Battle of Britain

The Battle of Britain was a World War 2 air campaign conducted by Germany against Britain in the summer of 1940. The objective was to gain air superiority over Britain in preparation for a possible invasion by sea.

1,809 Questions
Britain in WW2
British Armed Forces (UK Military)
Battle of Britain

What was the Battle of Britain?

Battle of BritainThe Battle of Britain (10 July 1940 - 31 October 1940) was the conflict fought between the RAF and the German Luftwaffe, as bombing during the day in the late summer of 1940 attempted to destroy Britain's air defenses by attacking RAF airfields.

Huge numbers of bombers were destroyed without incapacitating the British fighter airfields permanently. A system of radar and dispersal from a command centre at Biggin Hill helped defend the nation and prevent the Luftwaffe from dominating the air in advance of a planned channel crossing invasion (Operation Sealion) which Hitler had to cancel after the RAF resisted and caused massive damage to the German air attack capability.

Short range prevented the German fighters from providing heavy air support except over the south coast and Kent, but the superiority of the British aircraft (numerically more Hurricanes than Spitfires) won the Battle.

Churchill described the success in a famous speech when he stated that "never in the history of human conflict has so much been owed by so many to so few."

The gallant RAF pilots were thereafter referred to as "The Few," and were made up of many Britons, Poles, Czechs, Free French, Canadians and even some Americans who had enlisted in Canada to fight. New Zealand and Australia had hundreds of pilots in RAF service also. Pilots were rushed through training, being desperately needed against a seemingly overwhelming German bomber force. Superior tactics (the use of radar to coordinate strength against in coming bombers) and the dispersal of aircraft to many small airfields and good early deployment, optimised the British effort. The fighters were also very capable in combat, even against the Me109 support fighters which could make it over the British coast. Many battles were fought over the Channel but had to be of limited duration because the German fighters had such limited range for combat flying.

AnswerThis was a battle between Germany and Britain.(From July 10-october 31 1940). It was started after Germany attacked France and Britain stepped in to help then retreated back to Britain where Germany attacked next. AnswerOne of the major campaigns of the early part of World War II, the Battle of Britain is the name commonly given to the attempt by the German Luftwaffe to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force (RAF), before a planned sea and airborne invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion). Neither Hitler nor the German Wehrmacht believed it possible to carry out a successful amphibious assault on the British Isles until the RAF had been neutralised. Secondary objectives were to destroy aircraft production and ground infrastructure, as well as terrorising the British people with the intent of intimidating them into seeking an armistice or surrender and attacking areas of political interest.

British historians regard the battle as running from 9 July to 31 October 1940, which represented the most intense period of daylight air raiding. German historians begin the battle in mid-August 1940 and end it in May 1941, on the withdrawal of the bomber units in preparation for the attack on the USSR. The failure of Nazi Germany to destroy Britain's air forces to allow for an invasion or to break the spirit of either the British government or people is widely considered the Third Reich's first major defeat.

The RAF recognises [1] 2440 British and 510 overseas pilots who flew at least one authorised operational sortie with an eligible unit of the Royal Air Force or Fleet Air Arm during the period 10 July to 31 October 1940. This group includes 139 Poles, 98 New Zealanders, 86 Canadians, 84 Czechoslovakians, 29 Belgians, 21 Australians, 20 South Africans, 13 French, 10 Irish, 7 from the United States, a Jamaican, a Palestinian Jew and a Southern Rhodesian. 498 RAF pilots were killed during the battle. The Battle of Britain was the first major battle to be fought entirely in the air. It was the largest and most sustained bombing campaign yet attempted and the first real test of the strategic bombing theories that had emerged since the previous World War.

The Battle of Britain was an aerial and marine conflict between Germany and Britain that lasted months. The Luffewaffe nearly lost all their planes and many thousands of pilots. Hitler also bombed industrial cities, London and Coventry, ship ports and radar sites. The Britains lost many planes and pilots but they prevailed the nightly bombings, dogfights and their efforts to bomb Germany. Germany lost much more than the Britons did.

I would like to thank the American Pilots who Risked Inprisonment by the US government in their valiant efforts in Joining the RCAF of traveling direct to the UK where the RAF formed 3 Eagle Squadrons 71, 121, and 133 squadrons 240 heroes who helped save my life in the battle of Britiantheir use caused them to adopt this attitude ( if a short life make it a merry one )

retired Warrant officer after 9 years RAF and 28 RAAF i salute you one and all
The defense against Germany's Luftwaffe.
Late summer 1940.

AnswerThis was a battle between Germany and Britain.(From July 10-october 31 1940). It was started after Germany attacked France and Britain stepped in to help then retreated back to Britain where Germany attacked next.
The Battle of Britain was the aerial conflict between British and German air forces in the skies over the United Kingdom in the summer and autumn of 1940. It was one of the most important moments in Britain's twentieth century history and a vital turning point of the Second World War. Royal Air Force Fighter Command defeated the Luftwaffe's attempt to gain air supremacy over southern England and saved Britain from German invasion and conquest.
146147148
World War 2
Italy in WW2
WW2 Axis Powers
Battle of Britain

How many Allied aircraft did the Regia Aeronautica destroy in the Battle of Britain?

The Corpo Aereo Italiano is credited by most sources as many as 15,but both the German as well as Italian aviators who operated R.A. craft under Luftwaffe command downed or damanged over a couple of hundred more,and of course it is know to everyone only all too well,killed or wounded many Allied Airmen and achieved some very horrific damnage to both property and military fascilities in both cost and destruction with the targets they succeeded in hitting.-Source:In the Skies over Europe Air Forces Allied to the Luftwaffe by Hans Werner Neulen

129130131
Movies
Britain in WW2
Germany in WW2
Battle of Britain

What is a filmography?

A filmography would be all the movies a person has ever been in

113114115
Britain in WW2
Battle of Britain

Where was the Battle of Britain fought?

in the air

777879
US Civil War
History of the United States
American Revolution
Battle of Britain

How many casualties in the battle of Yorktown?

Approximately: American - 20 dead, 56 injured French - 52 dead, 134 injured British - 600 dead and injured

838485
Battle of Britain

Why was the Battle of Britain important?

Answer:

There is much speculation on what might have happened had Hitler achieved his objective of gaining air superiority over the south of Britain, ranging from an invasion and occupation by the Germans to a non-aggression pact between Britain and Germany, which would have had to include restrictions on the use of the Royal Navy and other British forces and on what foreign forces could be stationed on British soil.

It is much clearer what could not have happened had Hitler succeeded in suppressing British air defences. Britain could not have been used as a base for Allied forces to invade Europe so Europe would have come entirely under the control of the Nazis and/or the Soviets.

Answer:

After the fall of France most countries felt the war was over. The British seemed surrounded and cornered, with no real allies. The Soviets were selling raw materials to the Nazi war effort, the US refused to fight, Hitler seemed to many to have won. An era of darkness was expected to fall upon the human race.

The Spanish, French, Turkish and US Generals were ready to cut a deal with Hitler after the defeat and surrender of the British airforce, however, that did not happen.

The UK air force may have been outnumbered 3 to 1 but the British had superior radar, intelligence, tactics, planes and pilots. This not only saved the UK but the world.

If Britain had lost the whole of Europe, Asia, Africa, the Arab world and inevitably the Americas would be under Nazi rule. The light of mankind would indeed have been extinguished.

After the British victory, with courageous help from other allies such as Czech, Polish, NZ pilots, Hitler was heart broken. He said the defeat of the German airforce was the main reason for his defeat, he felt his whole dream of world domination had gone.

In a fit of anger and bewilderment he invaded his closest allie the Soviet Union. Not one German general agreed with this as it seemed unimportant to the Nazi war effort. The defeat at the BOB had repercussions as the Japanese in a fit of similar crazed anger attacked the USA a country over twice the size of them, again for no reason.

The BOB was not only the key turning point in WWII but also the most important battle in the history of warfare. No battle before or since held so much importance.

Answer:

The Battle of Britain was important because Hitler's Luftwaffe (Air Force) was preparing an invasion of Britain. If Germany could gain control of the skies than all that stopped them was Britain's Navy. But with Germany's U-boats it wouldn't be all that difficult to one by one destroy Britain's navy. Germany bombed English airfields and cities for months on end. Britain's RAF fought back with the use of RADAR and new Spitfire planes. But Germany could not defeat Britain's RAF and were forced to end the attack.

It also showed that Britain was going to keep on fighting instead of giving in to Germany. It was the first loss that Germany suffered after a string of magnificent victories that made them seem invincible. Britain's victory meant that Germany could not launch Sealion, the invasion of Britain. Although the invasion was a dubious proposition even with control of the air.

Gorings mismanagement of the Luftwaffe cost Germany aircraft that during war couldn't and wouldn't be able to be replaced. Imagine what possible contributions that the Luftwaffe could have made on the Russian Front.

Had they lost the battle, they likely would have lost the war, either through being starved into submission, being invaded, or a combination of the two.

Answer:

The battle of Britain only decided whether the Germans would try to invade Britain - not whether the invasion would be a success. Even with air superiority it was highly unlikely the German air force and navy would have been able to prevent the British navy from destroying the German invasion fleet. The British navy outnumbered the Germans by roughly 5:1 in most types of warship, and the German air force was not properly equipped to sink small fast moving warships in open water: particularly destroyer-sized ships. The consequences of this for anyone onboard the improvised invasion barges would probably have been very unpleasant (once the small escort force of their own warships had been sunk by the British). However a British naval victory might well have been counter productive for them in the long run, as a spectacular military defeat for the Germans would undoubtedly have focused the very unforgiving Adolf Hitler on destroying Britain rather than turning his attention to the Russians - which is what really saved Britain in the long run.

Answer:

The Battle of Britain is important because it was one of the pivotal points of the war, much like Stalingrad or Midway, it effectively halted Hitlers advance in the west and denied Hitler total victory in Europe, forcing him into a dilemma which he hoped he would never have to encounter again, a war on 2 fronts, the result of the battle of Britain ensured that democracy survived and was preserved in Europe, and Britain became a beacon to all those who detested and wished to fight against Nazism. Polish, French, Belgian, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian and Czech forces in exile all set up in Britain and took part in the invasion of Europe. Moreover Britain became a massive floating base for British, American, Canadian and Australian troops preparing for D-day. Even though there is much debate today over whether Germany could have launched an invasion at all even if the RAF was destroyed, it was an important battle, the Germans were not invincible, the stalwart resistance shown by Britain convinced the United states to send food, weapons, supplies, tanks, ships and all manner of consumables to Britain, also the invasion of Europe would be launched from the south coast of England, culminating in a gigantic pincer move, with the American/Canadian/British forces in the west and the Soviet forces in the east, this pincer move would crush Germany in 1945.

Because if the British air force had not been able to overcome the German attacks, Germany might have gone on to mount an invasion of Britain, having established air superiority. The British Navy was superior to the German, but without air cover it would have been very vulnerable. The US was neutral and not in a position to help much anyway, being a long way off and not geared up for war. If Britain had been occupied by Germany, the US would never have been able to mount an invasion of Europe.

868788
Battle of Britain

What was the American point of view on the Battle of Britain?

I believe that America wanted the British to win, but we (united States)wanted to belive that it was europes problem, not something we wanted to get involved in. We were willing to send them arms. US business men were making money on lend lease. FDR knew it was a globel problem and wanted America to go to war but the public was not ready.

798081
British Armed Forces (UK Military)
Battle of Britain

How many RAF pilots died in the battle of Britain?

498 royal air force pilots died in the battle of Britain

757677
Battle of Britain

When was the Battle of Britain?

The Battle of Britain happened between July 10, 1940 and October 31, 1940. It was a critical event in WW2 which stalled the German advance and conquest/invasion of Britain. It was fought in the air and was a battle for air supremacy to pave the way for the German invasion as, without having the sky cleared of British planes, the Germans could not successfully move troops onto British soil because the RAF would bomb them as they tried to land.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The summer of 1940, with the culmination around September 15th.

The RCAF also started to do "intruder missions" near the German airfields in France. These were night fighters who would attack the Germans as they were trying to land at their own Lufftwaffe bases, at the end of a night flight.

By the middle of September, 1941, the Germans had decided it was too late in the year to launch a invasion, so they reduced their air raids to a minimum.

The Battle Of Britain was significant as it was the first WW2 battle that was entirely fought in the sky.

565758
World War 2
Germany in WW2
Battle of Britain

How many German soldiers died during the Normandy Invasion?

Rommel and von Kluge had that area.

Get the book of General Speidel, who was second to Rommel, for a firsthand account of casualty reports.

It's called __Invasion 1944__, in the original English edition of 1950.

according to a docomentaire about D-day ,the casualties to the German side were 6500 dead!

727374
Battle of Britain

What was the purpose of the Battle of Britain and the effect it had on the Allied cause?

Answer.

After the fall of France most countries felt the war was over. The British seemed surrounded and corner, with no real allies. The Soviets were selling raw materials to the Nazi war effort, the US cowardly refused to fight, Hitler seemed to many to have won. An era of darkness was expected to fall upon the human race.

The Spanish, French, Turkish and US Generals were ready to cut a deal with Hitler after the defeat of the British airforce and their surrender, however it did not happen.

The UK air force may have been outnumbered 3 to 1 but the British had superior radar, intelligence, tactics, planes and pilots. This not only saved the UK but the world also.

If Britain had lost then the whole of Europe, Asia, Africa, the Arab world and inevitably the Americas would be under Nazi rule. The light of mankind would indeed have been extinguished.

After the British victory, with courageous help from other allies such as Czech, Polish, NZ pilots, Hitler was heart broken. He said the defeat of the German airforce was the main reason for his defeat, he felt his whole dream of world domination had gone.

In a fit of anger and bewilderment he invaded his closest allie the Soviet Union. Not one German general agreed with this as it seemed unimportant to the Nazi war effort. The defeat at the BOB had repercussions as the Japanese in a fit of similar crazed anger attacked the USA a country over twice the size of them, again for no reason.

The BOB was not only the key turning point in WWII but also the most important battle in the history of war fare. No battle before or since held so much importance.

AnswerThe Germans were attempting to destroy the Royal Air Force and bomb British defenses in order prepare for a seaborn invasion of the country. In this they were defeated. When it became obvious that they would never have complete air supremacy over England, Hitler abandoned the attempt and invaded Russia instead. Thus he had the two front war he had sworn to avoid. Fighting on two fronts, and with Great Britain as a base for the Americans, Garmany was doomed. Michael Montagne AnswerThe answer is rather complex and falls into two parts. Firstly, "The purpose of the battle"

In May 1940, Germany launched it's "Blitzkrieg" on the west with attacks on Belgium, Holland and France. The Use of pin point airstikes combined with fast moving armour allowed them to rapidly cut through the defenders lines, pushing the Anglo French forces further and further back. Belgium and Holland both fell to the advancing Germans.

With all hope of saving France gone, the British decided to evacuate their forces via the channel port of Dunkirk. Destroying any equipment they couldn't carry the British and French armies assembled on the beaches, still under constant air attack, while a flotilla of fishing boats, private yachts and steam ferries (mainly crewed by civilians) sailed from England to collect them. Despite this armada of tiny vessels being constantly under attack some 175,000 British troops and a similar number of French were taken directly back to Britain or transferred to larger warships further of shore.

Having defeated France in just five weeks Germany seemed invincible. All that stood in the way of Hitler securing the whole of Western Europe was now the British and the British alone - no European allies left! Her army now seriously lacked equipment and supplies due to Dunkirk but her navy and air force were still intact and would cause serious problems for the invasion that Hitler now planned.

The first stage of the plan began in late June and early July with air strikes against channel shipping and ports. In August the Battle of Britain proper got underway. With the German army assembled along the French coast ready for the invasion the Luftwaffe would have to have to win air superiority by destroying the Royal Air Force and so switched to attacks on British air bases and radar stations.

These attacks were extremely successful and forward air bases such as Manston or Biggin Hill were continually put out of action. Aircraft losses to Britain, both on the ground and in the air, in this phase of the battle were dangerously high. More worrying still was that pilots were being killed faster than they could be trained and replaced. Far from winning the battle the RAF were just about holding on. But Hitler was furious and postponed the invasion until 15th September.

In early September 1940 the luftwaffe bombed civilian areas of London, possibly due to a navigation error. In retaliation the RAF bombed Berlin. From this point onwards the nature of the whole air war would change. On 7th September, the luftwaffe abandoned attacks on RAF targets and instead sent two massive waves of bombers against London itself. This was the beginning of the "London Blitz" and marks the final stage of the Battle.

With it's air bases free from attack, the RAF could now meet the luftwaffe on equal terms over southern England. The raids now intensified and came by day and night. During the day Londoners watched the vapour trails from the dogfights going on above them and sheltered in the underground stations at night.

On 15th September (which should have been invasion day) the luftwaffe threw massive formations of hundreds of bombers at London. In response the RAF, it's pilots exhausted after weeks of heavy combat, launched every fighter it had - nothing was held in reserve. As night fell the RAF had destroyed 176 German aircraft with only 20 losses themselves. Losses to the luftwaffe at that rate could not be sustained and they were forced to continue bombing only by night. The nightly Blitz would continue into 1941 and claim over 40,000 British lives but the Battle of Britain was over.

As for the effect the battle had. Well,it must be remembered that at this point in the war Britain's only allies were her commonwealth countries, all of whom were far away. Alone, isolated and with the enemy at the very door Britain chose to continue fighting and, although it was undoubtedly a British victory it was won with the assistance of commonwealth pilots and pilots who had escaped from occupied Europe - French, Belgian, Polish and Czech (there were even one or two American volunteers).

It had also been a victory earned by the British people themselves - the ordinary civilians who endured night after night of heavy bombing, who volunteered for fire fighting after a full day's work, who cleared the rubble to keep roads open, who dug survivors out from bombed buildings and who worked back to back shifts to keep aircraft factories working round the clock.

Importantly the Battle of Britain marked the first defeat for Nazi Germany, they were not invincible. From the benefit of our position in time we can now see that from this point on Germany would fight a defensive war in the west for Hitler didn't invade Russia instead of Britain, he was well aware that peace with Russia could not last, and he was working to a strict timetable. He had to strike at Russia when he did before she was ready to strike at him.

But he had failed to defeat Britain who steadily come back at him with it's own heavy bombers, it's commando raids and the various resistance groups it co-ordinated throughout Europe, Britain would niggle away at him relentlessly. Later, when America entered the war Britain became a huge storage depot for men and equipment, British and American bombers would carry the war to every town and city in Germany and when they were ready their armies would embark from British ports for D Day and the advance towards Germany. Trapped by his war against Russia and his failure to eliminate Britain Hitler was doomed. That was the effect of the Battle of Britain on the allied cause

697071
Battle of Britain

Which of these was mostly an air battle Battle of Britain or the Battle of the Bulge?

The Battle of Britain was an air battle (fought between Royal Air Force and Luftwaffe over Great Britain in 1940). The Battle of the Bulge was a land battle fought in Ardennes in 1944.

676869
World War 2
Battle of Britain

Who was involved in the Battle of Britain?

The British and German air forces.

Do you mean " Who " as in individual NAMES of people?

Or do you mean " What " as in " What countries " were involved?

The Nazi German air force was trying to gain superiority over the English Channel so that German forces could invade Britain by sea. The Royal Air Force managed to prevent it from doing so.

Actually, the German air force (Luftwaffe) was also accompanied by more than 100 Italian planes during the assault on Britain.

Also, as well as English pilots, people from other countries such as Poland, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, America, and Canada also went to Britain to join the air force. (As well as, of course, countries still under the British Empire, such as Australia and New Zealand)
The German Luftwaffe and the British RAF

646566
Battle of Britain

Where was the battle of Britain located?

The Battle of Britain was an air battle fought in the skys above southern England in late summer 1940

636465
Battle of Britain

Was does Battle of Britain mean?

It is generally used for the period in the summer of 1940 when the German air force (Luftwaffe) tried to destroy British air power. This was important for Germany as they would then have felt powerful enough to invade Britain. The Germans under Herman Goering thought they had built an air force which would easily be able to overcome the British, but they didn't realise how good the British planes and pilots were. By the end of September 1940, the Germans realised they were not winning and plans to invade Britain were shelved.

Of course bombing of Britain continued, but only by night, and therefore not so effectively. At that time there were no means of fighter planes being able to find planes in the air at night. Airborne radar was developed later in the war.

596061
Battle of Britain

What was Winston Churchill's involvement in the Battle of Britain?

As the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and the head of the War Cabinet, Churchill along with his advisor's, made general policy decisions about the way in which the war would be fought. The day to day planning and directions during the air battles of the summer of 1940 were made by the Royal Air Force's senior officers, and were carried out by the squadron commanders of the RAF's fighter units.

:)

575859
World War 2
Britain in WW2
Battle of Britain

How important was Britain's survival in the Battle of Britain to the Allied success in World War 2?

Very important. Britain staying in the game meant that it could be used as the launching point for an allied invasion of Europe. The existence of a hostile England also meant that Germany could not leave Western Europe defenseless as it turned around to attack the USSR.

565758
Britain in WW2
UK History
Battle of Britain

What type of battle is the battle of britain?

An air battle.

555657
History of England
American Revolution
Famous People
Battle of Britain

What happened to Margaret Kemble Gage after she was shipped to Britain?

Margaret lived a long and happy life in London, dying in 1824 at the age of 90. Her death notice was published in magazines at the time ("the Gentleman's Magazine", etc.) and can be found online.

555657
World War 2
D-Day
Battle of Britain

How did the Battle of Normandy affect Canada?

The Canadian landings at Juno Beach by the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division and the 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade were the only D-Day assault force to reach their objectives. The country's spirits were lifted. Canada had suffered heavily at the Raid on Dieppe and their showing at Normandy were exemplary.

545556
World War 2
Battle of Britain

How important was British success in the Battle of Britain in explaining the eventual defeat of Germany in 1945?

Russia would have defeated Germany anyway, without British and US help. They would have crossed Europe with no allied army coming the other way to stop them and the Iron Curtain would have stretched much further across Europe.

---

The significance of the Battle of Britain was that it kept the war against Nazi Germany going in 1940-41 ... It also meant that when the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941 there was still an active enemy in the West. Without Britain, the U.S. would probably have found it impossible to play an active part of liberating Europe, as a D-Day across the Atlantic would not have been possible.

yes Russian may have done it but you have to remember that with out the conveys coming from Britain with the suppleys early on Russian may have gone under.and for that you have to put the blame on Stalin for getting rid of all is top generals ect in late 1939.

the battle of Britain was germanys first defeat in a major battle.

545556
History of England
UK History
Battle of Britain

What was the political atmosphere in Britain during 1550-1650?

Answer The period 1550 to 1650, one hundred years, covered many events in British History including the reigns of five monarchs, the lifetime of William Shakespeare, The English Civil War, the execution of King Charles I and many other events. "Britain", of course includes Wales and Scotland, where there were also numerous significant events, changes of government and changing alliances with other parts of Britain. It could not be said that there was a single "political atmosphere" during this time as the atmosphere changed so many times. It may be better to ask a more specific question.

454647
Battle of Britain

What group saved Britain from invasion during the battle of Britain?

The fighter pilots of the Royal Air Force held back the Nazi bomber blitz. The Hurricane fighters engaged the bombers after the Spitfire interceptors drove off the Messerschmidt fighter escorts.

495051
Britain in WW2
British Armed Forces (UK Military)
Battle of Britain

Who were the RAF fighting in the battle of Britain?

The German Luftwaffe

495051
World War 2
Battle of Britain

Where did the battle of Britain happen in world war 2?

The Battle of Britain was an air battle fought in the skies over southern England in late summer 1940.

495051

Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.