What is a type of force that holds the nucleus of an atom together?
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Strong nuclear forces hold the nucleus together: the nucleus is actually enveloped in what can be described as a nuclear envelope.
The nuclear force or nuclear binding energy holds anatomic nucleus together. (Some science teachers insist it's calledthe strong nuclear force, which is not quite correct.) Nuclear binding energy is this nuclear force that overcomes therepulsive electrostatic force of the protons, which is tryin…g topush the nucleus apart. The nuclear binding energy is created fromwhat is called mass deficit. When an atomic nucleus is fused, allthe protons and neutrons in that nucleus give up a small amount oftheir mass, and this mass is converted into the binding energy thatholds the nucleus together. And if you guessed that an atomicnucleus has less mass than the sum of the masses of its constituentprotons and neutrons, the nucleons, you would be correct. We sometimes call the binding energy nuclear glue, and it isderived from the stong nuclear force or strong interaction. Thatalso gives rise to another term used for nuclear binding energy,and that is residual strong force . The reason we say thatnuclear binding energy is derived from the strong interaction isthat the stong interaction actually holds individual protonsand neutrons together. It is the strong interaction that bindsquarks and gluons together into individual protons and neutrons.And it is in nuclear fusion that the strong interaction mediatesthe creation of the binding energy to hold a newly fused nucleustogether. Answer: Nuclear binding energy or residual strong force We know protons are all positively charged, and a fundamental lawof electrostatics is that like charges repel. But under extremeconditions, nuclear fusion can occur. Positive charges are forcedtogether with neutrons, and all of the particles undergo changes.Each particle gives up a small amount of mass, and this mass isconverted in to nuclear binding energy or nuclearglue. And it is this nuclear glue, what is called the residual strong force , that overcomes the repulsionbetween the protons and binds all the particles in the nucleustogether. At the extremely small distances between the protons, the bindingenergy is greater than the electrostatic repulsion trying to forcethe protons apart. This is true for elements up to those at theupper end of the periodic table. The heaviest elements experienceinstability because of the large numbers of protons in theirnuclei, and for the heaviest elements, there is no way a"permanent" nuclear arrangement can be made. The residual strongforce cannot act across these large nuclei to make them stable, andthey exhibit nuclear instability. This results in them beingsubject to radioactive decay. It is not entirely correct to say that the strong force holdsatomic nuclei together, as the strong force (strong interaction)actually holds individual protons and neutrons together. It doesthis by tightly binding the quarks and gluons that make them up. Itis the residual strong force that holds atomic nucleitogether. That is the source (through mass deficit) that createsthe nuclear binding energy or nuclear glue that acts to oppose theelectrostatic repulsion of the protons. You might be aware that thestrong nuclear force, along with the weak nuclear force, theelectromagnetic force, and gravity, are the four fundamental forcesin the universe. It is called, appropriately enough, the nuclear force. It goes by several names: strong force, strong nuclear force, andcolor force. They're all describing the same thing. Strictly speaking, the strong force is what holds quarks togetherin a hadron. The force that holds hadrons together is the residual color force. the strong nuclear force is created between nucleons by theexchange of perticles called mesons (changeless particles hadronsmade up of one quark and one antiquark).as long as the meson canhappen,the strong nuclear force is able to hold the participatingnucleons together . The nucleus is held together by the strong force . The electrons are held in the atom by the electromagneticforce Protons and neutrons are held together in the nucleus by thenuclear force, also known as the residual strong atomic force, alsoknown as residual binding energy. Strong atomic force (binding energy) holds quarks together to formprotons and neutrons. It is the strongest force in the universe,followed by a factor of about 100 by the electromagnetic force, andthen by many orders of magnitude by the weak atomic force, and thenby many many orders of magnitude by gravity. Since it is strongerthan the electromagnetic force, it easily overcomes the tendency ofthe up quark (charge +2/3) and down quark (charge -1/3) to repeleach other. Of course, all of this is a function of distance, so gravity hasthe most effect, when you consider distance, but in the range of asingle proton or neutron, the strong atomic force is king. What is left over from holding quarks together is called residualbinding energy, or simply, the nuclear force. The nuclear forceholds protons and neutrons together. While less than the force ofbinding energy, it is still more powerful than the electromagneticforce, so the protons with a charge of +1, though tending to repeleach other, still stick to each other. Well, its not quite that simple... In the distance of a proton or a neutron, there is no questionabout strength but, beyond that, the nuclear force degrades withdistance, as does the electromagnetic force. Interestingly thenuclear force degrades faster than the electromagnetic force... The ramification of this is that, for smaller nuclei, withexceptions noted below, the nuclear force wins out over theelectromagnetic force, and the nucleus is stable. This holds trueup to atomic number 82 - iron. Starting at atomic number 83 -bismuth - the electromagnetic force starts to win out over thenuclear force, simply because of the size of the nucleus, and thenucleus becomes unstable. As a result, no nuclide starting atbismuth and up is stable - they are all radioactive, while mostnuclides from iron on down are stable. The exception, as promised, is that we still have the issue ofproton to neutron balance. It turns out that there is an idealconfiguration, based on many things, which is beyond the scope ofthis question. Suffice to say that 80 of the first 82 elements,from hydrogen to lead, excluding technetium and promethium, have atleast one stable isotope. In an atomic nucleus, protons and neutrons are held in together bywhat is officially known as the strong nuclear force. The exchangeparticle by which this force manifests itself is the pi meson. (MORE)
electromagnetic - holds electrons to nucleus . weak - mediates neutron decay process . strong - holds nucleus together . gravity - has no effect Only 3 of the 4 forces act to hold atoms together.
The question is ambiguous. The primary force between distinct atoms that holds them together is the electromagnetic force (there's also gravity, but that's much much weaker). The communicating particle (aka "gauge particle") for the electromagnetic force is the photon. Several forces play a …part in holding an individual atom together. Electrons are bound to the nucleus by the electromagnetic force. The individual nucleons (protons and neutrons) are composed of quarks held together by the strong nuclear (or "color") force, and the nucleons are bound together in the nucleus by the residual strong nuclear force. The gauge particle for the strong force is known as the gluon. (MORE)
Electromagnetic force pulls electrons toward protons. Protons and neutrons are bound in the nucleus by "the nuclear force". The nuclear force is further described by "strong nuclear force" and the "weak nuclear force" so that's 3 universal forces. Gravity is the other universal force but it is not c…urrently known to hold the atom together. (MORE)
A chemical bond is the force that holds two atoms together.Chemical bonding are important for the formation of compounds thatcontain two or more atoms.
That is a very broad question, but in most terms it is simply called "Binding Energy".
They are chemical bonds varying in strength. The strong nuclear force holds atoms together. Electro-static forces hold molecules together. (The positive and negative forces of the electrons and protons create an attraction that keep the atom together.)
The strong nuclear force and the weak nuclear force act within thenucleus to hold it together.
It is the strong nuclear force.. Correction . The force holding an atomic nucleus together is properly called nuclear binding energy , and not the strong force. Nuclear binding energy might be called the residual strong force, and it (binding energy) is formed by mediation of the stong inte…raction, which in actuality is the force that holds individual protons and neutrons together. Use the link to a related question with correct data in it.. If the question originated as part of a homework assignment, the teacher should be apprised of what WikiAnswers is and should be directed to this and the other relavant post. Or just to Wikipedia, which is referenced in this question and that other question, too. As long as "false information" is still circulating, we'll step up to correct it. The question was left unedited in hopes of correcting "bad data" that still pops up. Unlearn the incorrect, and learn the correct. (MORE)
@-hey- i honestly dont know what it is called but i think it is a....chemical bond chemical bond:the force that holds atoms together. Yes- you are correct ...the CORRECT answer for SURE--is chemical bond:)
It is the electromagnetic force , one of the four fundamental forces in nature, that holds electrons in orbit around an atomic nucleus. The electrons have a negative charge, and the protons in the nucleus have a positive charge. The opposite charges attract each other. The electromagnetic force als…o dictates how the electrons in orbits behave, too. Remember that electrons, because they have the same negative charge, don't like each other. They will form the electron cloud around an atomic nucleus, but they behave the way they do with respect to each other because of the electromagnetic force. Chemistry is a study in electromagnetics. (MORE)
The force that holds two atoms together is an electrical charge.The positive charge comes from protons and the negative chargecomes from electrons.
Electrostatic attraction for electron pairs hold atoms together. When atoms bond into a molecule, they share electrons, each contributing one electron to a pair. Since the nuclei of the atoms are positive and the electrons are negative, both nuclei are attracted to the shared pair, and stay near eac…h other. (MORE)
atoms are held together bye positively charged particles (protons) and negatively sharged particles(electrons) and another elementary particle called the nuetron. The nucleus of an atom consists of protons, and neutrons and the shell outside of the nucleus consists of electrons.what holds the proton…s together (since they are pulled together even though they have the same charge and the nuetrons are not charged at all) is another particle called a muon which holds the protons in place. And since electrons in the outer shell are all negativley charged they are all evenly spaced out in the shell. (MORE)
Ions - Electrostatic force of attraction between oppositely charged ions, known as the ionic bond. Atoms - Instantaneous dipole-induced dipole(id-id) interactions for Atoms in ground state.
I am pretty sure that the force is gravity, but it may be some type of electro magnetic force for all I know.
Molecules are held together by covalent bonds ( these are different from ionic bonds which are a consequence of different electro-static values created by an imbalance between protons and electrons in the respective atoms.) Covalent bonds are a consequence of electron sharing between atoms, and c…an be explained as an overlap of atomic orbitals. The force of "attraction" is a quantum mechanical effect sometimes called delocalistion energy. (MORE)
Electrostatic force of attraction between the positively charged nucleus and the negatively charged electrons revolving around it.
\nThat would be the strong nuclear force. It is called the strong force because it is the most powerful of the 4 fundamental forces; typical field strength is 100 times the strength of the electromagnetic force, 1013 times as great as that of the weak force, and about 1038 times that of gravitation…, according to Wikipedia. It is also sometimes called the color force, however this has no relation to the visible color we commonly refer to. (MORE)
The nucleus is held together by a combination of both the strong and weak forces. The electrons are held in their orbitals about the nucleus by the electromagnetic force. That leaves only gravity , which does not participate in holding atoms together.
The quarks that make up protons are held together by strong nuclear force mediated by gluons. The protons and nuetrons themselves are held together by a short range force known as residual strong force. The electrons are bound to the nucleus by an electrostatic force that keeps them within the elect…rostatic potential well. (MORE)
It not really a force, atoms are made up of protons, neutrons andelectrons. The outside bit of atoms is the electrons bit which isfuzzy and when the atoms touch each other the fuzzy bits sort ofjoin together. The weak nuclear force holds atoms together in a compound and thestrong nuclear force hold…s atomic particles together within theatom. They are called Electromagnetic forces. (MORE)
Atoms are held together by intramolecular forces and molecules by intermolecular forces. To distinguish between the two think of molecules as being different countries and therefore them being international. Or in computer terms where a closed network is a lan between different computers ( atoms …) is a intra net. While the inter net is these lans (groups of computers) molecules connected to each other. (MORE)
Yes, the protons help hold an atomic nucleus together. Let's look at things and figure this one out.. Protons are positively charged, as you know, and like charges repel. That's basic electrostatics. The Coulomb forces of the protons push them away from each other. Further, when protons are packed …into an atomic nucleus, they're still pushing away from each other. Let's consider what happens when an atomic nucleus forms.. The term nucleon is how we refer to protons and neutrons when they are used as building blocks of an atomic nucleus. And the nucleons all undergo what is called mass deficit when that atomic nucleus if forced together in nuclear fusion. All the nucleons lose some mass during the fusion process, and this mass is converted into nuclear binding energy. The nuclear binding energy is also called nuclear glue, or residual strong interaction (residual strong force). And it is this force that overcomes the repulsive force of the protons, and it keeps the nucleus together.. It turns out that both the protons and neutrons are involved in the "magic" that holds the nucleus together, as we've seen. Certainly the protons cannot do it by themselves, and the neutrons are necessary. But the protons have to give up some mass as well so that residual strong force can appear and mediate the fusion process that holds the nucleus together. It's really that simple. (MORE)
The nucleus of an atom is held together by the strong nuclear force. This force is named as such because it is approximately 100 times greater than the Coulomb force which is the repulsive force that drives like charges apart (protons are positive, meaning that they should move apart).
A force called the strong force holds protons and neutrons together in the nuclei of atoms.
A chemical bond is the force that holds two atoms together. Mayform an attraction of a positive ion for a negative ion or bysharing electrons.
Metal atoms are held together by strong Electrostatic forces thatmake metals typically strong and solid. Non metals are heldtogether by ether Covalent bonds between two non metals, Ionicbonds between a metal and a non metal.
The four forces that hold atoms together are gravityelectromagnetic, and a strong and weak force. An electromagneticforce is a force that combines the effects of electrical charge andmagnetism.
Nuclear force hold atoms together New author- ...that's a poor answer. Actually there are four forces that holds an atom together. 1. gravitaional force(gravity... we all learned it, even though a nucleus has little mass it is very dense, if the nucleus[not the atom] was the size of a grape then i…t would weigh 9 tons) 2. electromagnetic force (protons=postive charge, electons=negitive charge, opposites attract. 3. strong force (uncreative name huh? Anyway since protons are positively charged they should repel each other, but strong force which is created by nutrons hold it together. Without nutrons atoms with 2+protons can't exist.[maby that's why hydrogen is the most abundent element in the universe!]) 4. Weak force (this is a tough one to describe, text books only say that it is involved in radioactivity etc. etc., I've been trying to research this but not much information is avadable. I'm guessing that scientists have discovered this by finding that the force required to hold atoms together vs discovered forces don't weigh out by a tiny bit. I don't know what this means but if you can read it it may hold the answer: (Weak force) Meaning #1 : (physics) an interaction between elementary particles involving neutrinos or antineutrinos that is responsible for certain kinds of radioactive decay; mediated by intermediate vector bosons (MORE)
The nucleus is held together by what is officially known as the strong nuclear force. Since the nucleus of all elements except hydrogen contains more than one proton, and all protons repell all other protons (since they have positive electric charges, and like charges repell, as stated in Coulomb's… Law) any nucleus other than a hydrogen nucleus would simply explode from electrostatic repulsion, if not for the strong nuclear force holding it together. (MORE)
The following are the four universal forces: gravity, weak force, electromagnetic force, strong force. Out of these four, the strong force plays the largest part in holding atoms together.
Without the strong nuclear force being present, the electrostatic repulsive force between the positively charged protons would lead to the nucleus disintegrating, as gravity alone between the particles is not strong enough to hold it together. The nucelar strong force is far stronger than the electr…ostatic repulsion in smaller nuclei. As the size of the nucleus increases, the electrostatic repulsion becomes greater than the strong nuclear force, as the SNF weakens. This leads to radioactive decay in atoms. (MORE)
It is not quite correct to say that neutrons are the glue that holds an atomic nucleus together. Use the link below to the related question to see what actually holds an atomic nucleus together.
between molecules the forces are called intermolecular forces, and between the atoms in a molecule they are called inramolecular forces
"Ionic" Ionic Bonds are only one type of chemical bonding that occurs and is not a force. Electromagnetic force is responsible for all types of chemical bonds and occurs when a positive charge comes into contact with a negative charge. If you wanted to know what forces hold atoms to each othe…r in substance, the answer becomes more complex. There are three major types of these intermolecular forces; Van Der Waal forces, dipole-dipole forces, and hydrogen bonding. These forces are ordered in strength. (MORE)
It is the strong attraction, or strong nuclear force, that holds the nucleus together within the atom.
This is called the strong nuclear force, at close range it overcomes electrostatic repulsion between protons. This force had to be deduced from the stability of nuclei, but theoretical physicists are still trying to explain what it really is and how it works.
the nucleus of an atom has protons and neutrons, and electrons spin in orbitals around the nucleus. since opposites attract, electrons are pulled towards the protons in the nucleus, but their spin-velocity is like planets in a solar system: they keep approximately the same distance from the sun, eve…n though the sun's gravitational pull is extremely strong. (MORE)
The residual strong nuclear force. (The strong, or "color", force holds the quarks together in an individual nucleon. The residual color force serves to hold the nucleons together in a nucleus. It's somewhat analogous to the dipole-dipole interaction, except it involves the color force rather than …the electromagnetic force.) (MORE)
Gluon, it's a quanta of the strong nuclear force which is the strongest force in this universe next to the weak nuclear force (bosons), electromagnetism (photons) and gravity (gravitons).
Actually, there are two forces: the strong nuclear force, which maintains the nucleus, and the electroweak force, which affects the electron shells. The attempt to demonstrate that these are actually aspects of the same force is known as Grand Unified Theory (GUT). If gravity can be shown to be part… of the mix, that will be the Theory of Everything (TOE). (MORE)
There are two types of Electric charge that hold an atom together: Positive and Negative. If the two charges are opposites (e.g. Positive and Negative), then they will attract. Hence, like charges will repel and go separate ways.
The strong nuclear force, also called binding energy, holds quarks together to form protons and neutrons. Residual binding energy, also called the nuclear force, holds protons and neutrons together to form the nucleus of an atom. This holds true up to about atomic number 83 (bismuth), at which po…int the electromagnetic force, a repulsive force for protons, starts to overcome the distance barrier of binding energy and make the nucleus unstable. This makes the atoms starting at bismuth and above be radioactive. Additionally, the presence or absence of extra neutrons, i.e. isotopes, even in light nuclides, can, due to the weak interaction, makes the nucleus be unstable, and radioactive. (MORE)
Nuclear force- it is a force that exists between two or more nucleons, it is responsible for the bonding of the neutrons and protons. The reason itself is much more complicated because it involves quarks which are smaller than protons or neutrons.
A microscopic scale of gravity. To show how, here's an anology: the earth is to the nucleus as the moon is to the electron
The force is called the "strong nuclear force." It is FAR stronger than the electro-static force, but operates only over a short distance.
Atoms can bond either through covalent bonding, in which electrons are shared, or ionic bonding, in which electrons are transferred from one atom to another, forming oppositely charged ions which form an electrostatic attraction for one another.
We've seen that an atom consists of a whole bunch of different kinds of particles. The next logical question (and we do want to be logical, don't we?) is: "What holds it all together?" What makes all this stuff an atom, rather than just a bunch of stuff flying past each other? Well, there are basic…ally two things that hold it together. Two forces, that is. The first of these has to do with electric charge, something I mentioned on the previous page. Electric charge comes in two varieties: positive and negative. The main carriers of positive charge are protons, while the main carriers of negative charge are electrons. (Within protons and neutrons, the quarks themselves carry charge, but this is only important to us in that the net charge of a proton or neutron is equal to the sum of the charges of all its quarks: zero for a neutron, and a small positive amount for a proton.) Every proton carries exactly the same amount of positive charge, and every electron carries a negative charge exactly opposite that of a proton. There are other particles with electric charge, but they tend to live only a very short time before they decay, and so they're mostly unimportant for atoms. The significance of electric charge is that it forms the basis for electric force. Any particle with electric charge will exert a force on any other particle with charge. (And vice versa, of course.) And there are two rules describing the electric force. . Opposite charges attract; like charges repel. . The force gets weaker as the two charges get farther apart. LOL Anywaz, gtg (MORE)