Who ruled Rwanda?

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Rwanda was ruled by Tutsi kings up until it became a German colony in 1899 when it became a nation of indirect rule. After the Rwandan Genocide ended in 1994, President Pasteur Bizimungu came into power, followed by Paul Kagame.
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Does Rwanda have refugees?

Answer . I read this in a religious magazine of 2003--\n. \n"Some have been or still are refugees. Adding to these problems was the sudden eruption of Mount Nyiragongo, a volcano situated not far from the town of Goma. During the morning of January 17, 2002, the mountain began to eject smoke and fire. By evening, lava poured down from the volcano and advanced toward Goma. Thousands of frightened people fled toward the nearby town of Gisenyi, in Rwanda"\n. \nso it appears so.

Who started the Rwanda?

"The genocide was sparked by the death of the Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, when his plane was shot down above Kigali airport on 6 April 1994. A recent French official report blamed current Rwandan President, Paul Kagame. The report - extracts of which appeared in the daily, Le Monde - said French police had concluded that Mr Kagame gave direct orders for the rocket attack. Rwanda has rejected the report, describing it as a "fantasy". Within hours of the attack, a campaign of violence spread from the capital throughout the country, and did not subside until three months later. But the death of the president was by no means the only cause of Africa 's largest genocide in modern times. .

How does the film Hotel Rwanda begin?

\n. \nWhen the Belgians had control, they appointed the Tutsis to have power over the Hutu. That segregation led to the build up of anger and conflict. When the Beligians left, the Tutsis lost power and the Hutus took revenge on them by starting mass genocide.

What is the capital of Rwanda?

The capital city of the Republic of Rwanda is Kigali. Kigali Kigali is the capital and largestcity of Rwanda, a country located in central and east Africa.

Where is Rwanda?

Rwanda is a small country in the eastern part of the continent of Africa.. In Central Africa, it borders Uganda, Congo, Burundi, and Tanzania

Who is the President of Rwanda?

Paul Kagame is the President of Rwanda. He became leader of the Rwandan Patriotic Front during the Rwandan genocide, and took power over the country on 1994 July 19. As he was a Tutsi, he was appointed as Vice-President of the country while Pasteur Bizimungu, a Hutu, was appointed as a figurehead president. After political differences arose, Bizimungu resigned and Kagame became the president on 2000 March 24. Paul Kagame's presidency has been plagued by questions of whether or not he was involved in massacres during the Rwandan genocide. A French court concluded that he had orchestrated the shooting down of president Juvénal Habyarimana's plane, leading to the civil war, but the Rwandan government has dismissed these accusations as propaganda by the French government, whom they claim to be responsible. As leader of the nation, Kagame has made much progress in economically reforming the country, and making it more investment friendly to other nations. However, he has been criticized for disallowing political and media freedoms.

What is the reason for Rwanda genocide in 1994?

In February of 1994, the president of rwanda, who was a hutu, named habyrimana (spelling?) was in a plane when it was shot down, and the hutu extremists, who did not like the tutsi, used this as an excuse to start mass killing on the tutsis, because they blamed them for the killing. this, however, was not the probable case. it is more likely that the plane was shot down by hutus who did not like the fact that habyrimana was working on a peace treaty with the tutsis. this is not the only proof of this; before the plane was shot down, radio stations would call tutsis cockroaches, and talk about killing them. it is more likely that the whole thing was planned, and they wanted to have ethnic cleansing agaist the tutsis, and this gave them the excuse. of course, before this happened, you have the british who controlled the area before, and allowed the tutsis, who were the minority, to rule the government, so most of this was started when they put them in power and eventually left, and the government went to the majority hutus, who wanted revenge.

What is Hotel Rwanda about?

It is about the Rwandan Genocide, a mass killing of hundreds of thousands of \nRwanda's Tutsis and Hutu political moderates by Hutus under the Hutu \nPower ideology in 1994. It's also about showing the world Paul \nRusesabagina, who saved over 1200 people's lives, and showing that even \nan ordinary man can over come evil.

Why did the genocide occur in Rwanda?

There were two different ethnic groups, the Hutu and the Tutsi. TheTutsis were in command for a very long period of time. When thepresident of Rwanda died the Hutus decided to rebel against theTutsi and kill all of them, resulting in a genocide.

Who were the victims and aggressors of Rwanda?

It was and remains far more then two rival groups, the Hutu and the Tutsi trying for control in a vacumn left by Belgian withdrawal. The Tutsi were the first to suffer actual genocide. The Hutu had suffered for years under Tutsi domination and Belgium was slow to respond and may have shown a degree of favoritism to the Tutsi who had been their figurehead leadership in the Colonial era. The Catholic Church must also assume some responsibility for failing to provide leadership. The United Naions is equally to blame for its slow response. The aggressors appeared on both sides of the fray as did the victims. Rwanda was unprepared for the responsibility of genuine self government which they wanted and deserved.

What is the Currency of Rwanda?

The national currency of Rwanda is the Rwandan Franc. Its approx.725 francs to 1 American Dollar (currently subject to change).

What is Rwanda like?

Rwanda is a sovereign state in central and east Africa, located afew degrees south of the equator. The land is dominated bymountains in the west and savanna to the east, with many lakesthroughout. Rwanda has two rainy seasons and two dry seasons eachyear.

Who imperialized Rwanda?

Rwanda was first a German colony. In the early 1900s, it became a Belgian colony. Rwanda gained its independence from Belgium in the early 1960s.

What European country ruled Rwanda?

Rwanda was a German colony from 1884 to 1919. At the end of WWI the League of Nations gave control of Rwanda to Belgium , which lasted from 1919 until the revolution in 1959.

Why is there genocide in Rwanda?

It mainly had to do with political power. The Hutus wanted more political power. At the time a Tutsis was president of Rwanda. The Hutus were willing to do anything to get that power. Even killing their neighbor's, friends, or even family. They were willing to kill anyone who got in their way, or tried to fight them.

Why did were people forced to migrate from Rwanda?

why did were people forced to migrate from Rwanda? people are forced to migrate from Rwanda to get rid of the war that is coming to the and because they wat to be safe some of the people migrated in Rwanda and some of them get in the war and start shoting people.

Who did Rwanda target?

The Rwandan genocide was carried out by the Hutu's. They targeted moderate Hutu leaders and the entire Tutsi population.

Why was there a civil war in Rwanda?

Rwanda, while under Dutch control, was an established colonial state. A minority group, the "Tutsis", were given special status and privileges over the majority ethnic group, the "Hutus", by the Dutch colonial powers in exchange for collaboration. Many Tutsis abused their position and repressed the Hutus. After Rwanda gained independence, the Hutu government began a program to oppress the Tutsis, some of whom began a rebellion against the Hutus. After the moderate vice-president of Rwanda was killed by the Rebels, radical Hutus incited a massive country-wide mob to begin the ethnic cleansing of the Tutsis. This is known as the "Rwandan Genocide", which eventually prompted UN intervention, although not until the end of the genocide.

Who colonized Rwanda and when?

Rwanda has previously been colonised by Germany, who first arrived to Rwanda in 1897 and took control over it soon after. In 1989, Belgium seized Rwanda from Germany in 1916 after the defeat of Germany in World War I.

How many wars have happened in Rwanda?

Too many... Rwanda has been a part of civil and tribal warfare since we first began to keep track of such things. It is impossible, however, to give you an accurrate number.

Why did geniocide happened in Rwanda?

•The Hutus and the Tutsi have been fighting for years over who should lead and who should follow. This conflicting relationship started when Belguim colonized there in 1916. They gave the people identity cards classifying people by their ethnicity. The belgesregarded the Tutsis as superior to the Hutus. For many years the Tutsis lived above the Hutus enjoying the better side of Rwandan life. When Belgium granted Rwanda independence in 1962 the Hutus had had enough. The Hutus blamed the Tutsi for their problems and treated them badly. Over the years the rwandans ecenomicsituation just got worse. They blamed it on their current president Juvenal Habyarima. A group called the Rwandan Patriotic Front, led by Mr. Kagame was planning to over throw President Habyarima. In and effort to stop his overthrownment Habyarima began•…August 1993 there was a treaty signed between president Habyarimana and the RPF, but even this did not completely stop the conflicts. A year later the presidents plane was shot down sending the country into turmiol. The President of Burundi and several chief members of staff died in the crash. The identity of the killer was never found out. Back in Kigali when they heard the news the presidential guard went on a murderous rampage targeting Tutsis and moderate Hutus. The first to start the killing were military officials, bisuness men, and politicians but many more would join in the killing spree. The government encouraged these killings and drove the people on. A group called the Interhamwe meaing, those who attack together, was formed. The most recruits they ever had were 30,000. The people of the Interhamwe were given rewards such as food and supplies for their wrong doings and were told they could take the land of anyone they killed. When the RPF heard of the presidents death they took the opportunity to increase they're attacks on the government. In July the same year the RPF took Kigali. The government colapsed and a cease-fire was declared. When the news spread of the RPF's victory Hutus fled to neighboring countries. I new government was formed and a Hutus by the name of Pasteur Bizimungu was elected president. In years to come the Tutsis would rise to power again pushing the Hutus farther into the DR Congo. The two countries of races still fight against each other and there are still rebeliousgroups who patrol the streets of Rwanda "guarding" against the Hutus and a genocide.. This answer is from a PowerPoint I did on the Rwandan Genocide..

When did genocid in Rwanda start?

The conflicts that lead up to the genocide started in 1916 between the Hutus and the Tutsis. One thing lead to another and things got worse over time, leading to the genocide which officially started in August 1993 after the assassination of their president Juvenal Habyarima.

What effect does AIDS have on the economy of Rwanda?

It can lessen the tourism economy in Rwanda because the people who depend their livelihood on tourist visiting the place will be more affected like, hotels , planes and many other establishments. Half of the country's economy is depending on tourist. People travel to enjoy and to relax. They need to have a worry free vacation! how can someone visit a place if that place is not anymore safe and healthy for them to go.

Who was involved with the Rwanda genocide?

The Hutus were told to kill the Tutsi population by the Hutus controlling Rwanadan radio,and the Hutus take up 84% of the Rwanda Pop., and the Tutsis only 14%. So the Tutsis didn't really stand a chance

What languages are spoken in Kigali Rwanda?

Kigali City is the capital of Rwanda where the official languages are Kinyarwanda, French, and English. Those languages, along with Swahili and any of the other regional languages may be heard in Kigali since it is the capital city.

Is Rwanda in Uganda?

They are separate countries. The Republic of Rwanda, known as the Land of a Thousand Hills, is a landlocked country located in the Great Lakes region of eastern-central Africa, bordered by Uganda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania. The Republic of Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa. It is bordered on the east by Kenya, on the north by Sudan, on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the southwest by Rwanda, and on the south by Tanzania. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, which is also bordered by Kenya and Tanzania.

Who won the genocide in Rwanda?

Nobody won the genocide, as genocide is not a war per se, but rather a crime against humanity where everyone involved loses.

What are the names of the characters in Hotel Rwanda?

Don Cheadle. as Paul Rusesabagina. Sophie Okonedo. as Tatiana Rusesabagina. Nick Nolte. as Colonel Oliver (based on Roméo Dallaire). Joaquin Phoenix. as Jack Daglish. Fana Mokoena. as General Augustin Bizimungu. Cara Seymour. as Pat Archer. Jean Reno. as Sabena Airlines President Mr. Tillens (uncredited). Desmond Dube. as Dube. Hakeem Kae-Kazim. as Georges Rutaganda. Leleti Khumalo. as Fedens.

Is the genocide in Rwanda still happening?

Well, some think that the genocide in Rwanda is still happening though down in their hearts/thoughts it is. i am saying that genocide in Rwanda is not happening... though its kind of confusing but it's not. :)

How has Roman Catholicism affected Rwanda?

Although the genocide of 1994, in which an estimated 800,000 people were killed, was the result of ethnic rather than religious tensions, it did have a religious component. The Roman Catholic authorities in Rwanda certainly failed to condemn the genocide at the time, and some in the Church's hierarchy have been tried and convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, as a result of their participation. Kevin Ward (A World History of Christianity, Africa) says, "The Church's witness in Africa, in common with all places and times, is rarely unambiguous." From a lay point of view, the arrival of Christianity did not help prevent the massacre: Ward points out that most of the perpetrators must have been baptised and have had a Christian upbringing.

What is the Interhamwey in Rwanda?

The interhamwey was a group of Hutus. After the Hutu's got power back after almost a century of oppression under the Tutsi minority, The Interhamwey formed and acted to eliminate all Tutsis. The Interhamwey was responsible for most of the deaths that occurred during the Rwandan Genocide.

Who discovered Rwanda?

rwanad was discover by german soldoirs during the time of hictor the body of the dead jews were laid to rest there

Why was Rwanda Colonized?

Just as with the rest of the African continent, it was colonized by the European powers for the purpose of empire (money, expansion of global influence, to "civilize" the "dark continent"). I believe Rwanda's cash crop was coffee... Germany ruled Rwanda until WW1, then the territory was handed over to Belgium, then independence from Belgium in the 1960s.

Is Rwanda capitalist?

Yes, of course. "Means of production" are, mostly, in the privatehands in Rwanda. And foregin investment is, usually, welcome (theremay be some exceptions).

Who controlled Rwanda?

The first country to control the Ruanda-Urundi territory, as it was known at the time, was Germany, from the 1890's to 1916. In 1916, Belgium seized control of the area during WWI. Ruanda-Urundi became independent from Belgium in 1962, and Ruanda-Urundi became two seperate countries, Rwanda and Burundi, on July 1 of that year. Source: Longman, Timothy. "Rwanda." World Book Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 30 Apr. 2012.

Where is Rwanda on the map?

Rwanda is a country in Western Africa. It is near the Great Lakes, and Rwanda is bordered by Congo, Uganda, Burundi, and Tanzania. It is also close to Ethiopia.