What was the goal for North Vietnam in the Tet offensive?
General Giap believed that the Tet offensive would cause the citizens and the Army of South Vietnam to lose confidence in their government.
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The Tet Offensive had a significant impact on the Vietnam War, asit resulted in a steep decline in support for the war among theAmerican public. The US and South Vietnam actua…lly won a tacticalvictory, however, it was a political victory for North Vietnam.
Militarily, the Tet offensive was a failure - the Viet Cong/North Vietnamese were unable to hold the cities they had attacked. Politically, Tet was a success - as a result of …Tet, President Johnson realized that the US could not win the war, even with greatly increased effort, and he began the (very protracted) negotiations to end it.
How could the tet offensive be both a military victory for the US and a public relation victory for north Vietnam?
It was a US military victory because they won the battle of Khe Sahn, but the North Vietnam had a public victory also because the US lost publicly in American.
Americans began to wonder if the could win the war While the US military killed thousands of communists invaders from North Vietnam and stopped the communist offensive dead… in it's tracks, the US public seeing the battle on TV, at a time when LBJ and Gen. Westmoreland was saying; 'Peace is at hand', became divided over the war. Clark Clifford replaced Sec. of Defence Robert McNamara, and Clark Clifford recommended pulling out of South Vietnam. Walter Cronkite, respected CBS reporter, recommended pulling out as well. LBJ announced there would be peace talks with North Vietnam in Paris and he would not run for a second term.
north Vietnam launched a huge insurgency of 78000 men to reunify Vietnam. la drang and daktau were used as diversion battles, to divert US forces away from the primary objecti…ve of Saigon. Military victory for USA, but psycologically after the Tet, the USA began pulling out of the Vietnam war
the Vietcong could strike any major city in South Vietnam.
The Tet Offensive in 1968 demonstrated that the North Vietnameseand the Vietcong were not nearing defeat as the United Statesgovernment had repeatedly claimed. Though their at…tempt to conquerthe country during the offensive failed, it demonstrated that theUnited States had not been successful in neutralizing the NorthVietnamese war effort and convinced many people in the UnitedStates that the war could not be won.
With the possible exception of tiny villages hidden somewhere, all cities in SOUTH Vietnam were attacked.
No; using the media as a tool to transmit their cause (which worked) and eliminating any "potential" future rivals (today's ally is tomorrow's enemy-the VC), things turned out… perfectly.
The major effect that the Tet offensive had on the war was that the U.S. was able to change their military strategies from their old because their military tactics were old an…d out dated and after the Tet offensive they had better and improved stratiges.
1. It was an open attack 2. It was nation wide
Because the supposed South Viet sympathizers didn't rally to the cause, as the North gambled on, and the communist's casualties were so high. On the good side, for the both th…e North and the allies, the VC were largely reduced to an ineffective force. Good for the North, because now they had no future competition when they won the war (as they always believed they would); and at the same time, they used the VC to further their cause by inflicting casualties on the allies. Another words, Hanoi had effectively eliminated a (future) potential political adversary (VC); while still gaining a political victory in the United States.
psychological victory for them dropped morale at home American public opinion increased
The Tet offensive is the name given to the offensive launched in 1968 against the American forces in Vietnam by the Vietcong guerrillas. It is so called because it coincided w…ith the Chinese New Year of Tet. It was believed that the US forces were winning the war in Vietnam but by this offensive, which was spread all across Vietnam, the Vietcong showed that they were not defeated and that they could attack anywhere at will. The US forces suffered serious losses and the tide began to turn against the Americans. Moreover the American public at home became disillusioned with the war and rose in protest against it. This ultimately led to the defeat of the Americans in 1975. General Westmoreland declared that the Tet offensive was a major defeat for the Vietcong. From a military standpoint, he was right. The Vietcong lost about 32,000 soldiers during attacks. The United States and South Vietnam lost only 3,000 soldiers. The Tet offensive shattered America's confidence in the war. The Tet offensive lasted for a month. In 1968 the North Vietnamese and the Viet Cong launched their Tet Offensive. (Tet was the Vietnamese New Year) About 70,000 communist troops attacked about 30 South Vietnamese cities and towns. The Americans eventually were able to drive the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops out of those areas and the Offensive was over and a defeat for the North. But, it was a shock to the American public. They had not been led to believe that such an attack was capable on the part of the North or Viet Cong. The number of Americans killed and wounded continued to climb and were reported every evening on the TV news. The cost of the war had risen to about $70 million PER DAY. Yet victory for the US seemed as far away as ever. Public approval of President Johnson's handling of the war dropped from 40 percent to 26 percent. The President appeared visibly shaken. Close aides were so concerned about the President that they consulted psychiatrists. The Tet Offensive occurred during the Tet holiday in Vietnam in January 1968. Army and militia forces of the Peoples Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) attacked the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) and United States command & control, military and commercial centers. The purpose was to limit the ability of the US military and the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) to conduct military actions and to start a general uprising among the population that would destabilize the Republic of Vietnam government in Saigon. The offensive was very bold with attacks throughout the country and were well planned and coordinated. Some attacks were also very well publicized including the taking of the US Embassy in Saigon. However, the attacks all failed in their objectives and the militia (Viet Minh or Viet Cong) were decimated and never played a significant factor in the remaining part of the war. No civilian uprising ever occurred either. What was significant was the fact that American political and military leaders including the US President, Lyndon Johnson, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and the US Military commander, General Westmoreland had just completed interviews and speeches before the offensive, that stated that the "enemy" was almost defeated and could no longer make an effective fighting force. The Tet Offensive clearly indicated the lies that had been stated by US official and the American public lost confidence in their political leaders. McNamara was later fired and President Johnson did not run for re-election in 1968 causing discord in the Democratic party and the subsequent election of the Republican presidential candidate Richard Nixon who continued the war for another 5 years. The reason that some would say it was a turning point because it severely shook the American popular support for the war. However, despite the increase in public demonstrations, both violent and non-violent, the war still went on until Peace talks in 1973 in which American forces were withdrawn. The Saigon government eventually fell in April 1975 after a major offensive by the Hanoi government. The US Congress failed to provide military funds, such as ammunition and spare parts. There is a good bibliography for additional information at the link below. I would suggest the autobiography of Robert McNamara who was extremely candid about his part in the Vietnam war. I wished it was mandatory reading by US Presidents.
Much as the Pearl Harbor Attack (December 1941) relied on the element of surprise, the Tet Offensive was the culmination of North Vietnam massing its ground forces along the b…order for an assault into South Vietnam. US intelligence were notified of this impending assault by North Vietnam weeks before the attack, but military planners dismissed the report as a hoax. The final days before the attack, American forces on reconnaissance patrol reported sightings of fresh tracks left by heavy tanks, yet there were no reports of American tanks in the area. Subordinate officers who took these reports dismissed them as another hoax by US soldiers suffering from the aftermath of recreational use of hallucinogens. The officer's exact reply to recon patrol's radio report was "What have you been smoking soldier?" Mishandling of intelligence information resulted in the success of the Tet Offensive.
The Tet Offensive was a military campaign during the Vietnam War who's purpose was to utilize the element of surprise and strike military and civilian command and control ce…nters throughout South Vietnam, during a period when no attacks were supposed to take place. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tet_Offensive
The Tet Offensive swayed public opinion against Lyndon Johnson and the war more than anything had up until that point.