Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini was the prime minister in Italy and leader of the National Fascist Party, and is considered as one of the most important creators of Fascism. He also led Italy into World War 2 on Germany and the Nazi's side, and has had a huge impact on Italy and its history.

3,009 Questions
WW2 Axis Powers
Adolf Hitler
Similarities Between
Benito Mussolini

What were the differences and similarities between Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini and Josef Stalin?

Differences and Similarities Between Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Josef Stalin

they shared 2 things they were greedy, and murderers! Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin were all dictators with very different principles. Hitler's principle was the cultural and biological superiority of the Aryan peoples. Mussolini's was a more of a nationalism based on remembering Rome's glory. Along with Stalin's principle, which was a fundamental principle, Marxism-Leninism. They all started with very different first principles, but they all actually wound up running very similar totalitarian states.

Here are more opinions and answers from other FAQ Farmers:

  • The USSR citizens fought with amazing courage against the Nazis, and saved Europe from Hitler. The Germans themselves were amazed at the bravery and tenacity of the Red Army, the Partizans and the ordinary citizens - including women and children. The Western allies contribution was pathetic in comparison, so the Germans stripped the Western Front of the best troops to fight the real war in the East.
  • The above answers are all very strange they all seem to think that the biggest difference is what the Dictators believed in. However this was all part of the Cult of personality that they created in order to gain power. One may argue they used they Cult of personalities of which the Arian race or former glory was a part of in order to gain and maintain power. The biggest difference would surly have to be the extremism they managed to achieve, the extent of there totalitarian dictatorship. Of which Stalin was surly the greatest and Mussolini the weakest this is again backed by the amount of people they purged and the varying degrees of control.
  • The answers above are rather discouraging. Peasants, that had to be led at gunpoint? Where have you been? These "peasants" were THE reason the Wehrmacht was destroyed and Europe was freed from
  • extermination.
  • Hitler himself was a genius if it wasn't for the Japs bombing Pearl Harbor America would have played very little role in this war. The Americans helped Britain and France in the war, without them they would have fallen prey to Germans might.
  • Stalin was mostly concerned about improving Russia through Communism whereas Hitler and Mussolini were expansionist. Both Hitler and Mussolini wanted to gain territory and restore prestige to their countries. However Hitler was way more radical and influential than Mussolini and in the end Hitler is remember as a brutal tyrant while many people know very little about Mussolini because he never really did anything of significance as far as I know.
  • Mussolini was the first person to really come up with a plan to dominate. Hitler and Stalin saw his geneous and copied him in different ways.
  • Hitler was interested in the decimation of the Jewish people, Stalin was determined to defeat Hitler after he attacked them.
  • Mussolini and Hitler were both Fascists while Stalin was a communist.
  • The first bullet point said that Stalin saved Europe is a lie. He couldn't of cared less for the people of Europe. All he wanted was territory. The allies liberated Europe Stalin took as much of Europe as possible.

Stalin and Hitler Similarities Striking Similarities They hated each other: Hitler hated Stalin. Stalin hated Hitler.

They were dictators: (Mussolini and) Hitler were fascist dictators and Stalin was a communist dictator they all committed many atrocities in aid of their regimes.

Additional Input:

  • Hitlers family name was changed. Stalins family name was changed Hitlers father beat him. Stalins father beat him.
  • Hitlers mother gave birth to 3 children before Adolf, all died. Stalins mother gave birth to 2 children before Josef, all died
  • Hitler was a sickly child. Stalin was a sickly child.
  • Hitlers father virtually abandoned his family. Stalins father virtually abandoned his family.
  • Hitler was raised and loved by his mother. Stalin was raised and loved by his mother.
  • Hitler very much loved his mother. Stalin very much loved his mother Hitler was a Catholic. Stalin was an Eastern Orthodox (as child).
  • Hitlers mother wanted him to be a Catholic priest. Stalins mother wanted him to be an Orthodox priest.
  • Hitler attended a Benedictine monastery. Stalin attended Orthodox theological school and the seminary.
  • Hitlers father died when he was 13. Stalins father died when he was 11.
  • Hitler was an exceptional student at an early age. Stalin was an exceptional student at an early age.
  • Hitler developed into an excellent artist in school. Stalin developed into an excellent artist in school.
  • Hitler failed to graduate from high school. Stalin failed to graduate from high school
  • By age 20 Hitler was a social dropout living on his own. By age 20 Stalin was a social dropout living on his own.
  • Fascism fascinated Hitler. Marxism fascinated Stalin.
  • Hitler lived in Vienna in 1913. Stalin lived in Vienna in 1913.
  • Hitler served time in jail for his political beliefs. Stalin served time in jail for his political beliefs.
  • Hitler, born in Austria, moved to Germany to pursue politics. Stalin, born in Georgia, moved to Russia to pursue politics.
  • At age 33 Hitler led the revival of the Nazi party. At age 33 Stalin was part of the Bolshevik party revival
  • At age 35 Hitler wrote Mein Kampf outlining Nazi policy. At age 34 Stalin wrote Marxism and the National Question outlining Bolshevik policy
  • In 1931 Hitlers love committed suicide with his pistol. In 1932 Stalins love committed suicide with his pistol.
  • Hitler's love was 22 years younger. Stalin's love was 21 years younger.
  • At age 45 Hitler started purges of Nazi party foes. At age 45 Stalin started purges of Communist party foes

Politically there was a great difference between the three leaders. Hitler was a true Nationalist who firmly believed in the concept of Pan-Germanism. He had no real "political" program and National Socialism was never more than a handy vehicle for Hitler to rise to power - one of the reasons it's never really revived (in any form) as a political force is because it never existed to begin with. Mussolini's Fascism, while better organized and more genuinely socialist were also largely a nebulous concept. Stalin's Communism was quite real and an actual political philosophy - although it's debatable as to whether Stalin was a committed Communist or whether he just used the party in the same way that Hitler used the NSDAP - namely as a vehicle for his personal advancement.

Neither Hitler nor Stalin hated one another. In actuality they admired one another on a personal level - Stalin praised Hitler's ruthless commitment to purge Germany of opposition and Hitler regarded Stalin as the only leader who was truly equal to him - in a very weird way these two remained connected right to the bitter end.

Other minor points:

Hitler was not a sickly child. He was a robust child who often feigned sickness for his mother's attention (a lot like Teddy Roosevelt actually).

Stalin's father did abandon his family. Hitler's father didn't abandon his family - Hitler (and probably the World) would likely have been better off if he had abandoned them.

I've read just about every history book there is on 20th century European history. I don't recall ever reading that Hitler's mother wanted him to be a priest. Similarly, although Hitler's grammar school was in a church, Hitler was not ever, in any way, enrolled in a Seminary or anything like it. Hitler greatly admired the Catholic Church's administrative structure and adopted much of it for the Nazi Party but that's about it (and it was a good call since the Church itself took its structure from the old Imperial Roman system - which was pretty damned good).

Hitler was an excellent artist with a penchant for architectural studies. Stalin was not an artist of any particulat ability - he was more noted as being a poet of some promise when he was younger.

Hitler did graduate from High School but got drunk after his graduation and used his certificate/diploma as,,,um, well, toilet paper (no this is the truth!) and when he was subsequently unable to produce the certificate he was ineligible for admission to higher schools in Vienna.

Hitler spent a cushy time in Landesburg Prison following the failed Beer Hall Putsch (imagine, he could've come to power ten full years' earlier than he did. What a mess that would've been). Stalin's imprisonment(s) were largely for general thuggery - bombings and armed robberies. Hitler was much more like Lenin than he was Stalin when it comes to his political career since both of these were the fountainheads of their political movements. Stalin was much more of a political intriguer who picked his enemies off from within.

Click on the related Question below to read 'What are the differences between Hitler and Stalin?'

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WW1 Allied Forces
Benito Mussolini

What atrocities did Mussolini commit?

his butt

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World War 2
Adolf Hitler
Benito Mussolini

Why did Hitler start a war?

Hitler did not purposefully start a war however he knew that he would cause one because he kept on invading other countries and breaking the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.

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World War 2
Italy in WW2
Benito Mussolini

Did Benito Mussolini become one of Hitler's enemies near the end of World War 2?

No, Benito Mussolini was killed brutally by rioting Italians. Then Italy started fighting on the allies side.

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Benito Mussolini
Fascism

Who did Mussolini's fascism appeal to?

Italian socialists who differed with the main-line Socialist Party's anti-war (WWI) stance as well as hard-line nationalists. Also, many Fascists were war veterans. Fascism was a strange, convoluted mixture of right-wing symbolism (nationalism, respect for figure of authority) with a left-wing execution (totalitarian rule, view that elites have an enlightened dedication to the common good).

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Adolf Hitler
Benito Mussolini

How were Mussolini and Hitler similar?

Mussolini and Hitler

Hitler was a fan of Mussolini but he put his own spin on Fascism. Mussolini was fired by his party in Italy and no one in Germany would have dared to try that with Hitler.

They were similar in the way that they both wanted to take over a certain country and eventually take over the world. Also they were both watchful over the League of Natons. They are also similar in the way that they both lost and they both died in the end of all their chaos.

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Adolf Hitler
Benito Mussolini

What were the main differences between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini?

Benito Mussolini never shared Hitler's obsession in wiping out the Jews in Europe.

In fact, by 1943, most of Italian Jewry was unaffected and left alone, compared to what was happening in Germany and elsewhere.

Maybe not at first but increasing cooperation with Nazi Germany culminated in the 1939 Pact of Steel. Influenced by Hitler, Mussolini began to introduce anti-Jewish legislation in Italy. And not just that BUT... Benito Mussolini was a fierce anti-Semite, who proudly said that his hatred for Jews preceded Adolf Hitler's and vowed to "destroy them all," according to previously unpublished diaries by the Fascist dictator's longtime mistress. AND...

ANTISEMITIC LEGISLATION:

In part under pressure from Nazi Germany and in part fearing that their "revolution" was not perceived as "real" in the Italian population, the Fascist regime passed antisemitic legislation beginning in 1938. This legislation covered six areas:

1) definition of Jews

2) removal of Jews from government jobs, including teachers in the public schools

3) a ban on marriage between Jews and non-Jews

4) dismissal of Jews from the armed forces

5) incarceration of Jews of foreign nationality; and

6) the removal of Jews from positions in the mass media

Not anti-Semitic? Where did you get your facts from deniers anonymous?

I can understand your inability to comprehend our answers. I am a student of World War II history and have lived in Germany and even speak the language.

Mussolini NEVER EVER possessed the same degree of hatred of Jewry that Hitler and others held. In 1942 when asked about any anti-Jewish programs that were being carried out, including concentration camps, Mussolini confessed that he wasn't that interested in "dealing with the Jews". You have to keep in mind that Mussolini early in his political career was a strong Socialist and journalist-not a rabid anti-semite! There had never been a huge number of Jews in Italy unlike Germany and majority of them were certainly not wealthy or powerful. Mussolini was much more interested in getting the trains to run on time and to improve the nation's economy during the depression and to expand his Italian influence in Africa and the Mediterranean.

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I guess we can start with what they had in common. Both were fascist dictators who had their political roots formed in WWI. Major differences were that Adolf Hitler while wishing for German hegemony over Europe (and the world eventually) also had strong ideological beliefs regarding the superiority of the Aryan race over all others. Needless to say he did not even think Jews (among others) were human beings. He said they should be eradicated. Mussolini was more benign (for lack of a better word) in that he was looking to share in the spoils of the war that Hitler started and expected to win. His goal was to create a 20th century Roman Empire in the Mediterranean. Another big difference between the two were the populations under them. Hitler enjoyed the slavish support of his people to the very end while Mussolini gradually lost the confidence of his people (my grandmother excepted).

Benito Mussolini never shared Hitler's obsession in wiping out the Jews in Europe.

In fact, by 1943, most of Italian Jewry was unaffected and left alone, compared to what was happening in Germany and elsewhere. Mussolini, unlike Hitler, was a strong Socialist and a Journalist before he changed and help to organize the black shirts and the Fascist Party in 1921. Mussolini, unlike Hitler, was fluent in several languages, including English and had travelled extensively around Europe. Mussolini, to Hitler's astonishment, never arrested the King of Italy or had him overthrown and remained the head of the Italian republic.

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Germany in WW2
Adolf Hitler
Benito Mussolini

What was the Pact of Steel?

The "Pact of Steel" is a reference to the alliance between Germany and Italy signed on May 22, 1939. The pact was an alliance between the two in the event of either being invaded. Also it went one step further to state that neither side would make peace unless the other agreed. The pact was intended to last for ten years.

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Italy in WW2
History of Italy
Benito Mussolini

What social changes did Benito Mussolini bring?

He made some changes and then he made people believe in a far right wing way off looking at things with his Red March

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Italy in WW2
Italy
Benito Mussolini

What happened to Italy after Mussolini's death?

italy went bankrupt

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World War 2
History of Europe
Adolf Hitler
Benito Mussolini

How were Stalin Hitler and Mussolini similar?

they were haters

They were all dictators.

Mussolini and Hitler were fascist dictators and Stalin was a communist dictator they all committed many atrocities in aid of their regimes.

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World War 2
Italy in WW2
History of Italy
Benito Mussolini

Did Benito Mussolini have a nickname?

Il Duche

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Italy in WW2
History of Italy
Benito Mussolini

How did Mussolini rise to power?

To be able in answering this question, one needs to analyse and look at the conditions that Italy suffered from before the rise of Benito Mussolini in 1925 as the Duce of Italy.

The long-term causes:

1. The liberal government: was created after the unification of Italy in 1861. it was very corrupted. carried for its own selfish-interest than the people. Also, the forced unification on the people was superficial. Due to the fact that the people did not develope national conscious; as one of the governments leaders said "We have made Italy, now we need to make Italians"

2. Also, there was division in the wealth and classes between the upper class (in the north), middle class. and the poor class in South (which did not have the right to vote). Only the upper class had the right to vote, this meant that people who were appointed were from the upper class and only carried about their own interest. (once again corrupt)

3. after the unification of the Italian State, there were some hostility between the State and The Catholic Church. this undermined the mass support for the government. as many Italians were strong believers in Catholicism.

4. There was big unrest between 1890s - 1914- in the southern areas. the working class went into general strikes against the government. Because the government focused on the heavy industry than "light" industry which the people did not benefit from.

5. In addition, the people blamed the gov. for not making Italy into a great power, and stand for its "rights" during the Treaties and conferences after WWI (for instance Italy didnt get all the areas of Austria that it wished for).

6. The intervention crisis (1914-15) did create wider split in the Government. As the left wing (PSI), King Emmanuel III and the catholic Church were against Italy's intervention in the WWI. However, those who were pro-joining the War: were like right wing and Mussolini (he was expelled from the PSI and created his own newspaper, saying that Italy should interferr in the war). Hence, due to this crisis a split was created which will later affect their relationship in for instance solving the Post-War problems and Mussolini's rise, etc.

7. Moreover, it is very important to focus on the consequences of the WWI on Italy both economically and politically as it explains the reason of why the people and the government voted yes for Mussolini.

Italy was badly hit from the war: the government lost its popularity (1918-22). Hence the rise of the Facist movement and the Socialist movement (politicaly instability)

8. there was alot of strikes, e.g 361 strikes in 1919.

9. High inflation (prices increased by 50%) devastated the economy (1918-20)

10. Unemployment high approx. 3 million.

ALL THESE CREATED HUGE SOCIAL UNREST, that was marked as the "Red Years or Beinno Rosso" (1918-20)

a) Peasant strikes in the south- did some few positive results (as they got ome lands from the landlords and wages increased)

b) Trade unions grew rapidly during this period, upt to 2 million in 1920.

c) Strikes of the workers went further that they occupied the industrial factories (1920)

d) political violence between the facists and socialists ( the facists were the winners, because they had ex-military servicemen)- 300 000 socialsts were killde 1920-22

e)the facists gaind control over the rural areas in the south (1921).

You may wonder why didnt the Socialsts win?

- they were divided (after the Intervention crisis 1914-15)

- Some were unsure if the working class can make a worker revolution.

Moreover, as the facist movement grew more violencly (1922) the gov were unable to handle them. As the gov. didnt work well and the Grand coalition of the gov. failed. also, at the same time the socialists and the communists also called for strikes-- total instability (only mussolinis movement seemed structured and protecting the people).

so the King Emmanuel III granted Mussolini the position of prime minister if he showed total support of the monarchy (and mussloni totaly did it, in his speech 1922)

later, There was a general strike in Rome. this was for Mussolini's advantage as he told the gov (it is them or him finnishing the strike) - he send 20,000 mobilised troops, but only 5000 made it to Rome (they were poorly armed and organised).

The reason for the King not stoping the strikes, is because he was afraid that a civil war would break out as the one in Russia. (i think)

Moreover, the king and the liberal gov. offered Mussolini the position of Prime minister (they thought that he can be tamed)

Later, he solves the vatican issue, by e.g. making religious education compulsory in schools (1923). -- Seen as a Hero

Also, as Mussolini received the position of prime minister, he banned all other opposition parties, censor of newspapers. the OVRA (secret police) was established under the control of Mussolini (1923).

He also created the Facist Grand Council - a way to improve the communication between the facists party & government. But in reality it was more to assert personal controll over the party, specially the powerful opponent the Ras (who always pressured him, e.g. during the March on Rome 1922).

Later, the political murder of the socialist leader Matteotti (1924)- led to huge unrest in Italy- Mussolini was on the edge of losing his power. But, he acted quickly by publicly annoucing his responsiblity of Matteotti death and that a tolitarian state is estabilished (so in 1925- Italy officially became a one -single party state and Mussolini as the Duce (like Hitler Fuhrer in Germany)

Hope this Help ^__^

I am also, studying Mussolini's rule for my final exams next week ^__^

Sources: IB-History Revision books

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Italy in WW2
History of Italy
Benito Mussolini

What famous promise did Benito Mussolini say?

he promised to be a good person in everyway possible .

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Italy in WW2
History of Italy
Benito Mussolini

Why did they overthrew Benito Mussolini?

Because Mussolini was an evil dictator and when Italy was invaded by Germany in 1943 and 1944 after Italy surrendered to the Americans, the people of Italy hated him.

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World War 2
Italy in WW2
History of Italy
Benito Mussolini

What was Benito Mussolini nickname?

Il Duce , meaning 'The Duke' .

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World War 2
Italy in WW2
History of Italy
Benito Mussolini

Mussolini wanted to create a great Italian?

EMPIRE

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World War 2
Italy in WW2
Italy
Benito Mussolini

WHAT promises did Benito Mussolini make to the Italians?

Benito promised to bring ruin to his fellow Italians, and in time he delivered upon that promise, nearly destroying the entire country through war, and the pestilence that comes along with it.

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Italy in WW2
History of Italy
Benito Mussolini

How did Mussolini come to power?

Mussolini coming to power

He gained support from the King of Italy and many landowners/factory owners & upper class people by using his blackshirt militias to put an end to socialist strikes.

This, combined with other factors, resulted in the King appointing Mussolini as Prime Minister. It was after this that his supporters marched on Rome as a victory parade/show of force. Over time, he gradually transferred more powers to himself, until he could oust non fascists from the cabinet and could eventually name himself Duce.
He was appointed by King Victor Emmanuel.
During and after World War I, there was economic and political turmoil in Italy. In 1914, having renounced his previous Marxist socialism, Mussolini established a right-wing nationalist (Fascist) movement, the Fasci Rivoluzionari d'Azione Internazionalista.

He gained support from the King of Italy (Emmanuel III) and many landowners, factory owners, and financiers using his blackshirt militias to put an end to socialist strikes in 1920. In 1921, the Fascists became a political party, the Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF), and Mussolini was elected to the Italian parliament.

In 1922, Benito Mussolini marched into Rome with his Blackshirt legion, and Emmanuel, fearing civil war, appointed Mussolini as Prime Minister, replacing Luigi Facta, who had tried and failed several times to form a stable government.


Benito Mussolini created the Fascist Party. This is a terrorist squads called the Black Shirts. With his army, he was able to gained power and star conquering places.
He was asked by the king to form a government.
Bentio Mussolini took advantage of the bad economic conditions that existed after World War I. He used these to take power by promising to be a stronger leader for the people of Italy.
Benito Mussolini was able to acquire power in Italy because of the depressed economy. He used inflammatory language to build feelings against people in competing parties.

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Joseph Stalin
Benito Mussolini

What did Joseph Stalin and Benito Mussolini disagree to?

Their main disagreeance was the difference in government style (Communist vs. Fascist).

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World War 2
Italy in WW2
History of Italy
Benito Mussolini

What did Benito Mussolini want to be remembered for?

he wants to be remembered by an evil person.

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Italy in WW2
Benito Mussolini

What did Benito Mussolini promise to the masses?

The same thing that Hitler promised the German people. Employment, food and pride in their nation, combined with a economy that would be stable and growing. He also promised to " make the trains run on time " which was a dig at the poor way in which Italians apply themselves to their work. Nothing moves slower than a Italian on the way to work, and nothing moves faster than a Italian going home from work.

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Benito Mussolini

What were one of Mussolini's social goals and what actions did he take to achieve it?

he was a dictator

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Italy in WW2
Benito Mussolini

How did Mussolini die?

Based on the US History text book: Most Italians didn't support Mussolini and didn't believe in Mussolini's leadership anymore, that's why people hated him; He was also arrested by Italian King Victor Emmanuel III, but Hitler freed and hide him in the North Italy. Mussolini died when he tried to cross the Italian border into Germany; an Italian guy shot him, and he got killed.

He was hung by Italian partisans.

what he did not he's in la junta in one of our nursing homes i think the evergreens.?

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Italy in WW2
History of Italy
Benito Mussolini

Who was Benito Mussolini named after?

He was named after Benito Juarez of Mexico.

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