Does a compass needle always point to the north?
Yes , well mostly. It actually points to magnetic north, which isn't exactly at the North Pole. The Earth's magnetic field is offset from true geographic north and the North Magnetic Pole is currently located in northern Canada.
To arrive at true north, a table of deviations can be consulted. But for most purposes, it is close enough to actual north.
The painted end of the compass needle is magnetized. That magnetism is drawn toward the earth's magnetic field, which is to the north. Answer A compass needle is a tiny magnet, with a north pole and a south pole. These poles are named after the direction in which they point, so the 'painted end' (north) of a compass needle points north because the needle aligns itself with the earth's magnetic field. Magnetic North is the…
A compass will point the same whether it is in the northern or southern hemisphere. The needle on a compass is designed to magnetically line up with the earths poles. Therefore the north end of the needle of the compass will point to earths north, and the south end of the compass needle will point towards earths south whether you are in the northern or southern hemisphere.