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Answer: Nuclear binding energy or residual strong force We know protons are all positively charged, and a fundamental law of electrostatics is that like charges repel. But un…der extreme conditions, nuclear fusion can occur. Positive charges are forced together with neutrons, and all of the particles undergo changes. Each particle gives up a small amount of mass, and this mass is converted in to nuclear binding energy or nuclear glue. And it is this nuclear glue, what is called the residual strong force, that overcomes the repulsion between the protons and binds all the particles in the nucleus together. At the extremely small distances between the protons, the binding energy is greater than the electrostatic repulsion trying to force the protons apart. This is true for elements up to those at the upper end of the periodic table. The heaviest elements experience instability because of the large numbers of protons in their nuclei, and for the heaviest elements, there is no way a "permanent" nuclear arrangement can be made. The residual strong force cannot act across these large nuclei to make them stable, and they exhibit nuclear instability. This results in them being subject to radioactive decay. It is not entirely correct to say that the strong force holds atomic nuclei together, as the strong force (strong interaction) actually holds individual protons and neutrons together. It does this by tightly binding the quarks and gluons that make them up. It is the residual strong force that holds atomic nuclei together. That is the source (through mass deficit) that creates the nuclear binding energy or nuclear glue that acts to oppose the electrostatic repulsion of the protons. You might be aware that the strong nuclear force, along with the weak nuclear force, the electromagnetic force, and gravity, are the four fundamental forces in the universe. For further information, use the links to related questions on WikiAnswers and related posts on the web. Those links can be found below.
Answer It is nuclear binding energy that holds an atomic nucleus together. (Some science teachers insist it's called the strong nuclear force, which is not quite correct.)… Nuclear binding energy is this nuclear force that overcomes the repulsive electrostatic force of the protons, which is acting to try to push the nucleus apart. The nuclear binding energy is created from what is called mass deficit. When an atomic nucleus is fused, all the protons and neutrons in that nucleus give up a small amount of their mass, and this mass is converted into the binding energy that holds the nucleus together. And if you guessed that an atomic nucleus has less mass than the sum of the masses of its constituent protons and neutrons, the nucleons, you would be correct. We sometimes call the binding energy nuclear glue, and it is derived from the stong nuclear force or strong interaction. That also gives rise to another term used for nuclear binding energy, and that is residual strong force . The reason we say that nuclear binding energy is derived from the strong interaction is that the stong interaction actually holds individual protons and neutrons together. It is the strong interaction that binds quarks and gluons together into individual protons and neutrons. And it is in nuclear fusion that the strong interaction mediates the creation of the binding energy to hold a newly fused nucleus together. Links are provided below, and by using them, you can surf on over to relevant Wikipedia articles.
The strong nuclear force and the weak nuclear force act within the nucleus to hold it together.
the strong nuclear force (yes, this is it's real scientific name!)
Strong intermolecular bonds and the "strong force," or nuclear force.
The strong nuclear force.
It goes by several names: strong force, strong nuclear force, and color force. They're all describing the same thing. Strictly speaking, the strong force is what holds quark…s together in a hadron. The force that holds hadrons together is the residual color force.
The nucleus is held together by what is officially known as the strong nuclear force. Since the nucleus of all elements except hydrogen contains more than one proton, and all… protons repell all other protons (since they have positive electric charges, and like charges repell, as stated in Coulomb's Law) any nucleus other than a hydrogen nucleus would simply explode from electrostatic repulsion, if not for the strong nuclear force holding it together.
That is the strong nuclear force.
The nucleus is held together by the strong forceThe electrons are held in the atom by the electromagnetic force
This is called the strong nuclear force, at close range it overcomes electrostatic repulsion between protons. This force had to be deduced from the stability of nuclei, but th…eoretical physicists are still trying to explain what it really is and how it works.
The strong nuclear force, also called binding energy, holds quarks together to form protons and neutrons. Residual binding energy, also called the nuclear force, holds protons… and neutrons together to form the nucleus of an atom. This holds true up to about atomic number 83 (bismuth), at which point the electromagnetic force, a repulsive force for protons, starts to overcome the distance barrier of binding energy and make the nucleus unstable. This makes the atoms starting at bismuth and above be radioactive. Additionally, the presence or absence of extra neutrons, i.e. isotopes, even in light nuclides, can, due to the weak interaction, makes the nucleus be unstable, and radioactive.
The Strong Force