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What is the difference between h orizontal and vertical organizational structure?
Vertical organizational structure means a strict top down or bottom up structure. Typically, a rigid top down vertical organizational structure has been a favored form for many business and other type organizations. In such an organization, the chain of command is usually very important and breaking it is considered very wrong. In faster moving, dynamic conditions, a vertical organizational structure can become very inefficient, for example, requiring decisions to slowly go through many people along the vertical chain of command before actions can be made by those who need permission to act. Horizontal organizational structure means a flat or closer to flat organizational structure. In a perfectly horizontal structure, there are no leaders, so usually this means a structure that is still vertical, but has been made more horizontal than what is typically referred to as vertical. Where the line is drawn is not exactly clear to me and perhaps depends upon all factors in a particular example and conversation. In general, any large organizational structure has both vertical and horizontal aspects to it and depending on whether it is considered to be more vertical or more horizontal results in what it is called. Vertical organizational structures also tend to create boundaries between departments or branches in a larger organization, because for a person down one branch must go up the chain of command on his branch and then down the chain of command on the other branch in order to interact with someone down the chain of command on a different branch. Having to do this tends to make such inter group interaction so hard as to strongly discourage it. Just think "bloated bureaucratic obstacle course from hell". To have a more horizontal organizational structure means cutting out levels of mid-management which results in allowing more horizontal level of authority. It does grant more authority to various horizontal layers of employees. This can help improve communication, remove inefficient bureaucratic steps, reduce unnecessary work and speed up the whole process. The problem with this can be whether or not the employees given this extra responsibility are in fact capable of handling it. This becomes the trade off between the two organizational forms and why some organizations vacillate between being more vertical and more horizontal are different times. Finding a good mix greatly depends upon the people actually making up the structure, so when the people change, how well the structure is working can change too, thus requiring a change towards being more or less vertical or horizontal. There is another structural form called the circular organizational structure. I'm not an expert in this field, so I'm only giving my best understanding of this question. I find elements of horizontal and circular organizational structures to be so close as to not really understand the difference. However, being an engineer who has worked on a team in an organization that tended to be fairly horizontal, I think of circular having a particular meaning. To me, it means a process of having the leader provide overall direction, defining the goal, and then creating a cycle of work and exchange of information that repeatedly goes through the group, back up to the leader, so that everyone involved inputs ideas and keeps good strong communications open through all involved. By this, I mean that the leader is open to hearing and understanding what those under him are saying and keeps actively abreast with what they are doing. Similarly, as various members of the team are working on things, they keep others abreast of what they are doing, so that people stay on the same page. But, isn't this just part of being a fairly horizontal organization? Well, English is not one of my better skills, so I'll leave my attempt to answer this question as it is. Maybe an expert in organizational structures will come along and give a better answer.
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Backward vertical integration is whereby an organisations gains ownership and power over it's suppliers. This is common in industries where costs are low and certainty i…s vital in maintaining competitive advantage. This strategy can be effective if current suppliers are unreliable, too costly and incapable of meeting the needs of an organisation. Forward vertical integration is whereby an organisation gains ownership and power over it's distributors and retailers. Examples can be the establishment of websites that sell directly to the consumer and therefore cutting the middle man. This strategy can be effective if distributors are unreliable and have high profit margins and incapable of serving the consumer.
Vertices are points (corners) and edges are lines that connect vertices
Organizational structure and strategy are related because organizational strategy helps a company define and build its organizational structure. A company's organizational str…ucture is based on the result of the analysis of organizational strategy. The company will use these results to determine its areas of concentration and how to position itself in order to succeed. The relationship between organizational structure and strategy becomes clearer when the company's strategy is in place. With a clear focus of what it wants to achieve, the organization will proceed to align its structure in such a manner to best achieve this. It will allocate responsibilities for optimal results, create branches, and decide whether individual efforts or group participation is the best method for it to achieve its goals. The organizational structure and strategy will also help the company decide if the tone of the company should be strictly formal, semi-formal or informal. All of these decisions can be made after determining the organizational strategy of the company.
Vertical erosion is when a river for example erodes downwards. Lateral erosion is when it erodes sideways. H.H.K.:D
Angles are measured by degree and vertices happen when two sides meet, and aren't measured.
Horizontal Merger A horizontal merger is a merger between two competitors. Suppose, for example, that tomorrow Nokia were to buy Sony ericsson. This would be… a horizontal merger. Vertical Merger A vertical merger occurs when a supplier buys a reseller, or vice versa. The key point is that the two companies have a buyer-seller relationship. Suppose that a food retailer purchased a company that manufactures food. This would be a vertical merger. Or, suppose that a pharmaceutical company acquired a drugstore chain. Vertical mergers are more likely to be approved by regulatory authorities. Consumers can benefit from the increased efficiencies that result from supply chain integration--- often in the form of lower prices and/or better service. Conglomerate Merger A conglomerate merger is a union of two companies that a.) are not competitors, and b.) not part of the same supply chain. If Oracle were to purchase a fast food chain, this would be a conglomerate merger. Software has no relationship to fast food; fast food has no connection to software (other than providing sustenance for programmers who work long hours.)
Small hotels usually operate under a proprietor organizational structure. Large hotels usually operate under a corporate organizational structure. Small hotel owners are d…irectly involved with day-to-day operations.
They are the same thing.
TPE or Instillation property cannot deploy. It belongs to the instillation. Org or Orginizational property belongs to the unit and can/will deploy with them.
vertices are the corners of something fo example a square has 4 vertices and a vertex is the point of intersection of lines or the point opposite the base of a figu…re
Organizational Communication is a systematic study and application of knowledge how people individuals and groups act in organizations. It interprets people-organization relat…ionships in terms of the whole person, whole group, whole organization, and whole social system. Its purpose is to build better relationships by achieving human objectives, organizational objectives, and social objectives. It relates to mold attitude, perception and behavior of employees as desired by management to achieve organizational objectives. It discusses various aspects of individual behavior, such as personality, perception and motivation, and also examines the behavior of people working in groups and teams. The success or failure of organizations is determined to a great extent by their employees. Employees exhibit many forms of behavior, which have a significant impact on the performance and growth of organizations. Most experts on organizations, management and leadership, emphasize that effective communication is the foundation for effectiveness in any type of organization.
Vertical is up and down and horizontal is side to side. Think of the horizon, it is a line and horizontal has the same root. In fact, one definition of horizontal is parall…el to or in the plane of the horizon.
what the different between goals and idividual goals
An objtive is a goal to achieved, A strategy is a method of achieving this goal
What is the relationship between the mission and vision of a company to its organizational structure?
The mission and vision of a company can be integral to its organizational structure. The mission and vision can determine the chain of command and influence whether the compa…ny functions under a horizontal or vertical structure.
Consumers will buy for their personal use. Organizational buyers, however, will buy for the use by other people and must understand the motivations of them.
Observe your own thoughts. That is going to make big difference. and find out the way to speak in english. every minute. and every sec. it is very important. that if we …want to use daily wage. and you should change. its not even thought. It's beyond the thought. what is beyond thought ,knowledge and memory. can you please tell me answers for my question. so, working till the end is the only word that my self is telling. nothing else is important. Only love can do things correct. Love can not be corrupted by thought. So no problem. Just understand the power of love. Remove fear and sorrow, by carefully observing what they are doing to you.!!!!