New Zealand History

History of Maori and European settlement in New Zealand: people, places, dates, and events.

3,008 Questions
New Zealand
New Zealand History

When did the 7 waka of new zealand arrive?

There was no one date for the arrival of the major settlement arrivals in NZ of the Maori. Each iwi have their own traditions. It is known that for some, that when they arrived, they discovered earlier arrivals in residence.

The earlier 'Great Fleet' ideas are now considered romantic fiction.

The earliest dated sites for settlement in NZ are two in the South Island, one at Wairau Bar in Marlborough, and the other at Shag River mouth in Otago. These date to the 1300s. See teara.govt for more info which represents modern consensus of opinion.

There would almost certainly have been early isolated exploration expeditions, but any settlements subsequent to the exploration are yet to be discovered. These putative sites may have been destroyed by erosion or volcanic activity - who knows.

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World War 1
History of Australia
New Zealand History

What is the ANZAC legend?

The ANZAC legend comprises the stories of incredible bravery, loyalty and mateship which helped the diggers survive the horrors of Gallipoli. The legend is made of the qualities that last, and qualities we wish we could always see enacted around us - selflessness, loyalty, etc. The ANZAC day legend isn't one specific thing. It is about the general courage of Australian and New Zealand forces who have fought in all the wars since WW1, but it originated with the Gallipoli campaign.

ANZAC means Australia and New Zealand Armed Corps. The original Anzacs were the soldiers who landed at Gallipoli on Turkish Aegean coast, on 25 April 1915. The legend is borne of the stories of their bravery, feats of endurance and mateship through a horrific time.

Of particular importance to Australians is the story of Simpson and his donkey. Simpson landed at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915 and, from the first night, took a donkey (or possibly donkeys) that had been landed for one of the field artillery units, and began carrying wounded soldiers from the battle line to the beach for evacuation. Leading the donkey, which he variously named Duffy or Murphy, he began his journeys from the beach, up Shrapnel Gully and then Monash Valley. He carried water on his way and wounded on his way back. Simpson continued this for three and a half weeks, disregarding the danger until, on the morning of 19 May 1915, he was killed by Turkish machine gun fire near Steele's Post, as he was returning down Monash Valley with a wounded man. The donkey continued on the well-worn track, obediently carrying the wounded man to where he would be tended.

CEW Bean was the Australian official war correspondent, and later official war historian of the time. He landed with the ANZACs at Gallipoli, and his writings contributed significantly to the development and growth of the ANZAC legend. His detailed reports on the landing and subsequent battle/s provided a unique and personal perspective on the events.

The ANZAC legend is more of a feeling than anything else; based on Australia and New Zealand's battle at Gallipoli. It was the first time that the Australian and NZ army battled/encountered representing their own country, which put Australia (and NZ) on the map and gave them a new found sense of national identity. The ANZAC in gallipoli have been praised throughout the years as being, despite ill-disciplined, "gladiators with the eyes as children". This can be interpreted to mean that although the troops were strong and fit fighters physically, they were also childlike and careless. An important aspect to note is their strong ties and relationships with their fellow soldiers; they had the strongest sense of mateship in history. The ANZAC legend is something that all Australians can relate to, even today. Every year on April 25, we remember our ancestors that gave their lives at war. This act gives us a sense of nationalism and inspiration today.

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World War 1
History of Australia
New Zealand History

What does ANZAC mean?

Australian and

New

Zealand

Army

Corps

For Australians and New Zealanders, ANZAC stands for courage, loyalty and mateship; it stands for fighting for one's freedom and the freedom of one's fellow countrymen; it stands for resilience and persistence under the most horrible and hopeless of fighting conditions.

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New Zealand History
Treaties

How many men signed the Treaty of Waitangi?

Over 500 men

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World War 1
History of Australia
New Zealand History

How is ANZAC Day commemorated?

With a big parade at the start of dawn where people will where poppies.

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World War 1
History of Australia
New Zealand History

Why is ANZAC Day remembered and commemorated?

ANZAC is an acronym for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (pronounced Core), the soldiers who landed at Gallipoli on the Turkish Aegean coast on 25 April 1915, in World War I.

ANZAC Day was originally a day of remembrance for the Australian and New Zealand soldiers who landed at Gallipoli on the 25th of April, 1915. The day commemorates the bravery and sacrifice of the thousands of men who died during the eight-month occupation of Gallipoli.

Subsequently, ANZAC Day has become a day of remembrancefor all Australian and New Zealand soldiers who gave their lives in all wars. In Australia and New Zealand, ANZAC Day commemorations feature solemn "dawn services", a tradition started in Albany, Western Australia on 25 April 1923. These services are held at war memorials around both countries. Marches by veterans and family members of those who have died in past wars are held in capital cities and towns nationwide, as Australians and New Zealanders honour our brave Defence Force personnel.

In recent years, participation has also been extended to the soldiers of non-ANZAC countries and even our former enemies. It has never been a day of "celebration", but is a day of "commemoration".

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World War 1
History of Australia
New Zealand History

What is the concept of the ANZAC legend?

The Anzac legend is sticking by your friends no matter how bad things are going. Looking after each other rather than looking out for ones self. Embedded in the ANZAC legend is the concept of mateship. The ANZAC legend comprises the stories of incredible bravery and mateship which helped the diggers survive the horrors of Gallipoli. The legend is made of the qualities that last, and qualities we wish we could always see enacted around us - selflessness, loyalty, etc. The ANZAC day legend isn't one specific thing. It is about the general courage of Australian and New Zealand forces who have fought in all the wars since WW1.

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World War 1
History of Australia
New Zealand History

What was the ANZAC legend?

- C E W Bean the official Australian WWI historian is probably the person most responsible for the ANZAC legend. He accompanied the troops to Gallipoli and later France as a war correspondent and reported from the frontlines. He believed the Australian and New Zealand soldiers were far superior to any others. He saw them as enduring, tough bushmen.

The ANZAC legend is more of a feeling than anything else; based on Australia and New Zealand's battle at Gallipoli. It was the first time that the Australian and NZ army battled/encountered representing their own country, which put Australia (and NZ) on the map and gave them a new found sense of national identity. The ANZAC in gallipoli have been praised throughout the years as being, despite ill-disciplined, "gladiators with the eyes as children". This can be interpreted to mean that although the troops were strong and fit fighters physically, they were also childlike and careless. An important aspect to note is their strong ties and relationships with their fellow soldiers; they had the strongest sense of mateship in history. The ANZAC legend is something that all Australians can relate to, even today. Every year on April 25, we remember our ancestors that gave their lives at war. This act gives us a sense of nationalism and inspiration today.

See also the related question.

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New Zealand
New Zealand History
New Zealand Entertainment and Arts

When was the first lotto draw in New Zealand?

The first draw of Lotto took place on Saturday 1 August 1987.

The winning numbers were 4, 8, 16, 29, 32, and 40, and the bonus number was 30. The first division prize was $359,808.

And I'm pretty sure it was won by someone in Hastings.

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New Zealand
New Zealand History

What is the capital of New Zealand?

The capital of New Zealand is Wellington. Wellington, located in the far south of the North Island, is the southernmost national capital in the world, but it is not the largest city in New Zealand. Its first name was Te Upoko o te Ika a Maui, translated as "the head of Maui's fish", which is a reference to the legend of how the islands of New Zealand, or Aotearoa, were created.

Wellington is the capital city of New Zealand.

117118119
Earthquakes
New Zealand History
Christchurch

How many earthquakes has Christchurch had since 4 September 2010?

They have had approximately 50+

50? No way. It's close to 11,000 so far (as of 8th June 2012). This includes anything from a magnitude 2.5 and greater.

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Science
New Zealand
New Zealand History

Are diamonds found in New Zealand?

No, although we do have a nice array of natural gem stones......alas none of them are of the precious nature.

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New Zealand
Continents
New Zealand History

What continent is New Zealand part of?

New Zealand is not part of any continent: it is made up of two large islands and numerous smaller islands, and much of this territory sits on the Australian tectonic plate, but straddles the plate boundary. It is considered part of the region of "Australasia," which comprises New Zealand, Australia, Papua New Guinea and some small Pacific Islands. It is in the region of Oceania which, by geographical definition, is not a continent.

Australia and Oceania are two completely different things. Australia (a continent) lies within the political region known as Oceania, which comprises also the islands of New Guinea, New Zealand and various other island nations in the South Pacific.

New Zealand is the above-water part of a continental mass called Zealandia, about the size of India, and most of which has never been above the waves.

New Zealand once was joined to and part of Australia, but the spreading of the Tasman Sea put an end to that.

Continents are defined by their landmass block, which is generally taken to be out to the edge of the Continental Shelf, where the contours drop off steeply to the abyssal deeps.
New Zealand is a separate group of islands, lying to the East of Australia.

They are astride the boundary of the Pacific and Australian Plates, and we have our own continental mass known as Zealandia, about the area of the Indian sub-continent. This is mostly submerged, and has probably never been all above the water.
Ocenia or Australasia

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World War 1
History of Australia
New Zealand History

When and how was the ANZAC legend created?

ANZAC means Australia and New Zealand Armed Corps. The original Anzacs were the soldiers who landed at Gallipoli on Turkish Aegean coast, on 25 April 1915. During WWI, England wanted to eliminate Turkey from the war, draw Bulgaria and Greece into the war on their side and also find a rear guard action that would give them access to a supply route to Russia. This would provide them with a successful venture to raise morale in England. Many Australians either still wished to support old "mother England"(despite Federation 15 years earlier) or eagerly signed up to prove Australia's worth on the world stage. After landing at Gallipoli, the ANZAC troops were slaughtered, but held their ground despite the constant gunfire and battles,week upon week, thereby earning their countrymen's respect and undying admiration. Thus was the legend begun....

CEW Bean was the Australian official war correspondent, and later official war historian of the time. He landed with the ANZACs at Gallipoli, and his writings contributed significantly to the development and growth of the ANZAC legend. His detailed reports on the landing and subsequent battle/s provided a unique and personal perspective on the events.

Anzac Day is April 25 every year, observed to remember the original ANZACs and all those that came after them. The hardships endured in the trenches and battles in Turkey forged the feeling of having defended the nation of Australia for the first time since federation. The fledgling nation responded to the stories of bravery, suffering and tenacity with patriotic zeal, as this was the first opportunity to feel united in adversity.

From 1916 onwards, in both Australia and New Zealand, ANZAC services were held on or about April 25, mainly organised by returned servicemen and school children in cooperation with local authorities. ANZAC Day was gazetted as a public holiday in New Zealand in 1921. In Australia, it was decided at the 1921 state premiers conference that ANZAC Day be observed on April 25 each year. Initially, it was not observed uniformly in all the states.

The ANZAC day legend isn't one specific thing. It is about the general courage of Australian and New Zealand forces who have fought in all the wars since WW1.

The Anzac spirit was born at Gallipoli in 1915. Since then it has been demonstrated not only by Australians in war but also by those whose contribution has been in other war fields.

It was the first time that Australia and New Zealand's armies battled representing their own country, which put Australia (and New Zealand) on the map.

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History of Australia
Acronyms & Abbreviations
New Zealand History

What does ANZAC stand for?

Australia New Zealand Army Corps
ANZAC stands for

Australia & New Zealand Army Corps.

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New Zealand History

When is Kate sheppards Birthday?

10 march 1847

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New Zealand
New Zealand History

Where are the main Waitangi day celebrations held in New Zealand?

The main waitani=gi day celebrations is held in the treaty of waitangi

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New Zealand
Animal Life
Tonga
New Zealand History

What is the native animal of Tonga?

There is none

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Opera
David Archuleta
New Zealand History
A Child Called It

Who is David Vivian Russell?

Counter tenor, writer and opera workshop leader. Performer and conductor in opera, oratorio, children's theatre and choral music.

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New Zealand
New Zealand History

Who founded New Zealand?

The British colony in New Zealand was begun by Captain James Cook, who surveyed the islands in 1769. The islands were part of the British colonial territory of New South Wales in 1788, and the Treaty of Waitangi (1840) established it as a British possession.

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World War 1
Geometry
Calendar
New Zealand History

What was a day in the life of the ANZACs like?

A day in the life of an ANZAC soldier was best described as "hell on earth". To begin with, the diggers left their families behind, and faced the uncertainty of whether they would ever see them again. Communications from overseas were few and far between, and homesickness would have been constant. Any letters they received from home were lifelines.

Worse than that, however, were the conditions endured by the diggers on the actual battlefields. The trenches were hot and suffocating, and mates who had been killed in battle were left there. Over time, their bodies would start to rot in the hot air, swelling and bloating and sometimes bursting, while maggots hatched on their rotting bodies. All around the diggers was the smell of rotten, dead bodies, the smell of dysentery, and the smell of death. They were surrounded by the sounds of machine gun fire, the agonised screams of dying men. There was relentless thirst, whilst the men waited for the water carriers to bring around the water buckets to fill their canteens. Food consisted of dried rations only, except for those lucky enough to receive ANZAC biscuits and fruitcake from home. Lice was a constant problem.

There was camaraderie between the diggers, of course - it was probably the only thing that kept them sane. But then every day, they faced the prospect of losing another of their mates to the fighting. They needed their friends - but they couldn't stand to lose them, so sometimes it was better to not get too close. The mental torture of seeing their mates die around them was not a memory that was easily shed. As for having to kill other people, they would have had to block out the fact that they were killing someone's husband, father, son. They had to focus on the task, and simply not allow themselves to think too much.

For leisure, the men played cards and two-up and made trinkets out of bits of scrap metal. They also carted supplies and did recon of the area.

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History of Australia
Acronyms & Abbreviations
New Zealand History

What do the letters for ANZAC stand for?

ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, a World War I army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force. ANZAC tends to refer specifically to those troops from Australia and New Zealand who landed at Gallipoli in 1915 and fought a campaign against Turkish troops that lasted about 8 months.

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New Zealand Politics and Society
New Zealand History
Women's Suffrage

When did New Zealand first allow women to vote?

1893 - New Zealand was the first sovereign state in the world to allow woman to vote.
New Zealand was the first country in the world to allow women the right to vote in 1893.
women were granted the right to vote in new zealand first in 1893 (previous attempts had been made but this was the first time that it was legally not blocked), though they couldn't run until 1919. It was one of the first 'western' (in culture) areas that granted women the right to vote.
New Zealand was the first country to give women voting rights; women gained the right to vote in 1893. Whereas Twenty States and one Territory of the USA were first in 1869 and Isle of Man were second in 1881.

New zealand was the first country to extend voting rights to all of its citizens as voting rights had already been extended to indigenous males when women gained the right to vote.

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New Zealand History

What things represent New Zealand?

Some of our main symbols include:

tiki

koru

poi

beaches

pohutukawa trees

kiwi

silver ferns

hangi

Fish and chips

the southern cross

green (100% pure)

A majority of tourists come to bungy jump in Queenstown, Auckland, Rotorua and other places. Also the thermal mud pools in rotorua and mud packs sold by local shops are popular. In Dunedin, we have a Cadbury chocolate factory (They give tours) and if you want to jump off the skytower (New Zealand's tallest building) you can do that too!

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World War 1
History of Australia
New Zealand History

Why are ANZAC Day ceremonies held at dawn?

The reason why ANZAC Day ceremonies are held at dawn is because the first ANZAC troops arrived in Gallipoli just before dawn - at 4:28am. Having the service at dawn honours those who were killed in the first onslaught as they arrived in the transport ships. It is a mark of respect.

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