What happens to the electrons of metal elements when forimg ionic compound with nonmetals?

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Generally the electrons are transfered from the metal elements to the nonmetalic elements so that both form stable electron configurations. For example, in sodium chloride one sodium atom loses an electron so that it has the stable electron configuration of Neon and chlorine gains one electron so that it has the stable electron configuration of Argon. This results in negativley charged chlorine atoms and positively charged sodium atoms which are then attracted to each other and form the ionic bond. Having a lot of those atoms and therefore a lot of those bonds gives an ionic compound. Generally no bonds are fully ionic or covalent; they have what is called percent ionic character that is a measurement of how much the bond resembles an ionic bond rather than a covalent bond (in covalent bonds electrons are shared between the atoms).
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Are most elements metals or nonmetals?

Actually in response to this answer, everything I have read clearlystates that metals far out number all nonmetals, just look at theperiodic table. that guy is so wrong you are right :) SO HELP FULLU JERK WE HATE U >:< Your answer is correct I have checked it this answer has been givena certified (MORE)

What compound is composed of a metal and a nonmetal?

A salt is a compound of a metal and a nonmetal. It's a slam dunk to see how this works if you pull out a periodic table and look at it. Grab any element from Group 1 (the so-called alkali metals) or Group 2 (the so-called alkaline earth metals) with any element from Group 17 (the so-called halogen (MORE)

Will the radioactive property remain in an ionic compound when a metal element is highly radioactive combined with a non-metal element which is non-radioactive?

A radioactive material is radioactive. Period. The atoms of radioactive material have unstable nuclei. If you combine them with other material, the radioactive material will remain unaffected as regards its radioactivity. Recall that radioactivity is related to the instability of atomic nuclei, and (MORE)

If an element has two electron in its outer shell is it a metal or a nonmetal?

Every row of the periodic table is the beginning of another shell. and as you go left to right on any row, every square adds an electron. 1 electron in the outer shell would be something like Hydrogen or lithium, or sodium. 2 electrons in the outer most shell would be Beryllium, Magnesium, or Cal (MORE)

Why are ionic compounds formed when a metal from the left side of the periodic table reacts with a nonmetal from the right side?

One of the ideas regarding the manner in which atoms bond to other atoms is that atoms want to achieve an electron configuration like that of an inert or noble gas. That is, atoms will borrow or loan out electrons to attain a full outer electron shell. If an atom has just one or two electrons in its (MORE)

Is ionic a metal or nonmetal?

Metals form positive ions and nonmetals form negative ions. A metal ion will form an ionic bond with a nonmetal ion, forming an ionic compound.

What happens to electrons when ionic compounds are formed?

In ionic compounds, electrons are transferred from the metal to the non-metal. This gives each ion a full outer main energy level (or electron shell), thus making them stable particles. Take sodium chloride. Sodium needs to lose one electron, while chlorine needs to accept an electron, if they're t (MORE)

A compound made of a metal and a nonmetal?

No general name, each compound is named first by the metal, followed by a name ending in -ide, hypo--ite, -ite, ate, per--ate, depending of the oxydation value of the nonmetal. Example: potassium permanganate (per-mangan-ate)

Why do metal and non metal usually form ionic compounds whereas two bonded nonmetal never ionic?

It has to do with a property called electronegativity, which is how much a certain element will pull on an electron. Nonmetals have fairly high electronegative values. Because these values are high enough and close enough no nonmetal has the ability to completely pull electrons away from another. Me (MORE)

Which ionic compound contains only non metalic elements?

it must be a compound of a polyatomic cation (i think ammonium might be the only one) and any polyatomic anion that contains no metals (sulfate, chlorate, carbonate, etc). Some examples would be (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 , (NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 , etc.

Why do compounds of metal and nonmetals consists of ions?

Many compounds beween metals and non metals are ionic. Metals with lower electronegativities tend to form ionic compounds, the rest form both ionic and covalent compounds. (check out the electronegativity table on wikipedia) However there are many examples of metals bonding covalently to non met (MORE)

Why do metals and non-metals usually form ionic compounds whereas two bonded nonmetals are never ionic?

First an explanation in terms of ionization energy and electron affinity: Metals have low ionization energies and readily form ions. Non-metals have high electron affinities- so put them together and electron transfer is favourable. Two bonded non metals are generally covalent- their ionization (MORE)

What happens to the valance electrons in an ionic compound?

The more electronegative atom gains electrons from the other and fills its valence shell. The other atom loses all electrons in the outermost shell (there are many exceptions when it comes to transition elements) and obtain the stable configuration in the previous shell.

What compound forms when metals react with nonmetals?

Ionic compound __________________ A salt I think this a bit too general a question! What metal reacting with what non-metal? Under what conditions? Might be able to be a bit more helpful with a few more details.

How can you tell if and element is a metal or nonmetal?

Usually elements that are metals have names ending with the suffix -ium . Elements that are non-metals and noble gases usuallyhave names ending with the suffix -on ; with the exception ofiron, which is a metal. Elements with names ending in the suffix-gen are also usually non-metals.