08102008 how to change to roman numerals?
if you mean it as a date of birth it is...
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Roman Numerals are what Romans used to use for numbers. Differentsymbols have different numeral values. For example, I = 1, V = 5,and X = 10. When these symbols are combined in different ways theother numbers are formed. There are several rules for the placementof the symbols. . You may place up to… 3 of the same symbol adjacent to each otherto indicate addition. For example: I = 1; II = 1+1 = 2; III = 1+1+1= 3. Note that IIII is not proper because you may have no more than3 of the same symbol in a row. . You may place a smaller symbol after a larger one to indicateaddition. For example: V = 5; VI = 5+1 = 6; VII = 5+1+1 = 7; VIII =5+1+1+1 = 8. Again VIIII would not be proper because there are 4 Isimmediately adjacent to each other. . You may place a smaller symbol immediately before a largersymbol to indicate subtraction. For example IV = 5-1 = 4; IX = 10-1= 9. The basic numerals are: I = 1 V = 5 X = 10 L = 50 C = 100 D = 500 M = 1000 If it has a line over it, it means multiply by 1000, like L, wouldbe 50,000 Some examples of correct Roman Numerals: III = 1 + 1 + 1 = 3 IX = 10 - 1 = 9 XIV = 10 + 5 - 1 = 14 XXXII = 10 + 10 + 10 + 1 + 1 = 32 LXIX = 50 + 10 + 10 - 1 = 69 MMVIII = 1000 + 1000 + 5 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 2008 MMIX = 1000 + 1000 + 10 - 1 = 2009 Here are some of the roman numerals: 1-I 5-V 10-X 20-XX 30-XXX 40-XL 50-L 60-LX 70-LXX 80-LXXX 90-XC 100-C 200-CC 300-CCC 400-CD 500-D 600-DC 700-DCC 800-DCCC 900-CM 1,000-M The first few Roman numerals are: I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII,IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII and so on. (MORE)
Romans used Roman numerals as their form of numbers. Romans needed Roman Numerals because they needed numbers to count, tell time, and do other things in life that involved numbers. Roman numerals were used because they could all be scribed using a flat chisel i.e X I V M.
most likely. they are called ROMAN numerals -- While I don't actually know the answer, I'd like to point out that the answerer before me is a moron, and read the question wrong. Just like in the name, Roman Numerals were started in Rome. Today, it is still used. Well now in every stats and c…ountries we use more simpler numbers. Like 1,2,3,4, and so on. We should think that we are really fortunate. Tank you for your question... 2010 November 21 Sunday (MORE)
Roman numerals were the symbols developed by the Ancient Romans for counting and other numbering activities. The Romans used them because they developed them and that was what they knew. What do you use numbers for? They used them for the exact same things, instead of the kind of numbers we use, wh…ich are known as Arabic numerals. (MORE)
Yes, the Romans used the numeral IIII to represent the number 4 but it has since become more common to use the numeral IV. The Romans had no numeral for the number zero but during the middle ages monks, who wrote in Latin and used Roman numerals, introduced the character N (from the Latin Nullae, me…aning nothing) to represent zero. (MORE)
the Romans did not knew the 1 2 3. so they used it for everything that involved numbers.
The Romans used Roman numerals because that was their way ofcalculating. Roman numerals are really very simple andstraightforward. For example, the I = 1, no problem there. ThreeI's - 3. C = 100, the Latin abbreviation for centum , M - 1000, theLatin abbreviation for mille. For us it takes a bit of …figuringout, but for the Romans it was simple; if a person could count, hecould read numbers. (MORE)
The Hindu/Arabic number system is the one which is used in most of the countries of the world. The numbers used are; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 0. The Romans used a complete different system and the numerals used were; I, V, X, L, C, D and M.
At one time the Roman numeral IIII represented the number 4 but in an effort to make it conform with the rules of writing Roman numerals, which state that no numeral should appear more than three times in succession, IIII was dropped in favour of IV. This means that it conformed with the gerneral pa…ttern, after all XL = 40 (XXXX is never used) and CD = 400 (CCCC is never used). (MORE)
No, the Arabic numeral system is the one used in most countries of the world and it based on the numbers; 1, 2, 3, 4 ,5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 0. The numbers have place values based on multiples of 10. The Roman numeral system does not have place value and the numerals used are; I, V, X, L, C, D and M.
The Arabic (0-9) number system did not reach Europe until about 900 AD. Roman numerals date back to 1000 years BC and were the marks made on tally sticks and in stone. Their style was influenced by the Etruscan number system. They were originally quite different symbols from those in use today. In t…he middle ages they were aligned to the closest modern roman alphabet equivalent shape. Roman numerals were not just confined to whole numbers, fractions were indicated by a series of dots, each number and pattern of dots meaning a different part of the whole. (MORE)
Roman numerals.... 1 = I 2 = II 3 = III 4 = IV (or IIII on old clocks, watches and sundials) 5 = V 6 = VI 7 = VII 8 = VIII 9 = IX 10 = X 20 = XX 30 = XXX 40 = XL 50 = L 60 = LX 70 = LXX 80 = LXXX 90 = XC 100 = C 500 = D 1000 = M 2000 = MM 3000 = MMM After 3000 thousand are written by either placing… a horizontal bar over a numeral, to indicate that the numeral should be multiplied by 1000, or by placing the numeral inside brackets, which also indicates that it should be multiplied by 1000. Examples... 4000 = [IV] 10000 = [X] 523000 = [DXXIII] 1000000 = [M] The numbers 11 - 19 and 21 - 29 etc follow the same pattern as the numbers 1 to 9 but preceeded by X or XX etc. The same applies to numbers preceeded by 100s or 1000s. Some examples... 14 = XIV 44 = XLIV 88 = LXXXVIII 151 = CLI 423 = CDXXIII 666 = DCLXVI 1066 = MLXVI 2009 = MMIX (MORE)
the romans used roman numerals like we use numbers but not as many people could write.
Roman numerals are a numeral system of ancient Rome based on letters of the alphabet, which are combined to signify the sum of their values.
This is a hypothetical question but quite possible because the Romans did use fractions to a certain extent and they knew about the concept of zero they called it nullae which means nothing. They probably used the symbol N to denote zero so for the sake of tradition we'll use it too.. To change a… fraction into a decimal we divide the numerator by the denominator. For example 5/8 = 0.625 and the equivalent in Roman numerals is V/VIII = N.DCXXV.. 5/8 = 0.625 = 6/10+2/100+5/1000 = 600/1000+200/1000+5/1000 = 625/1000.. V/VIII = N.DCXXV = VI/X+II/C+V/M = DC/M+XX/M+V/M = DCXXV/M.. Take care where to place the decimal point with Roman decimals. Make sure you know where the tenths, hundredths and thousandths are.. When dividing V by VIII the stages are N.VI, N.LXII and finally N.DCXXV. Think carefully about what we're actually doing when we divide 5 by 8, the stages are 0.6, 0.62 and finally 0.625.. I hope that your request has been satisfactorily answered.. David Gambell, Merseyside, England. (MORE)
The creation of roman numerals was a long one. As the Roman empire developed they needed a method to count that was more than 10 fingers so they developed a system using the hand with numeric symbols. An example of this would be I stood for a single finger while V was for the whole hand, and X for b…oth hands. Trade required a means of math and so did the construction of roads and buildings. So, there is no exact date that can be given for this development. (MORE)
Basically, yes. They were the main system of numbers used by the Romans. There were minority numeral systems in Rome, of which is still unknown.
During the Tudor period most writing was still done in Latin and Roman numerals were still widely used. King Edward VI (The son of Henry VIII) was the first monarch to have the date written in modern numbers of some of his later coins. Edward also help to popularised the printing of books in English…. (MORE)
Virtually all numbers can be made from various combinations of the 7 Roman numerals. I (1) V (5) X (10) L (50) C (100) D (500) and M (1000). -- further -- Adding a bar above any of the standard numerals (other than i) had the effect of multiplying that numeral's value by 1,000, so that a v w…ith a bar above it is 5,000 and an m with a bar is (MORE)
to understand roman numerals first you need to know how to indicate a amount first of all I meens1 Vmeans5 Xmeans10 L means 50 C means 100 D means 500 M means 1000 you put the amount the numerals in order of the highest to lowest so for say 333 you write CCCXXXIII but you cant p…ut more than 3 of the same numerals in a row to indicate number like 400 you put a number of a lower rank in front of a higher rank number the only exception i M so 4=IV 9=IX 40=XL 90=XC 400=CD 900=CM but a important thing is that you can never put a numeral 3 ranks or lower before the higher numeral so 999=CMXCIX not IM also for higher numbers you can thousandfold the number's worth by putting a horizontal line above it (MORE)
M = 1000, D = 500, CC = 200 and XX = 20 so MDCCXX = 1720 .
Strictly speaking we should refer to Roman numerals as Etruscan numerals because it was the Etruscans who conceived the idea of numerals in the first place. The Etruscans once ruled the Romans and the Romans copied their counting system off them with modifications.
The Roman numeral system was used during ancient Roman times, butuse of the system continued long after the Roman empire declined.In the 14th century, Roman numerals were slowly replaced byHindu-Arabic numbers.
It didn't. IV has always been the Roman numeral; 4 is an Arabic numeral. the western world adopted the Arabic numbers because it is easier to use one symbol for each number, rather than mixing several together.
Roman numerals.... 1 = I 2 = II 3 = III 4 = IV (or IIII on old clocks, watches and sundials) 5 = V 6 = VI 7 = VII 8 = VIII 9 = IX 10 = X 20 = XX 30 = XXX 40 = XL 50 = L 60 = LX 70 = LXX 80 = LXXX 90 = XC 100 = C 500 = D 1000 = M 2000 = MM 3000 = MMM The numbers 11 - 19 and 21 - 29 etc follow the sa…me pattern as the numbers 1 to 9 but preceeded by X or XX etc. The same applies to numbers preceeded by 100s or 1000s. Some examples... 14 = XIV 44 = XLIV 88 = LXXXVIII 151 = CLI 423 = CDXXIII 666 = DCLXVI 1066 = MLXVI 2009 = MMIX (MORE)
Well, of course they did-clue's kind of in the title 'ROMAN NUMERALS' Additional answer The questioner asked How not Whether they invested them
One is I in Roman numerals. This is two II , but four is IV , V is five, and six is VI.
1-I,2-II,3-III,4-IV,5-V,6-VI,7-VII,8-VIII,9-IX,10-X,.........20-XX,......50-L.......90-CX....100-C......500-D.....1000-M.That's all I know.But remember roman numerals like I, X, C and, M can't repeat more than 3 times. Improved Answer: In Roman numerals V, L, and D are used only once in row wh…ile I, X and C can be used four times in a row proof of this can be seen in the Roman numerals for 1999 which in its additional format are MDCCCCLXXXXVIIII. Glance at any watch or clock face that have Roman numerals embellished on them and invariably you'll notice that the fourth hour is given as IIII. Furthermore, in the ruins of the Coliseum in Rome, the number 29 is inscribed in stone as XXVIIII. 1999 is MIM nowadays, most of the 1900s were MCM.... (MORE)
Today's rules of converting Hindu-Arabic into Roman numerals are confusing to say the least. Read any reference books regarding the history and evolution of mathematics and what they all have in common is that the Romans were not well inclined to mathematics because their numeral system was cumbers…ome and almost impossible to perform arithmetical operations. But in fact the Romans were excellent mathematicians and their numeracy system was by far the most advanced in the known ancient world and an advantage it has over the numeracy system we use today is that it doesn't need a nought figure for place value purposes. Today most people find it difficult to convert Hindu-Arabic numerals into Roman numerals. This is because the way we write out Roman numerals today is different to the way that the Romans did themselves because today's rules governing the Roman numeral system were introduced during the Middle Ages and that was centuries after the decline of the Roman Empire. Take for instance the number 1999 today it is written out as MCMXCIX but the Romans themselves probably wrote it out as IMM and to multiply it by 10 would work out as X(XX) which is -10+20,000 =19,990 So where do you start when you try to multiply MCMXCIX by 10? (MORE)
i only know the basics like I = 1 II = 2 III = 3 IV = 4 V =5 VI =6 VII = 7 VIII = 8. Okay, this is a little complicated. It's looks as though there's a lot to learn from the length of my explanation, but I'm trying to make it as clear as possible, with lots of examples. Stay with me! Roman numb…ering is done by referring to certain fixed points on the number scale, and then either adding to them, or taking away. so let's start with the fixed points: I which means one (1) V which means five (5) X which means ten (10) L which means fifty (50) C which means one hundred (100) D which means five hundred (500) M which means one thousand (1000) After that you start putting them together so as to make the numbers in between. You can start with the very simplest form - add one number after another, this means that since I means one, if you add an extra I then you have one more. This means that, since I is one, V is 5 and X is 10: II = 2 (1 + 1) VI= 6 (5 + 1) XI - 11 (10 + 1) this works all the way up to MI, which is M plus I or 1001. You do the same thing to add a bit more, so III = 3 (1 + 1 + 1) VII = 7 (5 + 1 + 1) XII = 12 (10 + 1 + 1) Try working out the way you would write 52, 102, 502 and 1002 for yourself! So far, so good. Now it gets a bit more complicated. Once you get a bit beyond the the things you can represent with three letters (like MIII), then having that many letters can get complicated, so the Romans did with their numbering system what many of us do with clocks. Officials may so "9.55", but most of us say "5 to 10" - in other words we start counting backwards. This is what the Romans did. Sometimes you will see 4 written as IIII, but mostly Roman numbers count back when you get to needing just one before something. This means that 4 is written as "one less than five". You've seen that VI (5 and 1) is six, with the I after the V to show it's more than V. Four is written as IV, with the I before the V to show that it is one less than five. This too applies as you go up the scale: IV = 4 (5 less 1) IX = 9 (10 less 1) IC = 99 (100 less 1) Again you can work out the rest yourself. What can get to you is that the "before" and "after" systems are used at the same time. This starts with the number 14. 10 = X 11 = XI 12 = XII 13 = XIII so far, so good; all of these are ten plus one, ten plus two ones etc. When you get to 15 you don't add on five Is, you add on just one V - so 15 = XV. (10 + 5) But when you get to 14 you have ten plus "however you write 4" - which is IV. This means that 14 = XIV (10 + one less than five!) 15 = XV 16 = XVI (10 + 5 + 1) 17 = XVII (10 + 5 + 1 + 1) Once we get to twenty, we've reached another "double it" point - there is no special number for 20, so we write it as 2 tens "XX". Thirty is 3 tens XXX. So what happens to 19? Well, nineteen is one short of the second "X" in "XX", so we write it like that "XIX" (10 + 9, which we write as one less than ten) 24 is two Xs and one less than V, so we write as XXIV. 29 is XXIX or XX (20) plus one less than X (IX). This "taking away" can be done with I, and also with X and C. This means that when you want to write 90, you remember it as "ten less than one hundred" - or XC. You also put the "less than" number just before the last of collection. This means that 199 becomes CIC, and 290 becomes CCXC (two hundred and "ten less than the final hundred"). If you need to add on smaller letters, then you can do so. So 292 becomes CCXCII (one hundred, another hundred, ten less than a third hundred and one and one more). This is not quite as confusing as it seems, because Roman numbers do obey two rules. Firstly when you're adding numbers on, they always come in the same order - the biggest number first, next biggest after that, and so on. This means that MMXVII is 1000 plus 1000 (2000!), plus ten (X) plus V (five) plus I and I, giving you 2017. The second rule is that you can only use one letter for the "less than" rule. This means that when you see a letter out of order it must be on its own - so 28 is written as XXVIII (10 + 10 + 5 + 1 + 1 +1), whereas 29 is XXIX (10 + 10 + "one less than the last 10"). This is confusing to "decode", but after a while you just see "VII" as "seven" and "IX" as "nine" and "XC" as "ninety". All the same, it can still take a while before you have to work out MCMXCVIII. You take a quick look and see that there's a "C" out of order (before an "M") and then an "X" out of order before a "C". The rest of the letters are in the right order. This means that we have "One thousand" ("M", or 1000) plus "one hundred less than one thousand ("CM" or 900) plus ten less than one hundred ("XC" or 90) plus five plus one plus one. This sounds like a lot of adding, but take it in order - 1000 + 900 (1900) plus 90 (1990) plus five plus 3 ones, or eight, giving you 1998. Five, fifty and five hundred are always added on, and never doubled. So, you always write the "five" bit of a number in the right order - 15 is always XV, 35 is always thirty plus five (XXXV) and 1500 is always MD (1000 + 500). You add extra numbers from there - MDCVI is 1666. You can see why trading people took up Arabic numbers (1,2,3 ...10, 100,500 etc) when they reached Europe in the 12th and 13th centuries, not least because a longer number was always a bigger number. Adding II to MCMXCVIII gives you MM, which makes it impossible to add up numbers in columns. Still, before you conclude that the Romans were mugs, remember that they were famed for centuries for their engineering skills - and that takes maths. How they did that is another story. Please let me know if this answer helped you, as I spent a lot of time writing it up specially! (MORE)
Roman numerals weren't changed to Hindu-Arabic numerals. The two systems developed separately around the same time period. Roman numerals were in common use long after the Roman empire collapsed in the west, right up until the 14th century, by which time the Indian base-9 positional system had evolv…ed into a base-10 positional system and was brought to Europe by the Arabs (the system itself is not Arabic, but Indian). Mathematicians immediately took to the much simpler Hindu-Arabic system, thus Roman numerals rapidly fell from favour. The western symbols 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 were added to the Latin alphabet in the 16th century. However, the fact Roman numerals are still used today, albeit as a decorative form of ordinal notation, is testament to its longevity. (MORE)
Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. We…ll, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. Well, life itself certainly did not change when Roman numerals began to be used, but it did make counting and keeping track of things a lot easier. (MORE)
Roman numerals were common up until the 14th century. However, the Hindu-Arabic system, which replaced it, was first introduced in the 10th century, and was derived from the Indian numeral system first used in the 5th century. The Roman system started in around 400 BC but the system we use today did…n't arrive until the 1st century AD (albeit without subtractive notation such as IV). There have been other numeral systems, including positional notation systems, that pre-date the Romans, as far back as 1,500 BC. (MORE)
I suspect this question was taken from copywritten material, which is not allowed. Otherwise, you left out some crucial information.
590 d = 500 xc = (-10) + 100 = 100 - 10 = 90 x = 10 c = 100
Strange as it may seem but Roman numerals had nothing to do with the Romans because this form of numeracy was first concieved by the Etruscans who once ruled the Romans.
They didn't because it was the Etruscans who concieved this form of numeracy and they once ruled the Romans.
Replace each symbol or pair of symbols with the equivalent values shown below, then add up all the values. I = 1 IV = 4 V = 5 IX = 9 X = 10 XL = 40 L = 50 XC = 90 C = 100 CD =400 D = 500 CM = 900 M = 1,000
No where because this numeral system was created by the Etruscans who once ruled the Romans
Bear in mind that Roman numerals actually are numbers, they are just not the kind of numbers that we presently use, which are called Arabic numerals. Arabic numerals were first used in Europe in the year 976 AD. Roman numerals still have not entirely fallen out of use, although for most purposes we …use Arabic numerals. (MORE)
They didn't because this numeracy system was conceived by the Etruscans who once ruled the Romans. First of all, let me note that the theory that Rome was ruled by the Etruscans has now been challenged. Its evidence base was flimsy and its key tenets were based on unproven assumptions. More recent …archaeological evidence suggests a different picture. The Roman numerals were devised by the Romans (or probably the Latins more in general), not the Etruscans. The Roman numerals were not derived from Etruscan numerals. Two systems were partially related, probably due to the fact that both of them were inspired by the Attic numerals of the Greeks. However, they two used different symbols. Etruscan numerals are still not fully understood just as the Etruscan language has not been fully deciphered due to the small number of recovered inscriptions. The Roman system, like that of many ancient peoples, originated from a tally system. The counting of entities was recorded by etching tally marks on wood. That is why 1 is I, 2 in II and 3 is III. The tallies were added to each other. Every five notches there was a different symbol, like á¶º for 5. This symbol was later inverted and became V. Later in time, all these special symbols were converted into letters of the Latin alphabet: X (10), L (50), C (100), D (50), M (1,000). Thus, 15 was XV, 20 was XX, 25 was XXV, 30 was XXX, 60 Was LX, 110 was CX, 150 was CL, 170 was CLXX, etc. The system was originally complicated. For example 8 was IIIIVIII. It was then simplified with an abbreviation; 8 became VIII. 23 was originally IIIIVIIIIXIIIIVIIIIXIII. Later it was abbreviated as XXIII. (MORE)
In todays modern usage of Roman numerals it is the equivalent of 2594 in Hindu-Arabic numerals
L = 50, X = 10, I = 1 and V = 5 so LXXIV = 50 + 10 + 10 + 5 - 1 = 74 .
The Romans used "Roman Numerals" the same way that we use our Arabic numerals. They were used for all things mathematical, accounting, adding, subtracting, etc. The difference was just in the writing of the numbers, such as V for a 5 or X for a 10.
Romans numerals are the number of the Romans. The were I (1) V (5) X (10) L (50) C (100) D (500) and M (1,00). Numbers were created by putting these letters together in a variety of orders.
Today the equivalent of 19 in Roman numerals are XIX But in ancient Rome they once were XVIIII or IXX In fact the Latin word for XVIIII is 'novemdecim' and the Latin word for IXX is 'undeviginti There is no equivalent Latin word for XIX
For the same reason why we still use the Latin language andRoman numerals are the numerical aspect of it. . +++ . Roman numerals rarely used nowadays. They occur in publishingand in clock-making, but not otherwise because the Arabic system isfar simpler and lends itself readily to mathematics. The… Latinlanguage is far more common, many of its words surviving as theroots for many English, Italian and French words. (MORE)
Roman numerals are the numerical element of the Latin language which is still spoken today and was the language spoken by the ancient Romans who once conquered most of the known world at the time.
D is 500, C is 100, X is 19 and I is 1. 632 is DCXXXII.
The only real change to the Roman Numerals happened in the MiddleAges when "lazy" monks created the shorthand form that we usetoday. For example in the system as used by the Romans both VI and IV werethe same number: six. But as the "lazy" monks modified it now IVinstead represents four (which the R…omans would have always writtenas IIII). This example applies to all the Roman Numeral charactersthat are multiples of ten (e.g. I, X, C, M). (MORE)