How are colonies established?

In 1584 and 1585 Ralegh and his investors sponsored and organized reconaissance trips to Roanoke Island in what is now North Carolina. In 1587 a third voyage was organized, consisting of some 120 men, women and boys. By this time Ralegh had no direct connection or investment in the voyage and merely lent his name to it. The colonization attempt failed and became known as the lost colony. Ralegh did not accompany any of the Roanoke voyages. Although it is often believed that Ralegh traveled to Roanoke Island, he did not.