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What were important long term contributions of ancient Greek and roman civilizations primarily found in?
Important long term contributions of ancient greek and roman civilizations are primarily found in the area of?
Government and Law
engineering and law
Which of these was the most important way that the ancient Greeks contributed to the development of Western art?
The invention of the principles of perspective
The ancient Romans contributed two important concepts to politics: citizenship and written laws. Written laws make it easier for everyone to know what kind of behavior is allo…wed, and make it more difficult for the authorities to randomly punish people. Citizenship creates a category of people who can expect special rights and privileges in return for the performance of certain duties.
The main legacies of the Romans are religion, the alphabet, language, law and art. Christianity developed from a religion among a small group of Jews (who lived in Judea, wh…ich was part of the Roman Empire) into a mass religion in the Roman days. It spread around the Roman Empire. It became state religion. Catholic Christianity and Orthodox Christianity developed during the Late Roman Empire. They were originally called Latin or Western Christianity and Greek or Eastern Christianity respectively. The former was the main form of Christianity in the western part of the Roman Empire and the latter was the main form of Christianity in the eastern part of the Roman Empire. Western European languages have adopted and adapted the Latin alphabet. The only letters in the English language which do not come from the Latin alphabet are J, U and W. Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian are languages derived from Latin (romance languages). Many Latin words have entered English via two routes. One was that Latin was the language of the church in the Middle Ages. The other was the Norman conquest of England. French became the court language and many French words entered into the English language. These words are usually of Latin origin. Many international words in medicine, law and theology are Latin. The key principles of Roman civil law have provided the foundation or an inspiration for the law of many modern countries. These are: citizenship status and citizenship rights, equality under the law, the right to have a proper trial and to defend oneself, the right to appeal, that the burden of proof rests on the accuser and not on the accused, that it is the exact form of actions and not intentions or words which is punishable, and that a law deemed unreasonable or unfair can be repealed. The Romans influenced European architecture, sculpture and painting until the early 20th century. They influenced the art of the Renaissance (14th-15th century) Baroque (17th-18th century) and Neoclassicism (18th-20th century, and is still sometimes used today). Palladian architecture was also based on Roman architecture. It was popular from the 17th century to the 20th century and was often used for public buildings. Latin literature was very influential in European literature until the mid-20th century.
Contributions to the development of democracy What did the acient greek and roman civilizations have in common
Aces by us-Theater
He wrote The Iliad and The Odyssey. Not only did he write the Iliad and the Odyssey... He helped to organize the pantheon of Greek gods, he gave the Greeks role models to liv…e up to, and he wrote about a period of history that would have otherwise been forgotten. Homer wrote about the Trojan War and it's aftermath. The Trojan War happened during the Greek Dark Ages (c. 1100-800 BCE). The only written history that tells the story of the dark ages are Homer's epic poems. HE DIED ABOUT 800 BC
Some of the basic and essential contributions were: running water, roads, buildings and other infrastructure, law, order and unity.
How important were the Greek gods to the citizens and what role did religion play in ancient Greek civilization?
Greek life centered around religion, and every problem had a god or goddess to fix it. The great majority of the Greek oral tradition was about the gods. The intricate mytholo…gies of the Greeks were created by the human desire to better understand the surrounding world. Example: the idea that Zeus was responsible for lightning. The Greeks disn't have wikipedia so a lot of what they didn't understand became explainable by the gods. Addition: There were two aspects - the mystery cults and the general religion. The cults were generally carryovers of more primitive religious practices, associated with either an older earth-goddess (eg Demeter/Persephone) or a later sky-god (eg Appollo). The oracle of Delphi was a fusion of both earth and sky gods. These cults often offered the keys to an after-life, but were expensive and restricted to a comparatively few initiates. From these and others in the Middle East arose such later mystery cults as Mithraism, Isis and Christianity, which travelled from their original cult centres and so became widely accessible. The general religion was based on sky gods, which is natural as they came with the nomadic Greeks when they took over from the earlier agricultural peoples and their earth gods. As with the Roman official religion, it was seen as a compact between the state and the gods. The gods were given their due (respect, consultation and sacrifice) and it was hoped that in return they would influence events or give warnings to the benefit of the state and its people. However underlying this was a cynical use of religious practices by leaders to control the people: the priests were of the aristocracy. Nothing has changed today. In consequence, all significant acts and many personal acts were accompanied by getting oracles, sacrificing and invoking divine intervention or approval. Even the games and theatric performances were part of religious festivals dedicated to gods. While they had a somewhat ambivalent attitude which could almost be classed as doubt, it was in fact double-think. While they may have made jokes at the gods' expense (buzzing like blowfiles above a sacrifice), they also were meticulous in their practices, and assigned the death penalty for sacrilege (exit Socrates). In an uncertain world of which they knew relatively nothing of physical cause and effect, the gods and myths provided answers of the unknowable, non-understandable and unpredictable. The fact that so many today, in a world where scientific knowledge explains all this, still cling to extreme religious beliefs is an indication that superstition was and is hard-wired into our minds as an evolutionary advantage. The Greeks did what so many do today, just with differently-named gods and rituals.
Answer Architecture (the Parthenon), painting, sculpture (Myron, Phidias), philosophy (Thales, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle), mathematics (Pythagorus, Euclid), medicine (…Hippocrates), drama (comedies by Aristophanes [Clouds], tragedies by Sophocles [Oedipus Rex] and Euripidies [The Trojan Women])
It contributed in a way that we learn from their mistakes and use their inventions for our benefit, in order to strive in the future we must learn of the past
Apart from Roads Viticulure Sanitation Housing Defence Agriculture & Amphitheatres.
What did the ancient greek and roman government and the English government contribute to American government?
In a nutshell, the Greeks contributed democracy or each citizen having a right to vote, the Romans the division of governmental bodies, and the English the laws.
Democracy, philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, etc. Some of these have older roots still, but the Western world derives it from the Hellenes.
Almost all of the ancient civilizations could be found along rivers or at least a good source of water. Water was essential for daily living and farming. The Mesopotamian civi…lizations were along the Euphrates and Tigres, the Egyptian civilization was along the Nile, while the Syrians had their capitol of Antioch on the Orontes River.