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What is the Difference between nominal voltage and operating voltage?

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Nominal voltage is the 'named' voltage -for example, the nominal supply voltage in the UK is 230 V. But this is not necessarily the actual voltage at a particular time. A nominal voltage is normally expressed together with the percentage by which it is permitted to vary from that stated value. For example, in the UK, the nominal voltage is expressed as: 230 V +10% / -6% --in other words it is allowed to vary between 216.2 and 253 V.
The term, operating voltage, isn't actually defined anywhere, but is usually taken to mean the actual voltage supplied to a device at any particular instant, and this should always fall within the allowable range of the supply system's specified nominal voltage. The operating voltage can be found simply by measuring it with a voltmeter.
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