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How are Gospels written or give the stages of the Gospels?
November 06, 2016 3:32AM
The New Testament gospels were all written anonymously, which means we do not really know who wrote any of them. Beginning with Mark's Gospel, the earliest New Testament gospel to be written, all the gospels were written in Greek Koine. The Gospels of Matthew and Luke were substantially based on Mark, with further sayings material attributed to Jesus being taken from the hypothetical 'Q' document. Last of all came John's Gospel, which was loosely based on Luke, with some material taken direct from Mark.
November 21, 2009 8:24PM
Accounts written by Matthew, Mark, Luke and John have been preserved, and because they deal with the gospel or glad tidings which Christ preached, they are known as the gospels. The first three, dealing in general with the same teachings and historical events, are called the synoptic gospels.
It appears that Matthew was directing his gospel to the Jews. Mark apparently wrote with the aim of appealing to the Roman and Gentile mind.
Lukes gospel presents the Master to the Greeks, and the gospel of John is the account for the disciples and is pre-eminetly for the church.
There are four genuine Gospels which originate in the apostolic community of the 1st century. This community included the family, disciples, friends and other eyewitnesses of the life, teaching, death and resurrection of Jesus. It was these documents (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) which were given the name "Gospels" from a word which appears in the texts meaning 'good news'. Over the succeeding centuries other books claiming to be "Gospels" were produced by a range of heretical sects each designed to express their unorthodox teaching. Pseudographs and other unworthy fakes were rejected as dross by the Church and only the original four accounts were ever accepted as genuine and authoritative scripture. The four canonical Gospels are quoted extensively by the theologians (fathers) of the early church in the 2nd century.
The so-called Gospel of Thomas is not a narrative, like the true Gospels, but a collection of 114 sayings or logia at least half of which are of doubtful authenticity. It dates from around the middle of the C2nd. The "Gospel of Barnabas" was written by a Muslim in the C13th.
The four canonical Gospels were written when eyewitnesses of Christ were still alive. None of the other so-called "Gospels" was written by anyone who knew Jesus of Nazareth during his earthly life. Islam appears to have been influenced by at least one heretical sect, possibly the Docetists or Aryans.