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The mitochondria is where aerobic respiration takes place to create energy for the cell in an animal. In plants, the chloroplasts take the energy from sunlight to provide the energy needed for the cell.

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Q: How are mitochondria and chloroplasts and aerobic cell respiration and phtosynthesis the opposite of each other?
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Why is the process that occurs in the motohomdria considered to be the opposite of the process that occurs in the chloroplasts?

Mitochondria= respiration-energy+o2 Chloroplasts=photosynthesis-food - energy

What are the similarities between mitochondria an chloroplast?

Both mitochondria and chloroplasts are organelles. Mitochondria are used in cellular respiration and chloroplasts are used in photosynthesis. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are opposite processes. Both are believed to have evolved from a living single celled bacteria that was engulfed by an early form of a plant or animal cell. Therefore, both mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA. Furthermore, they both have free ribosomes. NOTE! they both DO NOT have 2 membranes. chloroplasts have 3 membranes

Why are the mitochondria and chloroplast opposite?

Chloroplasts are glucose manufacturers. Mitochondria utilize those glucose

How mitochondria and chloroplasts are opposites in function?

There is no definite difference in function, however the necessary catalysts are quite different. Chloroplasts require sunlight to start, whereas mitochondrion do not require light. REVISION: I disagree with the previous answer - the function of a mitochondria and a chloroplast are fundamentally different, indeed nearly opposite in many respects. Chloroplasts are the site of photosynthesis whereby light energy and carbon dioxide are utilized to form sugars. Mitochondria are the site of much of cellular respiration (parts of cellular respiration also occur in the cytoplasm) where oxygen and sugars are broken down to generate energy and carbon dioxide. Plants utilize their chloroplasts to generate sugars wherein the energy of the sun can be stored and later used by their mitochondria and cellular respiration to generate energy.

Is chlorophyll found in the mitochondria?

No, it's found in chloroplasts. (Plant cells only)Mitochondria carry out respiration.It is like the opposite reaction of photosynthesis

Which structures allows for gas exchange between the tissues of a leaf and the atmosphere?

The exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen between plant organisms and the atmosphere occurs by two processes: cellular respiration and photosynthesis. Cellular respiration is when oxygen and glucose get "breathed in" by the cell, and in turn the cell "breathes out" carbon dioxide, water, and energy. The opposite happens for photosynthesis. As an answer to your question, cellular respiration happens in the mitochondria, and photosynthesis happens in the chloroplasts. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are organelles ("organs of cells") in plant cells.

Why is the process that takes place in a mitochandrian often described as being the opposite of the process that takes place in a chloroplast?

I'm not sure if it's accurate to say that the process that takes place in the mitochondria is in fact the opposite of what takes place in the chloroplast. Rather, I would say that the biochemical process of cellular respiration (which partially takes place in the mitochondria) is the opposite of the biochemical process of photosynthesis (which does take place in the chloroplast). In cellular respiration, oxygen is used to breakdown carbohydrates for energy and carbon dioxide is released as a byproduct. In photosynthesis the energy of sunlight is absorbed by the synthesis of carbon dioxide into carbohydrates and oxygen is released as a byproduct. Thus cellular respiration and photosynthesis can be described as opposite processes. However, the process of cellular respiration does not occur exclusively in the mitochondria but occurs in part in the cytoplasm, so I think it's more accurate to say that cellular respiration is the opposite of photosynthesis than mitochondria have the opposite function of chloroplasts.

Is phtosynthesis a example of decompostion reaction?

no it is the opposite, it is a composition reaction.

Which of these was not derived from an ancestral alpha proteobacterium?

Answer Choices: A) mitosome B) kinetoplast C) chloroplast D) hydrogenosome E) mitochondrion Answer:C) chloroplast Explanation: Chloroplasts are not related to all the other choices. Mitochondria, kinetoplasts, mitosomes, and hydrogenosomes are similar in that they both deal with cellular respiration, regardless of whether it is aerobic or anaerobic. On the other hand, chloroplasts deal with photosynthesis, a process which is the complete opposite of cellular respiration.

What does the equation of respiration look like?

in a plant its the opposite of photosynthesis + LIGHT 6CO2 + 6H2O = C6H12O6 (glucose) + 6O2 reversed it becomes respiration 6O2 + C6H12O6 = 6CO2 + 6H2O chloroplasts use sunlight to to convert the water and carbon dioxide into glucose and release the by product, Oxygen in respiration Oxygen is taken into the plant and glucose is turned into respiratory energy by Mitochondria.

Is respiration opposite of photosynthesis?

in a way respiration is the opposite of photosynthesis. Because when you look at the formula for each of them one is the reverse of the other. However, photosynthesis is the process of changeing sunlight to energy and respiration is when a cell no longer needs a part of it, or that part gets too old. Say, for example a mitochondria isn't doing it's job, then the cell will break it down and use the remainder if the mitochondria for something else. That is respiration.

Is photosynthesis the opposite of respiration?

Yes. respiration is the opposite reaction of photosynthesis.

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