answersLogoWhite

0


Best Answer

Yes, equipment on Cadillac Mt. was set up to search for German subs off the coast.

The Portland Harbor was certainly a target of the German Wolf Packs. Two old wooden cargo ships were sunk in one of the "back ways" into the Casco Bay so the U-boats couldn't seek in.

At the mouth of the river in Massachusetts, just across from Scituate, there actually is a U-boat that grounded there.

More broadly speaking, the entire East and Gulf Coasts of the U.S. needed to be protected against U-Boats.

The U.S. established the Civil Air Patrol (CAP) in December of 1941, just six days before Pearl Harbor. The first objective was to establish a CAP coastal patrol on 21 bases from Maine to Mexico. Three experimental bases were opened first and in this order: Atlantic City, New Jersey, Rehoboth Beach, Delaware, and Lantana, Florida. Within 15 minutes of the first flight from Atlantic City, NJ, CAP pilots participated in the rescue of crew members from a tanker that had just been torpedoed by a U-Boat off Cape May, NJ.

In the first six months of 1942, U-Boats sank 498 U.S. tankers and freighters off our coasts, often right in sight of people on shore. Commercial shipping was at risk because no one wanted to work under the dangerous conditions. Fuel supplies to Allied navies were threatened.

The most active CAP bases served areas where there were oil refineries. The Germans wanted to cut off supplies.

At first, CAP planes flew unarmed, though they often feigned attack by going into formation to dive at the subs. But too many times U-Boats escaped while CAP waited for other military forces to answer their alerts. Later, CAP planes carried bombs and depth charges.

The subs were not easy to spot (for example they often hid in muddy waters where rivers spilled to the sea) and other branches of the military generally did not report back to CAP on whether they had successfully sunk subs located by CAP. But the subs spotted the CAP planes By August 31 of 1943--just 21 months after CAP was founded--the Government ended coastal patrols because German subs had been chased from our shores. A German officer, taken captive, was asked why German U-Boats left US coastal waters by 1943. He replied, "Because of those damned little red and yellow airplanes."

There were two CAP bases in Maine, one in Portland and one at Trenton Airport in Ellsworth-Bar Harbor. Portland was a busy port in WWII, the closest port for crossing the Atlantic to Britain. Moreover, Bath Iron Works was manufacturing Liberty Ships and needed some protection. A Portland CAP pilot named Winther is one of few who identified a German sub in Coasco Bay with certainty. He and his observor saw a periscope wake, the sub submerged, the periscope re-surfaced later as the CAP plane followed. The CAP plane was unarmed and this was another sub that escaped while CAP pilots waited for conventional military forces to respond to their alert.

Once, a reconnaisance blimp disappeared over Mt Desert Rock. Natives reported hearing gunshots. But no one is sure what happened to the blimp. A U-Boat was suspected.

Reportedly there is a sunken U-Boat off Small's Pt. Some undersea adventurers were talking about raising it but I haven't heard anything lately.

It says something that at the end of WWII, in August of 1945, seven U-boats surrendered in Portsmouth, which was the biggest US submarine base. These were U-Boats that were in the vicinity at the cessation of hostilities. Four surrendered on one day, the others took a little longer to come in. As the crow flies, NH has only 21 miles of coastline. That might tell you something about the proximity of subs to Maine. One of these subs, the U-505, wallowed in the Piscataqua River for some time before a Chicago businessman had it towed through the St. Lawrence Seaway to Chicago where it was put on permanent display at the Museum of Science and Indsutry there. That U-Boat has seen 24 million visitors since 1954. A special 35,000 s.f. display area is now being built around the sub to protect it fromweather while the U-boat itself undergoes restoration. The exhibit will re-open in the summer of 1995.

For the most part, Americans were blissfully unaware of how close to our own shores we experienced enemy attacks, or how how much damage these subs were doing.

_______________________________________________________________

In addition to that the US Coast Guard had beach patrols on all coasts 24 hours a day by foot, horseback, qnd vehicles. Also they used dogs to help in detecting people coming ashore. Both the Coast Guard and the navy commandeered boats and yachts from private citizens and used them for coastal patrols. Many of these were sailboats and so were very quiet and hard to detect by submarines. They did detect some submarines

Also the Army had volunteer coast watchers whose job was to man lookouts and watch for submarines, ships and aircraft.

Probably the best known story is the beach patrol that discovered a submarine putting men ashore on Long Island. They were apprehended and they had plans to sabotage targets in New York.

Also shipping was often escorted out of harbors until well offshore.

So it was pretty much an all out effort to guard our coasts and shipping

User Avatar

Wiki User

โˆ™ 2011-05-17 20:02:32
This answer is:
๐Ÿ™
0
๐Ÿคจ
0
๐Ÿ˜ฎ
0
User Avatar

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: Did the Maine coast need to be defended against German U-Boats?
Write your answer...
Submit
Related questions

Which is bigger a Maine coon cat or a cavalier king Charles spaniel?

Its a Maine coon cause I saw a Maine coon which was as big as a German shepherd.


IS it against the law to leave a child unattended in a car in Maine?

Yes, it is against the law.


Who was the leader of the 20th Maine who defended Little Round Top at the battle of Gettysburg?

Colonel (later Major General) Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain of Brewer, Maine. Formerly a professor of Bowdoin College and would someday become Maine's governor.


Who was the 20th Maine headed up by during the civil war?

Joshua Chamberlain, he originally declined the offer. This regiment was part of the Battle of Gettysburg. They defended Little Roundtop.


Did the sinking of the USS Maine turn American opinion against Germany?

No, the sinking of the USS Maine caused the Spainish-American War.


Who did the American press claim was responsible for the explosion for the uss Maine?

German U-boats.


Why did Joshua L. Chamberlain win the Medal of Honor?

He defended Little Round Top with a bayonet charge that took him to prominence in the war while commanding the 20th Maine.


What action did the American public favor after the sinking of the Maine?

war against Spain


Why didn't American intervene in the war against Cuba and Spain?

Remember the Maine


Is it legal to smoke in a retail store in Maine?

You can't smoke inside of any buildings in Maine...not even the bars. Where will this prejudice against smokers end???


What were the events of the USS Maine before and after?

the events before and after were tense and after the explosion of the USS Maine was explosive and sop that caused the USS to go to war against Spain.


Does a Maine coon cat have predators?

Well i think wolfs eat them because wolfs are big dogs and German shepherd can eat a stray cat so maybe wolf can eat Maine coons.


Is there any skateboarding laws in Maine?

The state of Maine doesn't have any laws against skateboarding, but the individuals towns and cities are given authority to define and regulate the activity themselves.


Did the 10th Maine Battalion Regiment Infantry really hold off all of Longstreet's forces alone for 10 minutes during the Battle of Gettysburg giving the North time to regroup and counterattack?

No, the 10th Maine was the Provost Guard for the 12th Army Corps and didn't see any real fighting. The 20th Maine defended Little Round Top with a bayonet charge that is very famous. It was the 1st Minnisota.


Who was the union officer that helped defend little round top in the battle of Gettysburg?

Union Colonel Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain of the 20th Maine Regiment defended Little round top on July 2nd, 1863.


What was a major factor that led Americans to call for war against Spain?

The blowing up of the USS Maine


What was the reason for going to war against Spain?

Support for Cuban Independence and the mysterious sinking of the USS Maine.


What is the only state in the US whose name is just one syllable?

MaineMaine and it's "syllable".MaineMaine is the only state with one syllable.Maine is the only state that is one syllable. All of the other states have at least two syllables. There are numerous states that have four syllables in their names.The answer s MaineMaine.MaineOnly one: Maine.MaineMaine.maineone, Maine.The only US State with a single syllable name is Maine.Maine.One.....Maine.Maine has only one syllable.Maine is the only US state that has one syllable.If you include US territories as states, then Guam is also one.MaineThe only state with one syllable is Maine.Must be MaineMaine.MaineIts Maine!One: MaineMaine is the only one.Maine.Maine.Only one - MAINEOne. Maine.


Why did America declare war against Spain in 1898?

The US declaered war against Spain over the sinking of the US battleship the U.S.S. Maine in Havana harbor.


How did the sinking of the Maine cause the Spanish-American War?

The sinking of the Maine was the event that definitely convinced the US public opinion to push in favor of the war against Spain. The USS Maine battleship was blown up in Havana, Cuba harbor. Spanish sabotage was suspected.


Who made Maine an independent state?

they declared war against Massachusets and won and when they won they became a independent state


Why did President McKinley ask for a declaration of war against Spain?

Spain blew up USs maine in havana


What is the name of the states borders only one other state?

Maine maine maine maine maine :d


What are the release dates for Lighthouse Against the Grain - 2011?

Lighthouse Against the Grain - 2011 was released on: USA: 28 March 2011 (Maine Jewish Film Festival)


Is the Maine desert in Maine real?

No desert in Maine.