What would you like to do?

What is the difference between sanitization and sterilization?

already exists.

Would you like to merge this question into it?

already exists as an alternate of this question.

Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it?

exists and is an alternate of .

Sanitizing is the process of killing and/or removing bacteria and microbes with chemicals. The effectiveness of sanitizing is determined by the chemical(s) used.
For example: Plain water is an effective neutral sanitizer for removing most microbes from surfaces. However, it is not effective for killing most bacteria or microbes. Alcohol is effective for killing and removing most bacteria and microbes.
Sterilization is the process of killing bacteria and microbes with heat. The effectiveness of sterilization is determined by the level of heat used.
Example: 160°F will kill most all bacteria and microbes that are known to be harmful to human life. However, there are microbes that may withstand temperatures up to 867.2°F. This means that it is impractical to achieve 100% sterilization.

Common Misconceptions
  1. Sanitizing and sterilization are the same. That notion is incorrect. Sanitizing is chemical and sterilization is thermal.
  2. That either process is more or less effective than the other. That notion is incorrect. The effectiveness of sanitizing is determined by the chemical(s) used. And the effectiveness of sterilization is determined by the temperature.
  3. That 100% sanitation and/or sterilization is practical. That notion is incorrect. There is no process that is capable of killing all life on a treated material, leaving the material undamaged and leaving the material safe to use. As someone once said... "If you can find a substance that is resistant to everything you'll find a form of life that wants to eat it or live in it."
+ 54 others found this useful
Thanks for the feedback!

What is the difference between impotence and sterility?

Impotence is the inability of a male to perform the act of intercourse, through either mental, or most likely, biological means. Sterility is the lack of enough viable sperm t

What is the difference between cleaning and sanitizing?

Answer   cleaning generally means getting rid of clutters, getting rid of dust, making things shiny, or making it pleasant to look at, while sanitizing more often use in

What is the difference between to sanitize and to disinfect?

To sanatize something is to inactivate or remove microorgansims from equipment and surfaces including their spores. Chemicals, heat, and ionizing radiation can be used for thi

What is the different between cleanliness and sanitation?

Cleanliness is a term used to describe a neat environment without the presence of dirt or bad odor. It can be termed as 'transparency' if traces of filth, dust or dirt has b

What is the difference between pasteurization and sterilization?

  The pasteurization is carried out for a prolonged time at around 170°F and is supposed to kill only heat susceptible organisms and their spores, while sterilization wor

What is the between sanitation disinfectant sterilization.?

To sanitize is to clean. That's the general term of clean. To disinfect is to remove germs. To sterilize is to keep germs off, like by keeping an object in alcohol for a long

What are the differences between pasteurization and sterilization?

Sterilization is used for preventing the spoilage of food. Food is sterilized by exposing it to light temperature of 120 C to 126 C under pressure for 12-90min. Food and othe