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Colonial America

The history of the thirteen British colonies that would eventually declare independence in 1776 and later become the United States.

91,368 Questions
History of the United States
Colonial America

Did the New Englanders settle the cape fear region?

Check history. The Pilgrams had been headed far more south. Yet got blown much farther north. So they settled where they landed. All that had already arrived where they had first aimed, all died the first winter. Up at Cape Cod the Indians found them barly alive and saved them! This new Chrsitan reliigon group may have done more seriuos praying.

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New York
Colonial America
Climatology and Climate Changes

What was the climate of colonial New York?

Colonial New York had a very similar climate to today's. See the related question for that description.

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Colonial America
Flatworms

Did Jamestown move from place to place?

Why did Detroit see a dramatic population increase at the beginning of the twentieth century

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History of the United States
Slavery
Colonial America

How did the Middle Colonies differ from the New England Colonies?

Middle Colonies v. New England ColoniesThe biggest difference between the two regions is the soil composure. In New England you had a much rockier soil composure while in the Middle Colonies you had a much softer, fertile soil composure. Because of this farming in the New England colonies was very hard. Also becasue of the difference in soil composure there are different kinds of forests. In New England you have many more coniferous forests, because of the colder weather patterns and harder soil composition, in the Middle states forest are dominated by deciduos trees, or trees that loose their leaves in autumn. The climate in the New England colonies is much harsher also leading to short planting seasons for the Pilgrims. It was not an ideal location for a settlement -- the Pilgrims were actually shooting for Virginia, but a storm threw them off path and they ended up in what is today Provincetown, Cape Cod, MA
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New York
Colonial America

Who founded New York?

Native Americans, including the Lenape Indians, inhabited the area long before Europeans arrived.

In 1524, the first European to the area was Giovanni da Verrazzano, an Italian sailing for the French. The French never colonized the area.

English explorer Henry Hudson rediscovered the mouth of the Hudson River in 1609 and explored Hudson Bay in 1610. Like other explorers, Hudson was actually looking for a shortcut to Asia. He did not found any settlement there. bob :)

French explorer Champlain mapped the east coast of America from Cape Bretton, Nova Scotia, to Cape Cod, Mass in 1607, not quite far enough south to find (or found) New York, but close.

Peter Minuit was a German but was a director of the Dutch West India Co. He reached Manhattan Island in 1624 and purchased it from the Indians with beads, ribbons, and trinkets valued at the amount of 60 guilders, or about $24.

This became the colony of New Amsterdam (Niewe Amsterdam) in 1625. That is the date that appears on the Seal of the City of New York.

New Amsterdam separated the English colonies of New England from the other English colonies in the south. Clashes between the Dutch and the English were inevitable. England's Charles II claimed all the Dutch land, and in 1664 he gave it to his brother

The Dutch weren't prepared to fight the English, so in 1664, New Amsterdam became New York.

New York City as we know it (Manhattan, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island) was founded in 1898. Before they were just separate boroughs, each with their own jurisdiction.

The state of New York was founded in July 26, 1788.

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New York
Colonial America
Maps and Directions

Where can you find a map of colonial New York?

Answer

The State University of New York at Stony Brook has digitized their map collection online and has many colonial New York maps available.

They also have a map pathfinder with links to other digital maps of New York. See related links to go to the site.

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History of the United States
Colonial America

What is the first elected government in America?

This would have to be the House of Burgesses. This is because the House of Burgesses started in Virginia, one of the original colonies.

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New York
History of the United States
Colonial America

What natural resources were available in the New York Colony?

Some natural resources were water, fish, but mostly wood/lumber because the area is called the Eastern Woodlands,fish, lakes and streams, freshwater wetlands, oceans, wildlife, minerals, forests,fish, granite, marble, food, forests, iron, fur, water and minerals.

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Colonial America

How did the unique geographic landscape of each region cause the colonies to develop differently?

Rivers and mountains have always defined natural boundaries, travel and trade.

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Colonial America

Why did the US colonists oppose the Tea Act?

Prior to the French and Indian War, British colonists in America were not taxed. Taxes were introduced, including the tax on tea, because Great Britain saw the war as being for the colonies' benefit as well as the mother country, and they should pay their portion of it. Many colonists objected because they were taxed but still had no representation in Parliament. The Sons of Liberty were the ones who protested the Act as taxation without representation.

Parliament also passed the Townshend Revenue Act of 1767. The average colonist were not upset about the tea tax since the tax on tea was LOWERED and not made higher. The men who were upset were the smugglers of Dutch tea since it made the cost of their tea HIGHER ( Hamlton was one), so they organized the Boston Tea Party. They were hit in their pockets because of this and were pretty mad.

Most of the tea was brought to the colonies by the British East India Company. The British East India Company bought tea in southern Asia, shipped it to the colonies, and then sold it to colonial tea merchants. The merchants then sold the tea to the colonists. To make a profit, the merchants sold the tea at a higher price than they had paid for it.

Tea was especially popular around the time the Tea Act of 1773 came in. This act, requiring that Americans purchase tea through the British East India company, imposed heavy taxes on the tea - taxes that weren't being spent on the improvement of the colonies, but rather on unnecessary British troops and on lining the King's pockets.

Many colonists were opposed to the Tea Act because it cut out middlemen who operated legally while also enforcing more taxes. Those who imported tea illegally were also affected because legal tea prices dropped as a result of the act.

The Tea Act of 1773 gave the British East India Tea Company an advantage over American and Dutch tea Companies. By lowering the company's tea tax, it made it so cheap that other tea companies were unable to compete. Colonists were enraged, especially when a previous tea tax on tea entering the colonies remained intact while tea entering England had no duty.

The Tea Act made it possible for colonists to pay lower taxes on tea than they had, and the British government was hopeful that it would be well received. It was not, partly because people who were already avoiding the existing taxes would have a hard time continuing to do so, and partly because merchants would make less money on the tea under the newer tax. Another problem was that the tax was being used to leverage recognition of the British parliament's right to impose taxes on the colonists.

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Religion & Spirituality
History of the United States
Colonial America

What is a religious pamphlet called?

Tract

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American Revolution
Colonial America

What is the significance of loyalists and tories?

Loyalists and tories provided crack/elite forces to the British. They also eroded American trust and support for independence. Tories were able to infiltrate American societies easily. Loyalists were armed like Americans, with long rifles able for sniping and special missions like the Americans used to success. The british used them poorly; the loyalists could have done much more.

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Colonial America
Desserts, Snacks, and Treats

What did colonial children eat for snacks?

Children ate dried pumpkin skins, pickled rinds ,biscuits and drank sour grape wine.

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History of the United States
Colonial America
English to French

Explain the nature of French colonial policy in America and show how conflict grew between the french and the English?

French colonial policy in North America was similar in nature to the general English policy but enacted differently. In this time period, the economic power or wealth of the colonies wasn't important but what was important was their strategic locations or resources. The French and English wished to gain footholds in the New World in order to compete in Europe against one another by controlling this things. However, where as the English did this by settling in the smaller area of the Thirteen Colonies and allowed mass immigration to occur, leading to the development of agriculture and industry, the French controlled immigration strictly and had much more difficulty bringing people to Canada. The French focused on expanding the geographic extent on their empire by building the fur trade where as the British primarily used the Thirteen Colonies as a place to trade and sell their goods. Conflict between them arose for two main reasons: 1) fighting over the fur trade and cod fishing in the Atlantic; 2) because of conflicts in Europe (conflict in Europe also meant war in America). The fighting between England and France, overall, wasn't so much because of their colonial policy but because of the inherent competitive nature of empire-building in North America and imperial rivalries in Europe.

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American Revolution
Colonial America

Who explored Ohio Valley?

Pierre-Joseph Celeron de Bienville (1693-1759) explored Ohio in 1749.

Christopher Gist explored Ohio for the British the next year and wrote about his visit.

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Colonial America
Boston Tea Party

What were the british fighting styles during the 1700's?

The British "red coats" were so feared at this time that they would march to large fields to meet their foe and due battle only during daylight hours. They would fight face to face, officers in the far rear of the battle. Any officer up in the fight was not allowed to be attacked. The Minutemen changed all that, starting in the trip back from Lexington and Concord (shot heard round the world).

The British fighting style that led to their domination of the world was only being developed during the 1700's.

With the introduction of firearms armies had developed a style of set piece battles where companies of drilled men would confront each other, musketeers protected from calvary by pikemen. During the civil wars in the 1740's between the Stuarts and Hanoverians in England and Scotland the bayonet had replaced the pike effectively making the musketeer his own defender. The English troops first suffered many defeats when they became overwhelmed by the intensity of the Highlanders charge. At Culloden in 1845 the British infantry were given a new instruction. They were not to defend against the man attacking them but to kill the man who was attacking the soldier on the right because he would not be able to use his shield to defend himself.

This tactic worked and the English gained more confidence in their ability to resist a frontal attack. By the end of the century the English had recruited many of their former enemies into highland regiments and now used the fury of the Highland charge as their own assault weapon in a combined British army.

This reflected the ancient fighting styles of the Saxons who fought behind a wall of shields with spear and axe and the celts who often put all their energy into one furious charge.

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Colonial America
Video Games

Are there any colonial video games?

Oregon Trail

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History, Politics & Society
Colonial America

Political and economic power in the southern colonies were dominated by?

Rich white plantation owners and they're control of slaves and cotton.

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History of the United States
Colonial America

What did rhode island established in 1636 and New Hamshire founded in 1638 have in common?

They were both established by men who had been banished from Boston.

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Native American History
History of the United States
Colonial America

Did native American tribes ever fight each other over land before pilgrims even settled?

All the time. In fact the pilgrims were only able to make allies of native tribes because of existing rivalries in the area.

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New York
United States of America
Colonial America
Continents and Regions
United States

Why do they call the Northeastern U.S. 'New England'?

People don't call the Northeastern U.S., "New England," because they are not the same thing. The Northeast region of the U.S. is comprised of two smaller regions, New England and the Mid-Atlantic States. The six New England states are Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island.

The Mid-Atlantic States are New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and some people consider Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia to be part of the Mid-Atlantic/Northeastern region as well.

So, New England is not the Northeast. New England is PART of the Northeast.

The New England states are called New England because they were settled by the Pilgrims, who came from England. Except for Maine, which was then part of Massachusetts, and Vermont, which declared its independence separately, the New England states were all part of the original 13 colonies.

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Colonial America
Rhode Island
Maps and Directions

What colony is located west of Rhode Island?

Connecticut.

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History of the United States
Colonial America

Where did the colonists go on the Great Wagon Road?

the Great Wagon Road traveled the Appalachian Valley from Pennsylvania to North Carolina where some colonist continued on to Georgia.

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