Australia
Australian Colonial Settlement
Australian Prime Ministers
World War 1
Australia Politics and Society
New Zealand History
Ned Kelly
Explorers and Expeditions
Indigenous Australians
Australia in WW2
Bushrangers
Australian Explorers
Australia Gold Rushes
Bass and Flinders
Vietnam War
History, Politics & Society
James Cook
History

History of Australia

Questions about the prehistory and recent history of the continent of Australia.

Asked in History of Australia, Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

When was Arthur Phillip born?

Arthur Phillip, the British Naval Captain who brought the First Fleet of convicts to Australia, was born on 11 October 1738. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australia

Why did the Europeans come to Australia?

There were a number of reasons. The Dutch explored enroute to where they traded goods in the West Indies, and came across the continent by accident. The British explored with the aim of increasing the size of their Empire. The British then sent convicts to the Australian continent because their prisons were extremely overcrowded, and the US colonies were no longer accepting British prisoners. Once initial settlement occurred, people of other cultural groups moved to Australia for a better life, or to...
Asked in History of Australia, Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

Did Captain Arthur Phillip have a brother?

Possibly. Captain Arthur Phillip had a sister, Rebecca, born in 1737, and it is said that he was the "second son", though no information appears to be available on the first son. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australia

What does toil mean in the Australian National anthem?

"Toil" means "work", which a connotation that the work is physically tiring. "With wealth for toil" suggests that work is well-paid or well-rewarded, suggesting that opportunities are available. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

Why was the First Fleet so important?

The First Fleet was important, or rather significant, because it brought the first permanent European settlers to Australia. The ships of the First Fleet brought the original convict settlers, together with the officers, marines and their families. These people established the first colony in Australia. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Imperialism

Why did the British colonize Australia?

The British decided to colonise Australia for several reasons: 1. To expand the British empire, and prevent the French from gaining a foothold in the Australian continent or in the southwest Pacific. 2. To solve the problem of Britain's overcrowded prisons (a consequence of the Industrial Revolution) by establishing a new penal colony in a land which showed promise for eventually becoming self-supporting. Britain had been sending their excess prisoners to North America, but the American War of Independence put a stop to the practice....
Asked in History of Australia, Indigenous Australians

Why is Bennelong famous?

Bennelong was a senior tribesman of the Koori people in the Eora tribe, the original inhabitants of the Port Jackson area. He was captured on 25 November 1789, for the purpose of being used to mediate between the white and Aboriginal cultures. The Governor of New South Wales, Captain Arthur Phillip, wished to learn about the language and customs of the indigenous people. Bennelong willingly liaised between the cultures, and adopted European dress and other ways. His intervention was crucial when Phillip...
Asked in History of Australia, Australia, Rabbits and Hares

How were rabbits introduced into Australia?

Rabbits were brought to Australia on the First Fleet but, for whatever reason, they did not breed prolifically or cause any problems for the first few years of the colony's settlement. There is absence of any evidence that they were either eaten or hunted for sport in the Sydney area. Rabbits were popular as pets and for sport around Sydney in the 1840s, but again, there is no evidence that their population proliferated. It is believed that the carnivorous marsupials of the...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

What is the size of Sirius the ship in the first fleet?

The H.M.S. Sirius, flagship of the First Fleet, weighed 540 tons. The Sirius had a length of 30 metres, a breadth of 10 metres, depth was 4 metres and the height of her mainmast above the deck was 32 metres. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australia, History of US Immigration

What problems did German immigrants face when they came to Australia?

When the original German immigrants came to Australia in the 1830s, they faced the sense of loss and displacement any cultural group would feel when they have been forced from their homeland by persecution. In the case of the first Germans, they were forced to flee from the religious persecution of King Friedrich Wilhelm III. Mixed in with the displacement and loss of their homeland was an intense relief that they were now free to worship in the way of their choice....
Asked in History of the United States, History of Australia, Australia Gold Rushes

What were the positives of the Australian gold rush?

There were many positive effects from the Australian gold rush. One of the positive effects was immigration. The goldrush brought a large number of immigrants to Australia, all of whom contributed their own cultural influences. It was the beginning of multiculturalism in Australia. The Chinese in particular converged on Australia, and resentment against the Asian nationalities was a contributing factor to the introduction of the White Australia Policy in the twentieth century. Enormous numbers of immigrants, especially Chinese, brought their unique cultural influences to Australia,...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Prime Ministers

Did Kevin Rudd live in the parliament house?

When in Canberra, the Prime Minister of Australia lives in a residence separate from Parliament House. It's called the Lodge. The Prime Minister resides in this residence while Parliament is in session, but they often have their own house within their own electorate. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

What did the first fleet do after they landed?

The convicts of the First Fleet were very quickly set to work clearing trees, tilling the soil and getting the first crops started. The convicts were very hard to motivate, being reluctant to work in the Australian heat and humidity, and with tools that constantly broke, but they were expected to work hard. They were also set construction projects, as there were no roads, bridges or buildings. Some convicts were assigned as servants or tradespeople to the free settlers who also came. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Australia, Rabbits and Hares

Why were rabbits introduced into Australia and from where did they come?

Rabbits were brought to Australia on the First Fleet but, for whatever reason, they did not breed prolifically or cause any problems for the first few years of the colony's settlement. There is absence of any evidence that they were either eaten or hunted for sport in the Sydney area. Rabbits were popular as pets and for sport around Sydney in the 1840s, but again, there is no evidence that their population proliferated. It is believed that the carnivorous marsupials of the...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

When did the first fleet leave Rio de Janeiro?

The First Fleet left Rio De Janeiro on 3 September 1787.
Asked in History of Australia, Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

When was Captain Arthur Phillip born?

Captain Arthur Phillip (also known variously as Admiral and/or Governor) was born in London, England on 11 October 1738. ...
Asked in History of Australia, Bushrangers

When did Frank Gardiner become a bushranger?

Frank Gardiner became a bushranger after serving time for horse stealing in 1850. After he was sentenced to five years in Pentridge Gaol, he escaped and took up bushranging in the district around Goulburn, New South Wales. ...
Asked in World War 1, History of Australia, WW1 Allied Forces

What were the effects of World War 1 on Australia?

There was large impact on Australia, many people died and communities felt losses. Nearly everyone had lost a loved one or knew someone that did. Answer Much of the Australian economy, government and society in general was transformed in World War I. Women had to replace men in the workforce, but were not paid reasonably. New companies such as BHP in Newcastle was formed and chemical and electrical industries followed. Food shortages were not as much a problem in Australia as is in many...
Asked in History of Australia, Ned Kelly

Were did ned kelly live?

Australia He was born north of Melbourne in Beveridge, Victoria. He died in melbourne. ...
Asked in History of Australia, History of France, Capital Punishment

What was the guillotine used for?

OUCH! - IT IS A DEVICE THAT CUTS OFF YOUR HEAD Invented in 1791 by a Frenchman named Laquiante and Tobias Schmidt, a German engineer, it is named for the French doctor who oversaw its development, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin. It consists of a large wooden frame housing a heavy metal blade between two upright guides. When lifted and released, the blade falls freely (like an ax) to behead condemned prisoners. It replaced hanging as a method of execution in 18th Century France, and was...
Asked in History of Australia, Indigenous Australians

What do aborigines look like?

Aborigines look like you and me when they are walking around town, then when it is time for a special celebration of some kind for the Aborigines, they get all painted up and in their special outfits for their corroborees. Most modern Aborigines do not participate in corroborees and ceremonial dances, as most do not live a traditional lifestyle. Modern Aborigines are characterised by their dark skin, eyes and hair, and a tendency to have a broader nose. However, as there are varying...
Asked in History of Australia, Australian Colonial Settlement

How was Australia governed after the first fleet arrived?

Different areas of Australia were settled at different times, and each of these was called a colony. Each colony was governed by a Governor, who acted under orders from England, although a certain amount of discretionary freedom was permitted in law-making. Colonies developed first at Sydney, followed by Newcastle (still part of New South Wales), then further in the south at Van Diemen's Land (Hobart, in Tasmania), north in Brisbane (Moreton Bay), in the west at Perth, and finally south at Melbourne...
Asked in World War 2, World War 1, Australia in WW2, History of Australia

How did England become involved in Australia?

Dutch and Portuguese sailors were the first Europeans to discover Australia, but they showed absolutely no interest in the continent. The first Englishman to visit Australia was William Dampier. In 1688, his ship the 'Cygnet' was beached on the northwest coast of Australia. Dampier was unimpressed by the dry, barren landscape, the lack of water and what he described as the "miserablest people in the world" - the native population. His negative reports led to the delay of England's colonisation of what is...
Asked in History of Australia, Australia Gold Rushes, Bushrangers

What was the food for bushrangers on the goldfields?

Bushrangers survived on the goldfields and elsewhere by various means. Some of them stole provisions owned by the settlers in outlying areas of the goldfields, helping themselves freely to salted meats, potatoes, onions, flour and so on. They also stole from store owners in the towns. Others hunted wild rabbits and native animals. ...