Idi Amin, in Uganda, (late 20th century).
Current world leaders classed as dictators are: Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe. Omar al-Bashir, Sudan. Kim Jong-Il, North Korea. Than Shwe, Burma. King Abdullah, Saudi Arabia. Hu Jintao, China. Sayyid Ali Khamenei, Iran. Isayas Afewerki, Eritrea. G. Berdymuhammedov, Turkmenistan. Muammar al-Qaddafi, Libya.
Not forgetting Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin
Many consider Stalin to be exactly that. He dealt with the Kulaks, Jews, and what he considered "enemies of the state", in very harsh manners. He was undoubtedly responsible for the deaths of millions (although exactly how many is unknown and highly debated).
He showed no signs of remorse, and the cruel ways in which he dealt with matters during his leadership where the reasons he was thought to be a ruthless dictator.
Well, actually Stalin was not as cruel, as people say now. Today Stalin-haters count every criminal, imprisoned since 24 to 53 as victim of terror. Lists of "repressed" also contain major errors. For example, i found in this list mine grand-grandfather - but he never was imprisoned or oppressed other way and live until 1989.
The Jacobin Republic was the most difficult and dangerous phase of the Revolution, when events begun in 1789 reached their climax. The Republic was brief, barely two years, but it put up a victorious struggle against the armies of the European Coalition and against the forces of the counter-revolution. However, the period also includes such grim events as the execution of Louis XVI and his queen, Marie Antoinette, the crushing rule of the revolutionary government, and the 'Terror' in Paris and in the provinces; and the eventual bloody collapse of the Jacobin dictatorship. Marc Bouloiseau brings a revisionist's eye to bear on the period. His extensive researches and careful analyses reveal an essentially rural nation divided by its structure, its day-to-day habits, its aspirations, and confronted by the harsh realities of war.
The most famous dictator without any doubt is Adolf Hitler. Others like Joseph Stalin, Benito Mussolini, Fidel Castro are popular to.
I would say that that term is entirely appropriate during the 1920s and 30s but as WWII went on people became entirely disenchanted with him. By 1943 he had no poular support at all. What you might try doing is finding books on Italian history during that period rather than specific biographies of the man himself. They might give you more of the information you are looking for. The slogan was "Mussolini, the man who made the Trains Run on Time." It was simple, if the train was late... the engineer was arrested or tortured, along with the conductor and ticket clerk. The reason that the year 1943 is so pivotal with regard to Il Duce, is that summer was when the Allies invaded Sicily, and on into southern Italy. The Italian Army surrended in their hundreds of thousands, only too glad to become POWs. They had very little taste for actual fighting, because it might mean getting hurt, or getting their uniforms dirty. It is not quite true that the Italian armoured vehicles had one forward gear but four reverse gears to get away more quickly. Eventually, Mussolini was attacked and killed and his body was hung from a lamp post along with his mistress, who was also killed. Treachery is an old Italian tradition, and they invented the term, vendetta, the blood curse. In summation, Mussolini was a buffoon, who liked to strike heroic poses on his balcony, but when it seemed that the Italians were beaten, they quickly turned on him. A dictator whose realm was built on shifting sands, and staffed by cowards. To some he's still popular today...
In the beginning, many people let the fascists do as they pleased with public officials, etc. There was initially a fear of communism (since Russia's revolution in 1917), and violent conservative nationalists after the borders of 1918/19. When Mussolini asked for governmental powers, he simply got it. As a dictator he had complete control of the media, and any critisism of him would have been construed as a crime against the Fascist state. Therefore his exact popularity is difficult to guage, but he certainly became less popular after Italy entered the war as a German ally; a war ahich proved costly. By the time of Operation Husky (the invasion of Sicily), even the higher-ups in the Italian government had had enough of him, and he was arrested. Although thousands of hardcore Fascist Party members remained loyal to him, it never enough to allow him to return to Rome. Incidentally, the remark about the surrendering Italian army does not pertain to the question, and is a stereotype based on mostly-British Allied propaganda of the time. Two million Italians died in the war, many of them bravely, although they were hampered by a lot of poor equipment, bad organization, logistical and supply problems, and a leader more interested in show of force than real strength.
The following countries are dictatorships:
Countries that have become Narco States:
Countries invaded and under foreign dictatorship:
Countries in a state of anarchy:
"There may be tyrants and murderers, and for a time, they may seem invincible, but in the end, they always fail." M. Gandhi
No religion must be allowed to rule the political aspect of a society, it must aim only to elevate the citizens spiritual enlightenment and give them a code of morals but more than that is out of their pond. Please remember that a church or any organized religion is made up by man and women who are like you and me, they are not appointed neither by the prophets nor the God, organized religions are run by humans they are not appointed nor run by prophets nor God.
Religion matters must be and remain totally separate from the State political matters, just like the great and enlightened and brilliant statesmen Mustafa Kemal AtatÃ¼rk gave example.
No monarch, no minority group or class, no matter how refined their lordships imagine themselves are, should have a veto over a democratically elected parliament for this abuse of power will certainly lead to fascism.
The first fascist state in the history of the West, Italy, was before becoming a fascist dictatorship a constitutional Monarchy. King Victor Emmanuel the third of Italy removed a democratically elected Liberal government and replace it with a fascist dictatorship. The first fascist state in the East, Japan, was also originally a constitutional Monarchy. Conservative supporters of the Japanese Emperor assassinated the democratically elected prime minster, the leader of the Japanese Liberal Constitutional party, and replaced him with a dictatorship.
The lesson is simple, there is really only one safeguard for democracy and that is democracy itself; constitutional Monarchs, Houses of Lords, Popes or whoever, are no substitutes in themselves for democracy, can only undermine democracy and therefore should be removed to safeguard democracy.
Egypt is now officially a democracy not a dictatorship.
It started in the middle east when china elected a bad president and he started a form of dictatorship.
I'm no history expert, but my textbook says Ethiopia, Liberia, and Somalia.
Farmer Cincinnatus was appointed (Decide) dictator because Rome needed to be protected from neighboring Aequi who had surrounded the Roman army and the council minucius, in the Alban Hills.Cincinnatus accepted the offer, defeated Aeqi, and went back to his farming.
When a country has problems, the government is corrupt, or the economy is bad, some people think back to a past time when it seemed things were going better. Sometimes it was when a country was ruled by an autocratic leader. While it may seem that the country would be better off with a dictator, the reality is that dictatorship rarely is successful. It leads to citizen frustration and rage, since it often causes innocent people to be killed just for opposing the government. History has shown repeatedly that a country without freedom and civil liberties is not immune from corruption, and a tyrannical leader may not have solutions for the country's problems.
Thus, it does not make sense that India needs a dictatorship to make the country better. India undoubtedly needs answers to issues such as income inequality, poverty, lack of education for the poor, etc. But these problems were not solved the last time India had an autocratic ruler (nor when India was under colonialism). There is a better chance of this issues being addressed under democratic rule.
"Argentina's last dictator was convicted and sentenced to 25 years in prison for torture and kidnappings committed during the nation's 1976-1983 military regime.
Reynaldo Bignone, 82, was convicted along with five other former military officers for 56 cases involving torture, illegal detentions and other crimes in one of Argentina's largest torture centres, the Campo de Mayo military base.
Human rights groups said that of the 4,000 dissidents taken to the base, about 50 emerged alive."
From the Independent of London.
His philosophy came from an earlier enlightenment thinker John Locke who had a big influence on also the way the Constitution was written. Go Google "John Locke" for a better understanding.
South Africa has a democracy on paper. It was a internationally recognized Republic under the 'National Party' (which held the infamous policy of Apartheid) from 1948 to 1994, but held its first "democratic" elections in 1994.
South Africa is not a true democracy yet, until the current ANC regime gives over power to an opposition without clinging to power. Only once power was transferred will South Africa be recognized as a true democracy. Until then South Africa is a one party state.
In reality, they have the same power: None.
The only way a citizen can select their leaders in a dictatorship or absolute monarchy is by using a gun or weapon to overthrow the existing leader.
The dictators of WW2 were Htler(Germany), Joseph Stalin(Soviet Union), Mussolini(Italy), Tojo(Japan)
Hitler, Mussolini, Tojo, Stalin
It is when someone has total control over their country and decides what to do in the country totally
Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria on April 20, 1889.
In order to give Hitler dictatorial powers he had to ensure the passage of two laws. The first was the Reichstag Fire Decree, which was enacted on 27 February, 1933 which (among other things) suspended civil liberties and habeas corpus rights.
The second law was the Enabling Act, (Ermächtigungsgesetz) on 23 March, 1933 which gave Hitler and his government the power to enact laws without consulting the Reichstag. The Act effectively reduced the Reichstag to nothing more than a stage for Hitler's speeches and effectively gave him full dictatorial powers (although 2 "minor" obstacles still remained in the form of the Reichsrat (Germany's second chamber) and the President.
Joseph Goebbels wrote shortly after the passage of the Enabling Act: "The authority of the Führer has now been wholly established. Votes are no longer taken. The Führer decides. All this is going much faster than we had dared to hope."
Hitler's first political act as de facto dictator was to enact a law titled Vorläufiges Gesetz zur Gleichschaltung der Länder mit dem Reich (Provisional Law for Achieving Uniformity Between the States and the Reich) dated 30 March, 1933, which dissolved state parliaments and then reinstated them according to the votes received by parties in the Reich elections held on March 5 1933. As a result the Nazis now had majorities in all State parliaments.
he aso made the newburg laws wich are:
They were forced to. The Communists won the Russian Civil War (1918-1923), established a secret police force, and then murdered, tortured, or imprisoned anyone who defied their rule.
This is a long and complicated debate in political science, political economy, and economics, but I would argue as follows:
A key problem of economic growth is the difficulty in coordinating resources, especially for economic activities which have high fixed costs (e.g.) heavy industry; public goods). This is critical in undeveloped regions because they often lack sophisticated socio-economic networks used to get resources together. In regions with weak government, conflict, or lack of infrastructure, these problems are magnified. What a dictatorship can be good at doing, historically, is overcoming these coordination problems by forcing actors into cooperation and using vast resources to create costly activities (e.g.) formerly communist countries often experienced extremely high growth in their early periods due to coordination and heavy investment in industry). Many authors argue that democracy promotes veto points in political institutions, and these points make passing legislation much harder than a dictatorship (where there are fewer checks on power).
In the long-term, however, whether dictatorship works or not seems to mostly come out in the negative. Many autocratic states pale in long-run growth compared to their democratic counterparts (e.g.) North versus South Korea) though this may be due to trade patterns and investment (i.e.) democracies countries are more likely to reward and aid other democracies).
To sum, then, I would argue that dictatorship can be effective for bringing economic growth in the short-run, especially in poorer countries, through coordination, but appears to not be effective in the long-term.
Propaganda is what keeps the masses content with the dictator. Comrade Stalin's proganda efforts are perhaps the best example; the people grow pacified with any maladies in society, and even grow to accept the dictator as a glorious hero. Such brainwashing stifles dissent before it can begin to grow let alone flourish, maintaining the security of the dictator's position.
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