History of Italy

The boot at the bottom of Europe, Italy has a long and diverse cultural heritage ranging from the ancient Romans, the Roman empire and modern day politics. they continue to be a major player in Mediterranean affairs.

6,153 Questions
History of Italy
Bible Statistics and History
New Testament

Who was Pontius Pilate?

Pontius Pilate was a Roman citizen, a prelate appointed by the emperor to oversee the province of Judea. He was responsible for releasing Jesus to be crucified. Between the Pilate of the New Testament and the Pilate of history there is nothing in common. The Pilate of the New Testament is subservient to the Jews, acceding to their every wish, even to murdering an innocent prisoner. The Pilate of history is noted for his hatred of the Jews and his cruelties to them. It was these which provoked his recall. Some have noted quite a remarkable difference between what we know of the regular character of Pilate due to a number of merciless actions during his governorship and his being portrayed as weak and vacilating by the gospel writers.

Since the gospels have been found to be accurate in numerous other instances they could be 'given the benefit of the doubt' here even if there were no additional evidence. However it has been discovered that a certain Sejanus who was like a patron or protector of Pilate, was removed from his position in AD31 as he was found to have been plotting against the emperor of the day. This turn of events would have made the political position of Pilate very weak in AD33, the likely time when Jesus was tried. It would have made the leverage used by the Jews when they said 'if you release this man you are not a friend of Caeser,' particularly strong, as Pilate would have been wanting to demonstrate loyalty lest he be implicated with his friend Sejanus. Pilate of course knew that the Jews hated the Romans, but that they had it 'over him' should they report disloyal conduct on his part. His vacilation was no doubt due to being caught between a rock and a hard place. He certainly seemed to believe in Jesus' innocence but reluctantly gave the Jews this favor to save his own neck, at least for a time.

ANSWER

A ruler from the Roman Empire during time of Jesus who held massive amounts of wealth due to the over taxation of the poor.

ANSWER

I personally believe that the Gospels portray Pilate not as "weak and and vacilating" but as cruel, heartless, arrogant, politically-insensitive, and without the slyness and cunning of the various Herods. All this made it easy for the Pharisees, Sadduccees, and Herodians to politically ambush him.

775776777
History of Italy
Roman Empire
Julius Caesar

What did Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian do that made him so significant historically?

Octavian established the principate, established the Pax Romana, reformed the army, rebuilt the city of Rome, established a firefighting/police force, appointed new members into the senate, and secured the empire's borders.

309310311
Ancient History
History of Italy
Roman Empire

Who fought in Etruscan gladiator fights?

Slaves of deceased kings as part of the funerary ceremonies.

267268269
New Testament
History of Italy
Roman Empire

Was Pontius Pilate Catholic?

No, the Jewish historian Josephus is the only one who provides even a little information about Pilate's life before 26 A.D. when Caesar appointed him procurator of Judea. He suggests that Pilate was probably a Roman citizen from a middle class family. As a Roman citizen of the time, he would have believed in the Roman gods that were currently in vogue.

And of course, Christianity hadn't been invented, much less the Roman Catholic version of it. Jesus was a rabbi of the Nazorean sect of Judaism, and the ejection of his followers from Judaism to become Christianity came in the 90s AD. Pilate is believed to have died 36 AD.

243244245
Mexico
History of Italy
Aztecs

Who explored much of Mexico and conquered the Aztec empire?

A Spanish Explorer, named Hernando Cortes set foot in the Aztec empire in 1519. His expedition was to set across the land to find gold and bring the treasures to Spain. He conquered surrounding civilizations such as theTectonacs and Tlaxcalans. This may of been why he was able to defeat the Aztecs, as they were a very powerful empire. He also ruled parts of Mexico .

241242243
History of Italy
Sentence and Word Structure

What does marionette means?

a puppet that is moved by pulling strings or wires attached to parts of its bodt

213214215
History of the United States
History of Italy
Roman Empire

How do you pronounce Quinctius Cincinnatus?

Quin t us....sin see nat us

211212213
History of Italy
Roman Empire

What architectural feature did the Romans adopt from the Etruscans?

tacos

203204205
History of Italy
Italian Language and Culture
Domande in Italiano

Where did Italians settle in America?

in east America

201202203
Christmas
History of Italy
Decorating

What are some traditional ways to decorate for Christmas?

Set a pair of shoes (wooden ones if you can find them) outside the door with hay and carrots for the reindeer. String cranberries as well as popcorn. For an old fashioned look (but not quite authentic as the real thing, but also not nearly as dangerous) get strands of lights shaped like candles and use those on your tree. If you have a fireplace, try roasting chestnuts. Also stockings, of course, but the traditional ones were real socks. Hang pine needles and pine cones around the house. Ribbons were used also. Jessie You could hang Christmas lights up, put some Christmas stockings around the house, have a traditional Christmas dinner (e.g meat, vegetables)

197198199
History of Italy
Renaissance
Harlem Renaissance

What sources inspired renaissance artists and scholars?

Just to let y'all know, this answer is correct because I got it out of my social studies book. The sources that inspired the Renaissance artists and scholars was human life, and they used perspective. Perspective is a way of showing the depth and distance on a flat surface. I hope this was resourceful!:)

141516
Italy in WW2
Italy
History of Italy
Fascism

How did Mussolini use fascism to improve Italy's economy?

Well all in all yes. Yes fascist economics improved the Italian economy. Fascist economics aren't really radical at all as many might think. Mussolini aligned himself with industrial interest and forged alliances with Italian capitalist. Mussolini had no real economic plan,but reacted to changing situations. Mussolini's economic goals were simple,1 modernize Italy's backward economy,2 remedy Italy's lack of natural resources. Making a alliance of industrialist,workers and the state, Pro-corporatism all in all. First hand Mussolini reformed the highly abused tax system, dis-oped of inefficient state owned industry, cut government costs, and introduced tariffs to protect the new industries. Development available domestic resources, and aggressive commercial policies searching aggressively for raw material trade deals and to solve Italy's resources problem committed strategic colonization,Libya and Ethiopia. Life insurance was shifted to private enterprise. For his first years in power from 1922-1926 he adapted a liberal economic policy,however the liar declined and the liberal policy's dropped. From 1927 on wards Mussolini adapted Italy into a corporation state. Massive work programs to gain popularity, massive construction of roads, including in the countryside. Also, drained massive swamps and confuted them into roads and railroads. Italy's economy improved slowly overtime and by the great depression came in 1929 Italy fared off more than any industrialized nation. Italy's massive industrialization and to bring capitalism into fascist ideology paved the way by the 1930's to a spike in the Italian economy. Mussolini became admired throughout the world for Italy dodging the worldwide economic depression of the early 1930's. Admired by men from Churchill, Roosevelt, and Hitler. His intense nationalism, declaring roman Catholicism as Italy's official religion and the Independence of Vatican city, united the Italian people behind him, even much of Italy's far left came to respect him to,mostly because of his socialist upbringing in his youth. Italy's baby boom of the 1920's,1930's and 1940's was the pure responsibility of Mussolini's fertility program. By the mid 1930's more of the Italian economy was invested into the Armed Forces. Though, Italy suffered a economic boycott after his invasion of Ethiopia in 1935, except for Germany,Islamic nations,other poorer European nations who couldn't afford not to do business with Italy. So, Mussolini just incorporated capitalism into fascist ideology, and just his own spin on it.

187188189
History of Italy

What was Giuseppe Garibaldi nickname?

The Hero of two Worlds

181182183
History of Italy
Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages

Who is Marco Antonio Bertolotti?

a man who lived a long time ago like 200 years.

179180181
Rugby
Italy
History of Italy

What is Italy's rugby history?

1911, when US Milanese played the French team Voiron, saw the first match played in the country (although, in fairness, rugby had been played by the British community in Genoa who in 1893 had formed the 'Cricket and Football Club'). In 1927 the first steps to an organised rugby season were taken when a 'Comitato di Propaganda' was formed. The official birthday of the Italian Rugby Federation (FIR) is 28th September 1928.

Fascism, with its culture of physicality and fitness, gave rugby a considerable impulse: it was considered a "manly" game, its growing popularity bringing teams to Milano, Roma, Torino, Bologna, Padova, Genova, Brescia, Treviso, Rovigo, Napoli and Catania in Sicily.

May 1929 saw the very first International match, played against Spain in Barcelona. When France was expelled from the 5 Nations they, together with Italy, Spain, Rumania, Germany and Czechoslovakia formed F.I.R.A. The War of 1939-45 stopped, but then restarted, rugby's growth with British, Australian and New Zealand troops providing an alternative to French rugby.

The World Cup of 1987 provided a huge boost to the game, as did Italy's membership of the 6 Nations. Giancarlo Dondi, for some years manager of the national team, became President of FIR. Dondi understands the importance of creating a breeding-ground for new players, and has targeted schools, promoting youth rugby with a massive project that is helping to increase the popularity of rugby in Italy and will certainly produce the right kind of players in future.

Currently statistically they have played 354, won 156, loat 188 and drawn 10

161162163
Business & Finance
Alcoholic Beverages
Wine and Champagne
History of Italy

Did the Romans drink wine from wine glasses or cups?

Romans had two methods for their drinks:

1) Their most common "cups" were bowls, literally. They were made from clay/

2) Another thing the Romans used for drinking was the chalice.

155156157
Ancient History
History of Italy
Roman Empire

Did the roman empire fall because of internal problems or external problems?

The western Roman empire fell because of a combination of both internal and external pressures. There was no one reason for the fall. The internal affairs had been in decline for years and the empire simply could not take the pressures on its borders.

The western Roman empire fell because of a combination of both internal and external pressures. There was no one reason for the fall. The internal affairs had been in decline for years and the empire simply could not take the pressures on its borders.

The western Roman empire fell because of a combination of both internal and external pressures. There was no one reason for the fall. The internal affairs had been in decline for years and the empire simply could not take the pressures on its borders.

The western Roman empire fell because of a combination of both internal and external pressures. There was no one reason for the fall. The internal affairs had been in decline for years and the empire simply could not take the pressures on its borders.

The western Roman empire fell because of a combination of both internal and external pressures. There was no one reason for the fall. The internal affairs had been in decline for years and the empire simply could not take the pressures on its borders.

The western Roman empire fell because of a combination of both internal and external pressures. There was no one reason for the fall. The internal affairs had been in decline for years and the empire simply could not take the pressures on its borders.

The western Roman empire fell because of a combination of both internal and external pressures. There was no one reason for the fall. The internal affairs had been in decline for years and the empire simply could not take the pressures on its borders.

The western Roman empire fell because of a combination of both internal and external pressures. There was no one reason for the fall. The internal affairs had been in decline for years and the empire simply could not take the pressures on its borders.

The western Roman empire fell because of a combination of both internal and external pressures. There was no one reason for the fall. The internal affairs had been in decline for years and the empire simply could not take the pressures on its borders.

143144145
History of Italy
Roman Empire
Julius Caesar

What problems did Rome face during the time of Julius Caesar why?

The main issues facing Rome during the time of Julius Caesar were:

1) Veteran resettlement

In the leadup to Julius Caesar's life changes were made to Rome's military referred to as the Marian reforms. Due to severe losses in conflict with the German tribes migrating south new armies were required but Rome did not have enough men left who met the criteria of land and money to be allowed to serve in the army and who had to fund their own equipment. On top of this Rome's Italian allies were unwilling to see their remaining men die under poor leadership in the name of Rome leaving them without men to work their land - as a result their land was being bought by wealthy Romans and Roman slaves were getting the jobs on that land.

To resolve this Marius created a professional army from the capite censi - the Roman 'head count' who had neither land, wealth or employment. With these new armies Rome crushed the German invasion.

However, the dilemma remained of what to do with these professional soldiers when they were no longer required or had reached retirement age. A long running issue on granting land to former soldiers for them to settle on and farm raged in the senate for decades and was a key factor in Julius Caesar's garnering support from the people during elections.

2) Egyptian plague, civil war and grain shortage

During the time before Julius Caesar's affair with Cleopatra Egypt was in turmoil. Plague had ravaged the people of the Nile delta, the Nile had not risen enough to water the the plains that allowed crops to flourish and civil war was brewing between the indigenous Egyptians and the Macedonian Egyptians. The result of all this impacted Rome in the form of grain shortages which Rome depended on heavily.

3) Resistance to change and corruption in the Senate.

Julius Caesar lived at the tail end of the Republic of Rome, for a long time the politics in Rome had descended into chaos and corruption. Around the time Julius Caesar rose to power a faction in the senate under the leadership of Marcus Porcius Cato called the Boni or "good" men believed in resisting change and keeping the old ways of the Roman Republic. This would lead to a civil war because Julius Caesar faced faced being branded a traitor and exiled losing all property in Rome for not heeding the demands of the Boni in the senate to disband his armies and returning to Rome to face the senate over his 'illegal' invasion of Gaul.

4) Buildup of armies in Parthia

The Parthians (modern day Syria/Iraq/Iran were developing to become a major threat at the time of Julius Caesar and at the time of his death Julius Caesar was planning to invade Parthia. Rome had previously failed to invade Parthia under the leadership of Marcus Crassus whose motivation was to glorify himself to the people of Rome and attain the gold and riches Parthia was famous for - resulting in the loss of his complete army and the irony of the Parthians pouring molten gold down the throat of Crassus.

Marcus Antonius would eventually lead Roman Armies to a second defeat against the Parthians before the civil war that ended the Roman Republic once and for all. Luckily for Rome, in-fighting within the Parthian royal family put an end to the threat posed to the lands around the Mediterranean.

147148149
History of Italy

What is nationality of a Sicilian?

Italian

Naturally it is Sicilian and Sicilians like to be called Sicilians they do not consider themselves Italian though Italy owns Sicily.

143144145
Christianity
History of Italy
Roman Empire

How did the Roman Empire hurt Christianity?

A:This can be answered by comparing the Christian Church within the Roman Empire to that which existed in much of Asia and parts of Africa and was outside the control of the Roman Empire.

Under various Christian emperors, from Constantine to Theodosius and beyond, the Christian Church became increasingly intolerant and willing to justify murder and persecution to achieve its ends.

The Nestorian Church came about in 431 CE when the 'Nestorians' were excluded from the Orthodox Church, while the Jacobites emerged in the sixth century under a Syrian leader, Jacobus Baradaeus. At the eastern fringe of the Roman Empire and in the Persian Empire, they were free from imperial influence and able to develop their own moral and cultural standards. The Nestorian Church spread through Asia to India and China, as well as to parts of east Africa, rivalling in importance the Christian Church of the Roman Empire. While in the ancient Chinese capital of Xi'an, Christian missionaries were approached by a Buddhist missionary who needed help in translating his scriptures into Chinese so that he could preach in China. It is a mark of the tolerance of the Nestorians that their missionaries so willingly assisted a Buddhist missionary whom a missionary from the Roman Empire would have likely put to death.

With changes of dynasty in China, the rise of Islam and events elsewhere, the Jacobite and Nestorian Churches went into decline, but they show how Christianity could have been. The Roman Empire hurt Christianity by imposing a culture of intolerance onto the Church, a legacy we still see in small ways, even today.

141142143
Ancient History
History of Italy
Roman Empire

What did etruscans eat?

They ate, what you'd call, poo.

137138139
History of Italy
New Testament
Roman Empire

Was pontius pilate a bad guy?

In my opinion, i don't think Pilate is affiliated with evil. When the people of Jerusalem brought Jesus to him, he feared their anger should he release Jesus. He was neutral, saying that the crowd choose between freeing Jesus or the criminal Barabbas, as on that day, it was custom to release a prisoner. The crowd instantly selected Barabbas, and Pilate cleaned himself in holy water so that he may not be punished for the death of a man that was not made from his choice

135136137
Italy in WW2
History of Italy
Benito Mussolini

What social changes did Benito Mussolini bring?

He made some changes and then he made people believe in a far right wing way off looking at things with his Red March

133134135
History of Italy
Roman Empire
Julius Caesar

What were some major changes to the roman political system?

There were three major changes in the Roman political system. Initially they had a monarch, then a republic and lastly a principate. However during the republic itself, there were changes, such as the granting of civil rights to the plebeians, written laws, an expanding empire which necessitated governorships and provincial officers, and a permanent army to control the borders. After the principate was established there were no more than token elections and all power and authority was consolidated in the emperor.

123124125
History of Italy
Byzantine Empire

Did the people in the Byzantine empire speak Greek?

In the beginning, right after the split, many in the Balkans spoke Latin, the people in greece and western Turkey spoke greek, and in eastern Turkey Armenian was dominant.

Since the empire was centered in greece, greek became the dominant language in the empire, used by the nobility and clergy.

Justinian the Great was the last Emperor of Byzantium to speak latin.

127128129

Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.