British imperialism in India?
The British used mercantilism to control India. Indians would grow the necessary materials for making cloth, then they would ship them to Britain to get spun into cloth, then the clothes would be sold back to the Indian people. Britain put an unbearable tax on salt, but people had to purchase it because it's a necessity in such a hot climate. Meanwhile, the poverty rate was very high and people were dying of starvation and disease everywhere, but Britain remained indifferent. Gandhi became the leader against this British regime. He used satyagraha, or the practice of nonviolent resistance, to overthrow British rule. He wanted everyone in India to get over the fact that they were of all different religions and classes and unite under one common goal. He wanted to abolish the idea of untouchables, or people who were co0nmcidered basically slaves form the time they were born. He made everyone, including himself and his wife, do "untouchable" work. He insisted that no matter how horrible the British were to them, they would only fight back with peaceful methods. He suffered emotionally and physically and was assassinated for his efforts.
Imperialism is a policy of extending control or authorities over foreign entities as a means of forcing them. Gandhi's movie relates to the concept of imperialism because British were forcing India to be in control of them. India wants to be an independent country but British imperialism had a large impact on India.
The British East India Company played a major role in British imperialism because as British products flowed into India; the Indian goods we're not able to be shipped to Britain because Indian goods were outlawed in India. Soon enough the East India Company was shut down and Britain took it over and used it to sell Britain goods not Indian goods. Thus helping Britain and shutting out India.
What were the positive and negative effects of imperialism for the british the mother country and for India the colony?
The British East India Company almost had a monopoly on the trade with India. They taxed imports and exports going into and out of India, gaining huge amounts of money. They also restricted certain industries so they didn't rival the British. India was yet another piece of land to add to British control, adding to British power in general.
The term of imperialism is an important term that was & is sometimes used to describe a nations aggressive foreign policy. Its practice shaped the future of the imperialist nation and the future of the abused nation. The British colonization of the nation of India as example, was an act of imperialism. This policy enriched the British for hundreds of years and impoverished India as well. So when speaking of history and the present time as well, imperialism is a strong force.