History of England

The history of England can be traced back 230,000 years when the Neanderthals inhabited the island. Numerous wars, uprisings, developments, and changes have happened to England that influenced what it is today.

Asked in History of England, Politics and Government, Oliver Cromwell

What did Oliver Cromwell ban in England?

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Oliver Cromwell banned music because he thought it was sinful. He was a fervent Quaker of the time, and also banned Christmas festivites dancing and everything that made life at that time bearable.
Asked in History of England, Urban Legends

What is the legend of Bloody Mary?

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Bloody Mary Bloody Mary is a children's street legend, usually that the ghost of a local woman, named Mary, will appear and kill you if you say her name three times while looking in a mirror. There are many variations of the legend, including that it has to be a bathroom mirror, or varying the number of times the name must be spoken. None of them are true! You can say "Bloody Mary" as many or as few times as you wish, while looking or not looking in any kind of a mirror and NOTHING WILL HAPPEN. Bloody Mary is also a name given (by her opponents) to Queen Mary I of England. She was called this because under her reign, almost 300 so-called heretics were executed or burned at the stake for refusing to follow her religious beliefs. The Mary Worth (also known as Bloody Mary, Mary Margaret, etc) story is popular at sleepovers. As the story goes, a beautiful young girl named Mary Worth was in some sort of terrible accident (or occasionally the wounds are inflicted purposely by a jealous party), and her face was hideously deformed. From then on, she is shunned by other people, and she sometimes becomes a witch.
Asked in History of England, William Shakespeare

Who were William Shakespeare's children?

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William Shakespeare's children William Shakespeare, the great playwright, poet and actor, married Anne Hathaway in November 1582. In May, 1583 she gave birth to a daughter, Susannah. In January/February 1585 Anne gave birth to twins, Hamnet (a boy) and Judith. On 5th June 1607 Susannah married Dr John Hall, a respected physician from Stratford-Upon-Avon and in February 1608 had a daughter who was named Elizabeth. Susannah died in 1648. Hamnet died aged 11 from unknown causes. Judith married Thomas Quiney, a local Wine Merchant and local politician on 10th February 1616. Judith had three children Shakespeare, a boy, born in November 1616 and died in May 1617; Richard born around February 1618 and died February 1639; Thomas born January 1620 and died January 1639. Judith died in February 1662. A link to the Wikipedia article on Shakespeare is provided. susanna, hamnet and judith
Asked in History of England, William Shakespeare

Where did William Shakespeare live?

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William Shakespeare, the great playwright and poet, was born in Stratford-Upon-Avon, in Warwickshire, England in April 1564. Very little is known about his early life and the best known documentary evidence relating to him are the records of his baptism, his marriage and his death. His parents, John Shakespeare and his wife, Mary Arden, lived on Henley Street in Stratford-Upon-Avon. There is a house still standing in Henley Street, which is a tourist attraction as "Shakespeare's birth place" but it is uncertain whether this is the actual house. On 29th November 1582, William married Anne Hathaway at Temple Grafton or possibly Shottery, near Stratford. She gave birth to a daughter, Susanna, in May, 1583, and to twins, Hamnet and Judith in January/February 1585. There are records of the baptisms of these children in Stratford so it may be assumed that Shakespeare still lived there at this time. The first record of his plays being performed in London appears in 1592, and the period between 1585 and 1592 is known as "Shakespeare's lost years" because there are no official records relating to him during that time. There has been some speculation that he worked as a schoolteacher in Lancashire, in the North of England, but the evidence on which this is based may relate to someone else. By 1592 we know that Shakespeare was living in London. In 1593 Shakespeare lived in Bishopsgate (we know this because there are court records dated 1597 saying that he owed taxes here). In 1596 he was living in the parish of St Helen's in Bishopsgate. 1599 he had moved across the river to Bankside on property owned by the of the Bishop of Winchester's estate, the Liberty of the Clink, where the Globe Theatre was also built. In 1604 Shakespeare is known to have moved back to the city and rented lodgings at the house of Christopher and Mary Mountjoy in on the corner of Monkwell and Silver Street in Cripplegate, not far from St Paul's. By 1597 William Shakespeare was rich enough to purchase his own property. He bought New Place, described as the second largest house in Stratford-Upon-Avon, for £60. In 1613 he invested £140 in a gate-house near the Blackfriars theater. It was located in Ireland Yard which joins Blackfriars Lane via, would you believe, Playhouse Yard!. The former gatehouse had been the main entrance to the vast monastery of the Blackfriars which had been seized and sold off during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. In 1615 litigation over legal title to the gatehouse showed that he had made improvements to the property. He seems to have retired in 1613 and gone to live in New Place, where he died on 23 April 1616. Stratford is now the home of the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, a Charity which owns and maintains various buildings as visitor attractions. These are Mary Arden's House, Shakespeare's Birth Place, Anne Hathaway's Cottage, Hall's Croft - the home of Shakespeare's daughter, the garden of New Place (the building itself has been torn down) and Harvard House, once the home of the parents of John Harvard, founder of Harvard University in USA. once upon a time in stratford-on-avon he did dwell, but now he doth live underground, and just as well.
Asked in History of England, India, History of India

What positive impact did India have on the british empire?

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India taught the British Empire the lessons of Live and Let Live through her doctrines of Ahimsa (Non-violence), Peace, Universal Brotherhood and Greed Hath A Fall, in such a manner that the Empire is reduced to a mere country of England. One after one, all countries under British got freedom from its rule of loot and exploitation.
Asked in History of England, History of India

Why British had to leave India?

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In brief, as I understand it, like all commonwealth countries, we agreed to leave at a specific date.
Asked in History of England, India, History of India

What forced the British to leave India?

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The decline of British Empire had started much earlier than that when the British were forced to leave India. After they were denied by the American people its supremacy, British tried to exploit other countries like South Africa, Australia and Asia. In the World War II, England was badly destroyed. It lost its position of the most powerful country and was financially and economically shattered. With billions in debt, it was not in a state to manage the massive Indian empire due to the financial loss incurred during the war. The revolutionaries in India and abroad created an atmosphere where the British did not find them safe while in India. The people were vigorously protesting, revolting, and fighting for freedom. These major factors pressurised the English people to leave India and go back to the place they belonged to. The Indian departure was the end of the British Empire and one after another country got freedom from their loot and mis-rule.
Asked in History of England, History of India

Why were the British first attracted to India?

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Britishers got attracted to India because seeing the merchandise travelling from India to Europe and America (which with Columbus discovery had been revealed in his travels- A New World Revealed, that Indians were living prosperous there also), they, the British pirates and navigators, got interested to loot and rob that country. British Empire was created through such means only.
Asked in History of England, Middle Ages

Did medieval peasants have any privileges?

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They had the right to live and work on the land to which they were bound, and they had a right to protection. This might not sound like much, but if you think of it, this means these things: They had a guarantee of a job. They had a guarantee of a place to live. They had a guarantee that they would be fed in a famine. They had a guarantee they would be protected in a war. The feudal lord might have owned the land, but the serfs had a right to be on it. The lord could sell the land, but he could not sell the serfs, and he could not make them move away. If he sold the land, the new owner had to respect their right to be there. There is a link below to an article on serfdom.
Asked in History of England, Honorary and Courtesy Titles

What is the difference in baron and baronet?

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1st Answer: Nothing. They are the same person. 2nd Answer: Baron and baronet are both titles of nobility, but they are very different. The rank of baron is the lowest of the peerage. This means that barons were allowed to be members of parliament in the House of Lords. For most of the middle ages, the title baron was for a person next in rank below an earl or count. A baronet is below the rank of baron. The title baronet does not qualify a person as a peer, so a person whose highest title is baronet cannot enter the House of Lords. This means that while a baronet is a nobleman, he is also a commoner, and is qualified for the House of Commons, if he is elected. The next lower title that was used in England was that of a knight. There were very few baronets created during the Middle Ages. Please use the links below for more information on baronets and barons.
Asked in William Shakespeare, History of England, Century - 1600s

What did it mean to be a Moor in Shakespeare's time?

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It meant someone of African extraction. It especially meant people from North Africa, but the same word was used to describe people from Sub-Saharan Africa, some of whom lived and worked in London at the time (usually as household servants).
Asked in History of England, Shopping, Monarchy, Prince Charles

What happen to Charles Fingerhut bakery in Cicero?

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Fingerhut Bakery is coming back soon.... Chas. Fingerhut Bakery was started in 1895 by John Fingerhut who brought to this country from Czechoslovakia the now famous Babi Rye Bread. From John to his son Charles who took over the business in 1928, to his son Herb Sr. who took over the business in 1855, to Herb Jr. who ran the bakery until January 2000. Herb is now a consultant in the bakery and food industry. Herb is also writting a new autobiograghy on his life in the bakery business as well as making this a unique baking cookbook with over 120 family formulas, but the difference is, there will be a receipe size for the home as well as a larger size for the retail/wholeslae baker! FYI: Fingerhut Bakery is on its way back (but in web form only for now) Starting on February 15, 2008 an all new Fingerhut Bakery will be back with an updated logo, and with a twist to the old favorites like Houska Bread, Babi Rye Bread, kolacky and many more items...... check the coming soon page at www.fingerhutbakery.com
Asked in History of England, Monarchy, Henry VIII

Who were the six wives of Henry VIII?

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Answer King Henry VIII of England was born on 28th June 1491. He became King of England when his father died on 21st April 1509, and he reigned until his own death on 28th January 1547. One of the reasons he is famous is that he married six times. His father, King Henry VII had become King of England after defeating King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field in the year 1485. This marked the end of a long and bloody Civil War in England over who should succeed to the throne, known as The Wars of the Roses. The last time a female had inherited the English throne was in the year 1141 when the daughter of King Henry I, Matilda became Queen and was deposed by her cousin, Stephen of Blois. This led to a long Civil War known as "The Anarchy." Henry VIII was keen to avoid another, similar Civil War and wanted to have a son who would be an undisputed, male heir to the throne. This was the main reason why he married so many times. His wives were: Catherine of Aragon, born 16th December 1485. Catherine was an Infanta, or princess, of Castile in Spain. Her parents were Ferdinand II of Aragon and his wife, Isabella I of Castile. She had previously been married to Henry VIII's older brother, Arthur in an arranged marriage aimed at strengthening the alliance between Spain and England. Arthur had died, aged 16, on 2nd April 1502. Still wishing to maintain the alliance, Henry and Catherine were married on 11th June 1509. They had required permission from The Pope, known as a Dispensation, allowing Henry to marry his brother's widow, which was given on the grounds that Catherine and Arthur's marriage had not been consummated, meaning that they had never had sex. Henry and Catherine had a stillborn daughter in January 1510 and in January 1511 a son who only survived for fifty-two days. Another stillborn daughter was born in December 1514 and on 18th February 1516 she gave birth to a daughter, Mary, their only child to survive beyond infancy. Mary later became Queen Mary I of England. Catherine finally gave birth to another stillborn daughter in November 1518. After her marriage was annulled (see under Anne Boleyn below) the King would only refer to her as "The Dowager Princess of Wales" in honour of his brother, Catherine's first husband. Catherine died on 7th January 1536, probably from cancer. Anne Boleyn, born around 1501. Anne was the daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn and his wife, Lady Elizabeth. She appeared at King Henry's Court at a Ball in 1522, performing a dance with other ladies of the court and her sister, Mary who was King Henry's mistress. With no sign of Catherine producing a male heir to the throne, King Henry began to pursue Anne, although at first she famously refused to sleep with him before marriage. In order to marry Anne, the King's marriage to Catherine would have to be annulled. This annulment lead to the King's break with Rome, and the establishment Henry as the Head of the Church in England.. The details of this are the answer to a wholly different question! Henry secretly married Anne Boleyn in January 1533 and had Archbishop Cranmer declare his marriage to Catherine unlawful and his new marriage legitimate. Anne was already pregnant when they married and on 17th September 1533 she gave birth to a daughter, Elizabeth, who would later become Queen Elizabeth I of England. Anne had one miscarriage of a baby in the summer 1534 and another in January 1536, on the day of Catherine of Aragon's funeral. King Henry declared the opinion that his marriage was cursed by God and he had already met Jane Seymour, who would become his third wife. In May 1536 Anne was arrested and charged with Treason, Witchcraft and Incest (the allegation was that she had sex with her own brother.) She was found guilty and was executed by beheading at the Tower of London on 19th May 1536. Most historians believe she was entirely innocent and that the charges were brought against her by enemies at court and those who wished to gain the favour of King Henry by enabling him to be free to marry again. Jane Seymour born about 1509. Jane Seymour was the daughter of Sir John Seymour, a knight and servant of King Henry and his wife, Margaret Wentworth. She came to the Royal Court in the year 1530, as a Lady In Waiting to Queen Catherine (of Aragon) and continued to serve Queen Anne (Boleyn) after the King's marriage to Catherine was annulled. It is thought that she first came to King Henry's attention when he stayed at her father's house in September 1535. It may be that his attraction for Jane made it easier for him to believe the false accusations made against Anne Boleyn. Henry and Jane were betrothed on 20th May 1536, the day after Anne's execution, and were married on 30th May 1536. Jane gave birth to baby boy, Edward on 12th October 1537. He would later become King Edward VI of England. Jane became seriously ill after the birth, from a form of septicaemia and she died on 24th October 1537. Anne of Cleves born on 22nd September 1515 in Dusseldorf, Germany. Her parents were John, Duke of Cleves and Maria of Julich-Berg. Henry was still eager to ensure the succession to the throne and wanted to marry again in case his son was not able to succeed him. His chief minister, Thomas Cromwell had suggested Anne of Cleves as his next wife and the court painter Hans Holbein was sent to Cleves to make a portrait of her. After seeing the portrait, and hearing favourable descriptions of her, Henry agreed to the marriage. When she arrived in England, Henry found her deeply unattractive, describing her as "The Flanders Mare." They were, however married on 6th January 1540. When Henry wanted to end the marriage, Anne testified that it had never been consummated and the marriage was annulled on 9th July 1540 on the grounds that Anne had been contracted to marry another European Nobleman. She was accorded the title "The King's Sister" and was given Hever Castle, the former home of Anne Boleyn's family. She stayed in England until her death on 16th July 1557 - she outlived Henry and all his other wives. Catherine Howard born between 1520 and 1525. Catherine was the daughter of Lord Edmund Howard and his second wife, Joyce Culpeper. She came to the Royal Court as a Lady In Waiting to Anne of Cleves. King Henry was still eager to have more sons in order to secure the line of succession and he married Catherine Howard on 28th July 1540, a few weeks after the annulment of his marriage to Anne of Cleves. He was deeply smitten with his new, young bride and gave her many expensive gifts of jewellery and clothes. Catherine had several love affairs both before and after her marriage to King Henry - with a man who had been her music teacher when she was a young girl and with Francis Dereham, an official at Hampton Court. When this became known, King Henry at first refused to believe it until evidence was produced. Catherine was arrested and tried for Treason in 1541. It was determined that adultery by the Queen was treason. She was found guilty and executed by beheading on 13th February 1542. Catherine Parr born around 1512. Catherine was the daughter of Sir Thomas Parr, an English nobleman from Kendall in the North West of England, and his wife, Maud Green. In 1529, aged about 15, Catherine had married Edward Borough, Baron of Gainsborough, who died in 1533. They had no children. In 1534 she married John Nevill, Baron Latymer from Yorkshire in England. Baron Latymer was a frequent visitor to Henry's Court and it was probably on one of these visits that she first met the King. Baron Latymer died in March 1543 and again there were no children. After the death of her second husband she began a relationship with Thomas Seymour, the brother of Henry's third wife, Jane Seymour but she felt she could not decline the attentions of the King. She married King Henry on 12th July 1543 at Hampton Court Palace in London. She was a good stepmother to Henry's three children and helped Henry to become reconciled to his oldest daughter, Mary whose mother was Catherine of Aragon. She is thought to have had a strong influence on the future Queen Elizabeth I, Henry's second daughter. Henry died on 28th January 1547, leaving Catherine free to marry her first love, Thomas Seymour who had by now become Baron Seymour of Sudely. They were married later that same year. Catherine gave birth to a daughter, Mary Seymour, on 30th August 1548 but died a few days later, on 5th September from complications of the birth. Thomas Seymour was executed for treason less than a year later and their daughter Mary went to live with relatives. There seems to be no record of her past her second birthday and many historians believe she died as a child. It is speculated that Henry VIII's numerous marriages were an attempt to ensure the succession of the monarchy. It is also speculated that he loved Jane Seymour more deeply than his other wives, because he is buried alongside her in St. Georges Chapel in Windsor Castle. Though it is said that the two wives who were excuted underwent due process of the law, Henry removed the Roman Catholic Church in order to have his personal agenda approved. The Roman Catholic Church was the Court of Appeals. Hence, Henry removed any chance of true 'due process of the law.' == == == ==
Asked in History of England, Monarchy

What are the names of king George vi brothers?

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King George VI had one older brother and three younger brothers The Prince Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David, Duke of Windsor (King Edward VIII from 20 January 1936 to 11 December 1936) Born 23 June 1894 Died 28 May 1972 The Prince Henry William Frederick Albert, Duke of Gloucester Born 31 March 1900 Died 10 June 1974 The Prince George Edward Alexander Edmund, Duke of Kent Born 20 December 1902 Died 25 August 1942 The Prince John Charles Francis Born 12 July 1905 Died 18 January 1919
Asked in History of England, English Language, Publishing, Essays

Why English language important for media and publishing?

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The publishing world the devotes considerable resources to the production of books,novels,newspaper etc.in English language.
Asked in History of England, Elizabeth I

How did they write playbills in Elizabethan times?

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Alas, no playbills survive from the Elizabethan era, but we do know these few facts: The right to print playbills was a monopoly, at one time held by William Jaggard, later printer of Shakespeare's First Folio. Playbills for tragedies were printed in red ink. Scholars believe that the playbills would name the play and the performing company, and probably the lead actor, but not the playwright.
Asked in History of England, Music, Middle Ages

What does a medieval music entertainer do?

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He sang and played a lute amongst many other instruments, such as a hurdy gurdy, dulcimer and cittern. He or sometimes they also were like a newspaper (which hadn't been invented) and took stories from one place to another, and put the story to music. This way Lords and Ladies as well as the common folk learnt about the scandals of the day, an entertainer had to be very careful though what was said as they could be arrested for what they said.
Asked in History of England, The Battle of Hastings

Why should Harold Godwinson not be king of England?

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The main reason often given for why Harold should not be king was because he had promised his support to William of Normandy. Oaths (promises) were taken very seriously in Medieval times and Harold was considered by William and the Pope to be an oath breaker, which was a very serious accusation in those days.
Asked in History of England, Monarchy

Who was the English monarch in 1540?

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The king of England in 1540 was Henry VIII, and the Consort Queen was Anne of Cleves from 6th January until 9th July when her marriage to Henry was annulled. He then married Catherine Howard on 28th July 1540.
Asked in History, Politics & Society, History of England, History of Ireland, Decade - 1970s

What important event happened on January 29 1972?

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No important historical events occurred on January 29, 1972. On January 30, 1972, however, Bloody Sunday occurred. On this day, 26 civil-rights protesters and bystanders were killed by the British Army in Northern Ireland.
Asked in History of England, Monarchy, Lady Jane Grey

Did Lady Jane Grey marry King Edward VI?

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No she didn't but Thomas Seymour (Edward's maternal uncle) wanted them to marry so he bought the wardship of Jane and then made an attempt to kidnap Edward. This attempt failed because Edward's dog started barking so Seymour shot it and the noise brought guards who arrested Seymour. He was later executed for treason. Jane was married to Guilford Dudley and Edward was at a time betrothed to Mary Queen of Scots and Princess Elisabeth of France.
Asked in History of England, Castles

Did James I and Charles I live in a castle?

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A little more accurately: Yes, both owned and lived in castles. Charles maintained fortresses in both Scotland (near Loch Lomond) and England (in Cornwall). Charles would not have lived in castles all the time, he spent much time in Hampden Court Palace, London as well as Windsor Castle where he was later imprisoned. James I took over the castle of the Tudors after Elizabeth I died without issue. He also maintained the Stuart castle in Scotland, which was ceded to him and his line after the death of Mary, Queen of Scots. He also had many houses such as Hampden Court Palace where it was easier to entertain and close to the City of London.