Asked by Andy Blackwell Uncategorized
How can you sterelize cyclosporin?
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Asked in Science Experiments
What is the protective effect of the crude leaf extract of combretum racemosum on cyclosporin-A induced liver injury in rats?
Asked in Biology, Microbiology, Genetics
Could there be an organism that has no ribosomes in its cells?
Most likely not. Yet, there are examples of non-ribosome mediated protein synthesis in some bacteria, e.g. the synthesis of cyclosporin by the Cyclosporin synthethase complex. But this is a very rare phenomenon, and besides these non-ribosomal peptide synthetases are ofcourse themselves synthesized by the ribosome.
Does cyclosporin affect allergy shots?
Okay, I asked this question, and according to my doctors there has been no medical literature about this topic. To be on the safe side, my allergist decided to discontinue the allergy shots. However, should you need to actually know, I recommend to ask an expert doctor who is handling your case. Cyclosporin is a medication that suppresses a part of the immune system involving immune cells and not antibodies. It may affect the way your immune system responds to the allergy immunotherapy. If your allergies are causing you symptoms then it proves that your allergic antibody production is normal. There is no problem with side effects when using both treatments together and sometimes it helps. It is true that there aren't any clinical studies on this but I have seen patients on low dose Cyclosporin do well on allergy immunotherapy.
What was the name of the drug in 1954 used in transplants?
Asked in Medication and Drugs
Do immunosuppressant drugs interact with other medicines?
Asked in Organ Transplants
What were the problems with organ transplantation before 1954?
Asked in Conditions and Diseases
What immunosuppressant drugs are used to treat autoimmune diseases?
Asked in Medication and Drugs
A soil fungus is one of the sources of cyclosporine this drug is given to patients who are about to receive an organ transplant cyclosporine suppresses the body's natural response to reject the organ?
Asked in Organ Transplants
To prevent rejection of the donor organ?
What interactions may occur with immunosuppressant drugs?
Asked in Health, Medication and Drugs
Which medication is administered to prevent the rejection of donor tissue?
Asked in Authors, Poets, and Playwrights
What has the author Rose J Hilbelink written?
Can you drink alcohol while taking ciclosporin?
There is no reason not to consume alcohol with the immunosuppressant ciclosprin (also spelled cyclosporine & cyclosporin), in fact one brand name (neoral) of the drug contains a very small amount of absolute ethanol. Although it should be remembered that possible side effects of the drug can be impaired kidney and liver function which would be exacerbated by excessive consumption of alcohol.
Asked in Microbiology, Biotechnology
What is the usefulness of microbes in detail?
Microbes have certain uses as listed bellow: 1)helps to prepare wines and some food items like cheese= Propionibacterium shermani(microbe) curd = lactobaccilus ethanol =yeast 2)some drugs /bio molecules cyclosporin A = tricoderma polysporum... statin 3)some acids acetic acid =acetobacter aceti butyric acid=clostridium butylicum 4) lipases=candida lypolitica ; used in laundry 5)proteases and pepteases= give a clear apperence to bottled juices 6) methane(biogas)=methanogen 7)helps in sewage treatment
Asked in Organ Transplants
What will happen if you stop taking azathioprine?
It depends why you're on azathioprine and if you're also on any other drugs that have a similar effect. For example, if you're on azathioprine to prevent organ rejection following a transplant, you may lose the graft if you stop taking azathioprine. On the other hand, if you're also on another immunosuppressive such as cyclosporin or tacrolimus, and stop taking azathioprine, you're unlikely to notice an immediate difference, although in the long run you may find that your graft function declines quicker than expected. You should always consult your doctor before stopping (or starting) any medication.
Asked in Domestic Dogs
What causes fungal infection on a dog?
My blue-heeler mix developed fungal infections in her ears and under her legs, extremely itchy skin, and hair loss from scratching. Found that she has a severe flea allergy, associated with an autoimmune problem, causing the systemic reaction to even one flea bite. She even had dark circles around her eyes. The vet said she was likely so sensitized, she was even reacting to her food. We started her on lamb/rice dog food, daily Benadryl, and cyclosporin. She's improved tremendously, as long as I can keep fleas off of her. For that, we have her on a monthly flea pill, I think it's called "Comfortex".
Asked in Health
What are the ten common terms in food sanitation?
1. Clean - free of visible soil. 2. sanitize - reduce the number of microorganisms to a safe level using heat or chemicals. 3. Sterelize - to make free of microorganisms. 4. contamination - the presence of harmful substace in food. 5. spoilage - damge to the edible quality of a food. 6. food borne illness - illness transmitted to humans due to the ingestion of food that contatins harmful pathogens or their by products (toxins). 7. cross - contamination - the transfer of a hrmful substance from one food to another by direct or indirect contact. 8. food borne illness outbreaks (FBIO's) - defined as the laboratory confirmed incidence of clinical illness involving two or more people that ate a common food. 9. potentially hazardous foods (PHF's) - foods that allows the rapid growth of bacteria. There are several physical and environmental characteristics that will make a food potentially hazardous. 10. Temperature danger zone - temperature range where bacteria can grow and reproduce rapidly (between 41 and 135 degrees celcius)
What is the medication for rheumatoid arthritis?
Medicines involved in the treatment of RA are used to Relieve or reduce pain. Improve daily function. Reduce joint inflammation. Prevent permanent damage to joints and other tisue. and to generaly Improve the quality of life. Rheumatologist may prescribe one of variety medications. Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are medications used to treat inflammatory arthritis. Other medication such as anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed. Here are some of the DMARDs that are used in the treatment of RA. Methotrexate (e.g. Ledertrexate, Methoblastin) is generally used in moderate to severe RA. Supplements of folic acid are recommended to alleviate side effects of this drug, such as nausea and mouth ulcers. It is potentially toxic to the liver. Methotrexate is the standard DMARD against which other agents are compared. Sulfasalazine Leflunomide Intramuscular gold injections of sodium aurothiomalate Oral gold such as auranofin (e.g. Ridaura) Antimalarials such as hydroxychloroquine sulfate (e.g. Plaquenil) Penicillamine (e.g. D-Penamine) Cyclosporin (e.g. Neoral and Sandimmun). Azathioprine (e.g. Imuran) Trials of combination therapy have shown positive results. A combination of methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine and sulfasalazine is more effective than methotrexate alone. A combination of cyclosporin with methotrexate appears to be more effective than methotrexate alone. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often prescribed as pain killers. COX-2 specific inhibitors The coxibs (e.g. celecoxib - brand name Celebrex) are also non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. Corticosteroids Corticosteroids, sometimes known as glucocorticoids, such as prednisone and prednisolone, are powerful agents that work by reducing inflammatio Biologic agents Recently, another category of arthritis treatments called tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors has been developed. TNF occurs naturally in the body and is a key player in the inflammation process in RA. It is found in high concentration in the joint fluid of people with RA. By attaching to the TNF, these new agents can block its effect.
Asked in Medication and Drugs, Biochemistry
What drug is Cyclosporine produced from?
Ciclosporin, cyclosporine or cyclosporin is an immunosuppressant drug widely used in post-allogeneic organ transplant to reduce the activity of the patient's immune system and, so, the risk of organ rejection. Initially isolated from a Norwegian soil sample, Ciclosporin A, the main form of the drug, is a cyclic nonribosomal peptide of 11 amino acids (an undecapeptide) produced by the fungus Beauveria nivea, and contains a single D-amino acid, which are rarely encountered in nature. Cyclosporine A is synthesized by a nonribosomal peptide synthetase, cyclosporine synthetase. The enzyme contains an adenylation domain, a thiolation domain, a condensation domain, and an N-methyltransferase domain. The adenylation domain is responsible for substrate recognition and activation, whereas the thiolation domain covalently binds the adenylated amino acids to phosphopantetheine and the condensation domain elongates the peptide chain. Generic ciclosporin preparations have been marketed under various trade names including Cicloral (Sandoz/Hexal) and Gengraf (Abbott). Numbnuts just get straight to the damn answer the answer is Imperfect Fungi don't read all the useless crap