Treaties

Treaties are agreements under international laws entered into by international organizations or sovereign states. They can be bilateral or multilateral, and usually contain a preamble, lists of the issues agreed on, clauses discussing ratification procedures, terms for termination, and lifespan.

10,542 Questions
Punctuation and Capitalization
Treaties

Does the word treaty need to be capitalized?

No, unless you are refering to a specific treaty, (ex. Treaty of Versailles)

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History, Politics & Society
Treaties

What did the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo do?

it created the border between Mexico and the U.S which ended up being the Rio Grande.

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Palestinian Territories
Treaties
Oslo

What caused the Oslo accord?

Violent clashes/civil war in the middle east

Answer 2.

In 1993, the situation was absolutely calm, to such an extent that Israelis without fear went shopping to Jenin and Gaza to buy fruits and vegetables and Arabs also could come from Gaza to Tel Aviv without any check posts. Then Israeli leaders, Itzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres, both of the Left- wing, decided that "shalom" ( peace) had already come, yielded to the pressure of another dreamer, lover of the young practicants, Bill Clinton - and signed the Oso accords.

The results were desastrous. The wave of the suicide attacks and other types of the terrorist attacks covered Israel. The Israeli people were enraged by the Oslo Accords but Rabin and Peres , well-protected by hundreds of body-guards, went on with their suicidal plan.

Now you can see the consequences.

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Criminal Law
Italy
International Laws
Extradition
Treaties

Which countries have no extradition treaties with Italy?

Sri Lanka, Brazil, and Morrocco.

...

After someone has posted the above, I make this link to an article by Karen Fish which suggests there are 160 countries which Italy has no extradition agreement with, but they do not include Brazil or Sri Lanka.

http://www.allvoices.com/contributed-news/14300292-amanda-knox-italy-has-no-extradition-treaty-with-160-countries

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Cold War
Treaties

What is the treaty of rome organization?

EEC

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History of the United States
Treaties

What was the 1638 Treaty of Hartford?

The treaty was the legal document drafted at the end of the Pequot War in 1638 in Hartford, CT. The document's points included the removal of the Pequot name as a legitimate authority, as well as the awarding of slaves and other spoils of war to the Narragansett and Mohegan British allies.

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Gambling
Treaties

How many numbered treaties are there in Canada?

there are 11 numbered treaties in Canada

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World War 2
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

How did the Treaty of Versailles help cause World War 2?

The allies instead of providing a peace settlement based on the 14 point plan as Germany had though instead made the treaty very humiliating with the aim of keeping the Germans down.

The key points of the treaty that contributed to the conditions in Germany that lead to the rise of National Socialism are;

1. The war guilt clause

2. £6,600mil to be paid in reparations

3. Disarmament, The Rhineland was demilitarized the size of the army was limited, the navy was only allowed a handful of pre dreadnoughts and minor ships, as well as no air force and no submarines

4. Anschluss was forbidden and 14% of its land lost as well as all of Germany's colonies.

The war guilt clause angered many Germans and fueled the fires of the "stab in the back" conspiracy's theory.

Reparations made Germany poor, because of this many tended towards far right or far left parties. Failure to pay resulted in the french invasion of the Rhur region in 1923 further increasing hate for the treaty and the french.

The reduction of Germany's armed forces was also key for several reasons

1. It was highly embarrassing especially to a country that had years earlier been the greatest land power in the world. And to a very militaristic/ nationalistic country.

2. The weakening of the army meant that it was unable to control the militaristic wings of the Nazi and Communist parties forcing Papen to cut a deal with Hitler.

Hitler used the pretext of reuniting Germany to get back land and to attract votes.

The harshness of Versailles also made many conservatives in Britain and France feel sorry for Germany combined with war weariness and the fear of communism lead to the policy of appeasement.

It was too hard on Germany in requiring money to be paid by Germany to the allies.

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Antarctica
Treaties

What are the five points of the antarctic treaty?

There are actually twelve articles to the Antarctic Treaty:

Article 1 - area to be used for peaceful purposes only; military activity, such as weapons testing is prohibited, but military personnel and equipment may be used for scientific research or any other peaceful purpose.

Article 2 - freedom of scientific investigations and cooperation shall continue.

Article 3 - free exchange of information and personnel in cooperation with the United Nations and other international agencies.

Article 4 - the treaty does not recognize, dispute, nor establish territorial sovereignty claims; no new claims shall be asserted while the treaty is in force.

Article 5 - prohibits nuclear explosions or disposal of radioactive wastes.

Article 6 - includes under the treaty all land and ice shelves but not the surrounding waters south of 60 degrees 00 minutes south.

Article 7 - treaty-state observers have free access, including aerial observation, to any area and may inspect all stations, installations, and equipment; advance notice of all activities and of the introduction of military personnel must be given.

Article 8 - allows for jurisdiction over observers and scientists by their own states.

Article 9 - frequent consultative meetings to take place among member nations.

Article 10 - treaty states will discourage activities by any country in Antarctica that are contrary to the treaty.

Article 11 - disputes to be settled peacefully by the parties concerned or, ultimately, by the International Court of Justice.

Articles 12, 13, 14 - deal with upholding, interpreting, and amending the treaty among involved nations.

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World War 1
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

Who represented Britain in the Treaty of Versailles?

The Prime Minister at the time - Lloyd George. :)

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Politics and Government
Treaties

Who has the power to approve treaties with foreign countries?

In the United States, the Executive Branch (President) will negotiate a treaty, and it must be consented to by the Senate with a 2/3 affirmative vote. After this, the President can ratify the treaty.

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Popes
Treaties

Did Pope Alexander II issued the Treaty of Tordesillas?

Yes he "issued" it, below is a link to the Catholic Encyclopedia explaining Papal arbitration.

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New Zealand History
Treaties

How many men signed the Treaty of Waitangi?

Over 500 men

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History of Europe
Native American History
Treaties

What was the treaty of tordersillas?

The Treaty of Tordesillas was a treaty between Portugal and Spain in 1494 where they agreed to divide up all the land on the Earth outside of Europe between the two of them, no matter who was already living there. Pope Alexander VI was the pope at the time of the treaty. He drew an imaginary line 480 kilometers to the west of the Cape Verde Islands, gave Portugal the land to the east of this line, and gave Spain the land to the west of this line. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella were the rulers of Spain at the time. One from Castile and one from Aragon This treaty was signed at Tordesillas, hence the name of it.

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Treaties
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

When was the NATO treaty put into effect?

When Truman was president.

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Sports
Treaties

Is a treaty known as a secondary source?

If it is a copy, but no changes have been made, it is a primary source since it is the word of and the work of the treaty makers.

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World War 1
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

What was true about the Treaty of Versailles?

It was not approved by the U.S. Congress.

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Society and Civilization
Treaties

How many words in the Lisbon Treaty?

3.569

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Treaties

What was one effect of the burlingame treaty?

U.S. and Chinese relations improved.

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World War 2
War and Military History
Treaties

What were the Geneva Conventions?

There are 4 Geneva conventions (formed originally in Geneva, Switzerland) which set out a basis for humanitarian law and were last revised and expanded in 1949. The most well known is the third which relates to the treatment of prisoners of war. In addition there are also 3 protocols They are referred to as the "Geneva Conventions of 1949" or more commonly the "Geneva Conventions". Later conferences have added provisions prohibiting certain types of warfare and other issues on civil wars. Most of the countries of the world are signatories. They consist of 3 generic articles and then convention specific ones. They were started off by Henri Dunant following his experiences as a first hand witness to the horrors of war at the Battle of Solferino in 1859. The signatory countries have given the Red Cross (International Committee of the Red Cross) a mandate to protect the victims of international and internal armed conflicts including prisoners refugees and civilians. The most well known is article 3 and an extract states "Noncombatants, combatants who have laid down their arms, and combatants who are hors de combat (out of the fight) due to wounds, detention, or any other cause shall in all circumstances be treated humanely, including prohibition of outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment. The passing of sentences must also be pronounced by a regularly constituted court, affording all the judicial guarantees which are recognized as indispensable by civilized peoples." Conventions First Geneva Convention (Original 1864) "for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field"Second Geneva convention (Original 1906) "for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea" Third Geneva convention (Original 1929) "relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War" Fourth Geneva Convention (1949 - based on parts of the 1907 Hague convention IV) "relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War" Protocols I (1977) Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts II (1977) Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts III (2005) Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem

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History of the United States
American Revolution
Treaties
Treaty of Paris (1783)

What was the Treaty of Paris in 1783?

The Treaty of Paris officially ended the Revolutionary War on September 3, 1783. It was signed in Paris by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay, representing the United States, together with David Hartley, representing Great Britain. The 1783 Treaty was one of a series of treaties signed at Paris that also established peace between Great Britain and the allied nations of France, Spain, and the Netherlands.

Under the terms of the treaty, Britain recognized the independent nation of the United States of America. Britain agreed to remove all of its troops from the new nation. The treaty also set new borders for the United States, including all land from the Great Lakes on the north to Florida on the south, and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River. The Unites States was also granted access to the fisheries off the coast of Newfoundland.

The United States agreed to allow British troops still in America to leave and also agreed to pay all existing money owed to Great Britain. The United States also consented not to persecute British loyalists still in America and to allow those that left America to return.

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History of Germany
Treaties
Treaty of Versailles

What impact did the Treaty of Versailles have on Germany?

The Treaty devastated Germany. It limited the army, squashed nationial pride and forced them to pay reparations that were outrageous and impossible to pay in the state Germany was in.

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World War 1
Treaties

Why was Germany blamed for World War 1 in the Versailles Treaty?

The Treaty of Versailles was a dictated settlement with no serious negotiations. The main purpose of the 'war guilt clause' was to lend some kind of justification to the reparations. It may well also have been the sincerely held view of at least some of the victors. The clause is at the beginning of the section on reparations.

The T of V was drawn up just after David Lloyd George had won an election in Britain, and in the election campaign he had promised to 'squeeze Germany till the pips squeak', to 'hang the Kaiser' and to make Britain 'a land fit for heroes'. The last of these promises was going to be very expensive to implement.

In the interwar period it was common in Germany to speak of the 'war guilt clause' as if it were the foundation of the entire treaty and as if had been formulated in order to humiliate Germany and turn it into a pariah. There's no evidence for this, and high number of the clause (#231 - out of 440) speaks against this. The aim was money and more money.

Perhaps not well noted, was that World War One ended up being radically different than everyone thought when it started. Politicians (and the public) throughout Europe assumed that the War would be like other European conflicts of the past century (in particular, both France and Germany saw it as a re-run of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870). That is, short, sharp, decisive, and over quickly with a very modest casualty count.

When it was revealed that the politicians had miscalculated, and that the "military geniuses" who had promised a short, decisive war were completely wrong, wholesale slaughter ruled.

So, a great deal of the Treaty of Versailles is about covering-their-ass on the part of Allied politicians. For, if Germany could be entirely blamed for the start of the War, it could be, by inference, be blamed for the massive deaths that had occurred.

So, in reality, the T of V blames Germany for the "excesses" of the War, and tries to recoupe the costs from Germany, all in hopes that the Allied public doesn't notice that much of the blame for the war (and the manner it was fought in) is really on the Allied politicians and military leadership.

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Cherokee Indians
Treaties
Trail of Tears

Why was the Cherokees' last treaty a sham?

Because they eventually started stealing land from the Cherokees.

Answer 2:

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The treaty of New Echota was intended to steal land from the Cherokee, even though the treay before that one promised that the US Government would not take any more land. The Cherokee tribe refused to sign the treaty, so the US Government asked a few US Citizens to sign it on behalf of the tribe (for money) and they did. The US Supreme court found that the treaty was invalid; but that did not stop the government from taking the land anyway.

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Units of Measure
Treaties

What was the Treaty of the Meter in May 1875?

It was a agreement that created to preserve the metric system. One organization was the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM); the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM); International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM).
It was a agreement that created to preserve the metric system.
The Treaty of the Meter (also known as the Metre Convention) is a treaty which created three organizations tasked with supervising the keeping of metric standards:

(1) International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM);
(2) General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM);
(3) International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM).

(The initialisms are derived from the French names for the organizations as the treaty was written in French.)

The BIPM is under the authority of the CGPM, and under the supervision of the CIPM.

The treaty was signed in 1875 and slightly revised in 1921. The system of units established by the treaty was later renamed the International System of Units (SI) in 1960.

There were 17 original signatories of the treaty, but this number grew to 52 by the start of 2009.

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