Are Cheese Monkeys real?

Cheese-eating surrender monkeys, sometimes shortened to surrender monkeys, is a derogatory phrase referring to the French that gained notoriety in the United States, particularly in the run-up to the Iraq War.

The phrase was first popularized in the Simpsons episode Round Springfield (first aired on April 30, 1995). Groundskeeper Willie, the school janitor, is teaching French due to budget cuts, dressed in a striped jumper and a beret. In a heavy Scottish accent, he greets the class with "Bonjourrrrrrrrr, yah cheese-eatin' surrender monkeys!" According to the DVD commentary for the episode, the line was most likely written by Ken Keeler.

The line was first picked up and used predominantly by Republican American politicians and publications. They were led, according to the British national newspaper The Guardian, by Jonah Goldberg, a columnist for the U.S. bi-weekly National Review and editor of their website National Review Online. Goldberg's online-only column, the G-File, is written in a more casual, personal manner and in the late 1990s often contained Simpsons (and other pop-cultural) references. Goldberg's repeated aggressive use of the phrase "cheese-eating surrender monkeys" led to its more widespread use amongst his readers, although Goldberg had stopped using it by the time the phrase was gaining mainstream popularity post-9/11.