Australian Prime Ministers
History of Australia
Australia Law and Legal Issues
Politics and Government
Australian Capital Territory and Canberra
History, Politics & Society
Australia Politics and Society
Questions about the parliamentary democracy of Australia, the prime minister, elections and other related topics.
Who was the first Prime Minister of Australia?
Sir Edmund Barton (1849-1920) was the first Prime Minister of Australia upon Federation of the colonies in 1901. Edmund Barton was from the Protectionist party. He served for 2 years, 8 months and 24 days. Barton resigned in 1903 and later went on to be Australia's first supreme court magistrate. ...
What is value delivery system?
No no no no no, ER(: Whether you are working in a sales organization or a factory or an R&D lab, you are also a part of a larger system of delivering value to customers. This end-to-end system that collaborates (at least in some fashion!) to deliver value to customers is called a Value Delivery System. The problem with such situations is that breakdowns and lack of alignment within the whole system can hinder you from optimizing the value that you create...
How is the old parliament house used today?
Australia's Old Parliament House is now the Museum of Australian Democracy. It caters to tours and school groups wanting to explore the history of Democracy in Australia. ...
What does the federal government do in Australia?
Australia operates under a Federal parliamentary democracy, based on a constitution, so it is also sometimes referred to as a constitutional monarchy. The Australian Federal government is based on the British system, which is the Westminster system of parliament, and consists of the House of Representatives (the Lower House) and the Senate (the Upper House). The lower house is chosen by the voters in electorates. The senate is chosen by voters in the states. In Australia, although the Queen seems little more than...
How did Harold Holt disappear?
Harold Holt was Australia's Prime Minister from January 1966 to December 1967. Holt was notorious for the strange way in which he disappeared. On 17 December 1967, Holt went swimming at Cheviot Beach near Portsea, on the Mornington Peninsula, south of Melbourne, Victoria. After plunging into the notoriously rough surf, Holt disappeared. He was never seen again, and there have been many theories regarding his fate since then. These theories include that he committed suicide, faked his own death in order to run...
Asked in Australia, Australia Politics and Society
What type of government does Australia have?
The government in Australia is both a Federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. This is because the Parliament is made up of the Queen, who is represented in Australia by the Governor General, as well as the two Houses - the Senate (Upper House) and the House of Representatives (Lower House). The Head of government is given the title of Prime Minister. In 2014, this is The Hon. Tony Abbott MP. See the related link for more information about Australia's government. ...
When and how did Australia become an independent nation?
There is no simple answer to that question. Prior to 1901, Australia was made up of six self-governing colonies; New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania. These colonies were ultimately under British rule from the time the First Fleet landed, in 1788, until 1901. Numerous politicians and influential Australians through the years had pushed for federation of the colonies, and self-government. On 22 January 1899, leaders of the six Australian colonies met in Melbourne to discuss a federation bill. After...
How has multiculturalism affected Australian society?
Multiculturalism After World War II, migrants from Europe and Asia made Australia more multicultural. People of different colours are living in the same country and in relative harmony. Ffood is a big change. We have migrants coming in because of war, post-war rebuilding or poverty and bringing in their traditional food like Italian pizzas and pastas, Mexican tacos and wraps, Chinese noodles and spice, Pacific fish dishes. Many meals you would eat normally today would not be traditional Australian meals. So many people...
Does the Liberal Party of Australia support same-sex marriage?
No. The Liberal Party of Australia does not support same-sex marriage. The Liberal Party, under former PM John Howard, amended the Marriage Act in 2004 to define legal marriage as being exclusively between a man and a woman. Same-sex couples who marry legally overseas are thus not recognised in Australia. The present Liberal leader, Tony Abbott, opposes same-sex marriage. ...
What government system does Australia have?
Australia has a constitutional monarchy based on a mixture of the US and UK systems with HM Queen Elizabeth II as head of state. In 1999, Australia voted against abolishing the monarchy. According to Atlapedia Online, it is a Federal Multiparty Parliamentary State with Sovereign Monarchy. Australia's government is a federal parliamentary democracy, with the head of government given the title of Prime Minister. The Australian Government is constituted of the House of Representatives (the Lower House) and the Senate (the Upper House). There are...
How many terms did Alfred Deakin serve as prime minister?
Alfred Deakin served three separate terms as Australian Prime Minister: September 1903 to 27 April 1904 (seven months) 5 July 1905 to 10 November 1908 (three years and four months) 29 April 1909 to 13 April 1910 (just under one year) ...
Why was Gough Whitlam sacked?
This is an argument that could go on forever, but essentially, the Whitlam government lost control of the Senate and was subsequently unable to the get the "Budget" passed by the Senate. This resulted in a government with no operating capital with which to run the country. Since the elected government was unable to govern, the Governor-General "sacked" the Whitlam government on the 11th of November, 1975, and replaced them with a "Caretaker" government led by Malcolm Fraser. This was an extremely controversial...
Why did Federation occur in Australia?
The Federation of Australia took place for a number of reasons. Firstly, the six separate British colonies of South Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania all had much in common and many bonds between them - but they were governed completely independently, without any reference to each other. They even had their own armed forces. It seemed natural that people from these different regions should form one nation, rather than six separate colonies. The differences between colony and colony...
How can you explain why you've held many unrelated jobs?
Most likely they won't ask, but if they do, then tell the the truth. Why did you hold various jobs?... You can say something about young and looking for anything until you found what you liked and now you're ready to settle down into one career. ...
What important historical events happened in Australia?
1606 Dutch explorer Willem Jansz became the first recorded European to set foot on Australia's shores, doing so on the western shore of Cape York Peninsula. 1616 Dirk Hartog charted regions of the Western Australian coast. 1688 Pirate William Dampier became the first Englishman to land on Australia's shores. 1770 Cook's "Endeavour" sailed up Australia's east coast, with Cook charting the coastline and botanist Sir Joseph Banks noting the extensive, unusual new flora. Cook claimed the eastern half of the continent for Briatin, under the...
When does the new academic year in Australia begin?
The new academic year in Australia begins in the new calendar year. Schools in most regions of Australia tend to return just after Australia Day (26 January), depending on which day that date actually falls. In regions where the temperature is much hotter, such as Alice Springs in central Australia, the new academic year does not begin until February. ...
What were the arguments for federation in Australia?
Arguments for Federation in Australia included: Trade: There were steep tariffs imposed on the transport of goods across the borders of the states. Federation would remove these tariffs and allow for free trade between the states. Unions and labour laws: It was hoped that labour laws would be standardised across the states with Federation. The great Shearers' Strike of the 1890s had resulted in the formation of workers' unions, and the newly-formed Australian Labor Party saw that unification would allow this standardisation. Transport: There...
Does Australian Senator Nick Xenophon support same-sex marriage?
Yes. Mr. Xenophon voted in favor of same-sex marriage in 2012.
Asked in Australia Politics and Society
Who is the Governor General of Australia?
In 2014, Australia's Governor General is Peter Cosgrove. His Excellency was appointed by Her Majesty the Queen of Australia, on the advice of the Honourable Tony Abbott, the Prime Minister, and sworn in on 28 March 2014. Recent information about the Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is found in the links below. ...
Who succeeded Edmund barton as Australia's prime minister?
Edmund Barton was born in 1849 and died in 1920 and belonged to the Protectionist Party. Apart from being Australia's first Prime Minister from 1901-1903, he created the Federal Arbitration Court and the High Court of Australia. After he retired from politics, he became a High Court judge. He was succeeded by Alfred Deakin, also a Protectionist. ...