of the metal atom is donated to the valence shell of the nonmetal atom.

Why do ionic compounds form between metals and nonmetals?

Compounds between metals and nonmetals are predominantly ionic because there is a large difference in electronegativity between most metals and most nonmetals.

Why do compounds of metal and nonmetals consists of ions?

Many compounds beween metals and non metals are ionic. Metals with lower electronegativities tend to form ionic compounds, the rest form both ionic and covalent compounds. (check out the electronegativity table on wikipedia) However there are many examples of metals bonding covalently to non metals. Examples of covalent bonding include organometallic compounds which contain a metal - carbon covalent bond and metal carbonyls. Many metal carbides are not ionic, similarly nitrides. the list goes on and on.

Why are ionic compounds formed when a metal from left side of the periodic table reacts with a nonmetal from the right side?

The metal gives up its electrons to the nonmetal, which causes the metal to form a positively charged ion and the nonmetal to form a negatively charged ion. They do this in order to achieve a noble gas configuration, or an octet, making them stable. The electrostatic attraction between the oppositely charged ions forms the ionic bond.

What family of elements will form ionic compounds with alkali metals in a 2 - 1 ratio?

Alkali earth metals will react with Group 16 elements to form ionic compounds in the ratio 2 : 1. eg. Na 2 O, K 2 S

How do you know if an ionic compound between an alkali metal with a nonmetal is done correctly?

Since all alkali metals form a 1+ ion, the number of alkali metalatoms in the formula should be equal to the charge on the negativeion.

What is an ionic compound formed when a halogen gains an electron from a metal?

The corresponding metallic halides (MX, MX 2 etc.) according to the valency of the metal are formed.

Why do metals and non-metals usually form ionic compounds whereas two bonded nonmetals are never ionic?

First an explanation in terms of ionization energy and electron affinity: Metals have low ionization energies and readily form ions. Non-metals have high electron affinities- so put them together and electron transfer is favourable. Two bonded non metals are generally covalent- their ionization energies are high. Now an explanation in terms of electronegativity (electronegativity is related to ionization energy and elctron affinity) metals have low electronegativity- non metals are comparativelly high. So electron transfer is likely. Just a cautionary word about compounds of non metals never being ionic-- what about PBr 5 - a binary compound of two non metals- in the solid state this has the structure PBr 4 + Br - ...bit of a cheat really as there is a polyatomic ion in there but it is ionic!

What are elements of metals nonmetals and metaloids?

About eighteen elements are considered 'nonmetals'. Please see thelink for details. Another six are commonly considered 'metalloids'. Please see thelink for those details.

When cesium reacts with oxygen to form an ionic compound each metal atom loses 2 electrons and each nonmetal atom gains?

Each caesium atom loses an electron and the oxygen atom gain twoelectrons (for Cs 2 O).

Is gaining an electron when bonding a metal or nonmetal?

In a ionic bond, which is a bond between metals and nonmetals, the metal will loose the electron(s) while the nonmetal will gain the electron(s).

What happens to the valance electrons in an ionic compound?

The more electronegative atom gains electrons from the other and fills its valence shell. The other atom loses all electrons in the outermost shell (there are many exceptions when it comes to transition elements) and obtain the stable configuration in the previous shell.

What compound forms when metals react with nonmetals?

Ionic compound __________________ A salt I think this a bit too general a question! What metal reacting with what non-metal? Under what conditions? Might be able to be a bit more helpful with a few more details.

When a metal bonds with a nonmetal what happens to the electrons from the metal?

If the electrons are "stolen" from the metal by the nonmetal, anionic bond is formed. If the electrons are shared between the metal and the nonmetal, acovalent bond is formed. If the electrons "resonate" between the metal and the nonmetal, aresonance bond is formed.

How can you tell if and element is a metal or nonmetal?

Usually elements that are metals have names ending with the suffix -ium . Elements that are non-metals and noble gases usuallyhave names ending with the suffix -on ; with the exception ofiron, which is a metal. Elements with names ending in the suffix-gen are also usually non-metals.