Of course they can't, it's a personal guarantee.
Yes. Many personal assets are protected in a bankruptcy.
Can you protect your assets from bankruptcy by placing them in an irrevocable trust?
Yes. Consult a knowledgeable bankruptcy attorney.
When filing bankruptcy all assets are placed in a bankruptcy estate. Some assets are allowed to be protected and qualify for an exemption by the trustee. Items that are placed in exemption are permitted to be sold, but the trustee should be notified prior to the sale.
If the pastor files for personal bankruptcy, no - the church fund can't be touched. If he files bankruptcy ON BEHALF of the church, then any and all funds and assets of the church can be affected.
Yes. However, the assets must be transferred to the trust and will no longer be "personal" assets. They will be under the control of the trustee of the trust. You should discuss your situation with an attorney who specializes in trust law in your state.
Whatever they can sell to reclaim their losses. You may need to proceed with bankruptcy to protect other assets. Consult an attorney for specifics.
Generally, these are exempt assets and they remain yours, preumably to take with you.
A LLC is considered one of your assets. The LLC protects you from liabilities it assumes, but it doesn't protect the LLC from your liabilities. Therefore, if you declare bankruptcy, you could possibly lose your share of an LLC. At best, it would be difficult for you to get credit for the LLC, since the individual generally has to secure credit for the LLC.