What is Intelligent Design?

already exists.

Would you like to merge this question into it?

already exists as an alternate of this question.

Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it?

exists and is an alternate of .

Intelligent design is basically the opposite of evolution. It says that all life was designed by an "intelligent agent" and did not evolve. It has been widely disregarded as pseudoscience by the scientific community because it makes untestable claims, although it is readily accepted by the religious community. It is synonymous with creationism. AnswerIntelligent design is the premise that all things were created by a superior intelligence. It is a natural rebuttal to atheism (there is no god) and evolutionism, and asserts that a superior being created all things.
Actually, this concept has been around since long before Darwin. Most ancient societies believed in a creator deity.
Great scientists throughout history have believed in a superior creator:
Anaxagoras (500-428 BC) has been called "the father of intelligent design."
William Paley's pocket watch analogy in 1802 said that if you find a pocket watch in a field, you assume it was made by an intelligent being, not that it developed out of natural forces without design.
Charles Darwin's Origin of Species published in 1859, proposed that natural selection, coupled with small mutations over many years explained the development of various species. Even so, Darwin was influenced by Paley and wrote:
"Another source of conviction in the existence of God, connected with the reason and not with the feelings, impresses me as having much more weight. This follows from the extreme difficulty, or rather impossibility, of conceiving this immense and wonderful universe, including man with his capacity of looking far backwards and far into futurity, as the result of blind chance or necessity. When thus reflecting I feel compelled to look to a First Cause having an intelligent mind in some degree analogous to that of man; and I deserve to be called a Theist. This conclusion was strong in my mind about the time, as far as I can remember, when I wrote the Origin of Species."
Later, after the death of his daughter, Darwin had doubts about God, and described himself as an agnostic.
Albert Einstein, in his book The World As I See It, stated that the harmony of natural law "Reveals an intelligence of such superiority that, compared with it, all the systematic thinking and acting of human beings is an utterly insignificant reflection."

In a letter to a child who asked if scientists pray, Einstein wrote "Everyone who is seriously involved in the pursuit of science becomes convinced that a spirit is manifest in the laws of the Universe-- a spirit vastly superior to that of man, and one in the face of which we with our modest powers must feel humble." January 24, 1936; Einstein Archive 42-601
The modern ID movement began with a textbook called Of Pandas and People by Percival Davis and Dean H. Keaton, published in 1989. Questions about the development of the concept exist. Some believe it was formulated to restore creationism to education without contesting the separation of church and state issues.
Today's ID proponents believe that natural selection is insufficient to explain the development of such complex systems as those that are present in our animal and plant life. They disagree with what evolutionists call their evidence, noting that there are no intermediate stages for such complex organs as the eye.
Darwin himself pointed out "If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down." Each slight modification would have to have some benefit to the animal or plant to enhance its chances of survival, in order for natural selection to work.
ID differs from Creationism in several key aspects. ID scientists believe that the earth is much older than 6000 years. They do not assign a specific name to the intelligence that they believe designed the universe. Creationists believe in a god; ID scientists may or may not.
Their goals are to study the origin of animal and plant life without what they see as the assumption that the development had to occur without outside influence.
Answer It is an attempt at providing a supernatural rationale that denies evolution.
Answer Intelligent design is a name applied to a line of thinking that proposes that there are biological structures that are best explained as the result of an "intelligent designer" and not as a result of evolution (natural selection). The basis of the idea is that there are biological structures extant that have no known precursors in nature, and, therefore, could not have arisen as a result of evolution, but could only have been "created whole" by an intelligent designer.
This theory (and note that it is not a scientific theory) is being touted by supporters (like the Discovery Institute) as an alternative to natural selection, and, as such, should be taught in the public school science curriculum. It is, in fact, a political tool designed to end run the constraints of the Constitution as regards the separation of church and state. Intelligent design is unmistakably rooted in theology, and scientists and scientific organizations almost uniformly regard it is pseudoscience. Many organizations condemn it in the strongest possible terms.
In the First Amendment we find the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause, the "religion clauses" of the Constitution. They prohibit the Government from establishing a national religion or of supporting one set of religious beliefs over another. And because intelligent design was shown to be an extension of theological ideas, and was also demonstrated to lack any scientific merit, it may not be taught in any public school curriculum. The decision by the U.S. District Court in Kitzmiller v Dover Area School District was a clear indictment of both intelligent design and of those who attempted to force it upon the science teachers in Pennsylvania's Dover Area schools.
Intelligent design is yet another tool used in the wedge strategy in an attempt to sway public opinion and "change the moral fabric" of society. The "scientific research" conducted by supporters has (not surprisingly) fallen short of the mark, and it has been rejected for inclusion in mainstream scientific publications. Yet the supporters persist, though much of their rhetoric is aimed at merely tearing down scientific ideas rather than presenting anything substantial as an alternative. And many scientists have made the mistake of just turning their backs on intelligent design and its supporters.
The idea of avoiding giving any credibility to a "bad idea" by refusing to engage or debate it is a good one. But not in this case. When the zealots supporting intelligent design are attempting to tear down good science with bad criticism, science is obliged to defend itself by the sternest means. Science should not stand quietly by and be villainized for "denying God" or any other such nonsense. Science is not in the business of attempting to prove that God does not exist; science is not the enemy of religion. But if religion wants to fight science on scientific grounds, it will have to do a lot better than what the Discovery Institute is doing with its intelligent design. A whole lot better. Only science can disprove science. Nonscience or pseudoscience cannot.
19 people found this useful

Should Intelligent Design be taught in schools?

No, Intelligent Design (ID) should not be taught in schools, atleast not public ones. Intelligent Design is not scientificfact. It could be taught in a comparative religion class along withother myths. Federal Courts have ruled that ID is not science but is simply therepackaged religious concept (MORE)

What is Intelligent Design Who founded it and What are its goals?

William Paley, of the 18th century, propounded the following; What if someone were to find a watch in a forest? A watch is complex and apparently tuned to fulfil a function; that of telling time. Paley extended the idea of complexity to living organisms and how functionally-fulfilling he presumed th (MORE)

Do astrophysicists believe in intelligent design?

Answer There is no rule that they have to, and no rule that forbids it. However, most studies of "belief" indicate that the more education people have the more likely they are to see a strictly physical explanation for most of the natural universe. The implication is that, as astrophysicists are hi (MORE)

Are intelligent design and evolution scientific theories?

Answer Intelligent design is not a scientific theory and evolution is. Explanations for questions about our world and everything in it are formed by using the scientific method. First, a scientist would come up with an explanation to an observed reoccurring pattern in nature, this is called a hypot (MORE)

What are arguments against Intelligent Design?

ID can refer to either a pseudo scientific concept, a philosophicalargument, or a political/ideological crusade against science andnaturalism. I will explain the arguments against each. The pseudoscientific concept is pseudo scientific because it is nottestable empirically, and has no potential to (MORE)

Is a rainbow an example of an intelligent design?

A rainbow is an example of refracted light, caused by refraction and dispersal of sunlight through water droplets in the air.. Look at a glass or crystal prism; you'll see the same effect. Was that prism an example of intelligent design? We know the answer to that because we know somebody deliberat (MORE)

Are evolution and intelligent design mutually exclusive?

Yes. Evolution is science. Intelligent Design is dogma thatcontradicts the evidence found by science. Answer It could be argued that evolution and intelligent design (ID) arenot competing ideas, or it could be argued that they are mutuallyexclusive. Let's look at both sides of the equation and att (MORE)

Is Intelligent Design science?

A Scientific theory must be testable, It must also make predictions that are accurate. Intelligent design fails on both counts so is not considered science amoungst the mainstream scientific community. It is more like religon than science.

What is meant by intelligent design?

It is the term used by fundamentalist Christian protestants for the religious belief that the creation story in Genesis in the Bible is literal truth. They like to refer to this as a "scientific" theory, but since they can make no verifiable claims about the world from the theory, it is not. What (MORE)

What is meant by Intelligent Design in regard to Evolution?

Although ID has undoubtedly become a somewhat political phenomenon,it did not begin this way. Philip Johnson, another promoter of IDconceived of it, as do others such as Michael Behe as a conceptwhich is critical in a negative sense of existing evolutionaryparadigms. The evidence used by Behe relate (MORE)

What animals are intelligent designs?

When someone is an Intelligent Design advocate, they are insinuating that ALL creatures were designed by God. They believe there is proof (complexity of DNA) that everything was designed by a higher power. They also generally believe that every creature was created in present form. Meaning: everythi (MORE)

What is the meaning of the theory of intelligent design?

Intelligent design is not a theory, or at least not a scientificone. It is just another word for creationism, and swaps out theword God for the word "designer". In every other way it isidentical to creationism. It is not a scientific theory because itinvolves the supernatural which cannot be tested, (MORE)

What is the Definition of the theory of intelligent design?

Intelligent Design is a line of thinking that is in favour of the existence of a Designer in cosmos. That Designer is the source of the laws and every complexity in Universe. The existence of a Designer does not mean that Evolutuon theory is wrong - quite the contrary. The world is designed by a Des (MORE)

Is there proof of intelligent design?

No, it is an unsubstantiated "theory" Basically people say that if you see a watch lying in the middle of the road, you have to assume a with all it's intracisies it must be designed. So, seeing the earth/universe and it's infinite intracicies it must be designed. Those people are wrong. Besides th (MORE)

Is intelligent design the same as creationism?

For the most part, yes, but there are some key differences. Intelligent Design (ID) does not mention who is the creator or deity. Creationism is based strictly on the Bible teachings in the book of Genesis. Either way, they both believe that humans are too complex to have been designed by evolution (MORE)

What are arguments for Intelligent Design?

Intelligent design is the assertion that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause. Intelligent design puts forth the intricacy of the bacteria flagellum & the finely tuned universe, as evidence for an intelligent designer. 1: The argument f (MORE)

How do scientists respond to the intelligent design movement?

Most scientists reject it out-of-hand as disguised Creationism. The main premise of Intelligent Design is that there are some anatomical structures which cannot have developed by Natural Selection. Scientists in the field usually respond by explaining that there are no such features and what is de (MORE)

Who founded Intelligent Design?

Per a Nova article called 'In Defense of Evolution' posted 10.01.07, interviewing Dr. Kenneth Miller is quoted here saying: "Phillip Johnson, the father of the intelligent-design movement, likens this process to flipping a coin: if it lands and it's not heads, it must be tails. He says that evoluti (MORE)

What are the main ideas in intelligent design?

The idea is basically three-fold. 1. If evolution operates by Natural Selection then Natural Selection must account for everything (everything it claims to account for at least). 2. There are some things which Natural Selection cannot account for. 3. These things can be accounted for by the impli (MORE)

Explain why intelligent design is not a testable theory?

Creationism, intelligent design, and other claims of supernatural intervention in the origin of life or of species are not science because they are not testable by the methods of science. To be termed scientific, a method of inquiry must be based on gathering observable, empirical and measurable evi (MORE)

Facts against intelligent design?

One of the common arguments in favor of "Intelligent Design" is that things, such as the eye, are too complex to have happened by evolution. Richard Dawkins, a critic of intelligent design, argues in The God Delusion that allowing for an intelligent designer to account for unlikely complexity only (MORE)

What are some pros to the intelligent design theory?

If nothing else, it's useful in pointing out areas where evolutionary theory has been getting by on hand-waving and needs a bit more thought put in to "hey, exactly how COULD that happen, anyway?". People who want NOT to believe something tend to be somewhat better at finding the holes in a theory (MORE)

Did raelian write the book intelligent design?

well the simple answer would be is yes ,,,, raelian people who r punsh of people wich they follow an misguidance man whos called him self an rael .. cuz the prophets of the only one god(allah) was sent to this universe to send the same message through all over the world that theres only one god whos (MORE)

What percentage of the US believes in intelligent design?

The answer depends on the source you consult. Harris Poll (Harris Interactive, July 6, 2005) "While many in the scientific community may question why this issue has been raised again, a new national survey shows that almost two-thirds of U.S. adults ( 64% ) agree with the basic tenet of creation (MORE)

What are the three proponents of intelligent design?

By proponents, do you mean people who support it? Or do you mean components ? Either way, I can't give you a straight answer. There are many big proponents of Intelligent Design, but I have never heard of any concrete components of it. Intelligent Design advocates state that all life was designed (MORE)

Who argues that Intelligent Design has no place?

Young-earth Creationists disagree with the Intelligent Designmovement for denying the designer. They also don't agree withlong-age proponents of ID. A different approach: On the contrary, Intelligent design means, by definition, thatthere is a designer. While Young Earth creationists and Old Earthcr (MORE)

What is 'intelligent design' in Italian?

Disegno [or progetto ] intelligente may be Italian equivalents of 'intelligent design'. The masculine nouns 'disegno' and 'progetto' both include 'design' among their meanings. The adjective 'intelligente' means 'intelligent'. They respectively are pronounced 'dee-SEH-nyoh een-tehl-lee-JEH (MORE)

What does the church think about intelligent design?

The Catholic Church has repeatedly criticized Intelligent Design, saying it is not science. In fact, the Vatican newspaper has published an article saying "intelligent design" is not science and that teaching it alongside evolutionary theory in school classrooms only creates confusion. The Church (MORE)

What are some of the church's opinions on intelligent design?

Before I answer this question, I would like to make something very clear to everybody who believes in Evolution: Intelligent design is NOT necessarily creation. Creation is a type of intelligent design, though. Any way, back to the question. Most Christians do believe in Intelligent Design, more spe (MORE)

What is the difference between intelligent design and Darwinism?

Darwinism is a solid scientific theory supported by more than acentury of documented research and evidence, and which has acomplete explanation for the evolution of the species from thebeginning of life up to the present. It is a fact-based theory. Intelligent Design is a rendering of the principle (MORE)

Is intelligent design capitalized?

In a religious context, Intelligent Design would normally be capitalised. On the other hand if I told an engineer that his new invention is an intelligent design, this usage would not be capitalised.

Which Public schools teach intelligent design?

Public schools in the United States are forbidden by law from teaching intelligent design/creationism as a fact or as a scientific theory because it violates the establishment clause which allows no public establishment to "respect or endorse religion".

Does Intelligent Design contradict The Bible?

Scientists were struggling to find a way to describe the events they were seeing inside of cells, which Darwinian Evolution could not because it didn't know about it. So in the 1980s, a biochemist named Charles Thaxton, coined the term "intelligent design" to explain the need for intelligence behin (MORE)

Why shouldn't I believe in intelligent design?

Intelligent design is an ideology based on skepticism of proven facts and scientific inquiry. It is based on the idea that life could only have been started by a "Creator" without providing any evidence to back up that claim.

What is atheistic intelligent design?

atheistic intelligent design is the theory that everything has been designed, but the creator is not God or a supernatural entity. John Gribbin is an atheistic intelligent design proponent and he concludes human beings are infact the creators of the universe, he calls his theory the "designer mul (MORE)

What do you think of Intelligent Design?

As a Christian, I have to make a distinction between 'Intelligent Design' and Creationism . They are notthe same thing. The term 'Creationism' can most appropriately be applied tothe belief that Genesis 1 and 2 (the stories of Creation in theBible) are literally true, and that God made the eart (MORE)

Is there evidence of intelligent design?

Any evidence of intelligent design, such as the notion of "irreducible complexity" have been refuted by evolution. Intelligent design automatically implies a creator (i.e. God) which itself has no evidence.

Why is intelligent design not allowed in schools?

Other answers from our community: Because teachers don't want people "forcing" their beliefs onothers. MY opinion: they should allow both teachings. Because people are, by and large, intolerant. Especially of ideasfor which, not only have no scientific proof, but also arereligious or faith based. (MORE)

Can intelligent design be considered as a religion?

A: When Intelligent Design was proposed for inclusion in the school syllabus as an alternative hypothesis to science, the United States Supreme Court considered the matter and decided that Intelligent Design is indeed a tenet of religion.

How is intelligent design different from creationism?

Intelligent Design is a line of subjective argumentation within creationism, which generally implies the followingflow of deduction: 1. The universe is complex from a macro to a micro scale,therefore there is an intelligent designer/creator. The Scientific Response: The fact that the universe (MORE)

What is Intelligent Design know for?

Intelligent Design are known for being a think tank that was formed by the discovery Institute in the US. They counteract natural selection and have proposed other scientific views on how the world was created.

What is the Intelligent Design Network and what are their core beliefs?

The core belief of all Intelligent Design groups andpeople, is that things in the universe (humans, animals, the watercycle, physical constants, etc.), exhibit vast wisdom and cannotpossibly have come about just by random events. The universe musthave been deliberately designed. . Theoretical (MORE)