How did the Aztec come up with the name Tenochtitlan?
Legend has it, that the Aztecs found the place for their new City in a spot where they saw an eagle perched on a cactus eating a snake. Once their city was complete, They called it Tenochtitlan, meaning "Place of the Prickly Pear Cactus".
Hernan Cortes was a Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec Empire. He set sail to Mexico and ended up making a settlement, and allied with local cites. Three months after the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan collapsed, he came back and had Mexico City built on top of it. In 1523, Cortes was named governor and captain of New Spain. Lastly, he discovered land and named it California.
In the northwestern deserts of Mexico. Their specific origin is still unknown, but it is believed they migrated from the US southwest, between California, Arizona and New Mexico. Due to an internal conflict, some factions split up from the original Aztec tribe and began their migration to southern latitudes.
They called themselves Mexica. An American writing a book coined the term Aztec to distinguish the ancient generation of Mexicans from the current generation. He came up with the name Aztec off of their homeland called Aztlan. The man who coined the name Aztec, was a German traveler in the early eigtheenth century and he thought of the name since the Mexicans came from a town called Aztlan, but the Mexicans never called themselves that.
Montezuma/Moctezuma II had gone pretty insane and was obsessed with the supernatural. When Cortés arrived in 1519, Moctezuma was immediately informed and he sent emissaries to meet the newcomers. As the Spaniards approached Tenochtitlan they made an alliance with the Tlaxcalteca, who were enemies of the Aztec Triple Alliance, and they helped instigate revolt in many towns under Aztec dominion. Moctezuma was aware of this and he sent gifts to the Spaniards, probably in order…
They arrived on 1519. They allied with some native tribes; of special importance were the Tlaxcalans, who were bitter enemies of the Aztecs. After June 30, 1520 they made their intentions clear and massacred many people in Tenochtitlan. With the help of Tlaxcalan warriors (up to 10,000) and many deaths induced by smallpox, the Spaniards were able to defeat a much weaker Aztec empire.