Roman Numerals

Questions and answers related to the symbols used by the ancient Romans to represent numbers. These include the numerals: I, V, X, L, C, D and M.

22,092 Questions
Roman Numerals

What is XXXVIII in Hindu- Arabic numbers?


The hindu-arabic numeral system can be found in related link (pictures), as I cannot put pictures here.

Roman Numerals

What is the roman numeral for 365?








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Acronyms & Abbreviations
Roman Numerals

What does the letters d m c stand for?

Dozens of different things have the initials DMC.

They can be used for roman numerals: D=500, M=1000, and C=100.

DMC can mean Did mind coming, daily medical car, DeLorean Motor Company, Daimler Motor Company, Daelim Motor Company, Disaster Monitoring Constellation, among other things.

In case your asking in terms of Twenty century (ok Twenty first too) DMC is an eary rap phrase or hip hop, refers to Disc Master of Ceremony.

Roman Numerals

What Roman Numeral is xxx1x?

In today's terms the above numerals represent 39

Roman Numerals

What is roman numeral LV1?


Roman Numerals

What is 995 in roman numerals?

Under today's rules it is: CMXCV but the Romans themselves would have probably wrote it out simply as VM (-5+1000 = 995)

Roman Numerals

9 L for a C?

24 H in a D 24 hours in a day 26 L of the A 26 letters of the alphabet 7 D of the W 7 days of the week 7 W of the W 7 wonders of the world 12 S of the Z 12 signs of the zodiac 66 B of the B 66 books of the bible 52 C in a P (WJs) 52 cards in a pack (without jokers) 13 S in the USF 13 Stripes in the United States Flag 18 H on a G C 18 holes on a golf course 39 B of the O T 39 books of the old testament 5 T on a F 5 toes on a foot 90 D in a R A 90 Degrees in a Right Angle 3 B M (S H T R) 3 blind mice (see how they run) 32 is the T in D F at which W F 32 is the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit at which water freezes 15 P in a R T 15 players in a rugby team 3 W on a T 3 wheels on a tricycle 100 C in a R 100 cents in a rand 11 P in a F (S) T 11 players in a Football (Soccer) Team 12 M in a Y 12 months in a year 13=UFS 13 is Unlucky For Some 8 T on a O 8 tentacles on a octopus 29 D in F in a L Y 29 days in february in a leap year 27 B in the N T 27 Books in the New Testament 365 D in a Y 365 days in a year 13 L in a B D 13 loaves in a bakers dozen 52 W in a Y 52 weeks in a year 9 L of a C 9 lives of a cat 60 M in a H 60 minutes in a hour 23 P of C in the H B 23 pairs of chromosomes in the human body 64 S on a C B 64 squares on a chess board 9 P in S A 9 provinces in South Africa 6 B to an O in C 6 balls to an over in cricket 1000 Y in a M 1000 years in a millennium 15 M on a D M C 15 Men on a Dead Mans Chest

Roman Numerals

How do you write the number 29 in Roman numerals?

29 = XXIX (XX= 20, IX = 9)

Roman Numerals

How do you write 2018 in roman numerals?


Roman Numerals

What is 9000 express in roman numerals?

9000 can be written in several ways. The Romans themselves would have probably just written "IX mille", just as we would write "9 thousand" today.

However, during the Middle Ages, a form of notation was developed using the original symbol for M (1000), which was CIƆ (which could also be notated as ↀ). From this we got IƆ (500) which went on to become D. However, the original notation could be extended such that CCIƆƆ became 10,000. Thus 9,000 could be notated with the subtractive notation:

CIƆ CCIƆƆ (10,000-1,000)

There are some that claim the C and Ɔ can be used to enclose any numeral, such that 9,000 could be more simply notated as:

CIXƆ (9 x 1000)

Or even:


However, there is no evidence that this form of notation was ever actually used, even in the Middle Ages.

The confusion possibly arises from the fact the Middle Ages saw another form of notation using vertical bars rather than C and Ɔ, which did permit any value to be enclosed. However, rather than multiplying the value by 1,000, the bars only multiply it by 100. Thus 9,000 could be notated as:

|XC| (90 x 100)

Middle Age notation also permitted an overline to multiply the value by 1,000, thus 9,000 could also be written:


IX (9 x 1000)

Roman Numerals
English to Latin

What is the latin word for Roman take-out restaurant and bar?

The roman equivalent of a takeout joint was the thermpolia. However, it was not a restaurant or bar. It was a bakery. The Romans did not have restaurants. The word was Greek and meant "a place where (something) hot is sold." It sold ready to eat food and it has been considered the forerunner of restaurants and the food they served had been compared to today's fast food. It served the poor who did not have a private kitchen. It had a counter at the front with recesses for heat efficient containers. Many had dining areas at the back. However, most people eat their food on benches along the sidewalk.

Most Romans lived on the upper floors of the insulae (apartment blocks four to seven floors high) which had small and overcrowded rooms with no running water, cooking facility or toilets. People went there only to sleep and lived outdoors. They went to outdoors public toilets and to the public baths and eat outdoors. Bread and other grain based foods were all that the poor could afford. Therefore, the bakeries were the places where the food they ate was made and sold. The bakeries were extremely busy and, due to the masses of customers, people ate siting on outdoors benches. The thermopoliae were scorned by the upper classes who had a kitchen in their domus (detached house).

Nowadays the word tavern is usually used in reference to the ancient Roman bars. However, the use of the word tavern for a drinking place is more recent. In ancent Rome a taberna (plural tabernae) was a shop. There was also the taberna diversoria, or simply diversorium, but these were inns along the Roman Roads.

The Romans had wine bars called popina (plural popinae). This served wine and simple foods such as olives, bread and stew. They were frequented by plebeians, slaves, freedmen and foreigners. They were simple places and had stools and tables. There was no eating reclined here. This was an aristocratic custom. In the literature (which was written by aristocrats) the popina was described as a place of immoral and illicit behaviour, crime and violence. There were attempts to curb the popinae. Tiberius forbade the sale of cooked food. Claudius ordered their closing down, but this failed. Nero ordered that only some kinds of vegetables and pulses could be sold. Vespasian issued a similar edict. There was gambling with dice at the popinae, even though it was illegal. Abundant archaeological finds of dices confirm this. The popinea were also seen as brothels. However, they did not have separate rooms for sex. Prostitutes went there to pick up punters and took them elsewhere.

There was also the cauponia which, according to one source, differed from the popina in that it offered overnight accommodation.

Roman Numerals

How would you convert the Hindu-Arabic numerals of 9 90 1000 900 and 11 into Roman numerals and then add them up?

The above numbers converted into Roman numerals are IX, XC, M, CM and XI respectively and the Romans would have probably added them up in the following fashion:-





Hindu-Arabic conversion:-

9+90 = 99

99+1000 = 1099

1099+900 = 1999

1999+11 = 2010

For more complicated calculations the Romans would have used an abacus counting device.

Roman Numerals

How do you write 184 in Hindu Arabic numerals?

how do you write 184 in Hindu Arabic numerals?

I = 1

V = 5

X = 10

L = 50

C = 100

D = 500

M = 1000

Can you figure it out now? It's CLXXXIV

History, Politics & Society
Roman Numerals

What year is MCMLXV1?


Roman Numerals

How do you write 192 in Hindu Arabic numerals?

It is already written in Hindu Arabic numerals. Hindu Arabic numerals are just normal digets, like 1, 2, and 3.

Roman Numerals

What is MCMXLV in roman numerals?

MCMXLV is 1945 in Roman numerals. To figure this out, you must first know that M = 1000, C = 1000, X = 10, L = 50, and V = 5.

The first M shows us we are dealing with a figure of at least 1000.

Next, CM shows us '100 before 1000' so that means 900.

Then, XL shows us '10 before 50' so that means 40.

V equals 5.

M = 1000

CM = 900 + 1000 = 1900

XL = 40 + 1900 = 1940

V = 5 + 1940 = 1945

Roman Numerals

What is 1954 in roman numerals?


Roman Numerals

What is CXXII quintupled in Roman numerals?

C=100 X=10 X=10 I=1 I=1 100







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Roman Numerals
Roman Empire

How can 99 be IC in Roman numerals when you are taught that it is XCIX?

Because we are still taught the Roman numeral system under rules introduced during the Middle Ages which converts 99 into Roman numerals as XCIX (90+9 = 99) but these rules were made in a haphazard manner centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire.

In all probability the Romans themselves would have calculated 99 as LXXXXVIIII and by placing I to both sides of these numerals simplified them to IC (-1+100 = 99)

In fact the Latin word for 99 is "undecentum" which literally means one from a hundred.

Roman Numerals

How much is mdcclxxvi in roman numerals?


M = 1000

D = 500

C = 100

C = 100

L = 50

X = 10

X = 10

V = 5

I = 1

Added together equal 1776

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Roman Numerals

What is ix - iv equals?


Roman Numerals

What are Roman Numerals?

Roman Numerals are what Romans used to use for numbers. Different symbols have different numeral values. For example, I = 1, V = 5, and X = 10. When these symbols are combined in different ways the other numbers are formed. There are several rules for the placement of the symbols.

  1. You may place up to 3 of the same symbol adjacent to each other to indicate addition. For example: I = 1; II = 1+1 = 2; III = 1+1+1 = 3. Note that IIII is not proper because you may have no more than 3 of the same symbol in a row.
  2. You may place a smaller symbol after a larger one to indicate addition. For example: V = 5; VI = 5+1 = 6; VII = 5+1+1 = 7; VIII = 5+1+1+1 = 8. Again VIIII would not be proper because there are 4 Is immediately adjacent to each other.
  3. You may place a smaller symbol immediately before a larger symbol to indicate subtraction. For example IV = 5-1 = 4; IX = 10-1 = 9.

The basic numerals are:

I = 1

V = 5

X = 10

L = 50

C = 100

D = 500

M = 1000

If it has a line over it, it means multiply by 1000, like L, would be 50,000

Some examples of correct Roman Numerals:

III = 1 + 1 + 1 = 3

IX = 10 - 1 = 9

XIV = 10 + 5 - 1 = 14

XXXII = 10 + 10 + 10 + 1 + 1 = 32

LXIX = 50 + 10 + 10 - 1 = 69

MMVIII = 1000 + 1000 + 5 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 2008

MMIX = 1000 + 1000 + 10 - 1 = 2009

Here are some of the roman numerals:






















The first few Roman numerals are: I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII and so on.

Roman Numerals

What is IV VI MMX?

4 6 2010

Roman Numerals

How can you write 1972 in roman numerals?


Roman Numerals

What is 1 to 10 in roman numerals?

1- I
2- II
3- III
4- IV
5- V
6- VI
7- VII
9- IX
10- X

NB. 4 on clocks is mainly IIII


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