Dictatorship

The English term 'dictatorship' means a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator, not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc. Throughout history, there have been famous dictators such as Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, and Saddam Hussein.

4,573 Questions
Dictatorship

What is a real life example of dictatorship?

Idi Amin, in Uganda, (late 20th century).

Current world leaders classed as dictators are: Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe. Omar al-Bashir, Sudan. Kim Jong-Il, North Korea. Than Shwe, Burma. King Abdullah, Saudi Arabia. Hu Jintao, China. Sayyid Ali Khamenei, Iran. Isayas Afewerki, Eritrea. G. Berdymuhammedov, Turkmenistan. Muammar al-Qaddafi, Libya.

Not forgetting Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin

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USSR in WW2
Joseph Stalin
Dictatorship

How was Joseph Stalin a ruthless dictator?

Many consider Stalin to be exactly that. He dealt with the Kulaks, Jews, and what he considered "enemies of the state", in very harsh manners. He was undoubtedly responsible for the deaths of millions (although exactly how many is unknown and highly debated).

He showed no signs of remorse, and the cruel ways in which he dealt with matters during his leadership where the reasons he was thought to be a ruthless dictator.

Well, actually Stalin was not as cruel, as people say now. Today Stalin-haters count every criminal, imprisoned since 24 to 53 as victim of terror. Lists of "repressed" also contain major errors. For example, i found in this list mine grand-grandfather - but he never was imprisoned or oppressed other way and live until 1989.

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Dictatorship

What is the Jacobin dictatorship?

The Jacobin Republic was the most difficult and dangerous phase of the Revolution, when events begun in 1789 reached their climax. The Republic was brief, barely two years, but it put up a victorious struggle against the armies of the European Coalition and against the forces of the counter-revolution. However, the period also includes such grim events as the execution of Louis XVI and his queen, Marie Antoinette, the crushing rule of the revolutionary government, and the 'Terror' in Paris and in the provinces; and the eventual bloody collapse of the Jacobin dictatorship. Marc Bouloiseau brings a revisionist's eye to bear on the period. His extensive researches and careful analyses reveal an essentially rural nation divided by its structure, its day-to-day habits, its aspirations, and confronted by the harsh realities of war.

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Dictatorship

Who are the most famous dictators?

The most famous dictator without any doubt is Adolf Hitler. Others like Joseph Stalin, Benito Mussolini, Fidel Castro are popular to.

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Dictatorship

To what extent is it legitimate to describe Mussolini as a 'popular dictator' between 1925 and 1943?

I would say that that term is entirely appropriate during the 1920s and 30s but as WWII went on people became entirely disenchanted with him. By 1943 he had no poular support at all. What you might try doing is finding books on Italian history during that period rather than specific biographies of the man himself. They might give you more of the information you are looking for. The slogan was "Mussolini, the man who made the Trains Run on Time." It was simple, if the train was late... the engineer was arrested or tortured, along with the conductor and ticket clerk. The reason that the year 1943 is so pivotal with regard to Il Duce, is that summer was when the Allies invaded Sicily, and on into southern Italy. The Italian Army surrended in their hundreds of thousands, only too glad to become POWs. They had very little taste for actual fighting, because it might mean getting hurt, or getting their uniforms dirty. It is not quite true that the Italian armoured vehicles had one forward gear but four reverse gears to get away more quickly. Eventually, Mussolini was attacked and killed and his body was hung from a lamp post along with his mistress, who was also killed. Treachery is an old Italian tradition, and they invented the term, vendetta, the blood curse. In summation, Mussolini was a buffoon, who liked to strike heroic poses on his balcony, but when it seemed that the Italians were beaten, they quickly turned on him. A dictator whose realm was built on shifting sands, and staffed by cowards. To some he's still popular today...

In the beginning, many people let the fascists do as they pleased with public officials, etc. There was initially a fear of communism (since Russia's revolution in 1917), and violent conservative nationalists after the borders of 1918/19. When Mussolini asked for governmental powers, he simply got it. As a dictator he had complete control of the media, and any critisism of him would have been construed as a crime against the Fascist state. Therefore his exact popularity is difficult to guage, but he certainly became less popular after Italy entered the war as a German ally; a war ahich proved costly. By the time of Operation Husky (the invasion of Sicily), even the higher-ups in the Italian government had had enough of him, and he was arrested. Although thousands of hardcore Fascist Party members remained loyal to him, it never enough to allow him to return to Rome. Incidentally, the remark about the surrendering Italian army does not pertain to the question, and is a stereotype based on mostly-British Allied propaganda of the time. Two million Italians died in the war, many of them bravely, although they were hampered by a lot of poor equipment, bad organization, logistical and supply problems, and a leader more interested in show of force than real strength.

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Political Theory
Dictatorship

What countries live under military rule or government dictatorship?

The following countries are dictatorships:

  1. Algeria
  2. Algeria
  3. Angola
  4. Azerbaijan
  5. Azerbaijan
  6. Belarus
  7. Bhutan
  8. Burkina Faso
  9. Burma
  10. Cambodia
  11. Cameroon
  12. Chad
  13. Chechnya
  14. Congo (Brazzaville)
  15. Congo (Kinshasa) ; Republic of Congo
  16. Cote d'Ivoire
  17. Equatorial Guinea
  18. Eritrea
  19. Gabon
  20. Guinea ; Equatorial Guinea
  21. Kazakhstan
  22. Laos
  23. North Korea
  24. Russia (debatable)
  25. Rwanda
  26. Saudi Arabia
  27. Sudan
  28. Swaziland
  29. Syria
  30. Tajikistan
  31. Turkmenistan
  32. Uzbekistan

Countries that have become Narco States:

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Albania
  3. Kosovo
  4. Venezuela
  5. Cuba
  6. Bolivia

Countries invaded and under foreign dictatorship:

  1. Kashmir, the portion of the disputed territory controlled by Pakistan
  2. Western Sahara, occupied by Morocco

Countries in a state of anarchy:

  1. Somalia

"There may be tyrants and murderers, and for a time, they may seem invincible, but in the end, they always fail." M. Gandhi

NOTE:

No religion must be allowed to rule the political aspect of a society, it must aim only to elevate the citizens spiritual enlightenment and give them a code of morals but more than that is out of their pond. Please remember that a church or any organized religion is made up by man and women who are like you and me, they are not appointed neither by the prophets nor the God, organized religions are run by humans they are not appointed nor run by prophets nor God.

Religion matters must be and remain totally separate from the State political matters, just like the great and enlightened and brilliant statesmen Mustafa Kemal Atatürk gave example.

No monarch, no minority group or class, no matter how refined their lordships imagine themselves are, should have a veto over a democratically elected parliament for this abuse of power will certainly lead to fascism.

The first fascist state in the history of the West, Italy, was before becoming a fascist dictatorship a constitutional Monarchy. King Victor Emmanuel the third of Italy removed a democratically elected Liberal government and replace it with a fascist dictatorship. The first fascist state in the East, Japan, was also originally a constitutional Monarchy. Conservative supporters of the Japanese Emperor assassinated the democratically elected prime minster, the leader of the Japanese Liberal Constitutional party, and replaced him with a dictatorship.

The lesson is simple, there is really only one safeguard for democracy and that is democracy itself; constitutional Monarchs, Houses of Lords, Popes or whoever, are no substitutes in themselves for democracy, can only undermine democracy and therefore should be removed to safeguard democracy.

Egypt is now officially a democracy not a dictatorship.

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Dictatorship

Where did Dictatorship start?

It started in the middle east when china elected a bad president and he started a form of dictatorship.

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Dictatorship

Is the male lemur called a dictator?

no

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Dictatorship

Which African countries overthrew dictatorships?

I'm no history expert, but my textbook says Ethiopia, Liberia, and Somalia.

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Roman Empire
Ancient Rome
Dictatorship

What was the emergency that caused Cincinnatus to be appointed dictator?

Farmer Cincinnatus was appointed (Decide) dictator because Rome needed to be protected from neighboring Aequi who had surrounded the Roman army and the council minucius, in the Alban Hills.Cincinnatus accepted the offer, defeated Aeqi, and went back to his farming.

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Dictatorship
Absolutism (Political)

Is Hitler a despot?

Yes

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Zimbabwe
Dictatorship

How does the dictatorship system work in Zimbabwe?

It doesnt

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Politics and Government
Dictatorship

Does India need another dose of dictatorship?

When a country has problems, the government is corrupt, or the economy is bad, some people think back to a past time when it seemed things were going better. Sometimes it was when a country was ruled by an autocratic leader. While it may seem that the country would be better off with a dictator, the reality is that dictatorship rarely is successful. It leads to citizen frustration and rage, since it often causes innocent people to be killed just for opposing the government. History has shown repeatedly that a country without freedom and civil liberties is not immune from corruption, and a tyrannical leader may not have solutions for the country's problems.

Thus, it does not make sense that India needs a dictatorship to make the country better. India undoubtedly needs answers to issues such as income inequality, poverty, lack of education for the poor, etc. But these problems were not solved the last time India had an autocratic ruler (nor when India was under colonialism). There is a better chance of this issues being addressed under democratic rule.

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Argentinean History
Dictatorship

Who was Argentina's dictator who crackdown on freedom of speech and press made people unhappy?

"Argentina's last dictator was convicted and sentenced to 25 years in prison for torture and kidnappings committed during the nation's 1976-1983 military regime.

Reynaldo Bignone, 82, was convicted along with five other former military officers for 56 cases involving torture, illegal detentions and other crimes in one of Argentina's largest torture centres, the Campo de Mayo military base.

Human rights groups said that of the 4,000 dissidents taken to the base, about 50 emerged alive."

From the Independent of London.

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Dictatorship
Absolutism (Political)

Why did Jefferson felt that it was not the right but also the duty of a people to overthrow a despotic government?

His philosophy came from an earlier enlightenment thinker John Locke who had a big influence on also the way the Constitution was written. Go Google "John Locke" for a better understanding.

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South Africa
Dictatorship

Does South Africa have a democracy or dictatorship?

South Africa has a democracy on paper. It was a internationally recognized Republic under the 'National Party' (which held the infamous policy of Apartheid) from 1948 to 1994, but held its first "democratic" elections in 1994.

South Africa is not a true democracy yet, until the current ANC regime gives over power to an opposition without clinging to power. Only once power was transferred will South Africa be recognized as a true democracy. Until then South Africa is a one party state.

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Dictatorship

Compare the role citizens may have in selecting leaders in dictatorships and absolute monarchies?

In reality, they have the same power: None.

The only way a citizen can select their leaders in a dictatorship or absolute monarchy is by using a gun or weapon to overthrow the existing leader.

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World War 2
Dictatorship

Who were the dictators of World War 2?

The dictators of WW2 were Htler(Germany), Joseph Stalin(Soviet Union), Mussolini(Italy), Tojo(Japan)
Hitler, Mussolini, Tojo, Stalin

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Dictatorship
Absolutism (Political)

What is absolute dictatorship?

It is when someone has total control over their country and decides what to do in the country totally

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World War 2
Germany in WW2
Adolf Hitler
Dictatorship

When was Adolf Hitler born and when was his first act as a dictator?

Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria on April 20, 1889.

In order to give Hitler dictatorial powers he had to ensure the passage of two laws. The first was the Reichstag Fire Decree, which was enacted on 27 February, 1933 which (among other things) suspended civil liberties and habeas corpus rights.

The second law was the Enabling Act, (Ermächtigungsgesetz) on 23 March, 1933 which gave Hitler and his government the power to enact laws without consulting the Reichstag. The Act effectively reduced the Reichstag to nothing more than a stage for Hitler's speeches and effectively gave him full dictatorial powers (although 2 "minor" obstacles still remained in the form of the Reichsrat (Germany's second chamber) and the President.

Joseph Goebbels wrote shortly after the passage of the Enabling Act: "The authority of the Führer has now been wholly established. Votes are no longer taken. The Führer decides. All this is going much faster than we had dared to hope."

Hitler's first political act as de facto dictator was to enact a law titled Vorläufiges Gesetz zur Gleichschaltung der Länder mit dem Reich (Provisional Law for Achieving Uniformity Between the States and the Reich) dated 30 March, 1933, which dissolved state parliaments and then reinstated them according to the votes received by parties in the Reich elections held on March 5 1933. As a result the Nazis now had majorities in all State parliaments.

he aso made the newburg laws wich are:

Section 1

  1. Marriages between Jews and citizens (German: Staatsangehörige) of German or kindred blood are forbidden. Marriages concluded in defiance of this law are void, even if, for the purpose of evading this law, they were concluded abroad.
  2. Proceedings for annulment may be initiated only by the Public Prosecutor.
Section 2Extramarital sexual intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of Germany or related blood is forbidden.
  • (Supplementary decrees set Nazi definitions of racial Germans, Jews, and half-breeds or Mischlinge --- see the latter entry for details and citations and Mischling Test for how such decrees were applied. Jews could not vote or hold public office under the parallel "citizenship" law.)
Section 3Jews will not be permitted to employ female citizens under the age of 45, of German or kindred blood, as domestic workers.Section 4
  1. Jews are forbidden to display the Reich and national flag or the national colours.
  2. On the other hand they are permitted to display the Jewish colours. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
Section 5
  1. A person who acts contrary to the prohibition of Section 1 will be punished with hard labour.
  2. A person who acts contrary to the prohibition of Section 2 will be punished with imprisonment or with hard labour.
  3. A person who acts contrary to the provisions of Sections 3 or 4 will be punished with imprisonment up to a year and with a fine, or with one of these penalties.
Section 6The Reich Minister of the Interior in agreement with the Deputy Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice will issue the legal and administrative regulations required for the enforcement and supplementing of this law.Section 7The law will become effective on the day after its promulgation; Section 3, however, not until 1 January 1936.
135136137
Dictatorship
Totalitarianism

Why did the Russians accept the totalitarian rule of communist dictators?

They were forced to. The Communists won the Russian Civil War (1918-1923), established a secret police force, and then murdered, tortured, or imprisoned anyone who defied their rule.

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International Government
Dictatorship

In a dictatorship to whom is the government responsible?

The dictator

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Political Science
Dictatorship

Is dictatorship a better form of government to bring about economic growth?

This is a long and complicated debate in political science, political economy, and economics, but I would argue as follows:

A key problem of economic growth is the difficulty in coordinating resources, especially for economic activities which have high fixed costs (e.g.) heavy industry; public goods). This is critical in undeveloped regions because they often lack sophisticated socio-economic networks used to get resources together. In regions with weak government, conflict, or lack of infrastructure, these problems are magnified. What a dictatorship can be good at doing, historically, is overcoming these coordination problems by forcing actors into cooperation and using vast resources to create costly activities (e.g.) formerly communist countries often experienced extremely high growth in their early periods due to coordination and heavy investment in industry). Many authors argue that democracy promotes veto points in political institutions, and these points make passing legislation much harder than a dictatorship (where there are fewer checks on power).

In the long-term, however, whether dictatorship works or not seems to mostly come out in the negative. Many autocratic states pale in long-run growth compared to their democratic counterparts (e.g.) North versus South Korea) though this may be due to trade patterns and investment (i.e.) democracies countries are more likely to reward and aid other democracies).

To sum, then, I would argue that dictatorship can be effective for bringing economic growth in the short-run, especially in poorer countries, through coordination, but appears to not be effective in the long-term.

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Dictatorship
Propaganda

Why is propaganda so important in a dictatorship?

Propaganda is what keeps the masses content with the dictator. Comrade Stalin's proganda efforts are perhaps the best example; the people grow pacified with any maladies in society, and even grow to accept the dictator as a glorious hero. Such brainwashing stifles dissent before it can begin to grow let alone flourish, maintaining the security of the dictator's position.

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History of China
China and Chinese Territories
International Government
Dictatorship

Who is China's most famous dictator?

Mao-Tse Tung.

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