08102008 how to change to roman numerals?
if you mean it as a date of birth it is...
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Yes, the Romans used the numeral IIII to represent the number 4 but it has since become more common to use the numeral IV. The Romans had no numeral for the number zero but du…ring the middle ages monks, who wrote in Latin and used Roman numerals, introduced the character N (from the Latin Nullae, meaning nothing) to represent zero.
At one time the Roman numeral IIII represented the number 4 but in an effort to make it conform with the rules of writing Roman numerals, which state that no numeral should ap…pear more than three times in succession, IIII was dropped in favour of IV. This means that it conformed with the gerneral pattern, after all XL = 40 (XXXX is never used) and CD = 400 (CCCC is never used).
This question has been answered under Roman Numerals.
to understand roman numerals first you need to know how to indicate a amount first of all I meens1 Vmeans5 Xmeans10 L means 50 C means 100 D means 500 M means …1000 you put the amount the numerals in order of the highest to lowest so for say 333 you write CCCXXXIII but you cant put more than 3 of the same numerals in a row to indicate number like 400 you put a number of a lower rank in front of a higher rank number the only exception i M so 4=IV 9=IX 40=XL 90=XC 400=CD 900=CM but a important thing is that you can never put a numeral 3 ranks or lower before the higher numeral so 999=CMXCIX not IM also for higher numbers you can thousandfold the number's worth by putting a horizontal line above it
3 is III 2 is II 1991 = MCMXCI
M = 1000, D = 500, CC = 200 and XX = 20 so MDCCXX = 1720 .
It didn't. IV has always been the Roman numeral; 4 is an Arabic numeral. the western world adopted the Arabic numbers because it is easier to use one symbol for each number, r…ather than mixing several together.
Roman numerals.... 1 = I 2 = II 3 = III 4 = IV (or IIII on old clocks, watches and sundials) 5 = V 6 = VI 7 = VII 8 = VIII 9 = IX 10 = X 20 = XX 30 = XXX 40 = XL 50 = L 60 = L…X 70 = LXX 80 = LXXX 90 = XC 100 = C 500 = D 1000 = M 2000 = MM 3000 = MMM The numbers 11 - 19 and 21 - 29 etc follow the same pattern as the numbers 1 to 9 but preceeded by X or XX etc. The same applies to numbers preceeded by 100s or 1000s. Some examples... 14 = XIV 44 = XLIV 88 = LXXXVIII 151 = CLI 423 = CDXXIII 666 = DCLXVI 1066 = MLXVI 2009 = MMIX
Today's rules of converting Hindu-Arabic into Roman numerals are confusing to say the least. Read any reference books regarding the history and evolution of mathematics and w…hat they all have in common is that the Romans were not well inclined to mathematics because their numeral system was cumbersome and almost impossible to perform arithmetical operations. But in fact the Romans were excellent mathematicians and their numeracy system was by far the most advanced in the known ancient world and an advantage it has over the numeracy system we use today is that it doesn't need a nought figure for place value purposes. Today most people find it difficult to convert Hindu-Arabic numerals into Roman numerals. This is because the way we write out Roman numerals today is different to the way that the Romans did themselves because today's rules governing the Roman numeral system were introduced during the Middle Ages and that was centuries after the decline of the Roman Empire. Take for instance the number 1999 today it is written out as MCMXCIX but the Romans themselves probably wrote it out as IMM and to multiply it by 10 would work out as X(XX) which is -10+20,000 =19,990 So where do you start when you try to multiply MCMXCIX by 10?
5879 in roman numerals is "MMMMMDCCCLXXIX"
i only know the basics like I = 1 II = 2 III = 3 IV = 4 V =5 VI =6 VII = 7 VIII = 8. Okay, this is a little complicated. It's looks as though there's a lot to learn from the …length of my explanation, but I'm trying to make it as clear as possible, with lots of examples. Stay with me! Roman numbering is done by referring to certain fixed points on the number scale, and then either adding to them, or taking away. so let's start with the fixed points: I which means one (1) V which means five (5) X which means ten (10) L which means fifty (50) C which means one hundred (100) D which means five hundred (500) M which means one thousand (1000) After that you start putting them together so as to make the numbers in between. You can start with the very simplest form - add one number after another, this means that since I means one, if you add an extra I then you have one more. This means that, since I is one, V is 5 and X is 10: II = 2 (1 + 1) VI= 6 (5 + 1) XI - 11 (10 + 1) this works all the way up to MI, which is M plus I or 1001. You do the same thing to add a bit more, so III = 3 (1 + 1 + 1) VII = 7 (5 + 1 + 1) XII = 12 (10 + 1 + 1) Try working out the way you would write 52, 102, 502 and 1002 for yourself! So far, so good. Now it gets a bit more complicated. Once you get a bit beyond the the things you can represent with three letters (like MIII), then having that many letters can get complicated, so the Romans did with their numbering system what many of us do with clocks. Officials may so "9.55", but most of us say "5 to 10" - in other words we start counting backwards. This is what the Romans did. Sometimes you will see 4 written as IIII, but mostly Roman numbers count back when you get to needing just one before something. This means that 4 is written as "one less than five". You've seen that VI (5 and 1) is six, with the I after the V to show it's more than V. Four is written as IV, with the I before the V to show that it is one less than five. This too applies as you go up the scale: IV = 4 (5 less 1) IX = 9 (10 less 1) IC = 99 (100 less 1) Again you can work out the rest yourself. What can get to you is that the "before" and "after" systems are used at the same time. This starts with the number 14. 10 = X 11 = XI 12 = XII 13 = XIII so far, so good; all of these are ten plus one, ten plus two ones etc. When you get to 15 you don't add on five Is, you add on just one V - so 15 = XV. (10 + 5) But when you get to 14 you have ten plus "however you write 4" - which is IV. This means that 14 = XIV (10 + one less than five!) 15 = XV 16 = XVI (10 + 5 + 1) 17 = XVII (10 + 5 + 1 + 1) Once we get to twenty, we've reached another "double it" point - there is no special number for 20, so we write it as 2 tens "XX". Thirty is 3 tens XXX. So what happens to 19? Well, nineteen is one short of the second "X" in "XX", so we write it like that "XIX" (10 + 9, which we write as one less than ten) 24 is two Xs and one less than V, so we write as XXIV. 29 is XXIX or XX (20) plus one less than X (IX). This "taking away" can be done with I, and also with X and C. This means that when you want to write 90, you remember it as "ten less than one hundred" - or XC. You also put the "less than" number just before the last of collection. This means that 199 becomes CIC, and 290 becomes CCXC (two hundred and "ten less than the final hundred"). If you need to add on smaller letters, then you can do so. So 292 becomes CCXCII (one hundred, another hundred, ten less than a third hundred and one and one more). This is not quite as confusing as it seems, because Roman numbers do obey two rules. Firstly when you're adding numbers on, they always come in the same order - the biggest number first, next biggest after that, and so on. This means that MMXVII is 1000 plus 1000 (2000!), plus ten (X) plus V (five) plus I and I, giving you 2017. The second rule is that you can only use one letter for the "less than" rule. This means that when you see a letter out of order it must be on its own - so 28 is written as XXVIII (10 + 10 + 5 + 1 + 1 +1), whereas 29 is XXIX (10 + 10 + "one less than the last 10"). This is confusing to "decode", but after a while you just see "VII" as "seven" and "IX" as "nine" and "XC" as "ninety". All the same, it can still take a while before you have to work out MCMXCVIII. You take a quick look and see that there's a "C" out of order (before an "M") and then an "X" out of order before a "C". The rest of the letters are in the right order. This means that we have "One thousand" ("M", or 1000) plus "one hundred less than one thousand ("CM" or 900) plus ten less than one hundred ("XC" or 90) plus five plus one plus one. This sounds like a lot of adding, but take it in order - 1000 + 900 (1900) plus 90 (1990) plus five plus 3 ones, or eight, giving you 1998. Five, fifty and five hundred are always added on, and never doubled. So, you always write the "five" bit of a number in the right order - 15 is always XV, 35 is always thirty plus five (XXXV) and 1500 is always MD (1000 + 500). You add extra numbers from there - MDCVI is 1666. You can see why trading people took up Arabic numbers (1,2,3 ...10, 100,500 etc) when they reached Europe in the 12th and 13th centuries, not least because a longer number was always a bigger number. Adding II to MCMXCVIII gives you MM, which makes it impossible to add up numbers in columns. Still, before you conclude that the Romans were mugs, remember that they were famed for centuries for their engineering skills - and that takes maths. How they did that is another story. Please let me know if this answer helped you, as I spent a lot of time writing it up specially!
Roman numerals weren't changed to Hindu-Arabic numerals. The two systems developed separately around the same time period. Roman numerals were in common use long after the Rom…an empire collapsed in the west, right up until the 14th century, by which time the Indian base-9 positional system had evolved into a base-10 positional system and was brought to Europe by the Arabs (the system itself is not Arabic, but Indian). Mathematicians immediately took to the much simpler Hindu-Arabic system, thus Roman numerals rapidly fell from favour. The western symbols 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 were added to the Latin alphabet in the 16th century. However, the fact Roman numerals are still used today, albeit as a decorative form of ordinal notation, is testament to its longevity.
In Roman Numerals
Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainl…y did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier.
In Roman Numerals
Replace each symbol or pair of symbols with the equivalent values shown below, then add up all the values. I = 1 IV = 4 V = 5 IX = 9 X = 10 XL = 40 L = 50 XC = 90 C = 100 CD …=400 D = 500 CM = 900 M = 1,000
In Roman Numerals
In todays modern era of notating Roman numerals: 1740 = MDCCXL
In Roman Numerals
Bear in mind that Roman numerals actually are numbers, they are just not the kind of numbers that we presently use, which are called Arabic numerals. Arabic numerals were firs…t used in Europe in the year 976 AD. Roman numerals still have not entirely fallen out of use, although for most purposes we use Arabic numerals.
In Roman Numerals
The only real change to the Roman Numerals happened in the MiddleAges when "lazy" monks created the shorthand form that we usetoday. For example in the system as used by the R…omans both VI and IV werethe same number: six. But as the "lazy" monks modified it now IVinstead represents four (which the Romans would have always writtenas IIII). This example applies to all the Roman Numeral charactersthat are multiples of ten (e.g. I, X, C, M).