Find the program's icon in explorer, right click on it, then select send to, then desktop (create shortcut). Done
right click on desktop and properties desktop customize desktop and select icon to view it on your desktop and click OK
If you right click on your desktop and go down to new and click on shortcut then go to browse and find what you what for an icon in your screen, you click okay then next then finish you have the icon on your desktop.
When you remove an icon from the desktop on a Mac, you do not put the application in the trash only the desktop icon.
You can save the Gmail icon from Google images. It has got the icon of the Gmail software. Then you can place the image on desktop.
The icons on a desktop are referred to as APPS or shortcuts.
You cannot use the website icon on the desktop. You can always add the bookmarks, which are same as icon of page.
In my perspective, I don't really think there is a difference. Icon is the little picture thingys you find out the desktop. When you click shortcut for something, it will appear the same as an icon on the desktop. So I don't really think there's a difference.
It might be because of your memory space or computer. Find Minecraft in your programs via the Start Menu. Right-click it, then click "Create Shortcut". An icon should appear on your desktop.