Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, and France.
No, Benito Mussolini was killed brutally by rioting Italians. Then Italy started fighting on the allies side.
A boot. :3
A cowboy boot
Well all in all yes. Yes fascist economics improved the Italian economy. Fascist economics aren't really radical at all as many might think. Mussolini aligned himself with industrial interest and forged alliances with Italian capitalist. Mussolini had no real economic plan,but reacted to changing situations. Mussolini's economic goals were simple,1 modernize Italy's backward economy,2 remedy Italy's lack of natural resources. Making a alliance of industrialist,workers and the state, Pro-corporatism all in all. First hand Mussolini reformed the highly abused tax system, dis-oped of inefficient state owned industry, cut government costs, and introduced tariffs to protect the new industries. Development available domestic resources, and aggressive commercial policies searching aggressively for raw material trade deals and to solve Italy's resources problem committed strategic colonization,Libya and Ethiopia. Life insurance was shifted to private enterprise. For his first years in power from 1922-1926 he adapted a liberal economic policy,however the liar declined and the liberal policy's dropped. From 1927 on wards Mussolini adapted Italy into a corporation state. Massive work programs to gain popularity, massive construction of roads, including in the countryside. Also, drained massive swamps and confuted them into roads and railroads. Italy's economy improved slowly overtime and by the great depression came in 1929 Italy fared off more than any industrialized nation. Italy's massive industrialization and to bring capitalism into fascist ideology paved the way by the 1930's to a spike in the Italian economy. Mussolini became admired throughout the world for Italy dodging the worldwide economic depression of the early 1930's. Admired by men from Churchill, Roosevelt, and Hitler. His intense nationalism, declaring roman Catholicism as Italy's official religion and the Independence of Vatican city, united the Italian people behind him, even much of Italy's far left came to respect him to,mostly because of his socialist upbringing in his youth. Italy's baby boom of the 1920's,1930's and 1940's was the pure responsibility of Mussolini's fertility program. By the mid 1930's more of the Italian economy was invested into the Armed Forces. Though, Italy suffered a economic boycott after his invasion of Ethiopia in 1935, except for Germany,Islamic nations,other poorer European nations who couldn't afford not to do business with Italy. So, Mussolini just incorporated capitalism into fascist ideology, and just his own spin on it.
Italy invaded Etiopia mostly because of border problems and then later allied with Germany
At that time Benito Mussolini just came into power. He promissed Italy that he would help improve the economic condition and help Italy regain the power it had in the Roman Empire. WW2 helped do that. Towards the end of the war he was overthrown and Italy surrendered.
It was either saddle up with Hitler or be overrun by him. Italy, an ally of the U.S. and Britain during WWI, got a raw deal after the war when Europe was carved up. Mussolini was of the belief (and I believe also Hitler) that after overrunning western Europe, Hitler would sue for piece with England and regain land lost after WWI and more. Then he would turn his sights on Russia. Hitler didnt figure on the resolve of England and the U.S. entrance into WWII.Mussolini figured on getting a piece of Europe, possibly Southern France and Corsica and Something from the Balkans. Anyway, Mussolini gambled and lost. He pretty much would loose whichever way he went.
Mussolini had dreams of a new Roman Empire. He wanted as much land, loot, and glory as Italy could grab.
Because Mussolini, who was actually the first of the Fascist dictators and the senior partner until the late 1930s, had fantasies about a new Roman Empire.
The leader of Italy, Benito Mussolini, had dreams of creating an Italian empire in the Med. Once he was sure that Germany was going to beat France he declared war and joined Hitler. He hoped to grab some land at France's expense and that the war would soon be over. Instead his poorly developed country embarked on campaigns in Greece and North Africa that it was unprepared for. Italy spent the rest of the war, up until their surrender, basically taking orders from Germany as a result.
Benito Mussolini had taken over as dictator of Italy in 1922. He lead the country into war against countries in North Africa which lead to the Germans sending troops in their support to fight the British in 1941.
Mussolini was forced to resign in July 1943 and the Italians surrendered. However, the Germans 'rescued' Mussolini and placed him as a puppet ruler over the Italian Fascists who sided with the Germans.
1. London Blitz
2. Operation Barbarossa
3. War on U.S.
4. Tripartate (Italy, Germany, Japan)
He made some changes and then he made people believe in a far right wing way off looking at things with his Red March
The Corpo Aereo Italiano is credited by most sources as many as 15,but both the German as well as Italian aviators who operated R.A. craft under Luftwaffe command downed or damanged over a couple of hundred more,and of course it is know to everyone only all too well,killed or wounded many Allied Airmen and achieved some very horrific damnage to both property and military fascilities in both cost and destruction with the targets they succeeded in hitting.-Source:In the Skies over Europe Air Forces Allied to the Luftwaffe by Hans Werner Neulen
The 36th (Texas and Oklahoma National Guard) Division invaded Salerno and Anzio, crossed the Po River, and marched through Rome (what was left of them). The American Infantry units & commands that served in Italy are listed below. Sicily is a part of Italy and some units served there under the command of Gen Patton but these did not see combat in mainland Italy: ARMY COMMANDS: 5th Army & 7th Army(Sicily only) Corps: II, IV, VI(transferred to S. France) Infantry Divisions: 1st(Sicily only), 3rd, 9th(Sicily only), 34th, 36th, 45th, 85th, 88th, 91st, 92nd. 10th Mountain Division Armored Division: 1st & 2nd(Sicily only) Airborne Division: 82nd(Sicily only-- 504 Parachute Infantry Regiment remained in mainland Italy) Independent Units: 442nd Regimental Combat Team 473rd Regimental Combat Team 1st Special Service Forces (A bonus answer to your Question) US Army Air Forces: 15th Air Force (heavy, strategic bombers) 12th Air Force (medium, tactical bombers)
This is only a brief, and superficial explanation of how Italy became involved in WWII. Basically, it was Italy's expansionist desires under Mussolini that initially got them involved. In order to help facilitate Mussolini's expansion aspirations, Italy signed a mutual-assistance pact with Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, thus forming an alliance known as the Axis powers. Italy then launched attacks against the Albanians, Greeks, and British in North Africa. These attacks didn't go so well for Italy, so their German allies came to the rescue. The Germans then conquered Greece and most of North Africa.
There was a number of battles in the area of the Phillippines,on land and sea,from 1941 to 1945.
italy went bankrupt
Laurie Halse Anderson is 49 years old (birthdate: October 23, 1961).
ABYSSINIA is an extensive country of Eastern Africa, the limits of which are not well defined, and authorities be regarded as lying between 7° 30' and 15° 40' N. lat., and 35° and 40° 30' E. long., having, N. and N.W., Nubia; E., the territory of the Danakils; S; the country of the Gallas; and W., the regions of the Upper Nile (61-1). It has an area of about 200,000 square miles, and a population of from 3,000,000 to 4,000,000.
The name Abyssinia, or more properly Habessinia, is derived from the Arabic word Habesch, which signifies mixture or confusion, and was applied to this country by the Arabs on account of the mixed character of the people. This was subsequently Latinised by the Portuguese into Abassia and Abassinos, and hence the present name. The Abyssinians call themselves Itiopyavan, and their country Itiopia, or Manghesta Itiopia, the kingdom of Ethiopia.
"Vos et ipsam civitem benedicimus" (We Bless you and your city)
Facism. Benito Mussolini was the leader.
Italy had Benito Mussollini as leader; called dictator or fascist etc. he was with axis nations; close to AHitler.
A constitutional monarchy, in which Mussolini insured the Constitution was interpreted in his benefit.
Climate and temperature ranges vary, from humid, subtropcal nearr the equator to cold and dry on the Andes mountains and west of them. In the far south it gets windy and cold. There are large plain areas near southern Brazil and mid argentina that go almost all the way to the southern point. Waters generally have lots of fish for sea industrys, but every four years El nino descends on the pacific ocean, making beaches on the pacific a lot warmer and decreasing marine life.
Je vais en Italie l'année prochaine.
To be able in answering this question, one needs to analyse and look at the conditions that Italy suffered from before the rise of Benito Mussolini in 1925 as the Duce of Italy.
The long-term causes:
1. The liberal government: was created after the unification of Italy in 1861. it was very corrupted. carried for its own selfish-interest than the people. Also, the forced unification on the people was superficial. Due to the fact that the people did not develope national conscious; as one of the governments leaders said "We have made Italy, now we need to make Italians"
2. Also, there was division in the wealth and classes between the upper class (in the north), middle class. and the poor class in South (which did not have the right to vote). Only the upper class had the right to vote, this meant that people who were appointed were from the upper class and only carried about their own interest. (once again corrupt)
3. after the unification of the Italian State, there were some hostility between the State and The Catholic Church. this undermined the mass support for the government. as many Italians were strong believers in Catholicism.
4. There was big unrest between 1890s - 1914- in the southern areas. the working class went into general strikes against the government. Because the government focused on the heavy industry than "light" industry which the people did not benefit from.
5. In addition, the people blamed the gov. for not making Italy into a great power, and stand for its "rights" during the Treaties and conferences after WWI (for instance Italy didnt get all the areas of Austria that it wished for).
6. The intervention crisis (1914-15) did create wider split in the Government. As the left wing (PSI), King Emmanuel III and the catholic Church were against Italy's intervention in the WWI. However, those who were pro-joining the War: were like right wing and Mussolini (he was expelled from the PSI and created his own newspaper, saying that Italy should interferr in the war). Hence, due to this crisis a split was created which will later affect their relationship in for instance solving the Post-War problems and Mussolini's rise, etc.
7. Moreover, it is very important to focus on the consequences of the WWI on Italy both economically and politically as it explains the reason of why the people and the government voted yes for Mussolini.
Italy was badly hit from the war: the government lost its popularity (1918-22). Hence the rise of the Facist movement and the Socialist movement (politicaly instability)
8. there was alot of strikes, e.g 361 strikes in 1919.
9. High inflation (prices increased by 50%) devastated the economy (1918-20)
10. Unemployment high approx. 3 million.
ALL THESE CREATED HUGE SOCIAL UNREST, that was marked as the "Red Years or Beinno Rosso" (1918-20)
a) Peasant strikes in the south- did some few positive results (as they got ome lands from the landlords and wages increased)
b) Trade unions grew rapidly during this period, upt to 2 million in 1920.
c) Strikes of the workers went further that they occupied the industrial factories (1920)
d) political violence between the facists and socialists ( the facists were the winners, because they had ex-military servicemen)- 300 000 socialsts were killde 1920-22
e)the facists gaind control over the rural areas in the south (1921).
You may wonder why didnt the Socialsts win?
- they were divided (after the Intervention crisis 1914-15)
- Some were unsure if the working class can make a worker revolution.
Moreover, as the facist movement grew more violencly (1922) the gov were unable to handle them. As the gov. didnt work well and the Grand coalition of the gov. failed. also, at the same time the socialists and the communists also called for strikes-- total instability (only mussolinis movement seemed structured and protecting the people).
so the King Emmanuel III granted Mussolini the position of prime minister if he showed total support of the monarchy (and mussloni totaly did it, in his speech 1922)
later, There was a general strike in Rome. this was for Mussolini's advantage as he told the gov (it is them or him finnishing the strike) - he send 20,000 mobilised troops, but only 5000 made it to Rome (they were poorly armed and organised).
The reason for the King not stoping the strikes, is because he was afraid that a civil war would break out as the one in Russia. (i think)
Moreover, the king and the liberal gov. offered Mussolini the position of Prime minister (they thought that he can be tamed)
Later, he solves the vatican issue, by e.g. making religious education compulsory in schools (1923). -- Seen as a Hero
Also, as Mussolini received the position of prime minister, he banned all other opposition parties, censor of newspapers. the OVRA (secret police) was established under the control of Mussolini (1923).
He also created the Facist Grand Council - a way to improve the communication between the facists party & government. But in reality it was more to assert personal controll over the party, specially the powerful opponent the Ras (who always pressured him, e.g. during the March on Rome 1922).
Later, the political murder of the socialist leader Matteotti (1924)- led to huge unrest in Italy- Mussolini was on the edge of losing his power. But, he acted quickly by publicly annoucing his responsiblity of Matteotti death and that a tolitarian state is estabilished (so in 1925- Italy officially became a one -single party state and Mussolini as the Duce (like Hitler Fuhrer in Germany)
Hope this Help ^__^
I am also, studying Mussolini's rule for my final exams next week ^__^
Sources: IB-History Revision books
10 June 1940 Italy officially declared war against UK and France, already being a part of the pact with the other Axis powers since before 1939. There had already been a skirmish with Britain the day before. The occupation of Abessinia in 1935 and Albania in 1939 hand't led to involvement in further military conflict. Mussolini made Hitler wait a little with the invasion of Poland to be more ready for a great war, but Italy remained quite passive until France was attacked by Germany.AnswerThe Italians entered the war in 1940 as an ally of Germany. Their main aims were to expand their Mediterranean empire by fighting the British. AnswerWhen Mussolini saw how easily Germany was running over France and the allies in western Europe, he decided to declare war on the Allies and gain some easy spoils. When the Italians invaded soutern France, they were in for a rude shock. They were stopped cold. Only the capitulation of the French and the forming of the Vichy gov't stopped the Allies from going over onto the offensive. Mussolini was upset by his sad performance and decided to prove to the world that the Roman empire had resurfaced. He ordered his army in Tripoli to invade Egypt. They did well at the beginning, but the vastly outnumbered British stopped them. After this halt, the British went over to the offensive and regained all of their ground and started driving into Italian territory. At this point, Hitler dispatched Rommel at the head of the DAK. Italy dreamed of reclaiming the former glory of Rome and becoming a true world power. It's problem was that it's military was not capable of fighting and winning on it's own.
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