Plays are forms of literature written by playwrights for theatrical performances. These are written with dialogs between characters in a variety of genres – tragedy, historical, satire, comedy or farce. Among the famous plays is William Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet.”

7,294 Questions

What is the final part of a play called?

The final part of a play could be called several things:


The finale

The epilogue

The final act.

William Shakespeare

What type of plays did Shakespeare write?

Traditionally, his plays have been put into the categories of Histories (stories taken from English history), Tragedies (stories that end badly for the main characters), and Comedies (stories which end well for the main characters). Sometimes people invent new categories for the plays which do not fit into those three. It's also fair to say that Shakespeare's plays do not as a rule have realistic dialogue; the characters speak often in heightened poetic dialogue. Nor are the plots naturalistic--some are fantasies, and others have a folk-tale quality.

William Shakespeare

What did William Shakespeare write?

William Shakespeare wrote plays, narrative poems and a particular type of poem called sonnets. William Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets, 2 poetic narratives with erotic themes (The Rape of Lucrece, and Venus and Adonis), and at least two other poems .

He wrote 38 plays at least.

It has been suggested, without any proof whatsoever, that the Bard may have functioned as an advisor in the language editing-grammatical aspects of the now-familiar King James Bible. Since Shakespeare was not a Biblical scholar, and knew "small Latin and less Greek" his usefulness on such a project would be minimal. This story, like the idea that he was familiar with Elizabeth I, is wishful fantasy.

William Shakespeare

What plays did William Shakespeare write?

William Shakespeare's plays are categorized as Histories, Comedies, and Tragedies.


  • The Tempest *
  • The Two Gentlemen of Verona
  • The Merry Wives of Windsor
  • Measure for Measure **
  • The Comedy of Errors
  • Much Ado About Nothing
  • Love's Labour's Lost
  • A Midsummer Night's Dream
  • The Merchant of Venice **
  • As You Like It
  • The Taming of the Shrew
  • All's Well That Ends Well**
  • Twelfth Night or What You Will
  • The Winter's Tale *
  • Pericles, Prince of Tyre * (not included in the First Folio)
  • The Two Noble Kinsmen * (written jointly with John Fletcher, not included in the First Folio)


  • King John
  • Richard II
  • Henry IV, part 1
  • Henry IV, part 2
  • Henry V
  • Henry VI, part 1
  • Henry VI, part 2
  • Henry VI, part 3
  • Richard III
  • Henry VIII (written jointly with John Fletcher)


  • Troilus and Cressida
  • Coriolanus
  • Titus Andronicus
  • Romeo and Juliet
  • Timon of Athens
  • Julius Caesar
  • Macbeth
  • Hamlet
  • King Lear
  • Othello
  • Antony and Cleopatra
  • Cymbeline (often classed as a comedy today)
William Shakespeare

What does the soothsayer say to Portia?

He doesn't know of any plot against Caesar but he fears it could happen. He's going to talk to Caesar

Books and Literature

Why is every man is a tragedy play?

Because it ends in death (Everyman and Good Deeds enter the grave and never return) and describes the downfall of a great man.


Who was the narrator of twelve angry men?

Kiefer Sutherland


What is the first part of a play called?

The first part of a play could be called a few different things:

The prologue

Act one

The opening

Literary Terminology

What is the whole script of The Adarna Bird?

Please follow this link below to read the complete story/script of the Adarna Bird.

James Madison
Comedy TV Shows

Who was Madison's foil in the Odd Couple?

Unger. Foil meaning opposite. Oscar Madison's foil was Felix Unger in the play The Odd Couple.


What is the tone of The Glass Menagerie?

it is tragic and tolerent


What is the cause of the tragedy in doctor faustus?

His greed and his too much pride in his knowledge was the main cause of tragedy. At the same time he did not listen to the good angel who made their appearance many time to offer him with good advise of repentance which ultimately caused his damnation.

William Shakespeare

How were William Shakespeare's plays handed down?

All 38 plays which we recognize as Shakespeare's were published before 1634 in some form. We are very fortunate in that two friends of Shakespeare's, Heminges and Condell, decided after his death to publish a compendium of his plays. William Shakespeare's plays were published in 1623, about seven years after Shakespeare's death, in a volume entitled "Mr William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories & Tragedies," known as "The First Folio," containing the text of 36 plays. These were produced by his colleagues in the acting company known as "The King's Men" and are considered to be authentic. Had it not been published, we would never have heard of about half of the plays we know to be Shakespeare's, including such famous ones as Macbeth and Julius Caesar.

The Collection of Shakespeare's plays has been re-edited and reprinted constantly since 1623. Sometimes new plays were added to the original 36 in the First Folio, and sometimes these were afterwards removed.

In addition to the First Folio, some plays were published seperately in what are called Quarto size (half as big as the Folio) in which the text differed from the First Folio versions. The words "folio" and "quarto" describe the sizes of paper on which they were printed. If they hadn't been, we would have had no source for the two plays now agreed to be by Shakespeare which were not in the First Folio, Pericles and The Two Noble Kinsmen. Also, the Folio and Quarto versions of Hamlet and King Lear particularly are very different from each other. Without the Quarto versions, a lot of very familiar lines would have been lost. Thankfully, people kept these old books and didn't throw them out because they were old.

Once published, the plays have been continuously republished since, and there is an unbroken chain of productions since 1660.

The truth is that some of Shakespeare's plays may have never even been written down, and some that were written down may have been destroyed by the passage of time and the elements. At least two plays whose titles we know have disappeared completely. There may be others of which we do not even know the title.

Drama and Acting

The Glass Menagerie Historical Context?

set in the 1930's

before world war two

american dream

the great depression

i am also doing an essay on this but these arethe only points that cinstantly came up


What age is Jim O'Connor from The Glass Menagerie?

He is 23 you blundering idiot.

Short Stories

Where can you find a script of madman on the roof by kikuchi kan?

mad man on the roof


What is the cultural context of a Doll's House?

A Doll's House was said to have influenced women during the time of 1880 and there abouts. This was because of the shocking message it sent out. Women were seen as having no power so when Nora walked out it shocked many, if, all audiences.

When Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House was first published in 1879, it was a coming of age play that dealt with the lives and anxieties of the bourgeoisie women in Victorian Norway. Feminism is the dominant theme, as Ibsen investigated the tragedy of being born as a bourgeoisie female in a society ruled by a patriarchal law. If examined more closely, one can find traces of Marxist Ideology and other schools of thought.

Norma Helmer is the best illustration of the illusioned woman who lives in a society where the male oppresses the female and reduces to a mere doll or plaything. Nora Helmer is that doll living in her fake doll house, which reinforces the fragile idea of a stable family living under a patriarchal and traditional roof.

History of England
William Shakespeare

Did people really speak the way they did in Shakespeare's plays?

Yes, and no.

Shakespeare uses many different styles of language, such as blank verse, rhyming couplets and ordinary "vernacular" language.

He also varied the rhythms and rhymes of his language and used a particular rhythm pattern called iambic pentameter where there are five "stressed" syllables in a line of dialogue.

Generally, he used the more refined and complicated patterns for the "high class" characters and gave the more ordinary styles to "lower class" characters.

Nobody spoke the way Shakespeare wrote his high class characters - it probably takes a lot of thought and rewriting to compose such language.

Many people did, however, use the more common, lower class styles of speech.

Yes, the Middle English used around London (that you may have encountered studying Chaucer) developed into Modern English, and Shakespeare is one of Modern English's earliest and greatest users. Of course, few people were as witty of tongue as Shakespeare's characters...I doubt any potential suicide in Elizabethan England actually paused to consider aloud "to be or not to be...," but remember that Shakespeare was primarily a poet and even his plays are written with a poet's ear to the language of his time.

Yes and no. Most of the people in Shakespeare's plays talk in poetry, which is very artificial and unnatural, while some speak in prose which is closer to the way everyone spoke. Many of the lines are said in exactly the same way they would be today. "Who's there?" (Hamlet) "I am a man more sinned against than sinning." (King Lear) "We cannot be here and there too." (Romeo and Juliet) all sound pretty modern.

People tend to be wrapped up in their own reality, and so anything different from what they know seems strange. The small differences between modern speech and the speech in Shakespeare's plays are no more confusing than talking to someone from another part of the world who speaks a different dialect.

Since not all people in Shakespeare's plays speak the same way, the answer is both yes and no. Lines written in prose would approximate ordinary speech much more than lines in verse, certainly much more than lines in rhymed verse.

However, some lines have the stamp of reality to them. Almost everything Sir John Falstaff says sounds very natural.

"What need I be so forward with him that calls not on me? Well, 'tis no matter; honour pricks me on. Yea, but how if honour prick me off when I come on? how then? Can honour set to a leg? no: or an arm? no: or take away the grief of a wound? no. Honour hath no skill in surgery, then? no. What is honour? a word. What is in that word honour? what is that honour? air. A trim reckoning! Who hath it? he that died o' Wednesday. Doth he feel it? no. Doth he hear it? no. 'Tis insensible, then. Yea, to the dead. But will it not live with the living? no. Why? detraction will not suffer it. Therefore I'll none of it."

The Tempest

What is the importance of forgiveness in the play The Tempest?

The Tempest has many scenes centring around guilt or forgiveness. In particular, part way through, when Ariel presents the men who had chanced upon the island with a great feast. She shows them the food, makes them want it, then takes it away speaking about what they did to Prospero and Miranda. This comes to play in the end, as Prospero forgives those who had banished him years ago, primarily because he feels as though he has achieved what he needed to. He has made them feel alone, lost and guilty for the past, only after they feel this can he truly forgive them.

Philosophy and Philosophers
William Shakespeare

Who speaks at caesars funeral?

Brutus and Antony.

William Shakespeare
The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice

Who is courtesan in Othello?


William Shakespeare
Literature Classics

What is meant by And melancholy is the nurse of frenzy in The Taming of the Shrew by William Shakespeare?

The full quotation is:

Your honour's players, hearing your amendment,

Are come to play a pleasant comedy;

For so your doctors hold it very meet,

Seeing too much sadness hath congeal'd your blood,

And melancholy is the nurse of frenzy.

Therefore they thought it good you hear a play

And frame your mind to mirth and merriment,

Which bars a thousand harms and lengthens life.

In other words, watching a funny play is good for your health. To understand the medical theory going on here, you have to know something about the four humours, especially the black bile and blood. These two substances were supposed to regulate a person's temperament and behaviour: lots of blood made a person sanguine, happy, optimistic, but lots of black bile made a person melancholic, depressed and unhappy. The diagnosis is that "too much sadness hath congeal'd [Sly's] blood" which stops the blood from making him happy. His melancholy is taking over.

Psychiatry was easier then.

The messenger here employs a metaphor: he says melancholy is a nurse to frenzy. In the same way as a nurse helps a person grow strong and healthy, melancholy encourages and strengthens frenzied, desperate and erratic behaviour.

Drama and Acting

What is the role of chorus in Murder in the cathedral?

The Chorus: an unspecified number of Canterbury's women, is a corporate character serving the same purposes as does the chorus in Greek drama: to develop and, more importantly, to comment on the action of the play. The women's initial speech fairly defines their dramaturgic role: "We are forced to bear witness." And yet this chorus, like its ancient Greek predecessors, is no mere, dispassionate, objective "eyewitness"; rather, it is a witness bearing testimony to truth-almost as in a legal proceeding, but that analogy fails to capture the nature of the testimony the chorus offers. In commenting upon the action of Thomas Becket's murder, the women are voicing insights into, reflections on, and conclusions about time, destiny, and life and death. In the end, they emerge as representatives of ordinary people-such as those who make up the audience of the play, or its readership-people who, mired in and having settled for an existence of "living and partly living," are unable to greet transcendence when it is offered to them. As they state in the play's final moments, not everyone can bear the "loneliness. surrender. deprivation" necessary to become a saint. Not all can be saints-but all can pray for their intercession.

William Shakespeare

How important were theatre and literature from 1564-1616?

These are two different questions. Since you have selected the years of William Shakespeare's lifetime, let's talk about theatre and literature in England where he spent his entire life. Theatre was of enormous importance, particularly in London. There were at least a half-dozen theatres in London from the 1570s on, and each one of them staged performances regularly six days a week, getting audiences in the thousands. There were other forms of entertainment at the time, such as watching animal blood sports or going to church to hear a sermon, but the theatre was everyone's favourite. Theatre was also popular in the country towns, but much less available, since they did not have permanent dramatic companies and only got to see plays when there was an outbreak of disease In London and the theatres were closed. Literature was another story. Anyone who could speak English could understand and enjoy a play, but to appreciate literature one had to be able to read. This was a substantially smaller part of the population: those of middle- or upper-class upbringing who attended schools and, in some cases, universities. This group also consisted largely of men, although some noblewomen (such as Mary Sidney or the Queen) were extremely well-educated. Thus literature was for an elite group, unlike theatre.


Write a note on use of dolls in hayavadana-Girish Karnad?

The dolls are used as an instrument of narration and also as a projection of what the characters are thinking. They are used in the play to fill in the gaps of what is happening in the story.


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