Germany in WW2
Adolf Hitler
The Great Depression

How did the Great Depression help increase Nazi popularity?

Top Answer
User Avatar
Wiki User
Answered 2007-05-31 12:21:20

In 'popular history' of Europe in America it's common to blame the rise of the Nazis (and of courseWWII, too) mainly on the Treaty of Versailles. Despite the harshness of the treaty and despite the inflation of 1919-23 Germany DID benefit from the economic buoyancy of the Roaring Twenties. In the general election in 1928, the Nazis only managed to get 12 (out of about 584) seats in the Reichstag. The Nazis were widely seen as a laughing-stock led by a funny little man given to yelling and wild gesticulation. Of all European countries, none was hit harder than Germany by the stockmarket crash of October 1929. Germany had borrowed very large sums from American banks, with much of the money repayable either on demand or at short notice. These loans were of course recalled, and bankruptcies in Germany rose sharply from the start of 1930 (or earlier). Unemployment rose sharply, too. The German Constitution of 1919 contained much that was utopian, including the right (!) to paid employment. The realities of the situation made a mockery of the Weimar constitution. One of German's great weaknesses at the time was the lack of a broadly based, popular right-wing party comparable to, say, the Republicans in the US or the Conservatives in Britain. The obvious candidate, the German Nationalists (the DNVP), had lost its grip and was hopelessly out oftouch with many of its supporters especially in rural areas. Germany became increasingly hard to govern. From about the middle of 1930 onwards the new Chancellor, Br�ning, had to govern by decree. In the absence of mainstream right-wing party, the Nazis - who ruthlessly exploited genuine grievances - suddenly became the largest single party in the Reichstag. With the growing effects of the Great Depression, unemployment reached about 27% (or more) in 1932. Acting on bad advice (from the DNVP) Hindenburg dismissed Brüning in July 1932. In the general election that followed, the Nazis won 37% of the seats. The other party that did well was the Communist Party (KPD) with 14%. Fresh elections were held in November 1932: the Nazi vote fell slightly, but the Communist vote rose to 17%. In the streets of Berlin and other major cities violence between Left and Right and their paramilitary wings grew. By late 1932, the effects of the Great Depression in Germany had passed their peak, but this wasn't obvious at the time. The steady rise in Communist vote triggered panic among most of the mainstream parties. After trying various solutions to the political crisis, Hindenburg again took very bad advice - again from the DNVP. On the basis of this advice, he appointed Hitler Reichs Chancellor on 30 January 1933 who promised to form a coalition with the German Nationalists (DNVP). He did so, but at the same time almost immediately unleashed the SA (Stormtroopers) who started a reign of terror ... Within two months Germany became a Dictatorship, complete with concentration camps. Joncey

User Avatar

Your Answer

Still Have Questions?

Related Questions

Why is the geart depression so important?

The Great Depression was an important event for the USA and the World. In Europe, the Great Depression led to Hitler and the Nazi party and WWII. In the USA, the Great Depression led to FDR and a change in the way the American people regard their government and the way the American government treats the American people.

Why did the nazi party fail in 1920s?

The Nazi Party before Hitler's leadership was not popular. Even after Hitler became the party leader, the party remained a minor (but violent) political party. On 20 May 1928, The Nazi Party got only 3% of the vote in Reichstag (German parliament) elections. However in late 1929 the Great Depression took hold in Germany and in the rest of the world. The Depression caused an increase in pro-Nazi support. On 14 September 1930, The Nazi Party got 18.3% of the vote, which was a drastic increase over the prior election. On 31 July 1932, The Nazi Party got 37.8% of the vote, which was its high-water mark in elections.

What are some social issues from the 1940s?

The Great Depression Nazi Party Advances in technology Fasion Womens Rights

How did the Great Depression eventually change German politically?

The Great Depression hit Germany particularly badly as many areas of the economy were dependent on short-term loans from abroad, especially the U.S., and these were not renewed. When the Great Depression struck the process of government became increasingly unwieldy, and from October 1930 onwards the Chancellor relied to a large extent on rule by decree. The country also became increasingly polarized. It lack a broadly based 'conventional' right-wing party, and the popularity of the Nazi party rose sharply.

How did the Great Depression help increase Nazi power?

People were looking for extreme ideas and also the German public needed someone to blame for both of those. Hitler and the nazi had an answer for them, They were probabily the most extreme German gruop at that time, but also Hitler said to blame the Jews for the depression and also he blamed the "November Criminals" (German officials who signed the treaty of versilles), for all the things that were going wrong. The workers saw that Hitler knew what he was doing so they decided he might be the one to drag them out of the great depression, they were right...FOR NOW!!

How did Hitler deal with the Great Depression?

AnswerHitler was in the leader of Germany at the time of the Great Depression. He came to power in 1933 as Chancellor and had no involvement in the formulation of policy in Germany until this point. The Depression was what led to the failure of Weimar Germany, and thus the rise to power of Hitler and the NSDAP (Nazi party).

Why did Hitler and his nazi party like the Great Depression?

In 1928, before the Great Depression, the Nazis did disastously in the general election, and Hitler was widely regarded as a grotesque, wildly gesticulating, screaming and shouting, funny little man. The Great Depression brought widespread unemployment and hardship, and many Germans were willing, even keen, to give 'alternative parties' a chance.

How did the depression help the Nazi party?

It made people more suseptible in voting for extremist parties such as the Nazi Party. The Nazi Party alos took advantage of the depression by hiring the unemployed into public work schemes, an example of this is the autobahn.

Were Jews blamed for the effects of the Great Depression in 1929?

Nazi propaganda had all kinds of conspiracy theories about the causes of the Great Depresssion, but they were not widely believed.Note. The Great Depression lasted from about 1930-1935 or later, depending on the country.No one group can really be blamed for the great depression. There are of course people who will blame the Jews but there are also people who will blame Americans, or the British, or the Germans, or others. In answer to the question, yes Jews have been blamed for the great depression. Others have too, though.

How was the Nazi party popular among the people?

They became popular because the people were tired of the living conditions that followed the Great Depression and the Weimar Republic's failure to solve them, the Nazi party promised change to the Germans and that appealed to them

Did America win world war 1?

Yes, French,Britsh,and Americans defeated 'Young Nazi Empire", Althought it was determination of the Britsh Soldiers was not delightful at those times of need during the "Great Depression", Still, Although USA was still young, it still was infection from the Great Depression,

Why was the beer Hall Putsch a successful event in Adolf Hitler's political career?

It drew great attention to Hitler and the Nazi party - leading people to recognise them easily - publicity. This also lead to an increase in Nazi supporters.

What is the rise of totalitarianism?

The rise of totalitarianism happens during the Great Depression and before WWII. The governments associated are fascism, communism, the Nazi Party, and socialism. It is the rise of governments with dictators.

How did the Nazi party get control of Germany?

The Nazi Party gained so much power from Adolf Hitler. He spke to lots of Germans and told them what they wanted to hear and blamed the Jews and many others for wars and the great depression. nazi party became the second largest political party, won onver 6 million votes.

How did the Great Depression of 1929 end?

The depression in the US remained in effect in many areas because of the violent dust storms that hit what was called the Dust Bowl. Many credit 1939 because of the Nazi war threat. A few extend that date to Pearl Harbor.

Why did the Nazi party gain so much support?

They promised jobs and a respectable life to the Germans that were demoralised after ww1 and now had children starving as a result of the great depression and war reparation payments.

What was the two main event between ww l and ww ll?

It is a bit a matter of opinion but two front runners would be the Great Depression and the rise of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler.

How did Jews in Germany thrive financially during the Great Depression?

The supposition underlying this question, namely that Jews were successful during the Great Depression, is untrue. The Jews did no better or worse during the Great Depression than did the average German. Hitler, and the Nazis in general, capitalized on the German people's ignorance of their own neighbors' suffering. The sad thing is that Nazi propaganda and Anti-Semitic propaganda is so strong that people continue to believe that the Jews were better off during this period when they were not.

How did the nazi party become soo huge?

Rise in popularity from publil speaches and spread of hitlers views across germany

What events that led to the Holocaust?

Germany was coming out of a depression after the loss of World War 1 and the country was humiliated. Hitler rose to power by making the people feel like he could lead them out of this depression and make their country great. He used propaganda to promote his Nazi party, and then began to use Jewish people as a scapegoat for all the Countries problems, including the depression.

How did the Nazis get so strong?

The Nazi Party formed from the National Socialist German Workers' Party after Hitler too power. Much of Hitler's rise was attributed to the fact that Germany was in such a depression after the Treaty of Versailles demolished their economy. The people clung to Hitler's promises because they were, at that time, their only hope after getting out of the depression. So with Germany's support Hitler rose to great power and with him so did the Nazi Party.

Nazi Germany blamed the Jews for two things prior to World War 2 What were they?

#1. Nazi Germany blamed them for economic depression. #2. The loss of World War I.

When did the Nazi empire start?

Hitler took power 1933 as a result of the Depression in Germany caused by WWI.

How did rise of Nazi effect Germany?

it affected it because they were starting to increase population

Would a totalitarian form of government have formed in Germany if the Great Depression had not occurred?

The rise of the Nazi party was accelerated by the Depression but nationalism might have propelled them to the forefront without it. The failures of the Weimar Republic had already destroyed German prosperity long before the Depression. Additionally, the war reparations and territorial losses were a source of continued bitterness in Germany. There was no easy way for democracy to survive.

Still have questions?