My mom's first husband was a POW during WWII. In his opinion, most people that lived in towns around the camps knew what was going on. The difference was, that there wasn't much they could do about it. Hitler turned many people against the Jews. The Germans weren't the only ones in denial. When he returned after the war, there were a lot of Americans that didn't believe what he had seen. They told him he was just spreading government Propaganda. Very few people could comprehend that many people being murdered and no one was stopping it. He died at a young age of a massive heart attack partially brought on by damage caused by all the time and torture of being a POW in WWII Germany. Just an afternote: my uncle transported German POW's back to Germany after they worked in the U.S. during their captivity...he couldn't count all of them that begged him to leave them in the U.S. To find some way for them to stay here. Certainly many Germans, and others, were directly involved in and knew what was going on. Equally certainly, many of them endorsed it or not, for any number of reasons, including self preservation and not seeing any alternative or what we now class as pure hatred. Also equally as sure would be that, human nature being what it is, to really acknowlege the terrible acts being done (especially if there is any complicity), is something one would conciously or not, try and find a way not to. In fact, LEST WE FORGET, for years after the end of WW2, even from those who had first hand experience, coming to terms and bringing to light what had gone on, was not done, being a grossly offensive human experience simply too hard or embarrassing to deal with and maybe even desired forgotten. Most German soldiers on the Eastern Front knew what was happening, though not necessarily the details. Occasionally, they came home on leave - and talked ... Some Germans listened to the BBC ... There was at least one case where a train transporting Jews was derailed in the Rhineland and some of the cattle trucks broke open. They knew (in outline) but they didn't want to know.
Some German people agreed with the Nazis and mistreated the Jews. Other Jewish people sympathized with the Jews and tried to secretly help them.
Either they were in denial and refused to acknowledge that it was happening, or they secretly condoned it.
they could not be in the same place as german people
People who were not Jews were treated differently than the Jews in Nazi Germany. Some of the Jews were German citizens but they were treated as Jews.
Jews could no longer be citizens of Germany.Jews had to wear the yellow star of David on their clothesJews could not use public pools/bathrooms.Jews had to follow curfewsJews cannot marry German citizens.
He beleived that if he could get rid of the Jews and other "undesirable" people he could purify the German people and make them strong enough that they could conquer and rule the world.
No, of course not. The Jews were a small minority and many of the German Jews had been trying for decades to be more German than the Germans.
German Jews, non-German Jews and people who weren't actually Jewish but were considered Jewish by the Germans.
The treatment of the German Jews was known in Germany and abroad.
They blamed the Jews for choking the German economy. The German Jews were a wealthy minority and the Nazi Party needed a common enemy to unite the people, so they used the Jews. For example, if the Earth was attacked by aliens, the people of of Earth would unite against the common enemy. Also, since they were wealthy, they could arrest them, confiscate their wealth and add it to their coffers. Furthermore, Jews were not allowed to own firearms, so they could not resist.
yes, they benefited from it. [Apart from those German people who happened to be Jewish.]
It could be both - Jewish names and German names are often similar and it could be that your ancestors were both Jewish and German (Jews living in Germany).
The German government wanted to create the impression that the German people were unhappy with the Jews. The purported reason was that the German people were unhappy with the assassination of a German diplomat by a Jew.
The same as people in America, Australia, and other countries where Jews live.
They could, most of the Allied armies had Jews in them. Of course they could not serve in the German army because of government policy, but German units fighting in northwestern Russia had to fight alongside Jews in the Finish army.
No. The Jews built, and paid for the walls.
German concentration camps were where Jews and other people went when they were caught by the Nazis
No. Not all Germans are Jews and not all Jews are German. But there are German Jews, as well as Jews with many other nationalities.
The German people.
They called it "Schutzhaft" - "protective custody". They were "protecting" the Jews (or whoever they were arresting if not Jews) from the wrath of the German people.
Of course. Not all Germans believed in the Nazi way. In fact, many of the Jews who were put to death were German themselves.
In effect, Jews and people of Jewish origin were deprived of German citizenship.
He had claimed that the German or Aryan race was superior and Jews were inferior. But not JUST Jews- all other races too. Durring that time, the German people were told that the Jews where the bad guys. ____ See the related questions.
People did notice the segregation and marginalising of the Jews. But much of the harsher treatment of the Jews was kept hidden from the general public. Those who lived near the railway lines or near the camps certainly did notice the treatment, but again, did not know the level or the extremes of the treatment. Also people wanted to remain oblivious; there were enough bad things happening in the war, everyone was suffering, people themselves could be at risk if the asked too many questions, it was safer to ignore what was going on and rationalise it away.
Because Hitler told the German people what they wanted to hear, he told them that he could bring change into Germany (which he did) and that the Jews were the reason that Germany was in bad shape. In other words the German people wanted somebody to blame for all their problems, and Hitler gave it to them.