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What is one of the main sects of Judaism?
Orthodox is the most traditional. Reform is the largest. But there is no one denomination that can be called "the main sect". All of the denominations of Judaism are tied together (despite the opinions of some traditional Jews). For example, Reform Jews who keep kosher depend on Orthodox butchers. Orthodox communities within large Reform communities must interact with Reform Jews in community based situations such as local Jewish newspapers and some events.
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There were 4 main sects of Judaism at the end of the Temple period (70 CE): the Pharisees the Sadducees the Essenes the Nazarenes Modern Rabbinic Juda…ism grew out of the Pharisees. In modern times, there are several denominations within Judaism, including Orthodox Conservative Reform Reconstructionist Renewal Humanist Masorti Progressive Liberal Even among the Orthodox, which is the most traditional, there are these distinctions: Ultra-Orthodox/Hassidic Modern Orthodox Haredi and Chabad (which is actually an organization, but which does not strictly fall within the definitions of Ultra-Orthodox or Modern Orthodox There are also ethnic subdivisions: Ashkenazic Sefardic Beta Yisra'el Mizrahi
Theravada, Mahayana, & Vajyana. The 2 most well known Buddhist sects are Zen & Tibetan. Zen falls under the Mahayana denomination, & Tibetan falls under the Vajyana denominat…ion.
There are many sects, such as Tibetan Buddhism, Zen, Pure land, etc, but all Buddhists typically fall within two traditions. These are Theravada and Mahayana. Theravada Budd…hism is most closely linked to the teachings of The Buddha as written in the Pali texts. The practices of Theravada are typically less focused on rituals, recognize only one Bodhisattva (Maitreya Bodhisattva) , The Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) and older Buddhas that pre-date him. Because the practice follows only the teachings that came from The Buddha. Theravada is often called the Teachings of the Elders. The goal of a Theravada practitioner is to become an Arhat, a person who attains enlightenment. There is only one school of thought for Theravada. Mahayana believes that there are, and can be, an infinite number of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. The number increases as the number of people attain Buddhahood or become a Bodhisattva. Buddhism practiced by a Mahayana has been influenced by local traditions. The goal of a Mahayana practitioner is to achieve either Bodhisattva or Buddhahood in order to help all other beings to become enlightened. These descriptions are not comprehensive but give a good introduction to the differences.
No, they are Christians who believe in Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour who has already been on earth, which is quite different from Jewish beliefs. From a histo…ric perspective, all Christians churches (including Amish) had their earliest origin in Judaism, from which there developed Catholicism, which in turn later gave rise to Protestantism and the other Christian denominations. The Amish separated itself from the Mennonite (which separated itself from the Vatican regarding infant baptism). Mennonite was born following Martin Luther's reformation movement. Luther was a German Catholic priest who posted the 95 theses of Convention at his church's door in Germany in 1517, "protesting" against the Vatican. Answer 2: The Amish are descendants of a group of 17th-century Anabaptists. Their name derives from their leader, Jacob Amman, who lived in Switzerland. From their study of the Bible back then, these God-fearing people recognized that infant baptism and military service were wrong. Because of their stand, the government persecuted them. A few even paid for their religious conviction with their lives. Persecution continued to increase, and a number of them were forced to flee to other parts of Switzerland and to France. By the middle of the 19th century, thousands had fled to the United States. With them, they brought their culture and the Swiss German dialect.
Orthodox, conservative, reform, and re-constructionist.
In fact there are a number of movements within Judaism. The three main ones are: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform. Within Orthodox Judaism there are several 'sect…s', and while of course all Jews share the same core beliefs, the groups may disagree passionately on other issues. Judaism as a religion has always encouraged debate and discussion. There is also Progressive Judaism and Reconstructionist Judaism, but these are not as large or influential as the three major movements outlined at the start of this answer. And the groups/movements are 'fluid' in that any Jew can walk into any Synagogue, in any country, and immediately feel at home, even if they are not part of that particular movement. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A long list. Among them: the idolaters during the First Temple period, the Sadducees, the Baitusim (Boethusians), the Nesinim, the apikursim and minim, the Karaites, the follo…wers of Shabbetai Zevi and others of that type, Jewish communists (Yevsektsia), Yiddishists, Bundists, assimilationists, and more. The Samaritans may or may not have ever been Jewish in the past. Most of these breakaway groups were lost to history, while others (such as the Karaites) are moribund and remain only a shadow of their former selves.
Shiites and Sunnis. Refer to question below Answer: Muhammad said that the Muslims, like the Jews and Christians, would break up into many sects. However, he said, all of th…ose sects would lead a person into Hell - except one. When he was asked "which one?", he said it was the group that remains following Islam the same way he and his disciples were practicing Islam in his time. Then he said that this group would be the majority. So you figure out what he meant. There are many, many sects today. It is easy - EASY - to see how they differ from what the Qur'an says. The majority of us, however, still maintain the clear teachings as they always have been. The two main sects in Islam today are Shi'ite and Sunni. Differences between the two invovle the Shi'ite idea of an Imam -- a holy man who speaks with Allah's word. Sunnis feel that no man or holy man need come between a person and his God. Sunnites, who are in the majority, also differ from the Shi'ites on the crucial question of Muhammad's [SallALLAHU Alayhi Wasallam] successor, in that the Sunnites accept the first four Caliphs as successors to the Prophet [SallALLAHU Alayhi Wasallam], and therefore will accept any member of Muhammad's [SallALLAHU Alayhi Wasallam] tribe as a proper successor. The Shi'ites only accept the fourth Caliph, Ali [ra], as the original proper successor to Muhammad [SallALLAHU Alayhi Wasallam], and therefore will only accept a leader who has descended from Ali [ra]. Their reasoning stems from the fact that Ali [ra], Muhammad's [SallALLAHU Alayhi Wasallam] cousin, was married to Muhammad's [SallALLAHU Alayhi Wasallam] daughter, Fatima [ra], and produced the Prophet's [SallALLAHU Alayhi Wasallam] only grandsons Hasan and Hussain [ra] Sunnis and Shiites. Refer to question below. Answer 2 shia and sunni have mainly conflict on Imamat (leadership). shia say Imamat is one of 5 pillars of Islam and only God can select leader for people. but sunni say Imamat is not part of Islam and leader can be selected by people by any method like shura (for example for Abubakr) or by will of previous leader for example for Omar) or by people (for example for Ali). the conflict of shia and sunni has been always amplified by world Imperialism to prevent Islam from spreading in world. Shia believes in Allah, prophet and all fundamentals of Islam. Shia pray 5 times a day but usually do the 2, 3 and 4, 5 pray together and so may seem they do only 3 pray a day. there is some differences in details of pray like genuflect (for shia should be on a stone or part of earth and for sunni on carpet or floor ). shia believe after death of prophet God selected the successive for prophet who is the political leader of Muslim community and people can not and does not the right to selected it. shia refers to many verse of Quran like: "Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority" (Quran 2:30) or "O David! We did indeed make thee a vicegerent on earth" (Quran 38:26) also other verses. Shia believes such verses means only God can select an Islamic political leader (Caliph) and there is no mention in Quran people have the right to select leader. and shura is not allowed to be used for selecting leader and prophet himself always selected leaders of wars and other leaders by command of God. In Shia Islam Caliphs after prophet are 12 infallible Imams who have inherited divine knowledge of prophet. Shia Muslims do not consider selection of Abubakr as Caliph by people valid because God did not select him. They believe God ordered prophet to declare people that Ali is selected as successor of prophet and prophet did this mission many times during his prophet-hood and mainly in Ghadir event after last Hajj of his life at a 3-4 hour speech in front of 120,000 Muslims at Ghadir in hot desert after 2 days stop of long caravan for gathering and 3 days after speech for congratulations and homage of Muslims to Ali. Islam at that time had high power in world and Some companions had high interest in leadership position after prophet. Muslims knew that it is the final Hajj of prophet (predicted by prophet) and were going along with prophet to hear what prophet says at end of his life. Shia believes Ghadir event is the most important event of Islam and is mentioned in Koran in many verses like "Today" (اليوم) in verse 5:3 of Quran is the day of Ghadir. Or Verse 5:67: "(O Messenger! proclaim the (message) which hath been sent to thee from thy Lord. If thou didst not, thou wouldst not have fulfilled and proclaimed His mission. And Allah will defend thee from men (who mean mischief). For Allah guide not those who reject Faith)" is revealed at Ghadir day and is about declaring political and spiritual leadership of Ali S.A. after prophet. Both Sunni and Shia Muslims accept happening of Ghadir event But different interpret. Some Sunni writers tried to reject the event of Ghadir as declare of leadership of Ali S.A. and said at Ghadir prophet only wanted to say Ali S.A. is my friend and no one should bother him. Ali S.A. had 3 different missions to Yemen by prophet during 10 years and in 2 of them some companions of prophet had some conflicts with Ali S.A. and prophet said some sayings about Ali S.A. to solve conflicts and some sunni writers have mixed stories of missions of Ali S.A. to Yemen with story of Ghadir to prove Ghadir event is not about Leadership of Ali and is not important. Shia scholars believe some Sunni writers who were related to Kings have changed and deviated historical evidences about political leadership of Ali S.A. in old historical books and republished them to destroy evidences of leadership of Ali from old Sunni books. The famous Shia book Al-Ghadir (الغدير) by Allameh Amini is a collection of evidences and proofs for Ghadir Events written all from sunni historical books by referring to 100,000 Sunni books and full reading of 10,000 sunni books. Allameh Amini is a famous Shia scholar and spent 40 years of his life in traveling to access original old Sunni books in libraries in different countries to write this 20 volume book only from Sunni books and not using any Shia book. Some Sunni scholars tried to reply this book but then said if we want to reply this book we should first destroy all sunni books. Shia doctrine have root in Battle Karbala. When tragedy of Karbala happened most of Iranians understood there is two different interpret of Islam that both can not be true. so most of Iranians became shia and followers of "Ahl al-Bayt" and forgive their lives for them like what they did in Iranian Revolution and Iran-Iraq War. Shia Muslims have at least 120,000 Hadith (saying) from The Fourteen Infallibles that is the base of Shia Islam along with Quran. Shia believes according to " Hadith of the two weighty things" The Fourteen Infallible are the only valid interpreters of Quran and sayings of them are from God because they are Representative of God in earth and they have inherited divine knowledge of prophet. Shia believes 12th of them (Imam Mahdi S.A.) is alive and because people have killed all 11 Imams before him, he is in occultation like Jesus S.A. and will rise with Jesus S.A. when people become ready and want to accept his leadership. All 11 Imams have been killed and during their life they all have been in prison or under hard control of government to not have any political activity. They never had enough serious followers to can get political power. Among them only the sixth Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq was relatively free (for transition of power between Umayyads and Abbasids) to have only scientific activities and so only he is known in west because he established university and had students from all over the world. Westerns know him as a polymath: an astronomer, alchemist, Imam, Islamic scholar, Islamic theologian, writer, philosopher, physician, physicist and scientist. He was also the teacher of the famous chemist, Jābir ibn Hayyān (Geber), and of Abū Ḥanīfa, the founder of the Hanafi school of Sunni Islamic jurisprudence. He never wanted be a famous man and only shared his knowledge with seekers of knowledge. Some researchers consider his teachings the root cause of renaissance. Sunni Muslims also accept Mahdi and his worldwide leadership as Caliph of God in earth at end of world. There is a famous Hadith from prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that Mahdi at occultation is like sun behind cloud, he is hidden from people but people receive his benefits. Shia Muslims say some faithful believers have connection with Mahdi and use his knowledge and at least 1000 persons have had connection and talk with Mahdi during his occultation but Any one having relation with Mahdi S.A. should keep it secret and does not declare it in public until death. Shia Islam is the A branch of Muslims that believe in Imamat as one of five pillars of Islam. Imamat means that based on Quran only God has the right to select the leader and no human even prophet SAWW has such a right. Imam (political leader) has divine knowledge of prophet SAWW from God and is the only human that can lead all humans to all be in welfare and can meet God. according to shia prophet declared 12 Imams for leadership of humans after his death but for some political reasons they never could lead humans and all of them were killed or poisoned for political reasons. according to shia 12th Imam is currently alive and by will of God has a long life and guides and protects real believers all over the world but he is in occultation untill people of world really want him as their leader and do not kill him like his 11 fathers who were Imams of their own times after prophet. according to shia granted from God, Imam has the power of controlling all the universe (miracle) and can perform any miracle and has knowledge of everything ( but still there are things that only God knows). but he use this power only when is needed to protect real believers and surviev of real Islam for truth seekers. Human has freedom and beleiving in Shia Islam or Sunni Islam is a personal choice and according to Quran no compulsion should be in religion. every human is free claim one is better but it needs reasoning and evidence based on Quran and Hadith and authentic history. when prophet Muhammad SAWW died and Ali a.s was at funeral of prophet SAWW quickly a leader was elected while prophet SAWW was not still buried. and it was start of division between supporters of Ali a.s. and supporter of elected ruler. They just got divided on the way the successor of the prophet (after his death) should be. some of top Arab tribe bosses at Saqifeh elected Abou Bakr to be the first Caliph after prophet Muhammad (PBUH) death and other Muslims were forced and even killed (for example سعد ابن عباده Saad Ib Ebadeh) to accept this ruler. Some like Ali a.s., Salman, Abuzar, Miqdad, Bilal,... disagreed this election. they believed that the successor should be Ali a.s. because God selected him as leader and not because he is relative of prophet SAWW. However, after the election of AbouBakr, they did not fight for power and Ali a.s helped the elected Caliph for survive of real Islam and to big enemies like Roman and Persian empires can not destroy Islam using civil war of Muslims. and always declared his disagreement with this election bu did not made civil war for power. The same scenario was repeated after election of Umar as the second Caliph by will of Abubakr and Othman as the third Caliph by election in a 6 persons meeting. when Muslims killed Uthman for his corruptions Ali a.s. was then elected as the fourth Caliph by majority of Muslims while he was not interested in power. However, Sunnis and Shiites are two Islamic schools that differ in major (pillars of Islam) and minor issues. The world Imperialists know Islam is truth and if people know this they will lost power. so they try to make wars between Muslim groups to gain control on Muslim countries and on their resources. for example they bomb a shia mosque and tell in media that sunni did it and so on. The two main groups are Sunnis and Shiites. Both groups agree upon basic Islam pillars(unless Imamat (Islamic rules for political leadership)) and believe in same and only version of Quran and follow the sunnah of same prophet (PBUH), pray to same direction (facing Kaba in Makkah or Mecca in Saudi Arabia, go to same places on pilgrimage (or Hajj), and adhere to same Islam morals and ritual worships. Thier main differ is in Imamat.shia beleives based on Quran and Islam the only one who has the right to elect the leader is God and Muslims do not have such a right in Islam.
As with any religion, Judaism is split between the left, right and everywhere in between. The reform and conservative Jews sit on the left, don't necessarily take all the la…ws etc literally and favor a more modern approach. In the middle sit the 'regular' Jews, the modern orthodox through to orthodox. They typically keep all the laws, attend the synagogue, learn the Torah etc though at the same time, live in the modern world and fit their religion into the world. On the right you have the ultra-orthodox, the Chassidish sects who seek to preserve their heritage more. They may typically wear the traditional garb of the Eastern European Jews; long coats, black hats etc. They seek to keep the tradition as it was for hundreds of years. Many of these people learn in kollel, a house of study for married men. They belive that we were put on this earth to study the ways of Hashem, and his laws. They are usually very refined, down to earth people, in keeping with the commandments of Hashem. Don't have any resentment on Jews who study all day. All lawyers out there, who have never seen a page of Gemara (Part of the Jewish law), they are missing something amazing. The gedolim (great leaders of our generation in Torah) know about world events, you can have talks with them about current events. If you are the intelectual type, they will be more than happy to talk to you about religion, G-d, or whatever you wish to talk about. Philisophical? Try reading the Kuzeri by Rebbi Yehudah HaChasid. Great Torah scholars have written books on hot topics, such as human cloning. Note: In this article, when reffering to Ultra-Orthodox, we don't meen the ones who throw rocks at cars on Shabbath in Israel. They are misguided. They are going against the laws in the Torah. They are an embarresment to the Jewish nation.
sects are religious or political groups. Alida is a central figure in the "Pure Land" sects of Buddhism.
The main beliefs of Judaism are: The Torah is a living law, as the written Torah is understood in light of the oral Torah.God is a unity.The people (Israelites; Jews) were… called into being by God as members of one family, a community of faithThe land (known today as Eretz Yisrael) has a bond with the Jews going back to Abraham, the father of the Hebrew people. More info Awareness of the existence of the soul, and free-will and responsibility. Here are some of the most basic beliefs of Judaism, as codified by Maimonides: 1. God exists, and is the Creator 2. God is One and unique 3. God is not physical 4. God is eternal 5. Prayer is to be directed only to God 6. The words of the prophets are true 7. The prophecies of Moses are true; he was the greatest prophet 8. The Torah was given to Moses 9. There will be no other Torah 10. God knows the thoughts and deeds of all 11. God rewards the good and punishes the wicked 12. The Messiah will come 13. The dead will be resurrected
God is the center of the universe. Love your fellow person as you would yourself. Learn and observe the Torah (Written and Oral)
Answer: Denominations of Judaism: Jewish movements, often referred to as denominations, branches or sects of Judaism, differ from each other in some beliefs and thus in t…he way they observe Judaism. Differences between Jewish movements, in contrast to differences between Christian denominations, derive from interpreting Jewish scriptures in more progressive/liberal or more traditional/conservative ways rather then from theological differences. 1. Orthodox Judaism: Orthodox Jews believe that God gave Moses the whole Torah (Written and Oral) at Mount Sinai. Orthodox Jews believe that the Torah contains 613 mitzvot (commandments) that are binding upon Jews. Modern Orthodox Jews strictly observe halakhah (Jewish Law), but still integrate into modern society. Ultra-Orthodox Jews, which includes Chasidic Jews, strictly observe Jewish laws and do not integrate into modern society by dressing distinctively and living separately. 2. Conservative Judaism: Conservative Judaism maintains that the ideas in the Torah come from God, but were transmitted by humans and contain a human compontent. Conservative Judaism generally accepts the binding nature of halakhah (Jewish Law), but believes that the Law should adapt, absorbing aspects of the predominant culture while remaining true to Judaism's values. 3. Reform Judaism: Reform Judaism believes that the Torah was written by different human sources, rather than by God, and then later combined. While Reform Judaism does not accept the binding nature of halakhah (Jewish Law), the movement does retain much of the values and ethics of Judaism as well as some of the practices and culture. 4. Reconstructionist Judaism: Reconstructionists believe that Judaism is an "evolving religious civilization." In one way it is more liberal than Reform Judaism - the movement does not believe in a personified deity that is active in history and does not believe that God chose the Jewish people. In another way Reconstructionist Judaism is less liberal than Reform Judaism - Reconstructionists may observe Jewish Law, not because it is a binding Law from God, but because it is a valuable cultural remnant. 5. Humanistic Judaism: Humanistic Judaism, founded in 1963 in Detroit, Michigan by Rabbi Sherwin T. Wine, offers a nontheistic alternative in contemporary Jewish life. Humanistic Jews believe in creating a meaningful Jewish lifestyle free from supernatural authority, in achieving dignity and self-esteem, and in reviving the secular roots of Judaism. Humanistic Judaism embraces a human-centered philosophy that combines the celebration of Jewish culture and identity with adherence to humanistic values. There are many denominations within Judaism, and the major denominations vary by country:In North America there are 4: Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist.In the UK there are 4: Orthodox, Masorti, Reform, and Liberal/Progressive.In Ireland there are 2: Orthodox and Progressive.In Israel there is 1: Orthodox (although other denominiations are now starting to gain acceptance1). Chassidic Orthodox Conservative Reform Reconstructionist
Yes. Just as in Christianity, there are sects in Judaism. The three main sects in America are the Orthodox, the Conservative, and the Reform. There are blends and variatio…ns; and the old saying, "two Jews, three opinions" applies here.
Answer 1 - Christian: No. Christianity was a progression of Judaism. In the Old Testament (Hebrew Scriptures) there were predictions of a coming Messiah and a New Covenant. T…hen in the fullness of time God sent His Son, Jesus the Christ or Jesus the Messiah into the world. Jesus came to earth for one reason mainly and that was to die on the cross of Calvary to save people from their sins. When Jesus died and was resurrected three days later this brought forth the New Covenant. Judaism and the law was the Old Covenant, Grace came by the New Covenant. "Grace is what God may be free to do, and indeed what He does, accordingly, for the lost after Christ has died on behalf of them." This grace was first presented to the Jews, but after most of them rejected Jesus as the Messiah, God presented Jesus to the Gentiles. Christianity is made up of a few Jewish persons and many Gentiles. The Bible, God's word tells us that the time is coming when once again Jesus will be presented to the Jews and the remnant that is left after the Great Tribulation period will accept Him as their Messiah. More Information on this View: Judaism today is distinctly different from Christianity. But God has not intended this to remain so. Firstly Judaism was intended to progress to the point of accepting Jesus as Messiah. I think if a comprehensive reading of the book of Romans is taken up you will come to the conclusion that Jesus was presented to the Jews first and then after their rejection of the Messiah, Jesus Christ He was offered to the Gentiles. God in the book of Jeremiah told of the "New Covenant" that He was going to make with the Jewish people (Jeremiah 31:31) Also in isaiah 55:3 God talks about an everlasting Covenant, and this also pertains to the "New Covenant" through the Davidic Covenant that says that a son of David will always sit on David's throne. Jesus Christ is the Son, the ultimate Son that will sit on Davids throne. The Jews have missed this the first time around, but will accept Jesus Christ as their true Messiah after the Great Tribulation. The religion that the Jews follow today is a hodge-podge of their own making and most do not even follow the Law of Moses, which by the way was done away with when Christ died and was resurrected and then further by the destruction of the Temple in 70 A.D. Galatians 3:28-29, "There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female ; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. And if you are Christ's then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise." Ephesians 2:14-18, " For he Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of separation, having abolished in His flesh the enmity, that is the law of commandments contained in ordinances, so as to create in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace, and that he might reconcile them both to God on one body through the cross, thereby putting to death the enmity......." The Jewish people should have progressed toward what is called True Christianity, but did not because of their disbelief (Which is another story in itself). Please read the full Book of Romans. The Jewish people have clearly gotten away from the Old testament Scriptures, a thing that they repeated over and over in Jewish history. You know this and I know this.To know God's truth you have to read what God has said and believe it. They don't even need a New Testament to accomplish this. All the ceremonial requirements of the Mosaic law were fulfilled in Christ and Christians are not required to observe them, yet not one jot or tittle was erased. Answer 2 - Jewish Jewish answer: Yes. Initially, the Christians considered themselves the Jews who accepted Jesus as the Messiah. However, as the theology of Christianity developed in the first centuries C.E., they increasingly moved away from traditional Jewish theology to the point where Christianity was a clearly distinct religion from Judaism. As for the New Covenant, Jews see this as a Christian invention, especially as concerns the Epistles of Paul. This is because Paul did not ever meet Jesus and expounded on a number of doctrines that actually went counter to Jesus' arguments in the Gospels (such as "not a jot or tittle of the old law is to be replace").
Adding somewhat to the response from Prioktan 918, while Orthodox Jews are most likely to accept a conversion supervised by Orthodox rabbis, the Conservative movement is m…ore concerned with the nature of the conversion. If the traditional requirements of study, immersion in a mikveh (ritual bath), circumcision for a man and appearance before a bet din (rabbinic court) are followed, the conversion is likely to be accepted, whether conducted by Conservative, Reconstructionist or Reform rabbi.