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Prior to the First World War, Serbia was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Because nationalism was a growing force in Europe, this foreign domination was greatly resented. On June 28th, 1914, a nationalist organization called the Black Hand assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand in an attempt to assert demands for Serbian independence. Though it is widely speculated that the Serbian government had no involvement in the assassination, Austria-Hungary responded swiftly. At Germany's insistence, it declared war on Serbia in an effort to crush the nationalist movement. Though the assassination of Ferdinand was a seemingly miniscule event, it escalated into a global conflict because the major European powers established pre-war alliances in an attempt to avoid war. Britain, France and Russia established the Triple Entente while Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary formed the Triple Alliance. Such alliances were necessary because each nation had to defend its interests. Britain, for instance, was the undisputed ruler of the seas and feared the expansion of the German navy. France, meanwhile, wanted revenge on Germany for the outcome of the Franco-Prussian war of 1871; France suffered a humiliating defeat in this conflict and lost the provinces of Alsace-Lorraine. Though these alliances were meant to prevent war, they wound up having the opposite effect. When Austria-Hungary went to war with Serbia, Russia came to defend the Serbs; the Russians and Serbs were naturally aligned because they were both of Slav descent. Because Germany instucted Austria-Hungary to be firm with Serbia following the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, it felt obligated to join the conflict and promptly waged war on Russia. Britain and France had already established an alliance with Russia and had no choice but to wage war on Germany. Within a month of June 28th, 1914, all of the major European powers were at war. It is worth noting that Italy held out until 1915 when it joined the side of the allies.

The origin of World War I and II are similar because both conflicts were preceeded by pacifistic intentions. Prior to the First World War, the nations of Europe chose alliances as a method of avoiding conflict. Prior to the Second World War, the method of choice was appeasement. This was a policy exercised by British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain; it enabled Germany to receive political and territorial concessions in exchance for its promise to maintain peace. In short, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was essentially insignificant. It was an incident that simply happened to take place during a tumultuous time characterized by tension and discontent throughout Europe. The eventual involvement of all the European powers in the initial conflict between Serbia and Austria-Hungary can be summed up in two words: domino effect.

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โˆ™ 2007-09-02 07:41:16
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Q: How did Arch Duke Ferdinand's assassination cause war?
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Related questions

What started the cause of World War 1?

The assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand.

Which is considered a major cause of world war 1?

Assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand.

What is 1 major overstanding cause for ww1?

The assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand

Why was the assassination in Serbia an immediate cause of ww1?

It was Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand , his assassination lead to the first world war.

How did Arch Duke Ferdinand's assassination effect World War 1?

the assassination of arch duke franz Ferdinand was the main spark to the begining of ww1

Who was Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand?

Was the ambassador of Austria and was assassinated by The Black Hand and his assassination cause WWI

Who is assassination spark the beginning of World War 1?

it was the assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand

What trigger the world?

the assassination of arch duke Franz Ferdinand

Where did the assassination that triggered world war 1?

the assassination was arch duke Franz Ferdinand of Austria

What man's assassination sparked World War 1?

The assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand of Austria.

Who is assassination sparked beginning of war World War 1?

it was the assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand

What was a good cause of world one?

The assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand, and the rising tensions over the expansionist Germans.

What was Russia's role in the assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand?

Nobody has ever seriously suggested Russian involvement in the assassination.

What made World War oner start?

The assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand.

Why did the war break out between US and Spain?

the assassination of the arch duke of Persia

World War 1 was primarily sparked by which mans assassination?

Arch Duke Ferdinand

Reasons for World War I?

The Assassination of Arch-duke Ferdinand of the Austro-Hungarian empire.

Was world war started by congress?

No it started by assassination of arch duke Franz Ferdinand

What country did the assassination that started WW1 start in?

Austria (Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand)

What is cause of first world war?

There are a lot of causes:militarismimperialismnationalismthe Moroccan crisesthe Balkans crisesthe assassination of arch duke Franz Ferdinand

What big event sparked World War 1?

The assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand.

What event started shooting of world war 1?

The assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand.

Which country did world war 1 started?

German soldiers burst into Arch Duke Ferdinands presidential office in 1914.They shot him in the head.Thus,do to the assasination,WWI started.

Which country did World War 1 begin?

It started by the assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914

What incident started WW1?

It started because of the assassination of the Arch Duke of Austria-Hungary Franz Ferdinand.